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THE PASSIVE VOICE
1. When the agent is unknown
I was sent two flowers last Friday
2. When the agent is not important
Cerralbo museum can be visited between 10 and 14. p.m.
3. When we want to give importance to the object of the active voice
America was discovered in 1942 by Columbus
 The passive is used more in writing and formal speech, such as
public information (rules, signs, brochures …) and media reports.
Smoking is not permitted in this area.
Bookings can be made online.
HOW TO FORM
PASSIVE VOICE
Someone cleans the streets every day
The streets are cleaned every day
1. The D.O. becomes the new subject
2. The VERB changes: TO BE + PAST PARTICIPLE
(same verbal tense of the active sentence)
Columbus discovered America in 1492
America was discovered by Columbus in 1492
We have elected a new President
A new President has been elected (by us)
They are playing the match on Saturday
The match is being played on Saturday (by them)
VERB CHANGES: TO BE + PAST PARTICIPLE
(same verbal tense of the active sentence)
 If the object is a pronoun, make sure to change it to a subject pronoun:
me  I him  he her  she them  they us  we
I bought him a present.
He was bought a present.
TENSE ACTIVE PASSIVE
Present Simple I make a cake A cake is made
Present Contin. I’m making a cake A cake is being made.
Past Simple I made a cake. A cake was made.
Past Continuous I was making a cake. A cake was being made.
Present Perfect I have made a cake A cake has been made.
Past Perfect I had made a cake. A cake had been made.
Future Simple I will make a cake. A cake will be made.
Future be going to I’m going to make a cake. A cake is going to be made.
Modal I must make a cake. A cake must be made.
Modal Perfect I should have made a
cake.
A cake should have been
made.
 If there is a preposition with the verb,
do not forget it.
Sue looks after the children.

The children are looked after by Sue
 We mention the person or people that did the action when is it
someone specific and it is introduced by ”by”.
“The new art exhibition was opened by the Queen Letizia.”
OTHER IMPORTANT THINGS TO REMEMBER
2. VERBS WITH TWO OBJECTS
bring, give, ask, pay, sell, offer, owe, show, tell, send, lend, leave,
promise, take, teach, throw, write
Someone sent Sergio a love letter.
Sergio was given a love letter.
A love letter was given to Sergio.
If the verb has two objects, we usually use the person as the subject
in the passive.
No one gave me any directions.
I wasn’t given any directions.

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U4. passive voice

  • 1.
  • 3. 1. When the agent is unknown I was sent two flowers last Friday 2. When the agent is not important Cerralbo museum can be visited between 10 and 14. p.m. 3. When we want to give importance to the object of the active voice America was discovered in 1942 by Columbus  The passive is used more in writing and formal speech, such as public information (rules, signs, brochures …) and media reports. Smoking is not permitted in this area. Bookings can be made online.
  • 4. HOW TO FORM PASSIVE VOICE Someone cleans the streets every day The streets are cleaned every day 1. The D.O. becomes the new subject 2. The VERB changes: TO BE + PAST PARTICIPLE (same verbal tense of the active sentence) Columbus discovered America in 1492 America was discovered by Columbus in 1492
  • 5. We have elected a new President A new President has been elected (by us) They are playing the match on Saturday The match is being played on Saturday (by them) VERB CHANGES: TO BE + PAST PARTICIPLE (same verbal tense of the active sentence)  If the object is a pronoun, make sure to change it to a subject pronoun: me  I him  he her  she them  they us  we I bought him a present. He was bought a present.
  • 6. TENSE ACTIVE PASSIVE Present Simple I make a cake A cake is made Present Contin. I’m making a cake A cake is being made. Past Simple I made a cake. A cake was made. Past Continuous I was making a cake. A cake was being made. Present Perfect I have made a cake A cake has been made. Past Perfect I had made a cake. A cake had been made. Future Simple I will make a cake. A cake will be made. Future be going to I’m going to make a cake. A cake is going to be made. Modal I must make a cake. A cake must be made. Modal Perfect I should have made a cake. A cake should have been made.
  • 7.  If there is a preposition with the verb, do not forget it. Sue looks after the children.  The children are looked after by Sue
  • 8.  We mention the person or people that did the action when is it someone specific and it is introduced by ”by”. “The new art exhibition was opened by the Queen Letizia.” OTHER IMPORTANT THINGS TO REMEMBER
  • 9. 2. VERBS WITH TWO OBJECTS bring, give, ask, pay, sell, offer, owe, show, tell, send, lend, leave, promise, take, teach, throw, write Someone sent Sergio a love letter. Sergio was given a love letter. A love letter was given to Sergio. If the verb has two objects, we usually use the person as the subject in the passive. No one gave me any directions. I wasn’t given any directions.