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Week 4 — overview

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Digital Media and Society UMUC - Week 4 UMUC

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Week 4 — overview

  1. 1. Digital Media & Society Professor Tony Julien Week 4 Overview
  2. 2. Week 4 we will be focussing on: • Introduction to the Legal System • Digital Copyright Basics • Communication Privacy • Digital Ethics CMST 301 Digital Media & Society • Professor Julien
  3. 3. Introduction to the Legal System • Digital media Law encompasses all statutes, administrative rules and court decisions that impact digital technology • Technology changes so the laws have to change • Laws are made up of: • Constitutions • Statutes • Executive Orders • Administrative Agencies and Federal Departments • Common Law and Law of Equity CMST 301 Digital Media & Society • Professor Julien
  4. 4. The Structure of the Court System • The Federal Court System • Supreme Court • Court of Appeals • District Court • The State Court System • Most Litigation of Digital Media • State courts are the Ultimate Decision Makers CMST 301 Digital Media & Society • Professor Julien
  5. 5. Types of Law CMST 301 Digital Media & Society • Professor Julien • Civil Law• Criminal Law
  6. 6. Types of Law • Criminal Law • Addresses violations against the state (individuals are included) • Grand Juries and Preliminary Hearings— Anyone committing a Federal Crime • Arraignment—Accuser is formally charged • The Jury— 12 for federal courts and as few as 6 for state courts • Appeal—Can appeal is law is misapplied CMST 301 Digital Media & Society • Professor Julien
  7. 7. Types of Law • Civil Law • Seeks to resolve non-criminal disputes • Conflicts over contracts, ownership of property, inheritance or domestic relations • Civil Procedure—No prosecutor • Summary Judgment—Case can be judged without a trial • Remedies—Judge may order fines for compensatory and/or punitive damages • Doctrine of Respondeat Superior— People can sue employee and employer CMST 301 Digital Media & Society • Professor Julien
  8. 8. Digital Copyright Basics • In 1980, Congress amended the Copyright Act to give express copyright protection to software. • Copyright law grants the copyright holder exclusive rights CMST 301 Digital Media & Society • Professor Julien
  9. 9. What is Covered Under Copyright Law? CMST 301 Digital Media & Society • Professor Julien • Literary works: novel, stories, articles, advertisement text, manuals, and so forth • Computer programs • Musical works and sound recordings • Choreography • Visual arts • Motion picture & audiovisual works • Architectural works
  10. 10. What is Covered Under Copyright Law? • Includes Digital Media • To get a copyright for a digital product: • A printout, storage on a hard drive, network storage, diskette, or ROM chip. • Duration: • Individual— Life of the author plus 70 years • Corporation (work for hire): 95 years from first publication or 120 years from creation, whichever is shorter. CMST 301 Digital Media & Society • Professor Julien
  11. 11. Public Domain • Anyone can copy, distribute, and make derivatives of works without permission • Copyright law protects works even without registration. • Works published after March 1, 1989 are protected by copyright law— Good idea to copyright in any case CMST 301 Digital Media & Society • Professor Julien
  12. 12. Derivative Works • You must obtain permission from the original owner in order to produce a derivative work; e.g. creating a movie from a published book Infringement • Violation of copyright law is criminal. • Direct Infringement. • Contributory Infringement • Vicarious Infringement • Inducing Infringement CMST 301 Digital Media & Society • Professor Julien
  13. 13. Work For Hire CMST 301 Digital Media & Society • Professor Julien • If employee develops a work, it belongs to the employer — employer is author. • If independent contractor develops a work under contract with a customer, the independent contractor will own the copyright. Unless contract states otherwise.
  14. 14. Communication Privacy CMST 301 Digital Media & Society • Professor Julien • Important to keep anonymity when in an online environment. In other words, not being identifiable. • They all have varying levels of: • Protection goals • Security levels • Attacker models • Trust models
  15. 15. Proxies • Website proxy — connects your computer over the Internet to a proxy server, which connects to the viewable website. Keeps your computer/ IP address anonymous on the Internet. • Proxy Chain— using more than one proxy to strengthen privacy Crowds • Activities of each single user can be hidden within the activities of many other users. CMST 301 Digital Media & Society • Professor Julien
  16. 16. Broadcast • Works like a TV/ Radio: All participants get information and they chose what to connect to via a station or channel RING Network • The stations are circularly cabled and if a station sends a message, this message is sent in succession at least once to every station in the RING. The recipient becomes anonymous and unobservable as well. CMST 301 Digital Media & Society • Professor Julien
  17. 17. Buses • Works like a bus, where data is passed along a network and is difficult to track DC-Network • This technique realizes that every station sends its message or a meaningless one at a fixed point in time and the superposition of these messages will be received by all stations. CMST 301 Digital Media & Society • Professor Julien
  18. 18. Mixes • Uses public key cryptography and designed for e-mail systems to provide sender, recipient and relationship anonymity without the need of a central trusted service. • A chain of proxies following one after another Private information retrieval (PIR) • Allows users to retrieve an item from another party (e.g., querying a database or a news server) without revealing which item he is interested in. CMST 301 Digital Media & Society • Professor Julien
  19. 19. TED Talk • Damon Horowitz on TED Talk, talks about what we SHOULD do with people’s data/ and the power we possess. • Should we collect data to make people’s lives “better?” • How do we develop a Moral Framework? • Are there “Truths in Justice?” • How do we make ethical decisions with our technology? • Enjoy! CMST 301 Digital Media & Society • Professor Julien
  20. 20. Credits (Creative Commons) • Image of Contract. • Image of Handcuffs • Image of Art • Image of Books • Men working • Woman with mask CMST 301 Digital Media & Society • Professor Julien

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