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Caring for those who feed the nation

Presentation at 9th National Conference on Social Entrepreneurship at XLRI, Jamshedpur on 28th January, 2017

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Caring for those who feed the nation

  1. 1. Caring for those who feed the nation Journey of Centre for Sustainable Agriculture 2004-2017 Andhra Pradesh | Maharashtra | Punjab | Sikkim | Telangana | Tripura
  2. 2. Agrarian Crisis • Economic Crisis – Increasing costs of cultivation and decreasing returns – Reducing public support and increasing indebtedness • Ecological Crisis – Due to maximizing the output of a narrow range of species leading to monoculture of crops and varieties, – Capital depletion and massive additions of external inputs (e.g. energy, water, chemicals), and – never caring about the externalities • Socio-political crisis – Increasing tenancy, land use shift – Huge migration • Climate Crisis – Increased frequency of droughts, floods and cyclones – Extreme temperatures
  3. 3. Agroecological Approaches Water Harvesting Cropping Systems Soil n Moisture Management Seed System Non Pesticidal Management
  4. 4. Punukula, the first pesticides-free village
  5. 5. Yenabavi -Organic Village • Entire village (55 farmers’ 228 acres) organic for last 12 years • Most of the inputs internalised into farming • Land Productivity increased, crop yields maintained • In SRI paddy 44 bags were also recorded • Awarded Krishi Gaurav Award by Baba Ramdev’s Patanjali Trust for their role in promoting organic farming • More than 30 thousand farmers visited the village in last three years
  6. 6. Dorli, a village got back to farming • Farmers suicides, indebtedness forced farmers to quit farming in 2005 • Village put up for sale in protest • Today all farmers are back and could reduce their external input use by about 80%
  7. 7. Scalingup NGOs
  8. 8. Farmer Field Schools
  9. 9. Featured in ‘Toxic Food’ episode of Satyamev Jayate 12 student Master’s and Ph.D dissertations Best Rural Innovation Awards 2014 in Maharashtra and Bihar Mahila Krishi Sashaktikaran Pariyojana
  10. 10. Farmer Share in Consumer price Farmer, Rs. 12.00, 24% Whole saler, Rs. 7.50, 15% Milling, Rs. 4.50, 9% Transpor tation, storage, handling , Rs. 4.00, 8% Packing, Rs. 4.00, 8% Retailer, Rs. 14.00, 28% Taxes, Rs. 4.00, 8% Consumer Pie Rice in Andhra Pradesh 2015-16 Retail Price Rs. 50.00/Kg Recovery 70% of paddy
  11. 11. Just Food, 2007
  12. 12. Linking farmers to markets Organic Pesticide Free Natural Sahaja Aharam Producer Company Ltd http://www.sahajaaharam.in
  13. 13. •Enebavi Coop • Adarsha Coop • BROMACS • Swayamkrishi PC • Kisanmitra coop •GreenDunia • Harita Coop • Brahmalingeswara Coop • Giri Coop • Tungabhadra Coop • Kadiri Coop • Palabavi Coop •Rayachoti coop •Baghyalaxmi coop • Punnami Coop • Gayatri Coop • Mydukuru Coop • Naisargic Sheti Beej Producer Company Kallem Hub Boddham Hub Dorli Hub Naguladinne Hub
  14. 14. Coverage • Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Maharashtra • No. of Farmers: 5000, – Organic: 2500 (1000 ICS certified, 1500 PGS certified) – NPM: 2500 • Cooperatives 30 • 50% of members and management are women • Two exclusive women cooperatives – Gayatri women organic farmers cooperative, Vempalli, Kadapa dist – Bhagyalaxmi women farmers cooperative, Penugonda, Anantpur dist
  15. 15. Quality Management
  16. 16. •Hyderabad •Tarnaka •Sainikpuri •Jeedimetla •Kharkana •Himayatnagar •Attapur •Kukatpally •Gandhinagar •Moosapet •HiTec City •Vishakapatnam •Gopalapatnam •MVP Colony •Khammam •Burhanpur •Warangal •NGOs Colony •Anantpur •Rytu Bazar •Mumbai • Home delivery •Nellore •Thirupathi •Vijayawada •Kakinada
  17. 17. Cost sharing Rice in Sahaja Aharam 2015-16 Farmer price, ₹ 42.00, 53% Weight loss, ₹ 2.00, 2% Cleaning,₹ 2.00, 3% Transportation,₹ 1.00, 1% Interest payment,₹ 1.00, 1% Storage,₹ 1.50, 2% Packingcost, ₹ 5.00, 6% Marketingcost, ₹ 1.80, 2% Overheads, ₹ 6.00, 8% Retail,₹ 14.00, 18% VAT,₹ 3.00, 4% Rice MRP Rs. 80/-
  18. 18. Compost enterprise
  19. 19. Creating Livelihoods Sericulture Backyard Poultry Honey Production • Developing Livelihoods Plan • Building the capacities • Green Enterprises for Bioinputs • Providing linkages For diversifying incomes and assets Goatary Azolla Decentralised cotton spinning and weaving
  20. 20. Our strategic innovations • Integrated and incremental approach to production • Knowledge based extension • Federations of Organised communities • Getting into direct retail connecting farmers and consumers • Consumer Cooperative to mobilise resources and people • Broad basing product range • Food processing and value addition • Policy Research and Advocacy
  21. 21. Key challenges • Access to credit – Banks demanding non agril assets as 150% collateral security – Higher interest rates • Higher Taxation – VAT/CST and now GST – 30% income tax on par with other corporates • Lack of infrastruture – Organic storage facilities – Exclusive processing units to maintain identity preservation
  22. 22. A social enterprise to build support services to farming and farmers A social enterprise to improve business and investment opportunities to rural enterprises
  23. 23. farm support services • Advise • Manage • Track • Market • Hire http://www.ekrishi.co.in
  24. 24. eKrishi Crop Advisory Crop menu Farmer can choose the crop to find the disease or send a query through photo/audio/video Problem identifier Query Photo/Video of plant part and question in text or audio Problem solution Query Expert view Expert Response Solution Details Options Farmer Locator
  25. 25. eKrishi Seeds Crop menu Farmer can choose the crop to know the varieties suitable for the region Variety Identifier Value for Cultivation and Use Seed Locator Variety Identifier Varieties suitable for the region will be listed Farm Locator Identifies the farm, list the characters of the soil, suggest the crops suitable
  26. 26. CENTRE FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE http://www.csa-india.org http://www.krishi.tv http://www.ekrishi.co.in http://www.sahajaaharam.in http://www.agrariancrisis.in eKrishi : 08500 68 3300 Sahaja Aharam : 08500 78 33 00 Rytu Swarajya Vedhika: 08500 98 33 00 Ph. 040-2701 7735, mobile : 090 0069 9702 csa@csa-india.org, Facebook: ramoo.agripage

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Presentation at 9th National Conference on Social Entrepreneurship at XLRI, Jamshedpur on 28th January, 2017

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