SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 16
TV News Reporting
MCOM 402: Theoretical
Introduction to Television Studies
Styles of TV News
Headlines, Teases
Readers or links
Std VO
Newsroom VO package
Reports or packages from the field
Two ways
Live shots with reporters
Walk throughs
Studio Chats
The TV news package
There are four elements to any
package:
– The intro/ cue read by the anchor
– The pictures/footage/graphics
– The links/voice over – i.e. the reporter’s
words read over the pictures
– The soundbites from the interviewees
featured in the package
The TV news package
A package is a story
May be pre-planned or reactive to a
hard story
If pre planned feature--- researched, set
up, structured, shot, written, voiced,
edited, broadcast
The TV news package
Contains GV or B roll pictures
Interviews which become sound bites or
SOTs
A stand up or PTC
A written narration or VO
Effects or Graphics
Common Terms
Actuality –audio clip or video bit from an
interview or other recording
Line timing –determining length by line
count
Live –not prerecorded
Toss –anchor lead-in to package story
Standard out cue –reporter’s last few words
Common terms
Package – pre-recorded, self-contained story introduced by
the anchor and delivered by reporter.
All stories end with ### or (XXX)
VO – voice over
VO-SOT --voice over sound on tape
Standup (on camera) reporter on camera for television
news
– Open,
– Close,
– Bridge
Common terms
ACK -Actuality –sound from the story itself, NAT
for natural sound or WILD for wild sound, or
RAW for raw sound.
Voicer –same as Reader- In radio or television this
story has no actualities. A story read aloud by the
newscaster. Does not contain ACK.
Wraparound –reporter’s voice wrapped around an
actuality
TV News Writing Tips
Keep it simple
Keep it conversational
Use present tense making the
story immediate.
Use Declarative, short
sentences
Try something besides the who,
what, when, where, why and
how in your lead. Use a
sentence for each idea. You
should be able to read each
sentence aloud in just one
breath.
TV News Writing Tips
Time limitations
Boil down your story to the most essential
elements. Broadcast news is constrained by
time. The simplest stories tend to run in just
30 seconds.
Speed at which newscasters read –about
140-180 words per minute
Audiences just cannot absorb as much
information listening to a broadcast story as
they could reading a story of similar
length.
TV News Writing Tips
Use Round Numbers
Shorten long titles
Names and initials: Omit middle names and
initials unless a person is well known by his
middle name or initials.
Do not use the courtesy titles or ‘Mr’ ‘Ms’ ‘Mrs’.
Don’t use unfamiliar names in leads. Instead
characterize the person by what has made him
newsworthy.
TV News Writing Tips
Attribution: Attribution is the most basic tool of
journalism. You want your audience to know it, that’s why
the attribution comes at the beginning of the sentence so
there will be no mistaking who said what.
Avoid direct quotes: The listener cannot see the quotation
marks in a copy. If you feel you must use a direct quote,
alert your listener that it’s coming.
For example: Wrong: ‘I am not a crook’ the President
said.
Right: The President said, in his words, ‘I am not a crook’
LEADS FOR BROADCAST
STORIES
LEADS FOR STORIES
Lead is the most important part in a news story because it
sets the tone for all that follows.
Grab or hook the audience’s attention.
Can be exciting, dramatic, clever, intriguing or
provocative.
Unless it is a feature, the lead must have an element of
news and must answer the 5 W’s and H.
There are a number of leads and a variety of ways to lead a
story.
The decision of which lead to use depends on a number of
factors, the most important being the nature of the story.
LEADS FOR STORIES
The Hard Lead: It tells the vital details of the story
immediately. Usually used for breaking news.
For example: Atleast 30 people were injured in the
collapse of a building.
More than 20 dozen people were arrested in the drug bust.
The Soft Lead: Alerts the audience to the news that is to
follow. Sometimes called ‘warming up’ the audience.
For example: A building collapses in Lahore. Atleast 30
people have been injured.
A major drug bust in Karachi. More than a dozen people
are under arrest
LEADS FOR STORIES
Throwaway Lead: Similar to newspaper headline.
Summarizes information that will follow later in the story
Umbrella lead: Often called shotgun lead, summary lead,
comprehensive lead and round-up lead, ties together
related stories. Most frequently used with national and
international news. Provides smooth transition from one
story to another.
For example: Stories on the energy issue can be related…
gas rationing ;;to.. cutbacks in crude oil sales by oil-
producing countries.

More Related Content

What's hot

What's hot (20)

Television news writing
Television news writingTelevision news writing
Television news writing
 
Structure of TV News
Structure of TV NewsStructure of TV News
Structure of TV News
 
Writing News For Radio
Writing News For RadioWriting News For Radio
Writing News For Radio
 
Beat reporting
Beat reportingBeat reporting
Beat reporting
 
Feature writing
Feature writingFeature writing
Feature writing
 
News source
News sourceNews source
News source
 
Interpretative (interpretive) reporting
Interpretative (interpretive) reportingInterpretative (interpretive) reporting
Interpretative (interpretive) reporting
 
Structure and working of a print newsroom publication house
Structure and working of a print newsroom publication houseStructure and working of a print newsroom publication house
Structure and working of a print newsroom publication house
 
Radio documentary
Radio documentaryRadio documentary
Radio documentary
 
Characteristics of TV
Characteristics of TVCharacteristics of TV
Characteristics of TV
 
Radio formats
Radio formatsRadio formats
Radio formats
 
What is news?
What is news?What is news?
What is news?
 
Broadcast writing
Broadcast writingBroadcast writing
Broadcast writing
 
EN2120 News Writing and Reporting
EN2120 News Writing and ReportingEN2120 News Writing and Reporting
EN2120 News Writing and Reporting
 
Writing for broadcast
Writing for broadcastWriting for broadcast
Writing for broadcast
 
Live Reporting for TV
Live Reporting for TVLive Reporting for TV
Live Reporting for TV
 
Responsibilities of Radio Producer
Responsibilities of Radio Producer Responsibilities of Radio Producer
Responsibilities of Radio Producer
 
News production
News productionNews production
News production
 
Journalism Interviewing
Journalism InterviewingJournalism Interviewing
Journalism Interviewing
 
Speeches, News Conferences & Meetings
Speeches, News Conferences & MeetingsSpeeches, News Conferences & Meetings
Speeches, News Conferences & Meetings
 

Similar to Tv news-reporting

Writing for broadcast media
Writing for broadcast  mediaWriting for broadcast  media
Writing for broadcast mediaDr. ASHOK KUMAR
 
Winter week 2 mise en scene 3
Winter week 2  mise en scene 3Winter week 2  mise en scene 3
Winter week 2 mise en scene 3lukaszdoda
 
Video Journalism: How to make a news video
Video Journalism: How to make a news videoVideo Journalism: How to make a news video
Video Journalism: How to make a news videoCubReporters.org
 
Characteristics of radio news show
Characteristics of radio news showCharacteristics of radio news show
Characteristics of radio news showPradeep Kumar Gupta
 
Writing for Radio & Television
Writing for Radio & TelevisionWriting for Radio & Television
Writing for Radio & TelevisionProfessor Bauer
 
JOU 1000 March 19 2020 class
JOU 1000 March 19 2020 class JOU 1000 March 19 2020 class
JOU 1000 March 19 2020 class Michael Rizzo
 
Covering speeches: Tips for journalists
Covering speeches: Tips for journalistsCovering speeches: Tips for journalists
Covering speeches: Tips for journalistsCubReporters.org
 
Informative Speaking.ppt
Informative Speaking.pptInformative Speaking.ppt
Informative Speaking.pptssuserf2e8e8
 
Audio script writing guide
Audio script writing guideAudio script writing guide
Audio script writing guideKim Hutton-Brown
 
Public Relations Management Session 4 Tools In Media Relations
Public Relations Management   Session 4   Tools In Media RelationsPublic Relations Management   Session 4   Tools In Media Relations
Public Relations Management Session 4 Tools In Media RelationsMoksh Juneja
 
Week 4 tv trailers form and conventions
Week 4 tv trailers form and conventionsWeek 4 tv trailers form and conventions
Week 4 tv trailers form and conventionslatymermedia
 
Electronic media bs 3 b lecture 6
Electronic media bs 3 b lecture 6Electronic media bs 3 b lecture 6
Electronic media bs 3 b lecture 6Ali Haider Saeed
 
COMM 118 CHAPTER #1
COMM 118 CHAPTER #1COMM 118 CHAPTER #1
COMM 118 CHAPTER #1profluther
 
Journalism TV and Radio broadcast
Journalism TV and Radio broadcastJournalism TV and Radio broadcast
Journalism TV and Radio broadcastJennifer Sheppard
 
Radio Broadcasting and Scriptwriting
Radio Broadcasting and ScriptwritingRadio Broadcasting and Scriptwriting
Radio Broadcasting and Scriptwritingjessica_jessica
 
Ladylee topic
Ladylee topicLadylee topic
Ladylee topicLady Lee
 
Stories that-stick
Stories that-stickStories that-stick
Stories that-sticklionsleaders
 

Similar to Tv news-reporting (20)

Writing for broadcast media
Writing for broadcast  mediaWriting for broadcast  media
Writing for broadcast media
 
Winter week 2 mise en scene 3
Winter week 2  mise en scene 3Winter week 2  mise en scene 3
Winter week 2 mise en scene 3
 
Video Journalism: How to make a news video
Video Journalism: How to make a news videoVideo Journalism: How to make a news video
Video Journalism: How to make a news video
 
Characteristics of radio news show
Characteristics of radio news showCharacteristics of radio news show
Characteristics of radio news show
 
Dynamics of news room
Dynamics of news room Dynamics of news room
Dynamics of news room
 
Writing for Radio & Television
Writing for Radio & TelevisionWriting for Radio & Television
Writing for Radio & Television
 
JOU 1000 March 19 2020 class
JOU 1000 March 19 2020 class JOU 1000 March 19 2020 class
JOU 1000 March 19 2020 class
 
Covering speeches: Tips for journalists
Covering speeches: Tips for journalistsCovering speeches: Tips for journalists
Covering speeches: Tips for journalists
 
Informative Speaking.ppt
Informative Speaking.pptInformative Speaking.ppt
Informative Speaking.ppt
 
Audio script writing guide
Audio script writing guideAudio script writing guide
Audio script writing guide
 
Public Relations Management Session 4 Tools In Media Relations
Public Relations Management   Session 4   Tools In Media RelationsPublic Relations Management   Session 4   Tools In Media Relations
Public Relations Management Session 4 Tools In Media Relations
 
Week 4 tv trailers form and conventions
Week 4 tv trailers form and conventionsWeek 4 tv trailers form and conventions
Week 4 tv trailers form and conventions
 
Electronic media bs 3 b lecture 6
Electronic media bs 3 b lecture 6Electronic media bs 3 b lecture 6
Electronic media bs 3 b lecture 6
 
COMM 118 CHAPTER #1
COMM 118 CHAPTER #1COMM 118 CHAPTER #1
COMM 118 CHAPTER #1
 
Journalism TV and Radio broadcast
Journalism TV and Radio broadcastJournalism TV and Radio broadcast
Journalism TV and Radio broadcast
 
Radio Broadcasting and Scriptwriting
Radio Broadcasting and ScriptwritingRadio Broadcasting and Scriptwriting
Radio Broadcasting and Scriptwriting
 
Ladylee topic
Ladylee topicLadylee topic
Ladylee topic
 
Stories that-stick
Stories that-stickStories that-stick
Stories that-stick
 
11thEd_Wilcox_PPT_Chapter15.ppt
11thEd_Wilcox_PPT_Chapter15.ppt11thEd_Wilcox_PPT_Chapter15.ppt
11thEd_Wilcox_PPT_Chapter15.ppt
 
EDITING #6 NEW
EDITING #6 NEWEDITING #6 NEW
EDITING #6 NEW
 

More from NEO NEWS NETWORK (20)

Modes of documentry
Modes of documentryModes of documentry
Modes of documentry
 
Tv intro
Tv introTv intro
Tv intro
 
media seminar
media seminarmedia seminar
media seminar
 
Why is communication important to human life
Why is communication important to human lifeWhy is communication important to human life
Why is communication important to human life
 
Voice of germany (vog)
Voice of germany (vog)Voice of germany (vog)
Voice of germany (vog)
 
Voa
VoaVoa
Voa
 
Types of communication
Types of communicationTypes of communication
Types of communication
 
Types of advertisement
Types of advertisementTypes of advertisement
Types of advertisement
 
The process of communication
The process of communicationThe process of communication
The process of communication
 
The global media giants
The global media giantsThe global media giants
The global media giants
 
Communication models
Communication modelsCommunication models
Communication models
 
The associated press(ap)
The associated press(ap)The associated press(ap)
The associated press(ap)
 
Public relations
Public relationsPublic relations
Public relations
 
PR process
PR processPR process
PR process
 
PRO duties
PRO dutiesPRO duties
PRO duties
 
Paragraph writing
Paragraph writingParagraph writing
Paragraph writing
 
Notes on news agencies
Notes on news agenciesNotes on news agencies
Notes on news agencies
 
News writing style
News writing styleNews writing style
News writing style
 
News
NewsNews
News
 
Newspapers
NewspapersNewspapers
Newspapers
 

Recently uploaded

Liberal & Redical Feminism presentation.pptx
Liberal & Redical Feminism presentation.pptxLiberal & Redical Feminism presentation.pptx
Liberal & Redical Feminism presentation.pptxRizwan Abbas
 
2024_Student Session 2_ Set Plan Preparation.pptx
2024_Student Session 2_ Set Plan Preparation.pptx2024_Student Session 2_ Set Plan Preparation.pptx
2024_Student Session 2_ Set Plan Preparation.pptxmansk2
 
How to Manage Notification Preferences in the Odoo 17
How to Manage Notification Preferences in the Odoo 17How to Manage Notification Preferences in the Odoo 17
How to Manage Notification Preferences in the Odoo 17Celine George
 
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17Celine George
 
size separation d pharm 1st year pharmaceutics
size separation d pharm 1st year pharmaceuticssize separation d pharm 1st year pharmaceutics
size separation d pharm 1st year pharmaceuticspragatimahajan3
 
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT VẬT LÝ 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯ...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT VẬT LÝ 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯ...TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT VẬT LÝ 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯ...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT VẬT LÝ 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯ...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Danh sách HSG Bộ môn cấp trường - Cấp THPT.pdf
Danh sách HSG Bộ môn cấp trường - Cấp THPT.pdfDanh sách HSG Bộ môn cấp trường - Cấp THPT.pdf
Danh sách HSG Bộ môn cấp trường - Cấp THPT.pdfQucHHunhnh
 
Telling Your Story_ Simple Steps to Build Your Nonprofit's Brand Webinar.pdf
Telling Your Story_ Simple Steps to Build Your Nonprofit's Brand Webinar.pdfTelling Your Story_ Simple Steps to Build Your Nonprofit's Brand Webinar.pdf
Telling Your Story_ Simple Steps to Build Your Nonprofit's Brand Webinar.pdfTechSoup
 
INU_CAPSTONEDESIGN_비밀번호486_업로드용 발표자료.pdf
INU_CAPSTONEDESIGN_비밀번호486_업로드용 발표자료.pdfINU_CAPSTONEDESIGN_비밀번호486_업로드용 발표자료.pdf
INU_CAPSTONEDESIGN_비밀번호486_업로드용 발표자료.pdfbu07226
 
Morse OER Some Benefits and Challenges.pptx
Morse OER Some Benefits and Challenges.pptxMorse OER Some Benefits and Challenges.pptx
Morse OER Some Benefits and Challenges.pptxjmorse8
 
Salient features of Environment protection Act 1986.pptx
Salient features of Environment protection Act 1986.pptxSalient features of Environment protection Act 1986.pptx
Salient features of Environment protection Act 1986.pptxakshayaramakrishnan21
 
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Discuss App.pptx
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Discuss App.pptxAn Overview of the Odoo 17 Discuss App.pptx
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Discuss App.pptxCeline George
 
Dementia (Alzheimer & vasular dementia).
Dementia (Alzheimer & vasular dementia).Dementia (Alzheimer & vasular dementia).
Dementia (Alzheimer & vasular dementia).Mohamed Rizk Khodair
 
ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyes
ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyesppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyes
ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyesashishpaul799
 
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文中 央社
 
UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...
UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...
UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...Sayali Powar
 
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽中 央社
 
....................Muslim-Law notes.pdf
....................Muslim-Law notes.pdf....................Muslim-Law notes.pdf
....................Muslim-Law notes.pdfVikramadityaRaj
 
The basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptxheathfieldcps1
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Liberal & Redical Feminism presentation.pptx
Liberal & Redical Feminism presentation.pptxLiberal & Redical Feminism presentation.pptx
Liberal & Redical Feminism presentation.pptx
 
“O BEIJO” EM ARTE .
“O BEIJO” EM ARTE                       .“O BEIJO” EM ARTE                       .
“O BEIJO” EM ARTE .
 
2024_Student Session 2_ Set Plan Preparation.pptx
2024_Student Session 2_ Set Plan Preparation.pptx2024_Student Session 2_ Set Plan Preparation.pptx
2024_Student Session 2_ Set Plan Preparation.pptx
 
How to Manage Notification Preferences in the Odoo 17
How to Manage Notification Preferences in the Odoo 17How to Manage Notification Preferences in the Odoo 17
How to Manage Notification Preferences in the Odoo 17
 
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17
 
size separation d pharm 1st year pharmaceutics
size separation d pharm 1st year pharmaceuticssize separation d pharm 1st year pharmaceutics
size separation d pharm 1st year pharmaceutics
 
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT VẬT LÝ 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯ...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT VẬT LÝ 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯ...TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT VẬT LÝ 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯ...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT VẬT LÝ 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯ...
 
Danh sách HSG Bộ môn cấp trường - Cấp THPT.pdf
Danh sách HSG Bộ môn cấp trường - Cấp THPT.pdfDanh sách HSG Bộ môn cấp trường - Cấp THPT.pdf
Danh sách HSG Bộ môn cấp trường - Cấp THPT.pdf
 
Telling Your Story_ Simple Steps to Build Your Nonprofit's Brand Webinar.pdf
Telling Your Story_ Simple Steps to Build Your Nonprofit's Brand Webinar.pdfTelling Your Story_ Simple Steps to Build Your Nonprofit's Brand Webinar.pdf
Telling Your Story_ Simple Steps to Build Your Nonprofit's Brand Webinar.pdf
 
INU_CAPSTONEDESIGN_비밀번호486_업로드용 발표자료.pdf
INU_CAPSTONEDESIGN_비밀번호486_업로드용 발표자료.pdfINU_CAPSTONEDESIGN_비밀번호486_업로드용 발표자료.pdf
INU_CAPSTONEDESIGN_비밀번호486_업로드용 발표자료.pdf
 
Morse OER Some Benefits and Challenges.pptx
Morse OER Some Benefits and Challenges.pptxMorse OER Some Benefits and Challenges.pptx
Morse OER Some Benefits and Challenges.pptx
 
Salient features of Environment protection Act 1986.pptx
Salient features of Environment protection Act 1986.pptxSalient features of Environment protection Act 1986.pptx
Salient features of Environment protection Act 1986.pptx
 
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Discuss App.pptx
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Discuss App.pptxAn Overview of the Odoo 17 Discuss App.pptx
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Discuss App.pptx
 
Dementia (Alzheimer & vasular dementia).
Dementia (Alzheimer & vasular dementia).Dementia (Alzheimer & vasular dementia).
Dementia (Alzheimer & vasular dementia).
 
ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyes
ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyesppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyes
ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyes
 
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
 
UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...
UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...
UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...
 
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
 
....................Muslim-Law notes.pdf
....................Muslim-Law notes.pdf....................Muslim-Law notes.pdf
....................Muslim-Law notes.pdf
 
The basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptx
 

Tv news-reporting

  • 1. TV News Reporting MCOM 402: Theoretical Introduction to Television Studies
  • 2. Styles of TV News Headlines, Teases Readers or links Std VO Newsroom VO package Reports or packages from the field Two ways Live shots with reporters Walk throughs Studio Chats
  • 3. The TV news package There are four elements to any package: – The intro/ cue read by the anchor – The pictures/footage/graphics – The links/voice over – i.e. the reporter’s words read over the pictures – The soundbites from the interviewees featured in the package
  • 4. The TV news package A package is a story May be pre-planned or reactive to a hard story If pre planned feature--- researched, set up, structured, shot, written, voiced, edited, broadcast
  • 5. The TV news package Contains GV or B roll pictures Interviews which become sound bites or SOTs A stand up or PTC A written narration or VO Effects or Graphics
  • 6. Common Terms Actuality –audio clip or video bit from an interview or other recording Line timing –determining length by line count Live –not prerecorded Toss –anchor lead-in to package story Standard out cue –reporter’s last few words
  • 7. Common terms Package – pre-recorded, self-contained story introduced by the anchor and delivered by reporter. All stories end with ### or (XXX) VO – voice over VO-SOT --voice over sound on tape Standup (on camera) reporter on camera for television news – Open, – Close, – Bridge
  • 8. Common terms ACK -Actuality –sound from the story itself, NAT for natural sound or WILD for wild sound, or RAW for raw sound. Voicer –same as Reader- In radio or television this story has no actualities. A story read aloud by the newscaster. Does not contain ACK. Wraparound –reporter’s voice wrapped around an actuality
  • 9. TV News Writing Tips Keep it simple Keep it conversational Use present tense making the story immediate. Use Declarative, short sentences Try something besides the who, what, when, where, why and how in your lead. Use a sentence for each idea. You should be able to read each sentence aloud in just one breath.
  • 10. TV News Writing Tips Time limitations Boil down your story to the most essential elements. Broadcast news is constrained by time. The simplest stories tend to run in just 30 seconds. Speed at which newscasters read –about 140-180 words per minute Audiences just cannot absorb as much information listening to a broadcast story as they could reading a story of similar length.
  • 11. TV News Writing Tips Use Round Numbers Shorten long titles Names and initials: Omit middle names and initials unless a person is well known by his middle name or initials. Do not use the courtesy titles or ‘Mr’ ‘Ms’ ‘Mrs’. Don’t use unfamiliar names in leads. Instead characterize the person by what has made him newsworthy.
  • 12. TV News Writing Tips Attribution: Attribution is the most basic tool of journalism. You want your audience to know it, that’s why the attribution comes at the beginning of the sentence so there will be no mistaking who said what. Avoid direct quotes: The listener cannot see the quotation marks in a copy. If you feel you must use a direct quote, alert your listener that it’s coming. For example: Wrong: ‘I am not a crook’ the President said. Right: The President said, in his words, ‘I am not a crook’
  • 14. LEADS FOR STORIES Lead is the most important part in a news story because it sets the tone for all that follows. Grab or hook the audience’s attention. Can be exciting, dramatic, clever, intriguing or provocative. Unless it is a feature, the lead must have an element of news and must answer the 5 W’s and H. There are a number of leads and a variety of ways to lead a story. The decision of which lead to use depends on a number of factors, the most important being the nature of the story.
  • 15. LEADS FOR STORIES The Hard Lead: It tells the vital details of the story immediately. Usually used for breaking news. For example: Atleast 30 people were injured in the collapse of a building. More than 20 dozen people were arrested in the drug bust. The Soft Lead: Alerts the audience to the news that is to follow. Sometimes called ‘warming up’ the audience. For example: A building collapses in Lahore. Atleast 30 people have been injured. A major drug bust in Karachi. More than a dozen people are under arrest
  • 16. LEADS FOR STORIES Throwaway Lead: Similar to newspaper headline. Summarizes information that will follow later in the story Umbrella lead: Often called shotgun lead, summary lead, comprehensive lead and round-up lead, ties together related stories. Most frequently used with national and international news. Provides smooth transition from one story to another. For example: Stories on the energy issue can be related… gas rationing ;;to.. cutbacks in crude oil sales by oil- producing countries.