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Support Fabrics
Lining, underlining and interfacing
Creator: R. Williams-Campbell
What is a support fabric?
Support fabrics is a term referring to the
construction details that are usually hidden from
view when a garment is worn but serve an
important function in maintaining the shape and
comfort of the apparel.
Types of Support Fabrics
Types of Support Fabrics
- interfacing/interlining
- underlining and
- lining
Uses of Support Fabric
Support fabrics are used to
give shape and
provide support
Where are support fabrics used?
Support fabrics are used at
openings,
buttonholes,
cuffs
Collars
Shoulder
Knees
where fabric is strained
ETC
Lining
LINING -- a separate, but attached,
supportive or inner garment fabric or fabric
construction which conceals or covers the
inside. garment construction
Uses of Lining
used to finish the inside of a garment;
smooth material
makes garment more comfortable
allows the garment to be more durable
Fabric selection for Lining
There are a multitude of fabrics suitable for use as a
lining. The deciding factors include:
1) type of fashion fabric (weight, fiber content/method
of care, hand or "feel," personal likes and dislikes)
2) type and style of garment
3) type of lining--partial or complete; and how the
lining will be attached.
Fabric selection for Lining
Fabrics may be woven or knit; they should be able to "give" and recover as
necessary to accommodate body movement.
The lining fabric should be durable, opaque, colorfast to perspiration and
body oils and the same care method as the fashion fabric.
 Lining should match or harmonize in color with the fashion fabric, and
have a smooth surface texture to permit the garment to be taken on and
off the body easily.
It is important that the lining be the same weight (a lightweight polyester
or microfiber jacket or dress) or lighter weight (wool slacks or suit) and
softer than the fashion fabric so that it does not dominate the garment.
Lining fabric should be preshrunk before using following the same
procedure you plan to use for the finished garment.
Underlining/
UNDERLINING -- a supportive or inner
garment fabric which "backs," or is attached
to, each major garment piece (jacket front,
jacket back, sleeve, etc.).
Uses of Underlining
Underlining is used to
gives support to fashion fabric
makes garment more opaque
Fabric selection for underlining
The weight of the underlining is usually lighter, but
compatible to the fashion fabric. Underlining and the fashion
fabric must be compatible in terms of care. Examples of
underlinings include voile, organza, lightweight
polyester/cotton blends, silk, muslin, lightweight percales,
batiste, fusible tricot, and some commercial lining fabrics.
Underlining should be preshrunk before using.
Interlining/Interfacing
INTERLINING/INTERFACING --- a separate layer of
fabric or fabric construction between the lining and the
fashion fabric generally for warmth. Interlining is usually
cut by the same pattern as the lining. In the case of
foam, fleece or felt-type fabric which adds some bulk,
lining would need to be cut some larger to
accommodate interlining. Interlining does not take the
place of interfacing.
USES of Interlining/interfacing
Interlinings/interfacing is used to
Strengthens and stabilizes areas where
buttons, buttonholes, or other fasteners are
sewn
Fabric selection for Interlining/interfacing
 There are Three types of (fabrication) for interlining/interfacing
1. non woven
2. knitted
3. woven
 Some lining fabrics are backed with or come with interlining substances: a
metallic reflective finish, backed with wool, quilted, or napped-backed lining
fabrics, etc. Bulk often becomes a serious consideration; "warmth without
weight" is another. Interlinings must be compatible with all other fabrics in
the garment in terms of care.
References
 Bystrom, A. E., The Tailoring Process: Custom & Simplified, South-Western Publishing Co.,
Cincinnati; 1985. Tailoring, Singer Sewing Reference Library Cy DeCosse Inc, Minnetonka,
Minnesota; 1988. The New Vogue Sewing Book, Butterick Publishing Co., New York; 1980.
 Ntim, Charles & Acquaye, Richard. (2018). The Significance of Support- Fabrics in Apparel
Production in Ghana. International Journal of Innovative Research and Development. 7.
10.24940/ijird/2018/v7/i7/JUL18132.

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Support Fabrics.pptx

  • 1. Support Fabrics Lining, underlining and interfacing Creator: R. Williams-Campbell
  • 2. What is a support fabric? Support fabrics is a term referring to the construction details that are usually hidden from view when a garment is worn but serve an important function in maintaining the shape and comfort of the apparel.
  • 3. Types of Support Fabrics Types of Support Fabrics - interfacing/interlining - underlining and - lining
  • 4. Uses of Support Fabric Support fabrics are used to give shape and provide support
  • 5. Where are support fabrics used? Support fabrics are used at openings, buttonholes, cuffs Collars Shoulder Knees where fabric is strained ETC
  • 6. Lining LINING -- a separate, but attached, supportive or inner garment fabric or fabric construction which conceals or covers the inside. garment construction
  • 7. Uses of Lining used to finish the inside of a garment; smooth material makes garment more comfortable allows the garment to be more durable
  • 8. Fabric selection for Lining There are a multitude of fabrics suitable for use as a lining. The deciding factors include: 1) type of fashion fabric (weight, fiber content/method of care, hand or "feel," personal likes and dislikes) 2) type and style of garment 3) type of lining--partial or complete; and how the lining will be attached.
  • 9. Fabric selection for Lining Fabrics may be woven or knit; they should be able to "give" and recover as necessary to accommodate body movement. The lining fabric should be durable, opaque, colorfast to perspiration and body oils and the same care method as the fashion fabric.  Lining should match or harmonize in color with the fashion fabric, and have a smooth surface texture to permit the garment to be taken on and off the body easily. It is important that the lining be the same weight (a lightweight polyester or microfiber jacket or dress) or lighter weight (wool slacks or suit) and softer than the fashion fabric so that it does not dominate the garment. Lining fabric should be preshrunk before using following the same procedure you plan to use for the finished garment.
  • 10. Underlining/ UNDERLINING -- a supportive or inner garment fabric which "backs," or is attached to, each major garment piece (jacket front, jacket back, sleeve, etc.).
  • 11. Uses of Underlining Underlining is used to gives support to fashion fabric makes garment more opaque
  • 12. Fabric selection for underlining The weight of the underlining is usually lighter, but compatible to the fashion fabric. Underlining and the fashion fabric must be compatible in terms of care. Examples of underlinings include voile, organza, lightweight polyester/cotton blends, silk, muslin, lightweight percales, batiste, fusible tricot, and some commercial lining fabrics. Underlining should be preshrunk before using.
  • 13. Interlining/Interfacing INTERLINING/INTERFACING --- a separate layer of fabric or fabric construction between the lining and the fashion fabric generally for warmth. Interlining is usually cut by the same pattern as the lining. In the case of foam, fleece or felt-type fabric which adds some bulk, lining would need to be cut some larger to accommodate interlining. Interlining does not take the place of interfacing.
  • 14. USES of Interlining/interfacing Interlinings/interfacing is used to Strengthens and stabilizes areas where buttons, buttonholes, or other fasteners are sewn
  • 15. Fabric selection for Interlining/interfacing  There are Three types of (fabrication) for interlining/interfacing 1. non woven 2. knitted 3. woven  Some lining fabrics are backed with or come with interlining substances: a metallic reflective finish, backed with wool, quilted, or napped-backed lining fabrics, etc. Bulk often becomes a serious consideration; "warmth without weight" is another. Interlinings must be compatible with all other fabrics in the garment in terms of care.
  • 16. References  Bystrom, A. E., The Tailoring Process: Custom & Simplified, South-Western Publishing Co., Cincinnati; 1985. Tailoring, Singer Sewing Reference Library Cy DeCosse Inc, Minnetonka, Minnesota; 1988. The New Vogue Sewing Book, Butterick Publishing Co., New York; 1980.  Ntim, Charles & Acquaye, Richard. (2018). The Significance of Support- Fabrics in Apparel Production in Ghana. International Journal of Innovative Research and Development. 7. 10.24940/ijird/2018/v7/i7/JUL18132.