SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Chapter 7: Town and Country Planning
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 1
1. Short story of town planning
• Town and County Planning is a planning theory which
prevailed in Britain for about twenty years after the
Second World War.
• In this period, there was a political willing to planning for
the country as a whole
• Due to the economic depression, the government should
play more active role in society with expansion of
responsibilities.
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 3
• Here, are the main responsibilities of government:
• Providing the basic services like universal education,
health care, and social security.
• More active role in managing the economy including
the nationalization of major industries and services.
2.Components of Town Planning
Three related components can be distinguished in town
and country planning approach as an exercise of physical
planning and physical design:
1) Town planning (physical design) as physical planning
2) Design as central to town planning
3) Town planning as master plans or blueprint plans
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 4
Town Planning as Urban Design
• In the scope, it was concerned with the extension of
architectural design (civil engineering), with the
design of building and spaces,
• With townscapes rather than the design of individual
buildings and their immediate site.
• Most qualified professionals to undertake such work
were architects together with environmentalist,
engineers and surveyors.
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 5
• Town planning was seen as an art which would provide
aesthetics and opportunity of a beautiful environment
out of which a good human life would grow
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 6
Town Planning as Master Plans
• As town planning was seen as physical design, the main
task of the planners was the production of the plans:
town plans, regional plans, plans for village extensions
and so on
• These plans should be as detailed as possible to guide
future development and should define precisely, the
sites for particular uses.
• This was similar to the work of architect or civil
engineers where their design would also lead to the
making of a detailed plan or blueprint for a buildings or
for some other structures
• As buildings can be constructed from a final drawing of
architects, so too could a town be developed as
references to its master plan.
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 7
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 8
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 9
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 10
• The term built environment, or
built world, refers to the man-made
surroundings that provide the
setting for human activity, ranging
in scale from buildings to parks.
• It has been defined as "the human-
made space in which people live,
work, and recreate on a day-to-day
basis. The built environment
encompasses places and spaces
created or modified by people
including buildings, parks, and
transportation systems.
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 11
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 12
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 13
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 14
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 15
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 16
3. Zoning
• Zoning is a technique of land-use planning. It is a tool of urban
planning used by local governments in most developed countries;
• Areas of land are divided by appropriate authorities into zones within
which various uses are permitted;
3.1. Origins of Zoning Authority
• During the 1920s, the authority of cities to control zoning arose from a need to
control the location and proximity of uses.
– Need to control abuses of uncontrolled private development
– Faith in scientific planning and administrative control
– Division of city into districts with regulation within each district
• Village of Euclid, Ohio v. Ambler Realty Co. (1926), was the first case
to uphold zoning authority against constitutional challenge.
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 17
3.2. Types of Zoning
Euclidean Zoning
• By far the most prevalent in the United States, used extensively in
small towns and large cities alike.
• Also known as "Building Block" zoning; characterized by the
segregation of land uses into specified geographic districts and
dimensional standards stipulating limitations on the magnitude of
development activity that is allowed to take place on lots within each
type of district.
Typical types of land-use districts in Euclidean zoning are: residential
(single-family), residential (multi-family), commercial, and industrial.
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 18
Performance Zoning
It is an approach to land use planning that is based on quantifiable
performance standards that regulate the intensity of land use to
prevent adverse impact on abutting and nearby properties.
Incentive Zoning or bonus zoning
• First implemented in Chicago and New York City
• It was intended to provide a reward-based system to encourage
development that meets established urban development goals.
• A zoning in which, an incentive such as a relaxation in zoning restrictions
are offered to a developer for providing public benefits like building a
desired public improvement, or building in areas that requires economic
development.
• Incentive zoning has become more common throughout the United States
during the last 20 years.
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 19
4. City forms (developed and developing countries context)
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 20
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 21
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 22
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 23
Examples
a) Moscow,1893 b) Moscow, at present
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 24
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 25
Example
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 26
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 27
The concept of Arturo Soria's linear city (Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 28
Example
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 29
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 30
References
• Taylor, N.(1998).Urban planning Theory Since 1945945,, SAGE
Publications, London- Thousand Oaks-New Delhi
• Devas, N. (1993). "Evolving approaches" in Devas, N. and Rakodi, C.
(eds), Managing Fast Growing Cities: new approaches to Urban Planning
and Management in Developing World, Harlow: Longman
• Some slides prepared by Shawn Hagerty and Best Best & Krieger
Urban & Regional Planning Theory 31

More Related Content

Similar to Town and Country Planning-he term 'town planning' first appeared in 1906 and was first used in British legislation in 1909

Urban, Historical development of urbanism, New urbanism
Urban, Historical development of urbanism,  New urbanismUrban, Historical development of urbanism,  New urbanism
Urban, Historical development of urbanism, New urbanism
Biya Girma Hirpo
 
New Urbanism- Jane Jacobs
New Urbanism- Jane Jacobs New Urbanism- Jane Jacobs
New Urbanism- Jane Jacobs
Andhra University
 
The City of Planning
The City of PlanningThe City of Planning
The City of Planning
Regional Science Academy
 
Urban planning concept,principles and elementes
Urban planning  concept,principles and elementes Urban planning  concept,principles and elementes
Urban planning concept,principles and elementes
TeshagerMengesha
 
town planning on SlideShare, one of the lecture of town planning
town planning on SlideShare, one of the lecture of town planningtown planning on SlideShare, one of the lecture of town planning
town planning on SlideShare, one of the lecture of town planning
ZubairRahoojo
 
Module 2.pdf
Module 2.pdfModule 2.pdf
Module 2.pdf
Swaraj636170
 
Contribution of Emninent Planners (1).pptx
Contribution of Emninent Planners (1).pptxContribution of Emninent Planners (1).pptx
Contribution of Emninent Planners (1).pptx
ArPragyaVerma
 
Urban design criteria the holistic approach for design assessment
Urban design criteria the holistic approach for design assessmentUrban design criteria the holistic approach for design assessment
Urban design criteria the holistic approach for design assessment
Nik Latogan
 
Town planning
Town planningTown planning
Town planning
Ar.Muhammad Riyas
 
1.IntroductiontoUrbanDesign.pptx
1.IntroductiontoUrbanDesign.pptx1.IntroductiontoUrbanDesign.pptx
1.IntroductiontoUrbanDesign.pptx
The Polytechnic, Ibadan, Nigeria
 
Urban planning theories
Urban planning theoriesUrban planning theories
Urban planning theories
Akanksha Modi
 
Lecture 1.pptx
Lecture 1.pptxLecture 1.pptx
Lecture 1.pptx
Iftikhar Ahmad Mukhtar
 
Lecture 4 rup 218 devt plang interface
Lecture 4 rup 218 devt plang interfaceLecture 4 rup 218 devt plang interface
Lecture 4 rup 218 devt plang interface
MARKZIMUNYA
 
New directions in planning beyond localism
New directions in planning beyond localism New directions in planning beyond localism
New directions in planning beyond localism
ruralfringe
 
Architecture Town And Planing Lecture
Architecture Town And Planing LectureArchitecture Town And Planing Lecture
Architecture Town And Planing Lecture
MUST,Mirpur AJK,Pakistan
 
History & Theory of Planning: Postmodern Critiques of Modernism
History & Theory of Planning: Postmodern Critiques of ModernismHistory & Theory of Planning: Postmodern Critiques of Modernism
History & Theory of Planning: Postmodern Critiques of Modernism
Anuradha Mukherji
 
2008_history_theory_of_planning.ppt
2008_history_theory_of_planning.ppt2008_history_theory_of_planning.ppt
2008_history_theory_of_planning.ppt
RiyazulSamadBinMoham2
 
Urban renewal
Urban renewalUrban renewal
Urban renewal
Satyam Rai
 
TOWN AND URBAN PLANNING [Autosaved].pdf
TOWN AND URBAN PLANNING [Autosaved].pdfTOWN AND URBAN PLANNING [Autosaved].pdf
TOWN AND URBAN PLANNING [Autosaved].pdf
Swaraj636170
 
4_COMMUNITY ARCH. INTRODUCTION.pdf
4_COMMUNITY ARCH. INTRODUCTION.pdf4_COMMUNITY ARCH. INTRODUCTION.pdf
4_COMMUNITY ARCH. INTRODUCTION.pdf
JaelaurenceCDiosana
 

Similar to Town and Country Planning-he term 'town planning' first appeared in 1906 and was first used in British legislation in 1909 (20)

Urban, Historical development of urbanism, New urbanism
Urban, Historical development of urbanism,  New urbanismUrban, Historical development of urbanism,  New urbanism
Urban, Historical development of urbanism, New urbanism
 
New Urbanism- Jane Jacobs
New Urbanism- Jane Jacobs New Urbanism- Jane Jacobs
New Urbanism- Jane Jacobs
 
The City of Planning
The City of PlanningThe City of Planning
The City of Planning
 
Urban planning concept,principles and elementes
Urban planning  concept,principles and elementes Urban planning  concept,principles and elementes
Urban planning concept,principles and elementes
 
town planning on SlideShare, one of the lecture of town planning
town planning on SlideShare, one of the lecture of town planningtown planning on SlideShare, one of the lecture of town planning
town planning on SlideShare, one of the lecture of town planning
 
Module 2.pdf
Module 2.pdfModule 2.pdf
Module 2.pdf
 
Contribution of Emninent Planners (1).pptx
Contribution of Emninent Planners (1).pptxContribution of Emninent Planners (1).pptx
Contribution of Emninent Planners (1).pptx
 
Urban design criteria the holistic approach for design assessment
Urban design criteria the holistic approach for design assessmentUrban design criteria the holistic approach for design assessment
Urban design criteria the holistic approach for design assessment
 
Town planning
Town planningTown planning
Town planning
 
1.IntroductiontoUrbanDesign.pptx
1.IntroductiontoUrbanDesign.pptx1.IntroductiontoUrbanDesign.pptx
1.IntroductiontoUrbanDesign.pptx
 
Urban planning theories
Urban planning theoriesUrban planning theories
Urban planning theories
 
Lecture 1.pptx
Lecture 1.pptxLecture 1.pptx
Lecture 1.pptx
 
Lecture 4 rup 218 devt plang interface
Lecture 4 rup 218 devt plang interfaceLecture 4 rup 218 devt plang interface
Lecture 4 rup 218 devt plang interface
 
New directions in planning beyond localism
New directions in planning beyond localism New directions in planning beyond localism
New directions in planning beyond localism
 
Architecture Town And Planing Lecture
Architecture Town And Planing LectureArchitecture Town And Planing Lecture
Architecture Town And Planing Lecture
 
History & Theory of Planning: Postmodern Critiques of Modernism
History & Theory of Planning: Postmodern Critiques of ModernismHistory & Theory of Planning: Postmodern Critiques of Modernism
History & Theory of Planning: Postmodern Critiques of Modernism
 
2008_history_theory_of_planning.ppt
2008_history_theory_of_planning.ppt2008_history_theory_of_planning.ppt
2008_history_theory_of_planning.ppt
 
Urban renewal
Urban renewalUrban renewal
Urban renewal
 
TOWN AND URBAN PLANNING [Autosaved].pdf
TOWN AND URBAN PLANNING [Autosaved].pdfTOWN AND URBAN PLANNING [Autosaved].pdf
TOWN AND URBAN PLANNING [Autosaved].pdf
 
4_COMMUNITY ARCH. INTRODUCTION.pdf
4_COMMUNITY ARCH. INTRODUCTION.pdf4_COMMUNITY ARCH. INTRODUCTION.pdf
4_COMMUNITY ARCH. INTRODUCTION.pdf
 

More from Ange Felix NSANZIYERA

KARONGI INCEPTION PPT FINAL- Dr Ange Felix NSANZIYERRA
KARONGI INCEPTION PPT FINAL- Dr Ange Felix NSANZIYERRAKARONGI INCEPTION PPT FINAL- Dr Ange Felix NSANZIYERRA
KARONGI INCEPTION PPT FINAL- Dr Ange Felix NSANZIYERRA
Ange Felix NSANZIYERA
 
Remote sensing Techniques Dr. Ange Felix NSANZIYERA
Remote sensing Techniques Dr. Ange Felix NSANZIYERARemote sensing Techniques Dr. Ange Felix NSANZIYERA
Remote sensing Techniques Dr. Ange Felix NSANZIYERA
Ange Felix NSANZIYERA
 
Road Geometric Design-The alignment is the route of the road, defined as a se...
Road Geometric Design-The alignment is the route of the road, defined as a se...Road Geometric Design-The alignment is the route of the road, defined as a se...
Road Geometric Design-The alignment is the route of the road, defined as a se...
Ange Felix NSANZIYERA
 
Principles of spatial planning- There are four spatial principles, which are ...
Principles of spatial planning- There are four spatial principles, which are ...Principles of spatial planning- There are four spatial principles, which are ...
Principles of spatial planning- There are four spatial principles, which are ...
Ange Felix NSANZIYERA
 
Land surveying Professional practice and Ethics 2022_2023.ppt
Land surveying Professional practice and Ethics 2022_2023.pptLand surveying Professional practice and Ethics 2022_2023.ppt
Land surveying Professional practice and Ethics 2022_2023.ppt
Ange Felix NSANZIYERA
 
Introduction to Remote Sensing- Remote sensing” is the science (and to some e...
Introduction to Remote Sensing- Remote sensing” is the science (and to some e...Introduction to Remote Sensing- Remote sensing” is the science (and to some e...
Introduction to Remote Sensing- Remote sensing” is the science (and to some e...
Ange Felix NSANZIYERA
 
Introduction to Geographic Information Systems
Introduction to Geographic Information SystemsIntroduction to Geographic Information Systems
Introduction to Geographic Information Systems
Ange Felix NSANZIYERA
 

More from Ange Felix NSANZIYERA (7)

KARONGI INCEPTION PPT FINAL- Dr Ange Felix NSANZIYERRA
KARONGI INCEPTION PPT FINAL- Dr Ange Felix NSANZIYERRAKARONGI INCEPTION PPT FINAL- Dr Ange Felix NSANZIYERRA
KARONGI INCEPTION PPT FINAL- Dr Ange Felix NSANZIYERRA
 
Remote sensing Techniques Dr. Ange Felix NSANZIYERA
Remote sensing Techniques Dr. Ange Felix NSANZIYERARemote sensing Techniques Dr. Ange Felix NSANZIYERA
Remote sensing Techniques Dr. Ange Felix NSANZIYERA
 
Road Geometric Design-The alignment is the route of the road, defined as a se...
Road Geometric Design-The alignment is the route of the road, defined as a se...Road Geometric Design-The alignment is the route of the road, defined as a se...
Road Geometric Design-The alignment is the route of the road, defined as a se...
 
Principles of spatial planning- There are four spatial principles, which are ...
Principles of spatial planning- There are four spatial principles, which are ...Principles of spatial planning- There are four spatial principles, which are ...
Principles of spatial planning- There are four spatial principles, which are ...
 
Land surveying Professional practice and Ethics 2022_2023.ppt
Land surveying Professional practice and Ethics 2022_2023.pptLand surveying Professional practice and Ethics 2022_2023.ppt
Land surveying Professional practice and Ethics 2022_2023.ppt
 
Introduction to Remote Sensing- Remote sensing” is the science (and to some e...
Introduction to Remote Sensing- Remote sensing” is the science (and to some e...Introduction to Remote Sensing- Remote sensing” is the science (and to some e...
Introduction to Remote Sensing- Remote sensing” is the science (and to some e...
 
Introduction to Geographic Information Systems
Introduction to Geographic Information SystemsIntroduction to Geographic Information Systems
Introduction to Geographic Information Systems
 

Recently uploaded

Enhanced action and stakeholder engagement for sustainable peatland management
Enhanced action and stakeholder engagement for sustainable peatland managementEnhanced action and stakeholder engagement for sustainable peatland management
Enhanced action and stakeholder engagement for sustainable peatland management
Global Landscapes Forum (GLF)
 
How about Huawei mobile phone-www.cfye-commerce.shop
How about Huawei mobile phone-www.cfye-commerce.shopHow about Huawei mobile phone-www.cfye-commerce.shop
How about Huawei mobile phone-www.cfye-commerce.shop
laozhuseo02
 
Optimizing Post Remediation Groundwater Performance with Enhanced Microbiolog...
Optimizing Post Remediation Groundwater Performance with Enhanced Microbiolog...Optimizing Post Remediation Groundwater Performance with Enhanced Microbiolog...
Optimizing Post Remediation Groundwater Performance with Enhanced Microbiolog...
Joshua Orris
 
在线办理(lboro毕业证书)拉夫堡大学毕业证学历证书一模一样
在线办理(lboro毕业证书)拉夫堡大学毕业证学历证书一模一样在线办理(lboro毕业证书)拉夫堡大学毕业证学历证书一模一样
在线办理(lboro毕业证书)拉夫堡大学毕业证学历证书一模一样
pjq9n1lk
 
Climate Change All over the World .pptx
Climate Change All over the World  .pptxClimate Change All over the World  .pptx
Climate Change All over the World .pptx
sairaanwer024
 
Global Peatlands Map and Hotspot Explanation Atlas
Global Peatlands Map and Hotspot Explanation AtlasGlobal Peatlands Map and Hotspot Explanation Atlas
Global Peatlands Map and Hotspot Explanation Atlas
Global Landscapes Forum (GLF)
 
一比一原版(UMTC毕业证书)明尼苏达大学双城分校毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(UMTC毕业证书)明尼苏达大学双城分校毕业证如何办理一比一原版(UMTC毕业证书)明尼苏达大学双城分校毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(UMTC毕业证书)明尼苏达大学双城分校毕业证如何办理
zm9ajxup
 
Improving the Management of Peatlands and the Capacities of Stakeholders in I...
Improving the Management of Peatlands and the Capacities of Stakeholders in I...Improving the Management of Peatlands and the Capacities of Stakeholders in I...
Improving the Management of Peatlands and the Capacities of Stakeholders in I...
Global Landscapes Forum (GLF)
 
Promoting Multilateral Cooperation for Sustainable Peatland management
Promoting Multilateral Cooperation for Sustainable Peatland managementPromoting Multilateral Cooperation for Sustainable Peatland management
Promoting Multilateral Cooperation for Sustainable Peatland management
Global Landscapes Forum (GLF)
 
Epcon is One of the World's leading Manufacturing Companies.
Epcon is One of the World's leading Manufacturing Companies.Epcon is One of the World's leading Manufacturing Companies.
Epcon is One of the World's leading Manufacturing Companies.
EpconLP
 
Kinetic studies on malachite green dye adsorption from aqueous solutions by A...
Kinetic studies on malachite green dye adsorption from aqueous solutions by A...Kinetic studies on malachite green dye adsorption from aqueous solutions by A...
Kinetic studies on malachite green dye adsorption from aqueous solutions by A...
Open Access Research Paper
 
Global Climate Change and global warming
Global Climate Change and global warmingGlobal Climate Change and global warming
Global Climate Change and global warming
ballkicker20
 
Microbial characterisation and identification, and potability of River Kuywa ...
Microbial characterisation and identification, and potability of River Kuywa ...Microbial characterisation and identification, and potability of River Kuywa ...
Microbial characterisation and identification, and potability of River Kuywa ...
Open Access Research Paper
 
Peatland Management in Indonesia, Science to Policy and Knowledge Education
Peatland Management in Indonesia, Science to Policy and Knowledge EducationPeatland Management in Indonesia, Science to Policy and Knowledge Education
Peatland Management in Indonesia, Science to Policy and Knowledge Education
Global Landscapes Forum (GLF)
 
Wildlife-AnIntroduction.pdf so that you know more about our environment
Wildlife-AnIntroduction.pdf so that you know more about our environmentWildlife-AnIntroduction.pdf so that you know more about our environment
Wildlife-AnIntroduction.pdf so that you know more about our environment
amishajha2407
 
Peatlands of Latin America and the Caribbean
Peatlands of Latin America and the CaribbeanPeatlands of Latin America and the Caribbean
Peatlands of Latin America and the Caribbean
Global Landscapes Forum (GLF)
 
原版制作(Newcastle毕业证书)纽卡斯尔大学毕业证在读证明一模一样
原版制作(Newcastle毕业证书)纽卡斯尔大学毕业证在读证明一模一样原版制作(Newcastle毕业证书)纽卡斯尔大学毕业证在读证明一模一样
原版制作(Newcastle毕业证书)纽卡斯尔大学毕业证在读证明一模一样
p2npnqp
 
world-environment-day-2024-240601103559-14f4c0b4.pptx
world-environment-day-2024-240601103559-14f4c0b4.pptxworld-environment-day-2024-240601103559-14f4c0b4.pptx
world-environment-day-2024-240601103559-14f4c0b4.pptx
mfasna35
 
DENR-PENRO-Bulacan-Presentation Philippine EIS
DENR-PENRO-Bulacan-Presentation Philippine EISDENR-PENRO-Bulacan-Presentation Philippine EIS
DENR-PENRO-Bulacan-Presentation Philippine EIS
MarlonJayBayag
 
ENVIRONMENT~ Renewable Energy Sources and their future prospects.
ENVIRONMENT~ Renewable Energy Sources and their future prospects.ENVIRONMENT~ Renewable Energy Sources and their future prospects.
ENVIRONMENT~ Renewable Energy Sources and their future prospects.
tiwarimanvi3129
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Enhanced action and stakeholder engagement for sustainable peatland management
Enhanced action and stakeholder engagement for sustainable peatland managementEnhanced action and stakeholder engagement for sustainable peatland management
Enhanced action and stakeholder engagement for sustainable peatland management
 
How about Huawei mobile phone-www.cfye-commerce.shop
How about Huawei mobile phone-www.cfye-commerce.shopHow about Huawei mobile phone-www.cfye-commerce.shop
How about Huawei mobile phone-www.cfye-commerce.shop
 
Optimizing Post Remediation Groundwater Performance with Enhanced Microbiolog...
Optimizing Post Remediation Groundwater Performance with Enhanced Microbiolog...Optimizing Post Remediation Groundwater Performance with Enhanced Microbiolog...
Optimizing Post Remediation Groundwater Performance with Enhanced Microbiolog...
 
在线办理(lboro毕业证书)拉夫堡大学毕业证学历证书一模一样
在线办理(lboro毕业证书)拉夫堡大学毕业证学历证书一模一样在线办理(lboro毕业证书)拉夫堡大学毕业证学历证书一模一样
在线办理(lboro毕业证书)拉夫堡大学毕业证学历证书一模一样
 
Climate Change All over the World .pptx
Climate Change All over the World  .pptxClimate Change All over the World  .pptx
Climate Change All over the World .pptx
 
Global Peatlands Map and Hotspot Explanation Atlas
Global Peatlands Map and Hotspot Explanation AtlasGlobal Peatlands Map and Hotspot Explanation Atlas
Global Peatlands Map and Hotspot Explanation Atlas
 
一比一原版(UMTC毕业证书)明尼苏达大学双城分校毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(UMTC毕业证书)明尼苏达大学双城分校毕业证如何办理一比一原版(UMTC毕业证书)明尼苏达大学双城分校毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(UMTC毕业证书)明尼苏达大学双城分校毕业证如何办理
 
Improving the Management of Peatlands and the Capacities of Stakeholders in I...
Improving the Management of Peatlands and the Capacities of Stakeholders in I...Improving the Management of Peatlands and the Capacities of Stakeholders in I...
Improving the Management of Peatlands and the Capacities of Stakeholders in I...
 
Promoting Multilateral Cooperation for Sustainable Peatland management
Promoting Multilateral Cooperation for Sustainable Peatland managementPromoting Multilateral Cooperation for Sustainable Peatland management
Promoting Multilateral Cooperation for Sustainable Peatland management
 
Epcon is One of the World's leading Manufacturing Companies.
Epcon is One of the World's leading Manufacturing Companies.Epcon is One of the World's leading Manufacturing Companies.
Epcon is One of the World's leading Manufacturing Companies.
 
Kinetic studies on malachite green dye adsorption from aqueous solutions by A...
Kinetic studies on malachite green dye adsorption from aqueous solutions by A...Kinetic studies on malachite green dye adsorption from aqueous solutions by A...
Kinetic studies on malachite green dye adsorption from aqueous solutions by A...
 
Global Climate Change and global warming
Global Climate Change and global warmingGlobal Climate Change and global warming
Global Climate Change and global warming
 
Microbial characterisation and identification, and potability of River Kuywa ...
Microbial characterisation and identification, and potability of River Kuywa ...Microbial characterisation and identification, and potability of River Kuywa ...
Microbial characterisation and identification, and potability of River Kuywa ...
 
Peatland Management in Indonesia, Science to Policy and Knowledge Education
Peatland Management in Indonesia, Science to Policy and Knowledge EducationPeatland Management in Indonesia, Science to Policy and Knowledge Education
Peatland Management in Indonesia, Science to Policy and Knowledge Education
 
Wildlife-AnIntroduction.pdf so that you know more about our environment
Wildlife-AnIntroduction.pdf so that you know more about our environmentWildlife-AnIntroduction.pdf so that you know more about our environment
Wildlife-AnIntroduction.pdf so that you know more about our environment
 
Peatlands of Latin America and the Caribbean
Peatlands of Latin America and the CaribbeanPeatlands of Latin America and the Caribbean
Peatlands of Latin America and the Caribbean
 
原版制作(Newcastle毕业证书)纽卡斯尔大学毕业证在读证明一模一样
原版制作(Newcastle毕业证书)纽卡斯尔大学毕业证在读证明一模一样原版制作(Newcastle毕业证书)纽卡斯尔大学毕业证在读证明一模一样
原版制作(Newcastle毕业证书)纽卡斯尔大学毕业证在读证明一模一样
 
world-environment-day-2024-240601103559-14f4c0b4.pptx
world-environment-day-2024-240601103559-14f4c0b4.pptxworld-environment-day-2024-240601103559-14f4c0b4.pptx
world-environment-day-2024-240601103559-14f4c0b4.pptx
 
DENR-PENRO-Bulacan-Presentation Philippine EIS
DENR-PENRO-Bulacan-Presentation Philippine EISDENR-PENRO-Bulacan-Presentation Philippine EIS
DENR-PENRO-Bulacan-Presentation Philippine EIS
 
ENVIRONMENT~ Renewable Energy Sources and their future prospects.
ENVIRONMENT~ Renewable Energy Sources and their future prospects.ENVIRONMENT~ Renewable Energy Sources and their future prospects.
ENVIRONMENT~ Renewable Energy Sources and their future prospects.
 

Town and Country Planning-he term 'town planning' first appeared in 1906 and was first used in British legislation in 1909

  • 1. Chapter 7: Town and Country Planning Urban & Regional Planning Theory 1
  • 2. 1. Short story of town planning • Town and County Planning is a planning theory which prevailed in Britain for about twenty years after the Second World War. • In this period, there was a political willing to planning for the country as a whole • Due to the economic depression, the government should play more active role in society with expansion of responsibilities. Urban & Regional Planning Theory 3
  • 3. • Here, are the main responsibilities of government: • Providing the basic services like universal education, health care, and social security. • More active role in managing the economy including the nationalization of major industries and services. 2.Components of Town Planning Three related components can be distinguished in town and country planning approach as an exercise of physical planning and physical design: 1) Town planning (physical design) as physical planning 2) Design as central to town planning 3) Town planning as master plans or blueprint plans Urban & Regional Planning Theory 4
  • 4. Town Planning as Urban Design • In the scope, it was concerned with the extension of architectural design (civil engineering), with the design of building and spaces, • With townscapes rather than the design of individual buildings and their immediate site. • Most qualified professionals to undertake such work were architects together with environmentalist, engineers and surveyors. Urban & Regional Planning Theory 5
  • 5. • Town planning was seen as an art which would provide aesthetics and opportunity of a beautiful environment out of which a good human life would grow Urban & Regional Planning Theory 6
  • 6. Town Planning as Master Plans • As town planning was seen as physical design, the main task of the planners was the production of the plans: town plans, regional plans, plans for village extensions and so on • These plans should be as detailed as possible to guide future development and should define precisely, the sites for particular uses. • This was similar to the work of architect or civil engineers where their design would also lead to the making of a detailed plan or blueprint for a buildings or for some other structures • As buildings can be constructed from a final drawing of architects, so too could a town be developed as references to its master plan. Urban & Regional Planning Theory 7
  • 7. Urban & Regional Planning Theory 8
  • 8. Urban & Regional Planning Theory 9
  • 9. Urban & Regional Planning Theory 10
  • 10. • The term built environment, or built world, refers to the man-made surroundings that provide the setting for human activity, ranging in scale from buildings to parks. • It has been defined as "the human- made space in which people live, work, and recreate on a day-to-day basis. The built environment encompasses places and spaces created or modified by people including buildings, parks, and transportation systems. Urban & Regional Planning Theory 11
  • 11. Urban & Regional Planning Theory 12
  • 12. Urban & Regional Planning Theory 13
  • 13. Urban & Regional Planning Theory 14
  • 14. Urban & Regional Planning Theory 15
  • 15. Urban & Regional Planning Theory 16
  • 16. 3. Zoning • Zoning is a technique of land-use planning. It is a tool of urban planning used by local governments in most developed countries; • Areas of land are divided by appropriate authorities into zones within which various uses are permitted; 3.1. Origins of Zoning Authority • During the 1920s, the authority of cities to control zoning arose from a need to control the location and proximity of uses. – Need to control abuses of uncontrolled private development – Faith in scientific planning and administrative control – Division of city into districts with regulation within each district • Village of Euclid, Ohio v. Ambler Realty Co. (1926), was the first case to uphold zoning authority against constitutional challenge. Urban & Regional Planning Theory 17
  • 17. 3.2. Types of Zoning Euclidean Zoning • By far the most prevalent in the United States, used extensively in small towns and large cities alike. • Also known as "Building Block" zoning; characterized by the segregation of land uses into specified geographic districts and dimensional standards stipulating limitations on the magnitude of development activity that is allowed to take place on lots within each type of district. Typical types of land-use districts in Euclidean zoning are: residential (single-family), residential (multi-family), commercial, and industrial. Urban & Regional Planning Theory 18
  • 18. Performance Zoning It is an approach to land use planning that is based on quantifiable performance standards that regulate the intensity of land use to prevent adverse impact on abutting and nearby properties. Incentive Zoning or bonus zoning • First implemented in Chicago and New York City • It was intended to provide a reward-based system to encourage development that meets established urban development goals. • A zoning in which, an incentive such as a relaxation in zoning restrictions are offered to a developer for providing public benefits like building a desired public improvement, or building in areas that requires economic development. • Incentive zoning has become more common throughout the United States during the last 20 years. Urban & Regional Planning Theory 19
  • 19. 4. City forms (developed and developing countries context) Urban & Regional Planning Theory 20
  • 20. Urban & Regional Planning Theory 21
  • 21. Urban & Regional Planning Theory 22
  • 22. Urban & Regional Planning Theory 23
  • 23. Examples a) Moscow,1893 b) Moscow, at present Urban & Regional Planning Theory 24
  • 24. Urban & Regional Planning Theory 25
  • 25. Example Urban & Regional Planning Theory 26
  • 26. Urban & Regional Planning Theory 27
  • 27. The concept of Arturo Soria's linear city (Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia) Urban & Regional Planning Theory 28
  • 28. Example Urban & Regional Planning Theory 29
  • 29. Urban & Regional Planning Theory 30
  • 30. References • Taylor, N.(1998).Urban planning Theory Since 1945945,, SAGE Publications, London- Thousand Oaks-New Delhi • Devas, N. (1993). "Evolving approaches" in Devas, N. and Rakodi, C. (eds), Managing Fast Growing Cities: new approaches to Urban Planning and Management in Developing World, Harlow: Longman • Some slides prepared by Shawn Hagerty and Best Best & Krieger Urban & Regional Planning Theory 31