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Key FPAR Learning and Draft Work Plans, Thailand

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Mr. Bishal Bhari presented on 'Key FPAR Learning and Draft Work Plans, Thailand' at Regional Review and Planning Workshop 2017, Hanoi, Vietnam

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Key FPAR Learning and Draft Work Plans, Thailand

  1. 1. Thailand FPAR Progress Report Regional Review & Planning Workshop Hilton Garden Inn Hotel, Hanoi, Vietnam SUSTAINING AND ENHANCING THE MOMENTUM FOR INNOVATION AND LEARNING AROUND THE SYSTEM OF RICE INTENSIFICATION (SRI) IN THE LOWER MEKONG RIVER BASIN Presented By: Bishal Bhari Programme Management Officer, ACISAI, AIT This Project is Funded by European Union This Project is Implemented by AIT
  2. 2. 2 PMU Thailand ACISAI Uttaradit Province Uttaradit Vocational Training & Development Center (VTDC) for Thai people Surin Province Surin Provincial Office of the Non-Formal & Informal Education Sisaket Province Surin Rice Seed Center Provides advisory support on FFS based action research Advisory support on SRI Ministry of Education (MoE), Royal Thai Government Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University Institutional Structure of Project Implementation in Thailand LMU
  3. 3. 1 2 3 4 Structure for FPAR PMU selects LMU for each province LMU selects District Trainer (DT) who then gets trained by PMU LMU also selects Smarts Farmers (SF) who then gets trained by DT’s Each SF’s trains 30 farmers (Farmers Engaged) 3
  4. 4. 4 3 Provinces FPAR Highlights of Thailand 13 Districts 192 Experiments 170 Smart Farmers 5065 Farmers engaged
  5. 5. 5 FPAR Trainning Session Conducted 4 Training Sessions Transplanting/Sowing Stage (4-5 Days) Tillering Stage (2 Days) Flowering Stage (2 Days) Harvesting Stage (2 Days) 1 2 3 4
  6. 6. Trends of FPAR in Thailand 2014, 2015, 2016 6
  7. 7. 7 2014 2015 2016 Experimental area was 1600 m2 (1 Rai) Experimental area was 3200 m2 (2 Rai) Experimental area was 800-1000 m2 (<1 Rai) FP Conventional Practice SRI-T When few principles of SRI are applied SRI-D When all the principles of SRI are applied Generalizing FPAR 2014, 2015 & 2016
  8. 8. 0 2 4 6 8 10 SRI-T FP SRI-D SRI-T FP SRI-T FP Uttaradit Surin Sisaket YIELDTONS(TONS/HA) 2014 2015 2016 8 Provincial Yearly Yield and Net Return • FP rice experienced lower farm gate price, lower yield thus lower net return • Sisaket Province received higher farm gate price in 2015 compared to 2016 • Drop in net return in 2016 is the result of the lower farm gate price • In 2014, in addition to the farm gate price, yield was also recorded higher in the Uttaradit and Surin Province compared to 2015 -800 0 800 1600 2400 3200 4000 SRI-T FP SRI-D SRI-T FP SRI-T FP Uttaradit Surin Sisaket NETRETURN(USD/HA) 2014 2015 2016
  9. 9. 9 5.78 8.21 3.81 2.94 4.13 3.71 3.44 3.35 0 2 4 6 8 10 SRI-T SRI-D SRI-T FP SRI-T FP Baseline MOAC Report 2014 2015 2016 Reference YIELD(TONS/HA) Annual Average Yield for FPAR 2014, 2015 & 2016 SRI-T: SRI-Transition; SRI-D: SRI demonstration; FP: Farmer Practice 1520.4 mm 1419.6 mm • Highest yield was observed in 2014 for SRI-D experiments where all the SRI principles were followed • Decreased rainfall is one of the factor of reduced yield in 2015 • However SRI produced more yield than conventional practice for every year.
  10. 10. 0.00 5.00 10.00 15.00 20.00 25.00 SRI-T 2014 SRI-T 2015 SRI-T 2016 Price/kg(Baht) Uttaradit Surin Sisaket 2124.9 3290 1002.32 583.77 557.22 144.85 0 800 1600 2400 3200 4000 SRI-T SRI-D SRI-T FP SRI-T FP 2014 2015 2016 NETRETURN(USD/HA) 10 320 340 360 380 400 420 440 460 480 Jan Mar May Jul Sep Nov Jan Mar May Jul Sep Nov Jan Mar May Jul Sep Nov 2014 2015 2016 Price(USD/Ton) A1 Special Thai Rice 25% Broken Thai Rice 5% Broken Thai Rice Average Net Return form FPAR Price of Thai Rice in the Global Market from 2014 to 2016 Farm Gate Price from 2014-2016 Lowest in Last Three Year Also the yield was high in 2014
  11. 11. 11 Precipitation Reasons behind Lower Net Return Global Market Farm Gate Price 1 Government Policy3 Global Market & Farm gate Price2 Higher the precipitation higher the yield There is a strong linkage between global market & farmgate price. • Paddy Mortgage Scheme 2008 • Price Insurance Scheme 2009 • Paddy Pledging Program2011 • Farmer Loans to Delay the Sales of Rice Paddy2014 • On Farm Paddy Pledging • Farmer Assistance & Price Stabilization Program • Rice Farmer Assistance Measure • Interest Rate Subsidy Program 2016 Storage until the prices hike in global market Market Intervention Insurance Interest rate Currently government policy focuses on fragnant rice, white rice and glutinuous rice
  12. 12. 12 Productivity of SRI Yield Fertilizer Use Efficiency Economic Productivity Gains FPAR Result Conventional Practice (CP) 60% Higher than CP 100% Higher than CP SRI-T (Partial application of SRI principles) SRI-D (Full application of SRI principles) 36% Higher than CP 46% Higher than CP 284% Higher than CP 339% Higher than CPSRI produce more using less Mishra, A., Kumar, P, & Ketelaar, J. W. (2016). Improving rice-based production system in Southeast Asia for contributing towards food security and rural development through sustainable crop production intensification. Agricuture and Food, 1(2), 102-123. DOI: 10.3934/agrfood.2016.2.102.
  13. 13. 13 Supplementary Irrigation & SRI • Uttaradit is the only irrigated province within the project site of SRI-LMB in Thailand • Better yield than other province • Irrigated 2 to 3 times during the season, depending upon the rainfall and availability of water in the canal Province Districts Yield (tons/ha) Net Return (USD/ha) Faktha 5.4 583.8 Nam Pat 5.3 781.8 Chumpolburi 2.9 409.1 Srikhoraphum 3.4 330.3 Thatum 2.7 302.0 Kantharalak 4.4 506.7 Kukan 4.5 449.9 PosriSuwan 2.9 566.3 Uthumponpisai 3.5 750.2 Sisaket Surin Uttaradit 2016 FPAR Result
  14. 14. 14 3.2 2.9 5.4 4.9 3.5 3.7 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 Organic:In-organic manure (3:1) (n=8) 100% Organic Manure (n=29) Organic:In-organic manure (3:1) (n=19) 100% Organic Manure (n=5) Organic:In-organic manure (3:1) (n=18) 100% Organic Manure (n=10) SurinUttaraditSisaket Yield (tons/ha) Organic:In-organic manure (3:1) (n=8) 100% Organic Manure (n=29) Organic:In-organic manure (3:1) (n=19) 100% Organic Manure (n=5) Organic:In-organic manure (3:1) (n=18) 100% Organic Manure (n=10) SurinUttaraditSisaket Net Return (USD/ha) Organic farming with SRI, FPAR 2016 Organic farming interestingly results with lower yield but higher net return and is valued greatly in Sisaket as they have higher market for it
  15. 15. 15 Participation of Women and Landless Farmers 7 out of 10 Farmers are Women 70% 30% Women farmer reported 10-12% more economic return compared to the men farmers due to reduction in labor cost.No Landless Farmer in Thailand 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
  16. 16. 16 Sharing of Project Outputs • The project extends its activity and collaboration with Big Plot Project of Thailand Big Plot Project Thailand Ministry of Agriculture and Co-operatives, Royal Thai Governmant Aims to produce high quality rice for seed and organic export market How? • Consolidating small farms • Developing and/or strengthening farmer’s network
  17. 17. 17 Local Media Informed on Project Work & Output http://www.nationmultimedia.com/news/business/aec/30242894 http://www.thairath.co.th/content/edu/342931
  18. 18. 18 Farmer Congress • Held in Surin, Thailand from 23-24 June 2016 • Hosted by Department of Non-Formal and Informal Education, Ministry of Education, Royal Thai Government • 300 participants out of which 260 were farmers
  19. 19. 19 Future Activities & Work Plan Organizing Workshop Share key achievements and learnings of the project Consulting with national stakeholders to develop way forward to • Improve farmer connectivity to markets • Work on farmer compliance with market standards (by providing information and organizational resources, technical support, and some critical costs) • Continue facilitating the productive use of on-farm assets for generating higher and more consistent quality produce for household consumption and market, through training on production methods which conserve natural resources, enhance ecosystem services and environmental sustainability 1 2
  20. 20. Backstopping Visits 2015 July Uttaradit, Sisaket, Surin
  21. 21. Backstopping Visits 2015 September Uttaradit, Sisaket, Surin
  22. 22. Backstopping Visits 2015 November Uttaradit, Sisaket, Surin
  23. 23. National Review & Planning Workshop 2015, 2016
  24. 24. Thank You for Your Attention!

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