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Key FPAR Learning and Draft Work Plans, Lao PDR

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Mr. Viengxay Photakoun presented on 'Key FPAR Learning and Draft Work Plans, Lao PDR' at Regional Review and Planning Workshop 2017, Hanoi, Vietnam

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Key FPAR Learning and Draft Work Plans, Lao PDR

  1. 1. SRI-LMB in Laos This project is funded by the European Union Presented by: Viengxay Photakoun and Kongsy Xayavong from DAEC, MAF Laos. Second Regional Review & Planning Workshop on SRI-LMB 24-25th April, 2017 Hilton Garden Inn Hotel, Hanoi, Vietnam. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry A project implemented by the Asian Institute of Technology
  2. 2. Project sites Three provinces were selected  Vientiane Province: VangVieng, Feuang and Meun districts  Khammouane: Nakay, Ghommalath and Mahaxay districts  Savannaketh: Xonabouly, Champhone and Songkhone districts CFPAR plot in Savannakhet province CFPAR plot in Khammouan province CFPAR plot in Vientiane province
  3. 3. Activities completed  Conduct Inception Workshop in Thalath, Keooudom district, VTP (June 2014).  Baseline survey (2014)  Provided 3 Training Courses (CFPARs) (Dry and Wet Season 2015)  46 FPARs for three provinces (wet season 2015 (28)-2016 (46)  Monitoring and Evaluation FPAR activities (wet season 2015-2016)  Reporting and entry of data in data base for FPAR (2015-2016)  Organized 3 Provincial Workshops (March-April 2017).  Organized 1 National Workshop (Vientiane, 21st April, 2017)
  4. 4. 3 CFPAR in 2015 (4 stages, 2 days) TOT Transplan- ting Stage 1 Tillering Stage 2 Flowering Stage 3 Harvesting Stage 4
  5. 5. CFPAR implementation 10 Farmers/ District CFPAR 10 Farmers/ District 10 Farmers/ District
  6. 6. FPARs scaling out District 1st FPAR 2 FT 2nd FPAR 2 FT 3rd FPAR 2 FT 4th FPAR 2 FT 1st FPAR 2 FT 2nd FPAR 2 FT 3rd FPAR 2 FT 4th FPAR 2 FT 5th FPAR 2 FT 6th FPAR 2 FT 7th FPAR 2 FT 8th FPAR 2 FT 2015 28 FPAR In 2016 a New 18 FPAR + 28 FPAR in 2015= 46 FPAR.
  7. 7. No Province District 2015 2016 No. of FPAR No. of sessions/ FPAR No. of farmers reached Women farmers reached No. of FPAR No. of sessions/ FPAR No. of farmers reached Women farmers reached 1 Vientiane Muen 4 4 102 53 8 4 215 120 Fouang 2 4 46 26 4 4 118 58 Vangvieng 4 4 97 63 8 4 208 145 Sub Total 1 10 12 245 142 20 12 541 323 2 Khammouan Gnommalat 2 4 50 28 4 4 103 48 Mahaxay 4 4 100 49 4 4 112 43 Nakai 4 4 100 54 4 4 105 54 Sub Total 2 10 12 250 131 12 12 320 145 3 Savannakhet Champone 2 4 56 23 6 4 158 67 Songkhone 4 4 111 57 4 4 98 44 Sonnabouly 2 4 56 27 4 4 110 49 Sub Total 3 8 12 223 107 14 12 366 160 Total 28 718 380 46 1,227 628 Number of FPARs and Farmers Reached 2015 and 2016
  8. 8. Comparing SRI Yields from FPARs (2015-2016) 5.2 4.1 4.4 4.64.6 4.5 4.1 4.4 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Yield -2015 (Ton/ha) Yield -2016 (Ton/ha)
  9. 9. Comparing between SRI and FP Year Province Cost of production Rice production (tons/ha) Selling price / Kg rice Gross returns Net returns 2015 Vientiane (SRI) 563 5.2 0.30 1,555 992 Vientiane (FP) 633 3.6 0.30 1,080 447 Khammouan (SRI) 539 4.1 0.33 1,373 833 Khammouan (FP) 599 2.8 0.33 924 325 Savannakhet (SRI) 527 4.4 0.27 1,214 687 Savannakhet (FP) 577 3.2 0.27 864 287 *1USD = 8,000 Kips
  10. 10. 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 Cost of production Gross returns Net returns
  11. 11. Costs and returns (USD) per hectare based on FPAR observations in various provinces Year Province Cost of production Rice production ( Tons/ha) Selling price / Kg rice Gross returns Net returns 2015 Vientiane 563 5.2 0.30 1,555 992 Khammouan 539 4.1 0.33 1,373 833 Savannakhet 527 4.4 0.27 1,214 687 Average 543 4.6 0.30 1,381 837 2016 Vientiane 516 4.6 0.29 1,389 872 Khammouan 500 4.5 0.29 1,335 834 Savannakhet 525 4.1 0.27 1,156 631 Average 513 4.4 0.29 1,293 779 *1USD = 8,000 Kips
  12. 12. The PMU should prepare activity work plans well in advance and communicate these to all project partners promptly for the necessary technical review and administrative action.  Improving cooperation and communication between PCU, PMU, LMU, FAO in BKK and AIT is essential.  Capacity building of various stakeholders involved in field activities is essential.  Organizing provincial workshop and training to exchange knowledge and experiences.  It is essential to deliver technical support for managing the snail in rice fields, preferably based on good IPM practices. Key lessons Learnt
  13. 13. Key lessons Learnt (cont..)  Duck raising activity could be integrated with rice production to manage weeds and snails. FPAR training started late, when farmers were already transplanting. So farmers attending the training were not able to adopt the practices in the same season. So it is better to start FPAR training at start of the season when rains allow so that farmers can practice in their own field simultaneously what they have learned in the FPAR training.  Some farmers’ experiences more weed problems in their SRI Rice fields. Since there were no rains after transplanting, it was difficult to manage weeds. Families where men migrated for employment faced labor shortage, which also affected weed management.
  14. 14. Key lessons Learnt (Cont..)  Data collection was mostly done along the bunds in the FPAR fields in VangVieng and Muen districts. So there is a chance of “border effect”. It is essential to build the capacity of the District Coordinators and Farmer Trainers for better science-based action research designs and implementation.  Using young seedlings, single seedling and wider spacing during transplanting and drained water out for two weeks during vegetative growth stage can provide yield advantage in rice cultivation.
  15. 15. Recommendation for future activities  Providing assistance for farm mechanization, by conducting trials exploring direct-seeded and/or single seedling transplants and weed management can help families deal with labour shortage; this especially will be useful for those families where male members migrate away from their farms in search of employment.  In Vientiane province the farmers adopted SRI practices without chemical fertilizer and pesticide usage. We can promote organic rice farming among these farmers and link them with organic produce markets as to avail of premium prices and to enhance their incomes.
  16. 16. Recommendation for future activities (cont.)  SRI practices should be integrated with duck and fish rearing in order to increase rice yields and incomes. The design of the rice- fish farms should allow for regular draining of fields for purposes of creating alternate wet and dry conditions, as key SRI practice to promote soil and crop health.  SRI practice is also suitable for rice seed production. For example in Songkhone and Xonaboouly districts the Farmer Trainers have experienced.
  17. 17. Work plan for the year 2017  Conduct Provincial Workshops in the three provinces (March- April 2017).  Conduct 1st National Workshop in Vientiane (21 April 2017).  Attend the 2nd RRPW in Hanoi, Vietnam (22 to 26 April, 2017).  Writing concept note for conducting 82 FPARs  Conduct 82 FPAR trainings (4 session, 2 days during June, August, September and October 2017).
  18. 18. Work plan for the year 2017  Ensure implementation and completion of all activities, including data collection, in 82 FPARs in three provinces (May-October 2017).  Monitoring FPAR implementation activities.  Facilitate exchange of experiences between and among FPAR farmers.  Field day within district and cross visits for FPAR district to district..  Develop curriculum on SRI-LMB in Laos (Hand Books, Posters, case studies VDO,….(tentative, pending confirmation of available budget)  Prepare FPAR Report for 2017 (November-December 2017).
  19. 19. Provincial workshop picture(March – April 2017)
  20. 20. National workshop in Vientiane Capital 21st April 2017
  21. 21. Thank you

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