Citizen (Online / Social) Media Ethics


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Citizen (Online / Social) Media Ethics
- Are You Really You?
- What’s Your Context?
- Is Yours Definitely Mine?
- Dare to Speech Differently?

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Citizen (Online / Social) Media Ethics

  1. 1. Citizen Media: Fundamental Ethics
  2. 2. Subjects to be Discussed• Are You Really You?• What’s Your Context?• Is Yours Definitely Mine?• Dare to Speech Differently?
  3. 3.  Daily Activities : ICT Watch Researcher Ashoka Social Entrepreneur Fellow E-Business & Digital Media Lecturer(UPH, LSPR, Binus, Paramadina) Internet Sehat Activist Before: Journalist to Vice Presidentat Detikcom (‘99 – ‘10) Formal Educations : Master: University of Indonesia,Communication Management 2002 Bsc: Gunadarma University,Computer Science 1998e-mail: dbu @donnybu.comBlog: donnybu.comtwitter: @donnybumobile: +62-818-930932Workshop / Conferences :• Global Partners Workshop, London – UK (June, 2013)• Cyber Dialogue, Toronto – Canada (March, 2013)• IGF MAF Meeting, Paris – France (February, 2013)• IGF 6th, Baku – Azerbaijan (November, 2012)• BestBits, Baku - Azerbaijan (November, 2012)• Freedom Online, Nairobi – Kenya (September, 2012)• Open eGovernment, Bangkok – Thailand (July, 2012)• ASEM Human Rights & ICT, Seoul – Korea (June, 2012)• International Media Conf., Seoul – Korea (June, 2012)• Internet at Liberty, Washington DC – USA (May, 2012)• Transparency Camp, Wash. DC – USA (April, 2012)• Cyber Dialogue, Toronto – Canada (March, 2012)• News & Civic Media, Cambridge – USA (June, 2011)• Ashoka/Knight Journalism, Wash. DC – USA (June, 2011)• Open Net Initiative , Ontario – Canada (June, 2010)• IGF 4th, Sharm El Sheikh – Egypt (November, 2009)• Open Net Initiative, Sharm El Sheikh – Egypt (Nov., 2009)Brief Bio: Donny B.U.
  4. 4. Case 1: Are You Really You?
  5. 5. • Identity Construction: identity is something weput together with the help of others• Identification: open-ended & life-long identifyconstruction project• Disembodiment: identity which was no longerdependent on, or constrained by, physicalappearance• Identity Play: pretending to be someone else orjust portraying different aspects of yourselfWe have an Identity to PlaySource: Computer Mediated Communication + Digital Media Ethics
  6. 6. Demotivationalposters.orgGood Guy? Bad Guy?
  7. 7. • Anonymity: is not always means unidentifiable!It’s dependent on the context of communication• Contexts: channel, participants, duration, topic,sync/async, public/private• Reasons: 1). privacy & safety, 2).honesty, 3).personality & character• Choices: freedom of constraints or freedom ofresponsibility!Is Anonymous Equal to Freedom?Source: Computer Mediated Communication + Digital Media Ethics
  8. 8. JOHARI WINDOWSelfwood.comWho Are You? Who Am I?
  9. 9. Case 2: What’s Your Context?alice-in-wonderland.netAlice: “Which road do I take?”Cheshire cat: “Where do you want to go?”Alice: “I dont know.”Cheshire cat: "Then, it doesnt matter.“(Lewis Carroll, Alice in Wonderland)
  10. 10. Why You Are Here?
  11. 11. Needs as ContextTumbler.ucom
  12. 12. Low Context vs High Context
  13. 13. Context on Communication
  14. 14. Context on Communication
  15. 15. Case 3: Is Yours Definitely Mine?What’s Mine is Yours, book cover
  16. 16. The Pirates: It’s (Not) Cool! Really?
  17. 17. • If it doesnt have a copyright notice, its notcopyrighted.• If its posted to online, its in the publicdomain.• If I dont charge for it, its not a violation.• My posting was just fair use.• If you dont defend your copyright you lose itThe Myth of Pirates Statementsource:
  18. 18. Let’s Become Creative Commoners
  19. 19. Unplggd.comThe Power of Sharing
  20. 20. movie: CC Licensed
  21. 21. Case 4: Dare to Speech, Differently?
  22. 22. Different? Manipulation!
  23. 23. “In a society where the generalpopulation has been indoctrinated andmanipulated by those who control themedia, free speech may simply serve theinterests of the powerful and be aseffectives as repressive censorship in atotalitarian society…” (Warburton: Free Speech)Information Control = Censorship
  24. 24. Freedom of Information = Human Rights
  25. 25. Fight for Your Rights!
  26. 26. Always Wise While Online
  27. 27. “If you are patient in one moment of anger,you will escape a hundred days of sorrow...”Think Before Posting!Chinese Proverb
  28. 28. Closing: Ethics is “What do I do?”
  29. 29. 1. The ethic of transparencyWe believe public deserves to know about us and ourperspective to better judge what we say2. The ethic of conversationWe do not believe in one-sided lectures. We believeconversation leads to better understanding3. The ethic of humanityWe believe citizen media lives at a human level while oldmedia lives at an institutional level4. The ethic of the linkWe believe one of our key jobs is to link public to other voices/ source material so they may judge themselves5. The ethic of correctionWe believe it is not about make no mistake at all, but themost important is to correct errors quickly and openly10 Practical Citizen Media Code of EthicsSources: Dan Gillmor, Jeff Jarvis, Donny B.U.
  30. 30. 6. The ethic of immediacyWe believe the fast spread of information will deliver betterquality of information7. The ethic of pluralismWe believe the spirit of pluralism in the dissemination ofinformation will provide many benefits to society8. The ethic of accuracyWe believe accurate information is a must, resulted fromcheck and recheck process to obtain factual data9. The ethic of fairnessWe believe we should be aware of what drives us, and alwayswilling to listen to those who disagree10. The ethic of sharingWe believe the knowledge based society is nothing withoutthe spirit and freedom of idea and information sharingSources: Dan Gillmor, Jeff Jarvis, Donny B.U.10 Practical Citizen Media Code of Ethics
  31. 31. Internet Safety & PrivacyFree Download:
  32. 32. Remember, Ethics are “Colorful”
  33. 33. Start Your Action, Now!“You may never know whatresults come of your action,but if you do nothing…there will be no result.”(Mahatma Gandhi)
  34. 34. Further discussion: | | |