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Funded by the European Union Implemented by AIT
SRI-LMB Project in
Thailand
Regional Review and Planning Workshop
2-3 June...
THAILAND
• Agriculture contributes (12-13 % of GDP)
• Rice production important (50% land area), major exporting country
•...
Uttaradit Province:
Districts
Ban Khok
Tron
Phichai
Surin Province:
Districts
Chumponburi
Thatum
Srikorahpum
Action Sites
Project At Province
• Regional Inception and Planning Workshop
• Strategy Paper Development
• Participatory Rural Appraisal
• National Incepti...
8.21 tons / ha
6.25 tons / ha
5.32 tons / ha
3.44 tons / ha
139 %
82 %
55 %
0 %
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
0.00
1.00
2....
2471
1835
2103
1704
5.79
4.70
6.70
5.94
0.00
1.00
2.00
3.00
4.00
5.00
6.00
7.00
8.00
100
600
1100
1600
2100
Surin (SRI-I) ...
 Reduce seed rate saved about 250-500 baht;
 Reduce water use, saved 2-3 less irrigation cycle;
 Reduce agrochemicals u...
o SRI principles are amenable to the rice production system in both
provinces and able to provide better yield and net ret...
SWOT Analysis Template
Performance of project activities implementation in Thailand during FPAR wet season 2014-15Strength...
Summary of Proposed Planes for Wet Season 2015
 All planned experiments in wet season 2015 would be set up using full set...
Key learnings including SWOT analysis and draft plans for the next action research cycle (Thailand) - Mr. Mitesh Sawant
Key learnings including SWOT analysis and draft plans for the next action research cycle (Thailand) - Mr. Mitesh Sawant
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Key learnings including SWOT analysis and draft plans for the next action research cycle (Thailand) - Mr. Mitesh Sawant

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Key learnings including SWOT analysis and draft plans for the next action research cycle (Thailand)

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Key learnings including SWOT analysis and draft plans for the next action research cycle (Thailand) - Mr. Mitesh Sawant

  1. 1. Funded by the European Union Implemented by AIT SRI-LMB Project in Thailand Regional Review and Planning Workshop 2-3 June 2015 Siem Reap, Cambodia Mr. Mitesh V. Sawant
  2. 2. THAILAND • Agriculture contributes (12-13 % of GDP) • Rice production important (50% land area), major exporting country • Agriculture produce export (30 Billion US$) • NE Thailand only 8% area is irrigated and remaining 92% is either rainfed or partially irrigated. • Production System is highly vulnerable and variable in terms of resources
  3. 3. Uttaradit Province: Districts Ban Khok Tron Phichai Surin Province: Districts Chumponburi Thatum Srikorahpum Action Sites
  4. 4. Project At Province
  5. 5. • Regional Inception and Planning Workshop • Strategy Paper Development • Participatory Rural Appraisal • National Inception and Planning Workshop • Baseline Survey • Central Farmer’s Participatory Action Research • Farmer’s Participatory Action Research • Provincial workshops • National Review and Planning Workshop Activities so far
  6. 6. 8.21 tons / ha 6.25 tons / ha 5.32 tons / ha 3.44 tons / ha 139 % 82 % 55 % 0 % 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 0.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 SRI Demonstration SRI- I SRI -LAP Baseline Survey Percentage Increase from baseline survey 3291 $ / ha 2262 $ / ha 1871 $ / ha 76 % 21 % 0 % 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Demonstration SRI-I SRI-LAP Percentage increase of Net Return compare to SRI LAP Practice Figure 4: Average Net Return & Percentage increase in Net return for SRI demonstration & SRI-I compared to SRI-LAP Figure 3 : Average Yield (tons/ ha) and percentage increase in yield in SRI Demonstration, SRI-I, SRI-LAP compared to Baseline Survey Overall trends of the FPAR experiments and SRI Demonstrations
  7. 7. 2471 1835 2103 1704 5.79 4.70 6.70 5.94 0.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 100 600 1100 1600 2100 Surin (SRI-I) Surin (SRI-LAP) Uttaradit (SRI-I ) Uttaradit (SRI- LAP ) Yield(tons/ha) NetReturn($/ha) 2380 1862 2044 1628 6.11 5.14 6.63 5.85 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 SRI-I (Rainfed)* SRI-LAP (Rainfed) SRI-I (Irrigated)* SRI-LAP (Irrigated) Yield(tons/ha) NetReturn($/ha) Figure 5: Average Net return ($ / ha) and Average yield (tons / ha) in Surin and Uttaradit Province Figure 6 : Average Net return ($ / ha) and Average yield (tons / ha) in Rainfed and Irrigated areas
  8. 8.  Reduce seed rate saved about 250-500 baht;  Reduce water use, saved 2-3 less irrigation cycle;  Reduce agrochemicals use saved about 1000 baht;  Reduce cost of weeding about 300 baht; and  Reduce insect’s attacks in SRI Field (30 to 40 %) Saving in SRI Technique per Rai (1 rai=0.625 ha)
  9. 9. o SRI principles are amenable to the rice production system in both provinces and able to provide better yield and net return under rainfed and irrigated system; o Adoption of more SRI management practices = higher yield levels o SRI plants provided better response under drought conditions as experienced in some districts of Surin o SRI suits well to the upland system (Ban Khok) and well amenable to farmers o Black Berry and Black Jasmine gave a good response to the SRI management practices and resulted into higher yield and net return compared to the baseline levels Key Learnings From Wet Season 2014
  10. 10. SWOT Analysis Template Performance of project activities implementation in Thailand during FPAR wet season 2014-15Strengths SRI Technique seems favorable to all agro ecological conditions and across the different variety of rice SRI Crops more resistive to blowing wind and pest attack Saving of chemical , water and seeds Obtain high quality of seeds Efficient production with medium to low level production cost. Weaknesses Need more labour in SRI operations Lack of mechanization Controlling water level is difficult Lack of awareness among farmers Farmer dependency on processor and exporters for getting higher prize Opportunities Optimize the current production potential Opportunities to economically and marketing wise further exploit local breaded varieties Opportunity to grow market for environment friendly rice Scope for developing mechanize tools for small scale farming. MoA in Thailand has recently started a big pot project to consolidate rainfed rice farming and SRI project could assist technically to reach out to large no. of farmers Threats Majority crop production area is rainfed and successful crop production much depend on a well distribution of monsoon. Entry of cooperate sector limited to large quantity rice producer and not the small land hold farmers. Farmers sometime felt uncomfortable with data collection methods as it is time consuming.
  11. 11. Summary of Proposed Planes for Wet Season 2015  All planned experiments in wet season 2015 would be set up using full set of SRI principles (as many as possible). For comparison purpose similar area (one rai) and similar planting method (direct seeding or transplanting) would be marked in nearby field, their practices would be noted and at the end of the experiment yield and net returns would be compared  Monthly backstopping from provincial office would be endured. PMU, AIT would backstop at planting, tillering, flowering and at harvest stage. A total of 6 times backstopping would be ensured  A pre planting workshop (one day_ would be organized to provide needed trainings on identified issues e.g. composting  PMU would provide drum seeder and hand weeder for experimental purposes, one set in each province Soil testing would be ensured before experiments to provide need based nutrients to the experiments

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