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Economic Outputs and Key Learning from Projects

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Ms. Sobia Asghar presented on 'Economic Outputs and Key Learning from Projects ' at Regional Review and Planning Workshop 2017, Hanoi, Vietnam

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Economic Outputs and Key Learning from Projects

  1. 1. Sustaining and Enhancing the Momentum for Innovation around the System of Rice Intensification in Lower Mekong River Basin (SRI-LMB): Economic outputs and key learning from projects Sobia Asghar PhD Candidate, Natural Resources Management & Research Assistant, SRI-LMB Regional Review and Planning Workshop, 24-25 April 2017, Hanoi, Vietnam
  2. 2. Contents Project Introduction and Objectives Results and Findings Learnings and Way Forward
  3. 3. Introduction and objectives of SRI- LMB project Rice cultivation plays a key role in ensuring livelihoods, stable rural income and food security in Lower Mekong River Basin (LMB) Specially for smallholder farmers in rainfed areas of LMB. But sustainability of rice production and rural livelihoods are threatened by climate change, lowering market prices of rice, environmental problems and high production costs
  4. 4. Project Overview • Overall objective: To contribute to enhance resilience of rainfed farmers of LMB region confronting climate change • How: Increased crop yield, productivity and profitability on sustainable basis at smallholders farmers’ field in rainfed areas of LMB region Specific Objective: To compare and review economic performance of SRI cultivation techniques with other rice cultivation techniques locally
  5. 5. Geographic location Rainfed areas of Lower Mekong River Basin
  6. 6. Prioritized List of Problems in Thailand, Vietnam and Cambodia Thailand Vietnam Cambodia Climatic Problems • Drought condition • low rainfall • Prolonged and excessive rains after sowing • Flooding • Dry spell • Drought conditions occur every year Environmental Problems • Pest and Disease, • Heavy weed infestation • Soil deterioration • Pest and disease • Water shortage • Soil deterioration • Pest and disease Socio-Economic Problems • Low market price of rice • Rice price slump • Expensive chemical fertilizers • Labor unavailability • High production cost • High transplanting density • Low market price of rice • Expensive chemical inputs and labour • Labour unavailability • Limited agricultural knowledge in farmers
  7. 7. Rice Production Technologies in SRI-LMB Project Crop management practice Conventional practice (CM) SRI-Transition SRI Sowing Technique Broadcasting, Random Transplant Transplanting Transplanting (Mechanical and Manual) Seedbed Wet seedbed with high seed rate Wet seedbed with less seeding rate Dry raised seedbed with less seed rate Seedling age > 30 days old 16-30 days 8-15 days (VT-19-8 d) Seed rate 100-150 kg/ha 20-30% less than CM 5-20 kg/ha Transplanting spacing Random/less than 10×10 cm 10×15 cm–19×19 cm and 40 x 40cm 20x20 cm–30x30 cm Seedlings/hill 5-6 seedlings/hill 4-5 seedlings/hill 1-3 seedlings/hill Soil condition Flooded Relative aerobic soil Maintain aerobic condition Manure application <5 t/ha 6-9 t/ha >9 t/ha Weed management Chemical and manual With rotary hoe 1-2 times With rotary hoe more than 2 times Pest management Chemical Apply IPM Apply IPM (environment management)
  8. 8. SRI Vs. Conventional Practices (Cont…) 34.56 6.85 14.73 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Percentage(%) Percentage Difference in Yield in SRI Techniques w.r.t. Conventional Techniques of Rice Production Thailand Vietnaam Regional 115.43 425.87 99.52 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 Percentage(%) Percentage Difference in Net Return in SRI Techniques w.r.t. Conventional Techniques of Rice Production Thailand Vietnaam Regional
  9. 9. SRI Vs. Conventional Practices (Cont.) 24.41 -1.20 0.56 -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Percentage(%) Percentage Difference in Farm Gate Price of Rice Recieved by SRI and Conventional Farmers Respectively Thailand Vietnaam Regional -19.23 -15.36 -21.81 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 Percentage(%) Percentage Difference in Unit Cost of Rice at SRI and Conventional Rice Producing Farms Respectively Thailand Vietnaam Regional
  10. 10. Economics of Mechanical Vs. Hand Transplanting (only in Thailand) -21.05 -4.62 13.16 23.56 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 1 Percentage(%) Percentage Difference in Average Yield, Net Returns, Unit cost and Rice Price in Mechincally Transplanted Rice w.r.t Hand Transplantion Rice in Thailand Net Benefits Yield Price of Rice Unit Cost
  11. 11. Economics of Maintaining Specific Plant Spacing While Transplanting 34.56 -12.23 38.98 11.63 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 Percentage(%) Percentage Difference in Rice in SRI Techniques w.r.t. Conventional Techniques of Rice Production Thailand Vietnaam Cambodia Regional 115.43 -2.91 336.19 105.70 -50 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 Percentage(%) Percentage Difference in Net Benefits in SRI Techniques w.r.t. Conventional Techniques of Rice Production Thailand Vietnaam Cambodia Regional
  12. 12. Economics of Maintaining Specific Plant Spacing While Transplanting 24.49 2.27 0.93 12.58 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Price of Rice Percentage(%) Axis Title Percentage Difference in Farm Gate Price of Rice Recieved Farmers Thailand Vietnaam Cambodia Regional -20.53 -0.91 -27.67 -14.26 -30 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 Percentage(%) Percentage Difference in Unit Cost of Rice under SRI Spacing and Conventional Spacing Respectively Thailand Vietnaam Cambodia Regional
  13. 13. Economics of Different Seedling Rates 84.07 49.96 73.72 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Percentage(%) Percentage Difference in Average Net Return in SRI Techniques w.r.t. Conventional Techniques of Rice Production Thailand Cambodia Regional 24.08 0.82 9.87 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Percentage(%) Percentage Difference in Average Total Yield in SRI Techniques w.r.t. Conventional Techniques of Rice Production Thailand Cambodia Regional
  14. 14. Economics of Different Seedling Rates 23.47 0.00 14.29 0 5 10 15 20 25 Percentage(%) Percentage Difference in Average Price of Rice in SRI Techniques w.r.t. Conventional Techniques of Rice Production Thailand Cambodia Regional -11.50 -16.49 -11.75 -18 -16 -14 -12 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 Percentage(%) Percentage Difference in Average Unit Cost in SRI Techniques w.r.t. Conventional Techniques of Rice Production Thailand Cambodia Regional
  15. 15. Conclusion Regional Analysis shows that  SRI techniques ensure food security by providing highest yield as compared to all other techniques  Net return values suggest that market price of rice along with yield play important role in economic benefits Inter-country comparison suggests that  Thai rice farmers are economically better off than other two countries despite low yield due to higher rice price  Contrary to that, Vietnamese farmer have lowest income from rice because they incur highest costs of production due to higher use of chemical inputs and they have lower rice price
  16. 16. Conclusion More, chemical use reduction experiments should be implemented Price regulation policies should be implemented for improvement of rice farmer’s income
  17. 17. Thank you for Your Attention

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