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disqourse. White paper No. 02
The small group miracle:
Where learning & performance meet
Crowd
Small group
Large group/Organization
2
disqourse White paper No. 02
For any company, it is lovely and swell when its individual members learn. It is far better,
however, when a company benefits from the learning of its individual members, or associ-
ates: When interactions get reconfigured, and when a positive impact on the dynamics of
performing-with-each-other-for-each-other becomes pretty much inevitable, due to insight,
practicing, and increasing mastery of the learners. In this paper, we will discuss why a close
coupling of learning and organizational development is impossible without disciplined learn-
ing within self-organized, small groups. And why making use of such small groups is the only
way out of the effectiveness dilemma that most Learning & Development is facing today.
Since the groundbreaking contributions of pioneers like Peter Senge, in
the early 1990s, players in the Learning & Development (L&D) scene have
been faced with something of a dilemma: On the one hand, they have to
routinely postulate the connection between individual learning and or-
ganizational impact in their formats, tools and activities. On the other
hand, upon closely observing the learning and development methods that
are actually in use, that postulated connection can hardly ever be credi-
bly proven. So, even three decades after Senge’s extraordinarily insightful
book The Fifth Discipline, the L&D industry still finds it hard to prove its
effectiveness and value.
Despite all kinds of technological advances, and growing interest around
learning analytics and measurement, not much has changed about this
unfortunate situation. Put differently: We constantly hope that the learn-
ing done by individual actors or certain groups of people (through lead-
ership development, high potentials programs, talent programs) will
“somehow” have an impact on our organizations. But most approaches to
learning offer little more than this hope. For decades, seminars, training
courses and development programs have suffered from the stigma that
they “actually produce little or no learning, if we’re honest”. Sadly, much
the same must be said of knowledge management and learning manage-
ment systems (LMS) approaches, e-learning, blended learning and so-
cial learning: As soon as the fog of exaggerated hopes about a new wave
of educational technology (EdTech) products lifts, the euphoria quickly
gives way to disillusionment. We have to admit that organizations have
not even remotely solved their learning problem to date.
Organizations cannot actually learn.
But that doesn‘t have to stop us
Organizations and groups of people cannot learn in the cognitive sense,
of course: They don’t have a brain - consequently, they do not have a cog-
nition of their own either. So when we speak of organizational learning
or group learning, this is always to be understood metaphorically. In oth-
by Silke Hermann and Niels Pflaeging. February 2022
3
disqourse White paper No. 02
er words, while groups and organizations cannot learn, strictly speaking,
they can develop. Within social groups, development unfolds in the sense
that their constellations and patterns of action or interaction change,
reconfigure or become modified. Groups and organizations change by
changing interactions between the parts (primarily between their mem-
bers). This communicative change takes place continuously, relentlessly,
incessantly and without pause: Groups and organizations are in constant
flux and development - intentionally or unintentionally!
Consequently, we can say that change is. Development is. So when we
speak of organizational learning and development, we don’t mean just any
kind of change. Instead, what we mean is intentional changes in patterns
that unfolds through the learning of the individual actors and through
change in constellations and behaviors, triggered by the dynamics of dis-
course learning and learning within relationship networks.
Discourse learning and whole-network
development: They are two sides of the same coin
The holy grail of learning in the context of work and organizations lies
in formats and tools capable of unleashing learning on three levels: On
the level of the individual human, the level of the group, and the level of
the organization. Simultaneously – not consecutively! And not just hypo-
thetically, but rather extremely practically. How such discourse learning,
Learning of the individual:
Sufficient for knowledge acquisition,
and for individual practicing
Learning in the small group:
Needed for discourse learning,
for practicing in interaction; for directly
influencing interaction patterns
Learning in large groups and the
organization: Necessary for interweaving
pattern modification between the many;
for working the system, collectively
Illustration: Pia Steinmann, pia-steinmann.de
Crowd
Small group
Large group/Organization
4
disqourse White paper No. 02
or networked learning, works in the with-each-other-for-each-other of
relatively small groups as part of a large group or organization, can be
observed particularly well in large group methods such as OpenSpace.
Because here, the constant exchange between small groups and the large
group, between intimate discourse and coffee break or plenary takes place
in the physical space: The self-organized, naturally flowing exchange be-
tween formats and the most diverse constellations is especially visible in
the OpenSpace format. Disqourse, however, places the small group of
four, five or six learners - called a Circle - at the center of its didactics.
Putting the small group of learners at the center allows to transfer inten-
sive interaction and discourse into the virtual space. The dense coupling
of the three levels of the individual, the small group, and the organization
is made possible by the fact that:
1.	 Individual learners and the group are coupled within the individual
Circle.
2.	 Discourse among and between Circles running in parallel can swap
over and interweave. This, in turn, allows uniting learning and or-
ganizational development, and make it one: The discourse learning
becomes valuable for every learning member of the organization and
for the organizational as a whole. The larger the amount of Circles
running in parallel, the better.
Individual, small group, organization:
How discourse produces impact on three levels
In the following, we will examine the mechanisms of action on the three
levels in more detail.
•	 Learning of the individual: This learning arises through the develop-
ment of cognition, insight and emotion, as well as the generation of
individual knowledge and abilities. This type of learning occurs when
we read a book or professional article. When we watch a Youtube
video. While we listen to a podcast episode. While we practice on a
problem or project. While we exercise to develop a skill. Here, the
guidance of a master, in the sense of a person with mastery aiding
at undergoing disciplined practice, is often of great importance. It
should be noted that people only want to learn if the learning is some-
how personally relevant and attractive to them. It needs to be inviting.
•	 Learning in the small group (“Circle“): But let’s be clear: Several indi-
vidual learners added up do not make a group that learns! They would
be just a bunch, or a crowd of learners! A small learning group differs
from the learning crowd in that the individuals have made an active
decision to learn together, or with-each-other-for-each-other. Such
personal decisions of the learners are a prerequisite for their partic-
ipation in any Disqourse Circle. In addition to building up individu-
al knowledge and abilities (as described above), the Disqourse Circle
allows interpersonal discourse and changes in interaction patterns
to unfold. Patterns can be exercised, shared insight established and
implicit agreement be attained. The small group thus enables addi-
tional relationship learning. On the one hand. On the other hand,
intensive discussion of the content within the group produces shared
knowledge and insight, aided by the intimate social process within
Disqourse sessions and Cycles (rounds of 5 learning sessions each).
This form of learning improves the quality of communication and
interaction within the group over time. The following point cannot
5
disqourse White paper No. 02
be be emphasized enough: Such intense learning experience can only
unfold within small groups of interactive learning. We define a small
group as consisting of four, five or six people. No more, but also no
less. Because it is in a mixed, relatively diverse group that the exchange
is most intensive. Social density unfolds when group heterogeneity is
sufficient, and when all group members can have their say at any time.
•	 Learning in the large group and the organization: When many Circles
(small learning groups) become active within discourse learning in an
organization, then it is inevitable that the learning experiences from
the individual circles will be interwoven. The “spillover” of the dis-
course from the small groups to the large group is caused, among oth-
er things, by the fact that the learners’ cognitive dissonances are not
(fully) resolved in the 90 minutes of each Disqourse session: learners
end there sessions their sessions in intellectual and emotional ten-
sion. They leave their sessions positively aroused, so to speak. For
this reason, informal conversations following the sessions are typical
and desired, but of course by no means mandatory. Such conversa-
tions can take place within the Circle groups, but they naturally also
happen with other colleagues as well. Because participants feel the
need to resolve their cognitive dissonances caused throughout the
Disqourse sessions while in conversation with other group members.
Participants will naturally feel an urge to socialize the topics they have
worked on, the session content and the content’s meaning. And also
about the context of their real work environment, which is always
actively examined throughout Disqourse sessions, too. In short: The
informal exchange and discussion beyond the 90-minute Disqourse
sessions is unavoidable. It is this inevitable, and purposeful continua-
tion of the session learning that leads to collective pattern formation
and processing. To socialization of new insight and behaviors.
A prerequisite for intense networked, or interwoven learning is the si-
multaneity of insight development within individual learning groups,
triggered by intensive discourse in the individual sessions. And through
the largest possible number of Circles running in parallel.
In addition to Disqourse Circles, the learning in a large group or in an
organization can be fueled by additional group learning formats. Various
organizational formats can be used, which we have described in other
publications. In the context of this paper, knowledge conferences based
upon the OpenSpace format, tandem conversations, communities of
problems and preparation wheels should be mentioned in particular - to
name just a few examples.
Discourse learning and network learning
require authorization
As we have shown, the self-organized small learning group is the key to
ongoing, intentional development of social constellations both large and
small. When a large number of learners in many small groups of an or-
ganization get active within discursive learning processes, learning with-
each-other-for-each-other, i.e. if many are active and are developing in
resonance with one another, then the organization learns, after all - even
though it technically cannot: then shared assumptions, options for ac-
tion, agreements and communication patterns between the actors shift.
Very practically.
In order for this to happen, Disqourse beings with a feature that would
6
disqourse White paper No. 02
should be considered indispensable in all trainings, courses, learning
events and development programs, but which is almost always missing.
That feature is authorization to put into practice what has been learned.
Put differently: the systematic, conscious opening of an authorized space
for personal development, which can and should have an organization-
al impact. Such intentional organizational development must be wanted
and authorized in Disqourse, right from the outset. Authorization and
articulated intent do not take place at the end, or at some point in the
process - but at the beginning of discourse learning. For this purpose,
the use of Disqourse always requires the role of the Sponsor: a person
from within the organization who formally issues an invitation to learn
through discourse and who authorizes both the learning itself and its im-
pacts. Formally and officially. Right from the start.
Why is a Sponsor required, why is authorization necessary? The didactics
of Disqourse spark a type of conversation that does not follow the topics
of day-to-day operations and work, but they establish conversations that
concern the fundamentals. Debates on developmental issues like these
occasionally flare up in most companies, of course. But they rarely en-
counter a continuously open space in which they can resonate. As a re-
sult, discourse about the quality and the design of relationships, about
the effectiveness of collaboration and the organizational model usually
remains sporadic. A continuity of organizational insight and learning
can only be achieved if the learning in collective discussions about de-
velopmental topics is perceived as relevant and interesting - the carefully
curated content of the Disqourse modules ensures this. And if those dis-
cussions are noticeably wanted, or desired, within the organization. This
requires formal authorization by the figure of the Sponsor.
Invitation & voluntary participation: The only route
to self-organized learning ecosystems that scale
The fact that a Sponsor invites the learners ensures that the learners’ par-
ticipation in Disqourse Circles is strictly voluntary. Combined with the
principle of self-organization of the learners within their small groups,
the concept of voluntarily participation (or voluntary non-participation)
means that such a format is infinitely scalable to thousands, or tens of
thousands of learners. While a high level of commitment from each indi-
vidual learner can be expected.
As we have seen, the scaling matters, in terms of impact on performance:
Because reaching a critical mass of learners in small learning groups is
essential if the effect of learning on value-adding interaction is supposed
to emerge fully. If all of these conditions are met: voluntariness, self-or-
ganization in small learning groups, the right learning content, the right
didactics, a continuously sufficient mass of learners - then limitless “de-
velopment and performance magic” can unfold within an organization.
There is more to learning within small groups, though. If we manage to
take full advantage of the small group miracle, then many previously
common, and often largely ineffective methods or repertoires of change
management and organizational development may become entirely dis-
pensable. This also means: We can break the sound barrier to the highest
possible impact on our organizations if we consistently commit ourselves
to permanent learning with-each-other-for-each-other, within self-orga-
nized group formats. The key to this developmental power, which can
only be unlocked in collective resonance, and in complete absence of co-
ercion or repression, is the self-organized small group that learns.	 qo
7
disqourse White paper No. 02
Silke Hermann, disqourse founder,
and Niels Pflaeging, investor at disqourse
Silke Hermann is a highly accomplished entrepreneur and leadership
expert. She is founder of Red42, a company based in Wiesbaden/Germa-
ny. And a founder/director at Disqourse, a cloud-based, B2B platform
provider that enables enterprise-wide growth, learning and development
for all. Disqourse was founded in 2021 and is headquartered in Zagreb,
Croatia. Previously, Silke was a partner and managing director of Insights
Group Germany. Together with Niels Pflaeging, she developed several
organizational open source approaches, including OpenSpace Beta and
Cell Structure Design. She is the author of several influential business
books. Contact: silke.hermann@disqourse.com
Niels Pflaeging is a leadership philosopher and entrepreneur. He is also
one of the most prolific European experts on organizational leadership
and transformation. Since 2003, Niels achieved international recognition
as a speaker and author, with ten published books to date. He speaks four
languages fluently. Together with Silke Hermann, Niels developed a series
of powerful organizational approaches, which include Org Physics and
Change-as-Flipping. Among his best-selling books is the internationally
acclaimed Organize for Complexity. Niels’ 2nd book, Leading with Flex-
ible Targets, was awarded the German Business Book Award, in 2006.
He is managing director of Red42 and investor at disqourse. Contact:
niels.pflaeging@redforty2.com
disqourse. Whitepaper No. 02
THE AGILITY PROVIDER
disqourse d.o.o.
Svetice 36
10000 Zagreb, Croatia
start@disqourse.com
www.disqourse.com
Tel. +385 1 4647 478
Find all disqourse white papers here.

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The small group miracle: Where learning & performance meet

  • 1. disqourse. White paper No. 02 The small group miracle: Where learning & performance meet Crowd Small group Large group/Organization
  • 2. 2 disqourse White paper No. 02 For any company, it is lovely and swell when its individual members learn. It is far better, however, when a company benefits from the learning of its individual members, or associ- ates: When interactions get reconfigured, and when a positive impact on the dynamics of performing-with-each-other-for-each-other becomes pretty much inevitable, due to insight, practicing, and increasing mastery of the learners. In this paper, we will discuss why a close coupling of learning and organizational development is impossible without disciplined learn- ing within self-organized, small groups. And why making use of such small groups is the only way out of the effectiveness dilemma that most Learning & Development is facing today. Since the groundbreaking contributions of pioneers like Peter Senge, in the early 1990s, players in the Learning & Development (L&D) scene have been faced with something of a dilemma: On the one hand, they have to routinely postulate the connection between individual learning and or- ganizational impact in their formats, tools and activities. On the other hand, upon closely observing the learning and development methods that are actually in use, that postulated connection can hardly ever be credi- bly proven. So, even three decades after Senge’s extraordinarily insightful book The Fifth Discipline, the L&D industry still finds it hard to prove its effectiveness and value. Despite all kinds of technological advances, and growing interest around learning analytics and measurement, not much has changed about this unfortunate situation. Put differently: We constantly hope that the learn- ing done by individual actors or certain groups of people (through lead- ership development, high potentials programs, talent programs) will “somehow” have an impact on our organizations. But most approaches to learning offer little more than this hope. For decades, seminars, training courses and development programs have suffered from the stigma that they “actually produce little or no learning, if we’re honest”. Sadly, much the same must be said of knowledge management and learning manage- ment systems (LMS) approaches, e-learning, blended learning and so- cial learning: As soon as the fog of exaggerated hopes about a new wave of educational technology (EdTech) products lifts, the euphoria quickly gives way to disillusionment. We have to admit that organizations have not even remotely solved their learning problem to date. Organizations cannot actually learn. But that doesn‘t have to stop us Organizations and groups of people cannot learn in the cognitive sense, of course: They don’t have a brain - consequently, they do not have a cog- nition of their own either. So when we speak of organizational learning or group learning, this is always to be understood metaphorically. In oth- by Silke Hermann and Niels Pflaeging. February 2022
  • 3. 3 disqourse White paper No. 02 er words, while groups and organizations cannot learn, strictly speaking, they can develop. Within social groups, development unfolds in the sense that their constellations and patterns of action or interaction change, reconfigure or become modified. Groups and organizations change by changing interactions between the parts (primarily between their mem- bers). This communicative change takes place continuously, relentlessly, incessantly and without pause: Groups and organizations are in constant flux and development - intentionally or unintentionally! Consequently, we can say that change is. Development is. So when we speak of organizational learning and development, we don’t mean just any kind of change. Instead, what we mean is intentional changes in patterns that unfolds through the learning of the individual actors and through change in constellations and behaviors, triggered by the dynamics of dis- course learning and learning within relationship networks. Discourse learning and whole-network development: They are two sides of the same coin The holy grail of learning in the context of work and organizations lies in formats and tools capable of unleashing learning on three levels: On the level of the individual human, the level of the group, and the level of the organization. Simultaneously – not consecutively! And not just hypo- thetically, but rather extremely practically. How such discourse learning, Learning of the individual: Sufficient for knowledge acquisition, and for individual practicing Learning in the small group: Needed for discourse learning, for practicing in interaction; for directly influencing interaction patterns Learning in large groups and the organization: Necessary for interweaving pattern modification between the many; for working the system, collectively Illustration: Pia Steinmann, pia-steinmann.de Crowd Small group Large group/Organization
  • 4. 4 disqourse White paper No. 02 or networked learning, works in the with-each-other-for-each-other of relatively small groups as part of a large group or organization, can be observed particularly well in large group methods such as OpenSpace. Because here, the constant exchange between small groups and the large group, between intimate discourse and coffee break or plenary takes place in the physical space: The self-organized, naturally flowing exchange be- tween formats and the most diverse constellations is especially visible in the OpenSpace format. Disqourse, however, places the small group of four, five or six learners - called a Circle - at the center of its didactics. Putting the small group of learners at the center allows to transfer inten- sive interaction and discourse into the virtual space. The dense coupling of the three levels of the individual, the small group, and the organization is made possible by the fact that: 1. Individual learners and the group are coupled within the individual Circle. 2. Discourse among and between Circles running in parallel can swap over and interweave. This, in turn, allows uniting learning and or- ganizational development, and make it one: The discourse learning becomes valuable for every learning member of the organization and for the organizational as a whole. The larger the amount of Circles running in parallel, the better. Individual, small group, organization: How discourse produces impact on three levels In the following, we will examine the mechanisms of action on the three levels in more detail. • Learning of the individual: This learning arises through the develop- ment of cognition, insight and emotion, as well as the generation of individual knowledge and abilities. This type of learning occurs when we read a book or professional article. When we watch a Youtube video. While we listen to a podcast episode. While we practice on a problem or project. While we exercise to develop a skill. Here, the guidance of a master, in the sense of a person with mastery aiding at undergoing disciplined practice, is often of great importance. It should be noted that people only want to learn if the learning is some- how personally relevant and attractive to them. It needs to be inviting. • Learning in the small group (“Circle“): But let’s be clear: Several indi- vidual learners added up do not make a group that learns! They would be just a bunch, or a crowd of learners! A small learning group differs from the learning crowd in that the individuals have made an active decision to learn together, or with-each-other-for-each-other. Such personal decisions of the learners are a prerequisite for their partic- ipation in any Disqourse Circle. In addition to building up individu- al knowledge and abilities (as described above), the Disqourse Circle allows interpersonal discourse and changes in interaction patterns to unfold. Patterns can be exercised, shared insight established and implicit agreement be attained. The small group thus enables addi- tional relationship learning. On the one hand. On the other hand, intensive discussion of the content within the group produces shared knowledge and insight, aided by the intimate social process within Disqourse sessions and Cycles (rounds of 5 learning sessions each). This form of learning improves the quality of communication and interaction within the group over time. The following point cannot
  • 5. 5 disqourse White paper No. 02 be be emphasized enough: Such intense learning experience can only unfold within small groups of interactive learning. We define a small group as consisting of four, five or six people. No more, but also no less. Because it is in a mixed, relatively diverse group that the exchange is most intensive. Social density unfolds when group heterogeneity is sufficient, and when all group members can have their say at any time. • Learning in the large group and the organization: When many Circles (small learning groups) become active within discourse learning in an organization, then it is inevitable that the learning experiences from the individual circles will be interwoven. The “spillover” of the dis- course from the small groups to the large group is caused, among oth- er things, by the fact that the learners’ cognitive dissonances are not (fully) resolved in the 90 minutes of each Disqourse session: learners end there sessions their sessions in intellectual and emotional ten- sion. They leave their sessions positively aroused, so to speak. For this reason, informal conversations following the sessions are typical and desired, but of course by no means mandatory. Such conversa- tions can take place within the Circle groups, but they naturally also happen with other colleagues as well. Because participants feel the need to resolve their cognitive dissonances caused throughout the Disqourse sessions while in conversation with other group members. Participants will naturally feel an urge to socialize the topics they have worked on, the session content and the content’s meaning. And also about the context of their real work environment, which is always actively examined throughout Disqourse sessions, too. In short: The informal exchange and discussion beyond the 90-minute Disqourse sessions is unavoidable. It is this inevitable, and purposeful continua- tion of the session learning that leads to collective pattern formation and processing. To socialization of new insight and behaviors. A prerequisite for intense networked, or interwoven learning is the si- multaneity of insight development within individual learning groups, triggered by intensive discourse in the individual sessions. And through the largest possible number of Circles running in parallel. In addition to Disqourse Circles, the learning in a large group or in an organization can be fueled by additional group learning formats. Various organizational formats can be used, which we have described in other publications. In the context of this paper, knowledge conferences based upon the OpenSpace format, tandem conversations, communities of problems and preparation wheels should be mentioned in particular - to name just a few examples. Discourse learning and network learning require authorization As we have shown, the self-organized small learning group is the key to ongoing, intentional development of social constellations both large and small. When a large number of learners in many small groups of an or- ganization get active within discursive learning processes, learning with- each-other-for-each-other, i.e. if many are active and are developing in resonance with one another, then the organization learns, after all - even though it technically cannot: then shared assumptions, options for ac- tion, agreements and communication patterns between the actors shift. Very practically. In order for this to happen, Disqourse beings with a feature that would
  • 6. 6 disqourse White paper No. 02 should be considered indispensable in all trainings, courses, learning events and development programs, but which is almost always missing. That feature is authorization to put into practice what has been learned. Put differently: the systematic, conscious opening of an authorized space for personal development, which can and should have an organization- al impact. Such intentional organizational development must be wanted and authorized in Disqourse, right from the outset. Authorization and articulated intent do not take place at the end, or at some point in the process - but at the beginning of discourse learning. For this purpose, the use of Disqourse always requires the role of the Sponsor: a person from within the organization who formally issues an invitation to learn through discourse and who authorizes both the learning itself and its im- pacts. Formally and officially. Right from the start. Why is a Sponsor required, why is authorization necessary? The didactics of Disqourse spark a type of conversation that does not follow the topics of day-to-day operations and work, but they establish conversations that concern the fundamentals. Debates on developmental issues like these occasionally flare up in most companies, of course. But they rarely en- counter a continuously open space in which they can resonate. As a re- sult, discourse about the quality and the design of relationships, about the effectiveness of collaboration and the organizational model usually remains sporadic. A continuity of organizational insight and learning can only be achieved if the learning in collective discussions about de- velopmental topics is perceived as relevant and interesting - the carefully curated content of the Disqourse modules ensures this. And if those dis- cussions are noticeably wanted, or desired, within the organization. This requires formal authorization by the figure of the Sponsor. Invitation & voluntary participation: The only route to self-organized learning ecosystems that scale The fact that a Sponsor invites the learners ensures that the learners’ par- ticipation in Disqourse Circles is strictly voluntary. Combined with the principle of self-organization of the learners within their small groups, the concept of voluntarily participation (or voluntary non-participation) means that such a format is infinitely scalable to thousands, or tens of thousands of learners. While a high level of commitment from each indi- vidual learner can be expected. As we have seen, the scaling matters, in terms of impact on performance: Because reaching a critical mass of learners in small learning groups is essential if the effect of learning on value-adding interaction is supposed to emerge fully. If all of these conditions are met: voluntariness, self-or- ganization in small learning groups, the right learning content, the right didactics, a continuously sufficient mass of learners - then limitless “de- velopment and performance magic” can unfold within an organization. There is more to learning within small groups, though. If we manage to take full advantage of the small group miracle, then many previously common, and often largely ineffective methods or repertoires of change management and organizational development may become entirely dis- pensable. This also means: We can break the sound barrier to the highest possible impact on our organizations if we consistently commit ourselves to permanent learning with-each-other-for-each-other, within self-orga- nized group formats. The key to this developmental power, which can only be unlocked in collective resonance, and in complete absence of co- ercion or repression, is the self-organized small group that learns. qo
  • 7. 7 disqourse White paper No. 02 Silke Hermann, disqourse founder, and Niels Pflaeging, investor at disqourse Silke Hermann is a highly accomplished entrepreneur and leadership expert. She is founder of Red42, a company based in Wiesbaden/Germa- ny. And a founder/director at Disqourse, a cloud-based, B2B platform provider that enables enterprise-wide growth, learning and development for all. Disqourse was founded in 2021 and is headquartered in Zagreb, Croatia. Previously, Silke was a partner and managing director of Insights Group Germany. Together with Niels Pflaeging, she developed several organizational open source approaches, including OpenSpace Beta and Cell Structure Design. She is the author of several influential business books. Contact: silke.hermann@disqourse.com Niels Pflaeging is a leadership philosopher and entrepreneur. He is also one of the most prolific European experts on organizational leadership and transformation. Since 2003, Niels achieved international recognition as a speaker and author, with ten published books to date. He speaks four languages fluently. Together with Silke Hermann, Niels developed a series of powerful organizational approaches, which include Org Physics and Change-as-Flipping. Among his best-selling books is the internationally acclaimed Organize for Complexity. Niels’ 2nd book, Leading with Flex- ible Targets, was awarded the German Business Book Award, in 2006. He is managing director of Red42 and investor at disqourse. Contact: niels.pflaeging@redforty2.com
  • 8. disqourse. Whitepaper No. 02 THE AGILITY PROVIDER disqourse d.o.o. Svetice 36 10000 Zagreb, Croatia start@disqourse.com www.disqourse.com Tel. +385 1 4647 478 Find all disqourse white papers here.