SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 44
Sustainable Energy Access
Planning Framework
Ram M. Shrestha and Jiwan S. Acharya
1
SE4ALL Consultation Workshop: Monitoring the Status of Asia-Pacific
Discovery Suites, Ortigas Center, Pasig City, Philippines, 14 June 2015
SEAP:
Key Issues, Assessments and Outputs
Key Issues of Sustainable Energy Access Planning
(SEAP)
Social inclusiveness in the supply & use of cleaner energy
Sustainability of cleaner energy options
Poor’s affordability to cleaner energy services
Socially efficient allocation of resources for energy access
Assessment of social, environmental, health & other benefits
of cleaner energy access
KeyInformationthat SEAPGenerates
4
• Cost effective cleaner energy options (in both supply- and
demand-sides)
• Total cost, additional investment and unit cost of cleaner energy
• Household expenditure on cleaner energy services
• Affordability
• Level of financial support needed
• Benefits associated with an energy access program
• Sustainability ranking of cleaner energy options
SustainableEnergyAccessPlanning
Components of SEAP
5
SustainableEnergyAccessPlanning
SEAP Framework:Linkageof different
Assessments
6
SEAPFramework
Bottom-upApproachto DemandAssessment
7
DemandAssessment
Dimensions of Resource Assessment
8
Resource
Assessment
Ease of
Access
Sustainability
CostAdequacy
Availability
ResourceAssessment
Dimensionsof SustainabilityAssessment
9
SustainabilityAssessment
CostAssessmentFrameworkforElectricityAccess
10
CostAssessment
Benefits of Energy Access Programs
11
BenefitAssessment
Measuring Affordability using the
Energy Burden Approach
12
AffordabilityAssessment
An Application of SEAP Framework:
Case Study of Pyuthan District, Nepal
13
Pyuthan District in Nepal
Background
• Both primary as well as secondary data used.
• Sample survey data of 2330 households covering all the
49 VDCs in the district.
• Secondary data from government sources at district and
national level and private agencies/offices and their
publications used.
15
Electricity Access
16
ElectricityAccessStatusinPyuthanby VDCsin2014
17
Most VDCs are partially electrified
5 VDCs partially electrified with SHS
PresentEnergyAccessStatusofPyuthan
Definition of Tiers based on Household
Electricity Consumption
18
Tier Range of electricity
consumption (E), kWh
Tier 0 E< 3
Tier 1 3 ≤ E< 66
Tier 2 66 ≤ E< 285
Tier 3 285 ≤ E< 1464
Tier 4 1464 ≤ E< 2267
Tier 5 E ≥ 2267
Multi-TierFramework
DistributionofHHsbyElectricityConsumptionLevelinPyuthanin
2014
19
Tier 0
20.3%
Tier 1
16.5%
Tier 2
32.7%
Tier 3
28.7%
Tier 4
1.5%
Tier 5
0.3%
Distribution of HHs in Terms of Their Electricity
Consumption Level Tier Average
electricity
consumption,
kWh
Tier 0 0
Tier 1 27
Tier 2 135
Tier 3 358
Tier 4 1300
Tier 5 2349
Multi-TierFramework
Demand Assessment
ElectricityDemandProjectionof Pyuthan
21
In 2017, the electricity demand in Tier 3
is 1.5 times that of Base Case.
In 2030, the electricity demand in Tier 3
is 1.3 times and in Tier 5 it is 5.7 times
that of Base Case.
DemandAssessment
Under the base case (without EA
program), the electricity demand would
grow by 4.7% during 2014-2030.
Sustainability Assessment
SustainabilityRankingof ElectricityGeneration
Technologies
23
• In terms of economic, technical, environmental and social dimensions, large
hydro power generation technology has been found to be more sustainable.
• Even though power generation based on micro-hydro has been found to be
equally environmental friendly in comparison to the large hydro, however the
technology seems to be less sustainable economically, technically and socially.
SustainabilityAssessment
Cost Assessment
InstalledCapacityof SupplySideTechnologiesin2017and
2030,MW
CostAssessment
In 2017, the installed power
generation capacity would
increase by 3% in Tier 1, 10% in
Tier 2 and 54% in Tier 3 as
compared to the Base Case.
Grid share : 94% in Tier 3
In 2030, the installed capacity
would increase by 27% in Tier 3,
269% in Tier 4 and 466% in Tier 5
as compared to that in the Base
Case.
Grid Share : 97% in Tier 3, 100% in
Tiers 4 and 5.
Investment inSupply-sideTechnologiesin2017and2030,
billionNRs*
In 2017, total investment would
increase by 16% in Tier 1, 20% in
Tier 2 and 54% in Tier 3 as
compared to that in the Base
Case.
In 2030, total investment would
increase by 46% in Tier 3, 218% in
Tier 4 and 350% in Tier 5 as
compared to the Base Case.
CostAssessment
*It does not include the generation
investment cost in the grid system.
TotalCostofElectricityAccessDependsonTypesof
LampsandOther DemandSideTechnologiesUsed
• Total cost is found to be minimum with LED lamps used for lighting.
• Providing Tier 3 level of electricity access based on CFL and incandescent
(INCAN) lamps would increase the total cost by 6.7% and 28.5% respectively
as compared to the total cost with lighting based on LED lamps.
Cases % increase in total cost
as compared to LED
based Lighting
CFL INCAN
Tier 1 1.0% 4.4%
Tier 2 4.9% 23.5%
Tier 3 6.7% 28.5%
WhatwouldbetheIncrementalEnergyAccessCosts?
(ConsideringDemandIncrementRelativetotheBaseCase)
Incremental access cost increases with
higher level of demand
• The width of each block in the horizontal axis shows the incremental level of electricity supply under an
electricity access tier.
• The values in the vertical axis represents the corresponding IEAC per unit (kWh) of electricity supply.
• It shows the incremental electricity access cost decreasing with the higher levels (Tiers) of access.
Cleaner Cooking Access
29
Multi-TierFrameworkforHouseholdCookingSolutions
30
Technology attributes Tier 0 Tier 1 Tier 2 Tier 3 Tier 4
Cooking device
TCS
with
fuel
wood
MICS
with
fuel
wood
HICS with
fuel wood
or briquette
LPG/Biogas
cook stove
Electric
Multi-TierFramework
Source: Practical Action (2013)
TCS: Traditional cook stoves
MICS: Moderately improved cook stoves
HICS: High efficiency improved cook stoves
Shareof TechnologiesinCookingin Pyuthanin
2014
31
Data Source: Sample survey of this study
CostAssessment
76% share of Traditional
Cook Stove (TCS)
IncrementalEnergyAccessCostCurveforProvidingCleanCookingin
PyuthanwithBiomassandNon-biomassCleanerOptions
32
CostAssessment
MICS and HICs are “win-win” (cost saving) options
AffordabilityAssessment:
DistributionofHouseholds withLevelofEnergy
BurdeninPyuthan in2014 (%)
33
% of households with energy burden
≤ 5% 5 to 10% 10% to 15% 15 to 20% ≥ 20%
Cooking 75.7 15.8 5.7 1.9 0.9
Lighting 92.3 6.1 1.2 0.2 0.2
Space
heating
98.2 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.0
Overall* 43.6 29.2 12.2 7.1 7.9
*includes all the energy expenditure burden
• 27 % of HHs have total energy burden above 10%
• 15% of HHs have total energy burden above 15%
AffordabilityAssessment
AffordabilityAssessment:
Howmuch annualsubsidywouldberequiredper
household in2017ifenergyburdenisnottoexceed10%?
34
Under Tier 1 level of electricity and cooking energy access, 19 % of households would
have energy burden above 10%. Under Tier 3, this figure would increase to 46%.
If 10% is the cutoff value for energy burden, total annual subsidy needed per household is
NRs 2. 36 thousand in Tier 1, NRS 2.4 thousand I Tier 2 and NRs 6.22 thousand in Tier 3.
AffordabilityAssessment
Benefits of Electricity Access
Productive Uses:
• 90 % of the households with family business had electricity access. 10% of
HHs with family business had no electricity access.
Time saving:
• Up to 48 hours of time saving per month per household for purchasing
kerosene in lighting.
Education:
• The sample survey shows that average study hour of students with
electricity access is 66% higher than that of students without electricity
access.
Energy Security:
• Amount of kerosene replaced in 2017, 2022 and 2030 would be 113, 130 and
171 toe respectively. 35
BenefitAssessment
HealthBenefits,LocalPollutant&CO2 Emissions
Reductionsdueto Electrification
Emission Reduction Benefit:
• Replacement of kerosene, candle and pine resin based lighting could abate
• 7,747 kg of CO
• 669 kg of NOX
• 4,844 kg of PM10
• 41,275 kg of BC
• 1,433 tonne of CO2
BenefitAssessment
VDC Status Number of hospital
visits per year per HH
Number of
annual absent
days per
household
Damri Unelectrified 3.3 32.1 days
Dakhakwadi Electrified 2.5 10.7 days
Health Benefit:
Lower number of hospital visits and annual absent days in electrified VDCs.
Key Messages (1)
• Major issues of energy access planning are: social
inclusiveness, affordability of the poor to cleaner energy
services and sustainability of energy access programs.
• It is not enough to make clean energy available, it should
also be affordable to use.
• SEAP framework considers these issues explicitly.
• Energy access being a societal problem, the solutions
must be socially cost effective.
• Both supply and demand side options should be
considered to determine the socially cost effective
energy access solutions.
• Supply side planning with a predetermined set of
demand side technology options could result in more
expensive energy access programs.
Key Messages (2)
• Even the socially cost effective and sustainable cleaner
energy options may not be affordable to the energy poor
households.
• However, with the socially cost effective supply and
demand side options, the level of financial support
needed by the energy poor would be lower.
• SEAP also presupposes that the basic minimum level of
energy services as well as the maximum acceptable
energy burden are known. There are no universally
applicable values of basic minimum level of energy
services and maximum acceptable energy burden. These
are country specific policy parameters, which national
policy makers have to define.
Acknowledgement
The development of the SEAP framework has
greatly benefited from valuable
inputs/suggestions from
• Peer reviewers (within ADB and outside)
• Policy makers
• Research assistants
• R. M. Shrestha and J. Acharya. (2015). Sustainable Energy Access Planning: A Framework. (To
be released). Asian Development Bank (ADB), Manila.
• Practical Action, 2013, Poor People’s Energy Outlook 2013: Energy for Community Services,
Practical Action Publishing, Rugby, UK.
• World Bank/ESMAP and IEA, 2012, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) Global Tracking
Framework, v.3, no. 77889.
40
References
Thank You
Email:ram.m.shrestha@gmail.com
41
Characteristicsof Energy PoorHouseholds
42
EnergyPovertyAssessment
DemandAssessment of the EnergyPoorHHs
43
Define the acceptable minimum level of basic
energy services
Identify the number of households whose
energy consumption is below the acceptable
minimum level based on sample survey
Estimate the amount of energy required to
provide households with the acceptable
minimum level of basic energy services
Define the acceptable minimum level of
basic energy requirement
Identify the number of households
whose average energy consumption
is above acceptable minimum level
Calculate the total energy
consumption of energy non-poor
households based on sample survey
Estimate the future
energy demand
Energy Demand Assessment of
Energy Poor HHs
Energy Demand Assessment of
Energy Non-poor HHs
DemandAssessment
Target Level of Electricity Access?
Tier 1 Tier 2 Tier 3 Tier 4 Tier 5
Appliances
radio radio radio radio radio
task lighting task lighting task lighting task lighting task lighting
phone charger phone charger phone charger phone charger phone charger
general lighting general lighting general lighting general lighting
air circulator(fan) air circulator(fan) air circulator(fan) air circulator(fan)
television television television television
food processors food processors food processors
rice cooker rice cooker rice cooker
washing machine washing machine
refrigerator refrigerator
iron iron
air conditioner
Total kWh per
year per HH 3 66 285 1464 2267
Source: Based on “Global Tracking Framework” of World Bank/ESMAP and IEA (2012)
Description of Multi-Tier Framework for Household Electricity Access
Multi-TierFramework

More Related Content

What's hot

Using Canopy Goals and Ecosystem Services Data to Support Land Use Decision-M...
Using Canopy Goals and Ecosystem Services Data to Support Land Use Decision-M...Using Canopy Goals and Ecosystem Services Data to Support Land Use Decision-M...
Using Canopy Goals and Ecosystem Services Data to Support Land Use Decision-M...
Arbor Day Foundation
 

What's hot (20)

[Task 5 1] Economics of Energy Efficiency Improvements
[Task 5 1] Economics of Energy Efficiency Improvements[Task 5 1] Economics of Energy Efficiency Improvements
[Task 5 1] Economics of Energy Efficiency Improvements
 
Using Canopy Goals and Ecosystem Services Data to Support Land Use Decision-M...
Using Canopy Goals and Ecosystem Services Data to Support Land Use Decision-M...Using Canopy Goals and Ecosystem Services Data to Support Land Use Decision-M...
Using Canopy Goals and Ecosystem Services Data to Support Land Use Decision-M...
 
Mylene Capongol, Department of Energy - Philippine Experience in Furthering R...
Mylene Capongol, Department of Energy - Philippine Experience in Furthering R...Mylene Capongol, Department of Energy - Philippine Experience in Furthering R...
Mylene Capongol, Department of Energy - Philippine Experience in Furthering R...
 
OVERVIEW OF ENERGY EFFICIENT LOGISTICS
OVERVIEW OF ENERGY EFFICIENT LOGISTICSOVERVIEW OF ENERGY EFFICIENT LOGISTICS
OVERVIEW OF ENERGY EFFICIENT LOGISTICS
 
Kuching | Jan-15 | Off-grid Solution for Provisioning Energy Access
Kuching | Jan-15 | Off-grid Solution for Provisioning Energy AccessKuching | Jan-15 | Off-grid Solution for Provisioning Energy Access
Kuching | Jan-15 | Off-grid Solution for Provisioning Energy Access
 
How to reach the hard-to-reach (energy users)?
How to reach the hard-to-reach (energy users)?How to reach the hard-to-reach (energy users)?
How to reach the hard-to-reach (energy users)?
 
ASOG's 2020 Working Papers on Energy
ASOG's 2020 Working Papers on EnergyASOG's 2020 Working Papers on Energy
ASOG's 2020 Working Papers on Energy
 
Australian Energy Efficiency and Demand Side Management Activities
Australian Energy Efficiency and Demand Side Management ActivitiesAustralian Energy Efficiency and Demand Side Management Activities
Australian Energy Efficiency and Demand Side Management Activities
 
DC Presentation SE_FINAL
DC Presentation SE_FINALDC Presentation SE_FINAL
DC Presentation SE_FINAL
 
A Civil Society Organization and Networks Position Paper with Suggested Issue...
A Civil Society Organization and Networks Position Paper with Suggested Issue...A Civil Society Organization and Networks Position Paper with Suggested Issue...
A Civil Society Organization and Networks Position Paper with Suggested Issue...
 
LTEP Ministry of Energy (Short)
LTEP Ministry of Energy (Short)LTEP Ministry of Energy (Short)
LTEP Ministry of Energy (Short)
 
Sustainable Bioenergy Solutions For Tomorrow
Sustainable Bioenergy Solutions For TomorrowSustainable Bioenergy Solutions For Tomorrow
Sustainable Bioenergy Solutions For Tomorrow
 
Ghana | May-16 | En Dev - Productive Use of Energy (PUE) in Ghana
Ghana | May-16 | En Dev - Productive Use of Energy (PUE) in GhanaGhana | May-16 | En Dev - Productive Use of Energy (PUE) in Ghana
Ghana | May-16 | En Dev - Productive Use of Energy (PUE) in Ghana
 
CHarvey, JOE 2016
CHarvey, JOE 2016CHarvey, JOE 2016
CHarvey, JOE 2016
 
Trend of IEA/DSM and DSM policy
Trend of IEA/DSM and DSM policy Trend of IEA/DSM and DSM policy
Trend of IEA/DSM and DSM policy
 
WEBINAR | RESILIENCE RELIABILITY ENERGY PROJECTS NEPAL | Mini/Micro Hydropow...
 WEBINAR | RESILIENCE RELIABILITY ENERGY PROJECTS NEPAL | Mini/Micro Hydropow... WEBINAR | RESILIENCE RELIABILITY ENERGY PROJECTS NEPAL | Mini/Micro Hydropow...
WEBINAR | RESILIENCE RELIABILITY ENERGY PROJECTS NEPAL | Mini/Micro Hydropow...
 
Customer Perspective on Green Tariffs
Customer Perspective on Green TariffsCustomer Perspective on Green Tariffs
Customer Perspective on Green Tariffs
 
WEBINAR | RESILIENCE RELIABILITY ENERGY PROJECTS NEPAL | Research Collaborat...
 WEBINAR | RESILIENCE RELIABILITY ENERGY PROJECTS NEPAL | Research Collaborat... WEBINAR | RESILIENCE RELIABILITY ENERGY PROJECTS NEPAL | Research Collaborat...
WEBINAR | RESILIENCE RELIABILITY ENERGY PROJECTS NEPAL | Research Collaborat...
 
Rajasthan priorities energy distribution, ilfs
Rajasthan priorities energy distribution, ilfsRajasthan priorities energy distribution, ilfs
Rajasthan priorities energy distribution, ilfs
 
[2] Keynote presentation
[2] Keynote presentation[2] Keynote presentation
[2] Keynote presentation
 

Similar to Sustainable Energy Access Planning

Finding financing for industrial energy efficiency & chp
Finding financing for industrial energy efficiency & chpFinding financing for industrial energy efficiency & chp
Finding financing for industrial energy efficiency & chp
TNenergy
 

Similar to Sustainable Energy Access Planning (20)

Integrating energy access, efficiency and renewable energy policies in sub-Sa...
Integrating energy access, efficiency and renewable energy policies in sub-Sa...Integrating energy access, efficiency and renewable energy policies in sub-Sa...
Integrating energy access, efficiency and renewable energy policies in sub-Sa...
 
Energy Efficiency Workshop - Powering Sydney
Energy Efficiency Workshop - Powering SydneyEnergy Efficiency Workshop - Powering Sydney
Energy Efficiency Workshop - Powering Sydney
 
Background for the study, Rural Electrifacation In Afghanistan
Background for the study, Rural Electrifacation In AfghanistanBackground for the study, Rural Electrifacation In Afghanistan
Background for the study, Rural Electrifacation In Afghanistan
 
Guide for energy saving
Guide for energy savingGuide for energy saving
Guide for energy saving
 
Finding financing for industrial energy efficiency & chp
Finding financing for industrial energy efficiency & chpFinding financing for industrial energy efficiency & chp
Finding financing for industrial energy efficiency & chp
 
Toward a Sustainable Energy Future for All
Toward a Sustainable Energy Future for AllToward a Sustainable Energy Future for All
Toward a Sustainable Energy Future for All
 
Christophe Dromacque, VaasaETT: Ademe & WEC Energy Efficiency Policies 2013 -...
Christophe Dromacque, VaasaETT: Ademe & WEC Energy Efficiency Policies 2013 -...Christophe Dromacque, VaasaETT: Ademe & WEC Energy Efficiency Policies 2013 -...
Christophe Dromacque, VaasaETT: Ademe & WEC Energy Efficiency Policies 2013 -...
 
Economics of Energy Efficiency
Economics of Energy EfficiencyEconomics of Energy Efficiency
Economics of Energy Efficiency
 
Energy Efficiency Economics
Energy Efficiency EconomicsEnergy Efficiency Economics
Energy Efficiency Economics
 
Energy Industry Update Webcast: Don't Stop Believin'
Energy Industry Update Webcast: Don't Stop Believin'Energy Industry Update Webcast: Don't Stop Believin'
Energy Industry Update Webcast: Don't Stop Believin'
 
Renewable energy market & policy development in nigeria
Renewable energy market & policy development in nigeriaRenewable energy market & policy development in nigeria
Renewable energy market & policy development in nigeria
 
Building Energy Efficiency Into Energy Equation
Building Energy Efficiency Into Energy EquationBuilding Energy Efficiency Into Energy Equation
Building Energy Efficiency Into Energy Equation
 
Flexible Energy Consumption on NZ Farms: A Socio-Technical Study
Flexible Energy Consumption on NZ Farms: A Socio-Technical StudyFlexible Energy Consumption on NZ Farms: A Socio-Technical Study
Flexible Energy Consumption on NZ Farms: A Socio-Technical Study
 
Integrating Variable Renewable Energy into the Grid key issues and Emerging S...
Integrating Variable Renewable Energy into the Grid key issues and Emerging S...Integrating Variable Renewable Energy into the Grid key issues and Emerging S...
Integrating Variable Renewable Energy into the Grid key issues and Emerging S...
 
Ebimene EE Poster
Ebimene EE PosterEbimene EE Poster
Ebimene EE Poster
 
Iea bioenergy 2014
Iea bioenergy 2014Iea bioenergy 2014
Iea bioenergy 2014
 
Dsm need concept-and_scenario_in_west_bengal
Dsm need concept-and_scenario_in_west_bengalDsm need concept-and_scenario_in_west_bengal
Dsm need concept-and_scenario_in_west_bengal
 
CEE's Strategic Electrification Forum
CEE's Strategic Electrification ForumCEE's Strategic Electrification Forum
CEE's Strategic Electrification Forum
 
Us er-electric-storage-paper
Us er-electric-storage-paperUs er-electric-storage-paper
Us er-electric-storage-paper
 
Barriers To Energy Efficiency in Industrial Parks
Barriers To Energy Efficiency in Industrial ParksBarriers To Energy Efficiency in Industrial Parks
Barriers To Energy Efficiency in Industrial Parks
 

More from Energy for All | Asian Development Bank

More from Energy for All | Asian Development Bank (20)

Sustainable Energy for All Overview
Sustainable Energy for All OverviewSustainable Energy for All Overview
Sustainable Energy for All Overview
 
Kopernik: Serving the Last Mile
Kopernik: Serving the Last MileKopernik: Serving the Last Mile
Kopernik: Serving the Last Mile
 
Energy Lending Program
Energy Lending ProgramEnergy Lending Program
Energy Lending Program
 
Gender and Women's Empowerment in the Clean Cooking Sector
Gender and Women's Empowerment in the Clean Cooking SectorGender and Women's Empowerment in the Clean Cooking Sector
Gender and Women's Empowerment in the Clean Cooking Sector
 
Sunfarmer
SunfarmerSunfarmer
Sunfarmer
 
SELCO Foundation
SELCO FoundationSELCO Foundation
SELCO Foundation
 
Sustainable Energy Interventions: Impact on Women and Children
Sustainable Energy Interventions: Impact on Women and ChildrenSustainable Energy Interventions: Impact on Women and Children
Sustainable Energy Interventions: Impact on Women and Children
 
Solar Water Purification
Solar Water PurificationSolar Water Purification
Solar Water Purification
 
Laos Rural Electrification
Laos Rural ElectrificationLaos Rural Electrification
Laos Rural Electrification
 
Nepal’s Policy Scenario in Gender and Energy
Nepal’s Policy Scenario in Gender and EnergyNepal’s Policy Scenario in Gender and Energy
Nepal’s Policy Scenario in Gender and Energy
 
Supportive Policies: Bangladesh
Supportive Policies: BangladeshSupportive Policies: Bangladesh
Supportive Policies: Bangladesh
 
Facilitating SE4All Investments in Bangladesh
Facilitating SE4All Investments in BangladeshFacilitating SE4All Investments in Bangladesh
Facilitating SE4All Investments in Bangladesh
 
SE4All Status Report
SE4All Status ReportSE4All Status Report
SE4All Status Report
 
China's PV Poverty Alleviation and Private Sector Participant
China's PV Poverty Alleviation and Private Sector ParticipantChina's PV Poverty Alleviation and Private Sector Participant
China's PV Poverty Alleviation and Private Sector Participant
 
Public Private Partnership for Biogas Promotion - A Nepalese Experience
Public Private Partnership for Biogas Promotion - A Nepalese ExperiencePublic Private Partnership for Biogas Promotion - A Nepalese Experience
Public Private Partnership for Biogas Promotion - A Nepalese Experience
 
Simpa Networks at ACEF 2014
Simpa Networks at ACEF 2014Simpa Networks at ACEF 2014
Simpa Networks at ACEF 2014
 
New Ventures India at ACEF 2014
New Ventures India at ACEF 2014New Ventures India at ACEF 2014
New Ventures India at ACEF 2014
 
Rockefeller Foundation at ACEF 2014
Rockefeller Foundation at ACEF 2014Rockefeller Foundation at ACEF 2014
Rockefeller Foundation at ACEF 2014
 
Oikocredit at ACEF 2014
Oikocredit at ACEF 2014Oikocredit at ACEF 2014
Oikocredit at ACEF 2014
 
Bamboo Finance at ACEF 2014
Bamboo Finance at ACEF 2014Bamboo Finance at ACEF 2014
Bamboo Finance at ACEF 2014
 

Recently uploaded

LaPlace Transform Questions.pptjjjjjjjjjx
LaPlace Transform Questions.pptjjjjjjjjjxLaPlace Transform Questions.pptjjjjjjjjjx
LaPlace Transform Questions.pptjjjjjjjjjx
joshuaclack73
 
LaPlace Transforms 2 with use of Matlab.pptx
LaPlace Transforms 2 with use of Matlab.pptxLaPlace Transforms 2 with use of Matlab.pptx
LaPlace Transforms 2 with use of Matlab.pptx
joshuaclack73
 

Recently uploaded (20)

NO1 Pakistan online istikhara for love marriage vashikaran specialist love pr...
NO1 Pakistan online istikhara for love marriage vashikaran specialist love pr...NO1 Pakistan online istikhara for love marriage vashikaran specialist love pr...
NO1 Pakistan online istikhara for love marriage vashikaran specialist love pr...
 
Production, dispersal, sedimentation and taphonomy of spores/pollen
Production, dispersal, sedimentation and taphonomy of spores/pollenProduction, dispersal, sedimentation and taphonomy of spores/pollen
Production, dispersal, sedimentation and taphonomy of spores/pollen
 
A Review on Integrated River Basin Management and Development Master Plan of ...
A Review on Integrated River Basin Management and Development Master Plan of ...A Review on Integrated River Basin Management and Development Master Plan of ...
A Review on Integrated River Basin Management and Development Master Plan of ...
 
2024-05-16 Composting at Home 101 without link to voucher
2024-05-16 Composting at Home 101 without link to voucher2024-05-16 Composting at Home 101 without link to voucher
2024-05-16 Composting at Home 101 without link to voucher
 
Travis Hills of Minnesota: Making Livestock Water and Energy the Best in Buil...
Travis Hills of Minnesota: Making Livestock Water and Energy the Best in Buil...Travis Hills of Minnesota: Making Livestock Water and Energy the Best in Buil...
Travis Hills of Minnesota: Making Livestock Water and Energy the Best in Buil...
 
Laplace Transforms.pptxhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh
Laplace Transforms.pptxhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhLaplace Transforms.pptxhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh
Laplace Transforms.pptxhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh
 
Global warming, Types, Causes and Effects.
Global warming, Types, Causes and Effects.Global warming, Types, Causes and Effects.
Global warming, Types, Causes and Effects.
 
Palynology: History, branches, basic principles and application, collection o...
Palynology: History, branches, basic principles and application, collection o...Palynology: History, branches, basic principles and application, collection o...
Palynology: History, branches, basic principles and application, collection o...
 
NO1 Pakistan Black magic/kala jadu,manpasand shadi in lahore,karachi rawalpin...
NO1 Pakistan Black magic/kala jadu,manpasand shadi in lahore,karachi rawalpin...NO1 Pakistan Black magic/kala jadu,manpasand shadi in lahore,karachi rawalpin...
NO1 Pakistan Black magic/kala jadu,manpasand shadi in lahore,karachi rawalpin...
 
LaPlace Transform Questions.pptjjjjjjjjjx
LaPlace Transform Questions.pptjjjjjjjjjxLaPlace Transform Questions.pptjjjjjjjjjx
LaPlace Transform Questions.pptjjjjjjjjjx
 
BIG DEVELOPMENT SHAPING' LESOTHO FUTURE.
BIG DEVELOPMENT SHAPING' LESOTHO FUTURE.BIG DEVELOPMENT SHAPING' LESOTHO FUTURE.
BIG DEVELOPMENT SHAPING' LESOTHO FUTURE.
 
Cooperative Mangrove Project: Introduction, Scope, and Perspectives
Cooperative Mangrove Project: Introduction, Scope, and PerspectivesCooperative Mangrove Project: Introduction, Scope, and Perspectives
Cooperative Mangrove Project: Introduction, Scope, and Perspectives
 
LaPlace Transforms 2 with use of Matlab.pptx
LaPlace Transforms 2 with use of Matlab.pptxLaPlace Transforms 2 with use of Matlab.pptx
LaPlace Transforms 2 with use of Matlab.pptx
 
The Key to Sustainable Energy Optimization: A Data-Driven Approach for Manufa...
The Key to Sustainable Energy Optimization: A Data-Driven Approach for Manufa...The Key to Sustainable Energy Optimization: A Data-Driven Approach for Manufa...
The Key to Sustainable Energy Optimization: A Data-Driven Approach for Manufa...
 
Sungsang Mangrove Restoration and Ecotourism (SMART): A participatory action ...
Sungsang Mangrove Restoration and Ecotourism (SMART): A participatory action ...Sungsang Mangrove Restoration and Ecotourism (SMART): A participatory action ...
Sungsang Mangrove Restoration and Ecotourism (SMART): A participatory action ...
 
Lab Investigation.pptxjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
Lab Investigation.pptxjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjLab Investigation.pptxjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
Lab Investigation.pptxjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
 
NO1 Pakistan Black magic In Pakistan Kala Ilam Expert Specialist In UK Kala I...
NO1 Pakistan Black magic In Pakistan Kala Ilam Expert Specialist In UK Kala I...NO1 Pakistan Black magic In Pakistan Kala Ilam Expert Specialist In UK Kala I...
NO1 Pakistan Black magic In Pakistan Kala Ilam Expert Specialist In UK Kala I...
 
VIP ℂall Girls Chennai 8250077686 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe Available Day...
VIP ℂall Girls Chennai 8250077686 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe Available Day...VIP ℂall Girls Chennai 8250077686 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe Available Day...
VIP ℂall Girls Chennai 8250077686 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe Available Day...
 
Presentation on GLOBALISATION IN MBA sem
Presentation on GLOBALISATION IN MBA semPresentation on GLOBALISATION IN MBA sem
Presentation on GLOBALISATION IN MBA sem
 
Rosen 2017 Isranalytica Mg in Tap Water.pdf
Rosen  2017 Isranalytica Mg in Tap Water.pdfRosen  2017 Isranalytica Mg in Tap Water.pdf
Rosen 2017 Isranalytica Mg in Tap Water.pdf
 

Sustainable Energy Access Planning

  • 1. Sustainable Energy Access Planning Framework Ram M. Shrestha and Jiwan S. Acharya 1 SE4ALL Consultation Workshop: Monitoring the Status of Asia-Pacific Discovery Suites, Ortigas Center, Pasig City, Philippines, 14 June 2015
  • 3. Key Issues of Sustainable Energy Access Planning (SEAP) Social inclusiveness in the supply & use of cleaner energy Sustainability of cleaner energy options Poor’s affordability to cleaner energy services Socially efficient allocation of resources for energy access Assessment of social, environmental, health & other benefits of cleaner energy access
  • 4. KeyInformationthat SEAPGenerates 4 • Cost effective cleaner energy options (in both supply- and demand-sides) • Total cost, additional investment and unit cost of cleaner energy • Household expenditure on cleaner energy services • Affordability • Level of financial support needed • Benefits associated with an energy access program • Sustainability ranking of cleaner energy options SustainableEnergyAccessPlanning
  • 8. Dimensions of Resource Assessment 8 Resource Assessment Ease of Access Sustainability CostAdequacy Availability ResourceAssessment
  • 11. Benefits of Energy Access Programs 11 BenefitAssessment
  • 12. Measuring Affordability using the Energy Burden Approach 12 AffordabilityAssessment
  • 13. An Application of SEAP Framework: Case Study of Pyuthan District, Nepal 13
  • 15. Background • Both primary as well as secondary data used. • Sample survey data of 2330 households covering all the 49 VDCs in the district. • Secondary data from government sources at district and national level and private agencies/offices and their publications used. 15
  • 17. ElectricityAccessStatusinPyuthanby VDCsin2014 17 Most VDCs are partially electrified 5 VDCs partially electrified with SHS PresentEnergyAccessStatusofPyuthan
  • 18. Definition of Tiers based on Household Electricity Consumption 18 Tier Range of electricity consumption (E), kWh Tier 0 E< 3 Tier 1 3 ≤ E< 66 Tier 2 66 ≤ E< 285 Tier 3 285 ≤ E< 1464 Tier 4 1464 ≤ E< 2267 Tier 5 E ≥ 2267 Multi-TierFramework
  • 19. DistributionofHHsbyElectricityConsumptionLevelinPyuthanin 2014 19 Tier 0 20.3% Tier 1 16.5% Tier 2 32.7% Tier 3 28.7% Tier 4 1.5% Tier 5 0.3% Distribution of HHs in Terms of Their Electricity Consumption Level Tier Average electricity consumption, kWh Tier 0 0 Tier 1 27 Tier 2 135 Tier 3 358 Tier 4 1300 Tier 5 2349 Multi-TierFramework
  • 21. ElectricityDemandProjectionof Pyuthan 21 In 2017, the electricity demand in Tier 3 is 1.5 times that of Base Case. In 2030, the electricity demand in Tier 3 is 1.3 times and in Tier 5 it is 5.7 times that of Base Case. DemandAssessment Under the base case (without EA program), the electricity demand would grow by 4.7% during 2014-2030.
  • 23. SustainabilityRankingof ElectricityGeneration Technologies 23 • In terms of economic, technical, environmental and social dimensions, large hydro power generation technology has been found to be more sustainable. • Even though power generation based on micro-hydro has been found to be equally environmental friendly in comparison to the large hydro, however the technology seems to be less sustainable economically, technically and socially. SustainabilityAssessment
  • 25. InstalledCapacityof SupplySideTechnologiesin2017and 2030,MW CostAssessment In 2017, the installed power generation capacity would increase by 3% in Tier 1, 10% in Tier 2 and 54% in Tier 3 as compared to the Base Case. Grid share : 94% in Tier 3 In 2030, the installed capacity would increase by 27% in Tier 3, 269% in Tier 4 and 466% in Tier 5 as compared to that in the Base Case. Grid Share : 97% in Tier 3, 100% in Tiers 4 and 5.
  • 26. Investment inSupply-sideTechnologiesin2017and2030, billionNRs* In 2017, total investment would increase by 16% in Tier 1, 20% in Tier 2 and 54% in Tier 3 as compared to that in the Base Case. In 2030, total investment would increase by 46% in Tier 3, 218% in Tier 4 and 350% in Tier 5 as compared to the Base Case. CostAssessment *It does not include the generation investment cost in the grid system.
  • 27. TotalCostofElectricityAccessDependsonTypesof LampsandOther DemandSideTechnologiesUsed • Total cost is found to be minimum with LED lamps used for lighting. • Providing Tier 3 level of electricity access based on CFL and incandescent (INCAN) lamps would increase the total cost by 6.7% and 28.5% respectively as compared to the total cost with lighting based on LED lamps. Cases % increase in total cost as compared to LED based Lighting CFL INCAN Tier 1 1.0% 4.4% Tier 2 4.9% 23.5% Tier 3 6.7% 28.5%
  • 28. WhatwouldbetheIncrementalEnergyAccessCosts? (ConsideringDemandIncrementRelativetotheBaseCase) Incremental access cost increases with higher level of demand • The width of each block in the horizontal axis shows the incremental level of electricity supply under an electricity access tier. • The values in the vertical axis represents the corresponding IEAC per unit (kWh) of electricity supply. • It shows the incremental electricity access cost decreasing with the higher levels (Tiers) of access.
  • 30. Multi-TierFrameworkforHouseholdCookingSolutions 30 Technology attributes Tier 0 Tier 1 Tier 2 Tier 3 Tier 4 Cooking device TCS with fuel wood MICS with fuel wood HICS with fuel wood or briquette LPG/Biogas cook stove Electric Multi-TierFramework Source: Practical Action (2013) TCS: Traditional cook stoves MICS: Moderately improved cook stoves HICS: High efficiency improved cook stoves
  • 31. Shareof TechnologiesinCookingin Pyuthanin 2014 31 Data Source: Sample survey of this study CostAssessment 76% share of Traditional Cook Stove (TCS)
  • 33. AffordabilityAssessment: DistributionofHouseholds withLevelofEnergy BurdeninPyuthan in2014 (%) 33 % of households with energy burden ≤ 5% 5 to 10% 10% to 15% 15 to 20% ≥ 20% Cooking 75.7 15.8 5.7 1.9 0.9 Lighting 92.3 6.1 1.2 0.2 0.2 Space heating 98.2 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.0 Overall* 43.6 29.2 12.2 7.1 7.9 *includes all the energy expenditure burden • 27 % of HHs have total energy burden above 10% • 15% of HHs have total energy burden above 15% AffordabilityAssessment
  • 34. AffordabilityAssessment: Howmuch annualsubsidywouldberequiredper household in2017ifenergyburdenisnottoexceed10%? 34 Under Tier 1 level of electricity and cooking energy access, 19 % of households would have energy burden above 10%. Under Tier 3, this figure would increase to 46%. If 10% is the cutoff value for energy burden, total annual subsidy needed per household is NRs 2. 36 thousand in Tier 1, NRS 2.4 thousand I Tier 2 and NRs 6.22 thousand in Tier 3. AffordabilityAssessment
  • 35. Benefits of Electricity Access Productive Uses: • 90 % of the households with family business had electricity access. 10% of HHs with family business had no electricity access. Time saving: • Up to 48 hours of time saving per month per household for purchasing kerosene in lighting. Education: • The sample survey shows that average study hour of students with electricity access is 66% higher than that of students without electricity access. Energy Security: • Amount of kerosene replaced in 2017, 2022 and 2030 would be 113, 130 and 171 toe respectively. 35 BenefitAssessment
  • 36. HealthBenefits,LocalPollutant&CO2 Emissions Reductionsdueto Electrification Emission Reduction Benefit: • Replacement of kerosene, candle and pine resin based lighting could abate • 7,747 kg of CO • 669 kg of NOX • 4,844 kg of PM10 • 41,275 kg of BC • 1,433 tonne of CO2 BenefitAssessment VDC Status Number of hospital visits per year per HH Number of annual absent days per household Damri Unelectrified 3.3 32.1 days Dakhakwadi Electrified 2.5 10.7 days Health Benefit: Lower number of hospital visits and annual absent days in electrified VDCs.
  • 37. Key Messages (1) • Major issues of energy access planning are: social inclusiveness, affordability of the poor to cleaner energy services and sustainability of energy access programs. • It is not enough to make clean energy available, it should also be affordable to use. • SEAP framework considers these issues explicitly. • Energy access being a societal problem, the solutions must be socially cost effective. • Both supply and demand side options should be considered to determine the socially cost effective energy access solutions. • Supply side planning with a predetermined set of demand side technology options could result in more expensive energy access programs.
  • 38. Key Messages (2) • Even the socially cost effective and sustainable cleaner energy options may not be affordable to the energy poor households. • However, with the socially cost effective supply and demand side options, the level of financial support needed by the energy poor would be lower. • SEAP also presupposes that the basic minimum level of energy services as well as the maximum acceptable energy burden are known. There are no universally applicable values of basic minimum level of energy services and maximum acceptable energy burden. These are country specific policy parameters, which national policy makers have to define.
  • 39. Acknowledgement The development of the SEAP framework has greatly benefited from valuable inputs/suggestions from • Peer reviewers (within ADB and outside) • Policy makers • Research assistants
  • 40. • R. M. Shrestha and J. Acharya. (2015). Sustainable Energy Access Planning: A Framework. (To be released). Asian Development Bank (ADB), Manila. • Practical Action, 2013, Poor People’s Energy Outlook 2013: Energy for Community Services, Practical Action Publishing, Rugby, UK. • World Bank/ESMAP and IEA, 2012, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) Global Tracking Framework, v.3, no. 77889. 40 References
  • 43. DemandAssessment of the EnergyPoorHHs 43 Define the acceptable minimum level of basic energy services Identify the number of households whose energy consumption is below the acceptable minimum level based on sample survey Estimate the amount of energy required to provide households with the acceptable minimum level of basic energy services Define the acceptable minimum level of basic energy requirement Identify the number of households whose average energy consumption is above acceptable minimum level Calculate the total energy consumption of energy non-poor households based on sample survey Estimate the future energy demand Energy Demand Assessment of Energy Poor HHs Energy Demand Assessment of Energy Non-poor HHs DemandAssessment
  • 44. Target Level of Electricity Access? Tier 1 Tier 2 Tier 3 Tier 4 Tier 5 Appliances radio radio radio radio radio task lighting task lighting task lighting task lighting task lighting phone charger phone charger phone charger phone charger phone charger general lighting general lighting general lighting general lighting air circulator(fan) air circulator(fan) air circulator(fan) air circulator(fan) television television television television food processors food processors food processors rice cooker rice cooker rice cooker washing machine washing machine refrigerator refrigerator iron iron air conditioner Total kWh per year per HH 3 66 285 1464 2267 Source: Based on “Global Tracking Framework” of World Bank/ESMAP and IEA (2012) Description of Multi-Tier Framework for Household Electricity Access Multi-TierFramework