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Searching 101:
Tips that every college student should know



               An Online Tutorial
                    brought to you by
                 Pilgrim Library
I could tell you all about these
    awesome search strategies.
    I could go on and on about
how they’re going to save you time
    and energy and frustration.


  Or I could show you
  and let the numbers
 speak for themselves.
Why you shouldn’t type your
thesis/topic into a search box



 Many search engines/databases don’t
   understand phrases or sentences
Sentences confuse searches


                         When they don’t understand,
                         search engines and databases
                            either give up or try to
                         compensate by guessing your
                        keywords for you. Either way,
                         you’re probably not going to
                        get the information you want.


      This search focused just on Hindu rites and
    rituals and didn’t bring back any results about
            the American part of our topic.
Use keywords instead!

    Keywords force you to break down your topic
          into more manageable pieces




     This makes it easier to search for specific information.
         Finding relevant resources will be much easier!
It also makes you synthesize and draw your OWN conclusions.
But a single keyword isn’t enough!

    One keyword by itself makes for a very broad search.
To be included in the result list, all a website or resource has
to do is mention your keyword one time! There’s simply too
 much information out there – we have to be more specific
                about what we want to find.
How to combine keywords

        AND                                OR
 Adds another search criteria    Gives the search another option

    Decreases the number              Increases the number
      of search results                 of search results

Makes the search narrower and     Makes the search broader and
        more specific                     more vague

Great for helping you get back   Great when you want to use two
   results that are relevant         synonymous keywords
Using “and”
                      One keyword:
                 About 1.25 billion results

      Two keywords with AND:
      1,138,000,000 less than one keyword

     Three keywords with AND:
      1,248,970,000 less than one keyword
       110,970,000 less than two keywords


      Four keywords with AND:
      1,249,834,000 less than one keyword
       111,834,000 less than two keywords
          864,000 less than three keywords
Using “or”
                     Keywords alone:
                         Ritual: 38,300,000
                          Rite: 33,800,000

                 Keywords with OR:
                65,700,000 more than ritual
                 70,200,000 more than rite


                     Keywords alone:
                Funny website: 291,000,000
              Humorous website: 10,600,000

                 Keywords with OR:
         19,000,000 more than funny website
    299,400,000 more than humorous website
Why where you search matters:
        Number of results
                                           Google:
                             About 1.25 billion results



                               Google Scholar:
                  1,247,730,000 less than Google


                      Academic Search Complete
                                Research database:
                   1,249,774,687 less than Google
               2,044,687 less than Google Scholar
Why where you search matters:
                     Quality of results



Wikipedia page vs.
 scholarly article                 Databases and journals
                                  have already done a bit of
                                   evaluation for you: you
                                      can trust that their
                                    information is quality.
                                   When you use a search
                                  engine or Wikipedia, you
                                     have to evaluate your
                                  resources more carefully.
Make the Internet work for you

  Limit your searches by domain and get back
  better results without sorting through junk.
You can tell a search engine that you only want results
from websites with a certain domain (.edu, .org, .gov)




                                                             .edu
                                           hosted by an educational institution
                                              (K-12 school or college/university)
                                                             .org
                                                 hosted by an organization
                                                             .gov
                                                 hosted by the government
                                                    (local, state, or federal)
Bring it all together:
Congratulations!
You successfully finished the library tutorial:
                 Searching 101


    If you have any questions about this tutorial,
     please get in touch with Pilgrim Library or
           email adearmond@defiance.edu.
Click below to check out Pilgrim Library on:




                                                                                                                                                                                              http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://scrapetv.com/News/News%2520Pages/Technology/images/youtube-logo-2.jpg&imgrefurl=http://scrapetv.com/News/News%2520Pages/main%2520pages/Technology-page-2-Scrape-TV-The-World-on-your-
side.html&usg=__iFbpPsY6BLjRmwM7tUJNIR19kOk=&h=345&w=487&sz=21&hl=en&start=0&sig2=GZgOzPgZ1jSdBbfHnnMvmA&tbnid=dI7uwE0TkZ9HwM:&tbnh=139&tbnw=229&ei=q_lGTPnhPInFnAf89rmFBA&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dyoutube%2Blogo%26hl%3Den%26biw%3D1280%26bih%3D860%26gbv%3D2%26tbs%3Disch:10,100&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=149&vpy=267&dur=883&hovh=189&hovw=267&tx=184&ty=67&page=1&ndsp=24&ved=1t:429,r:6,s:0&biw=1280&bih=860;
                                                                                                           http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www3.babson.edu/Students/Graduate/Organizations/life_sciences/images/logo_facebook_1.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www3.babson.edu/Students/Graduate/Organizations/life_sciences/&usg=__hyF70ge_X96dB54VRikm59yuWg4=&h=385&w=1024&sz=25&hl=en&start=0&sig2=PD0GBAZdS78Cei3HxNx-
                                                                                                         7A&tbnid=LTkRB8ED8k4OcM:&tbnh=99&tbnw=258&ei=ePtGTOP5O9LtnQfiion2CQ&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dfacebook%2Blogo%26hl%3Den%26gbv%3D2%26biw%3D1280%26bih%3D860%26tbs%3Disch:1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=382&vpy=124&dur=5460&hovh=137&hovw=366&tx=266&ty=75&page=1&ndsp=24&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0&biw=1280&bih=860

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Searching 101

  • 1. Searching 101: Tips that every college student should know An Online Tutorial brought to you by Pilgrim Library
  • 2. I could tell you all about these awesome search strategies. I could go on and on about how they’re going to save you time and energy and frustration. Or I could show you and let the numbers speak for themselves.
  • 3. Why you shouldn’t type your thesis/topic into a search box Many search engines/databases don’t understand phrases or sentences
  • 4. Sentences confuse searches When they don’t understand, search engines and databases either give up or try to compensate by guessing your keywords for you. Either way, you’re probably not going to get the information you want. This search focused just on Hindu rites and rituals and didn’t bring back any results about the American part of our topic.
  • 5. Use keywords instead! Keywords force you to break down your topic into more manageable pieces This makes it easier to search for specific information. Finding relevant resources will be much easier! It also makes you synthesize and draw your OWN conclusions.
  • 6. But a single keyword isn’t enough! One keyword by itself makes for a very broad search. To be included in the result list, all a website or resource has to do is mention your keyword one time! There’s simply too much information out there – we have to be more specific about what we want to find.
  • 7. How to combine keywords AND OR Adds another search criteria Gives the search another option Decreases the number Increases the number of search results of search results Makes the search narrower and Makes the search broader and more specific more vague Great for helping you get back Great when you want to use two results that are relevant synonymous keywords
  • 8. Using “and” One keyword: About 1.25 billion results Two keywords with AND: 1,138,000,000 less than one keyword Three keywords with AND: 1,248,970,000 less than one keyword 110,970,000 less than two keywords Four keywords with AND: 1,249,834,000 less than one keyword 111,834,000 less than two keywords 864,000 less than three keywords
  • 9. Using “or” Keywords alone: Ritual: 38,300,000 Rite: 33,800,000 Keywords with OR: 65,700,000 more than ritual 70,200,000 more than rite Keywords alone: Funny website: 291,000,000 Humorous website: 10,600,000 Keywords with OR: 19,000,000 more than funny website 299,400,000 more than humorous website
  • 10. Why where you search matters: Number of results Google: About 1.25 billion results Google Scholar: 1,247,730,000 less than Google Academic Search Complete Research database: 1,249,774,687 less than Google 2,044,687 less than Google Scholar
  • 11. Why where you search matters: Quality of results Wikipedia page vs. scholarly article Databases and journals have already done a bit of evaluation for you: you can trust that their information is quality. When you use a search engine or Wikipedia, you have to evaluate your resources more carefully.
  • 12. Make the Internet work for you Limit your searches by domain and get back better results without sorting through junk. You can tell a search engine that you only want results from websites with a certain domain (.edu, .org, .gov) .edu hosted by an educational institution (K-12 school or college/university) .org hosted by an organization .gov hosted by the government (local, state, or federal)
  • 13. Bring it all together:
  • 14. Congratulations! You successfully finished the library tutorial: Searching 101 If you have any questions about this tutorial, please get in touch with Pilgrim Library or email adearmond@defiance.edu.
  • 15. Click below to check out Pilgrim Library on: http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://scrapetv.com/News/News%2520Pages/Technology/images/youtube-logo-2.jpg&imgrefurl=http://scrapetv.com/News/News%2520Pages/main%2520pages/Technology-page-2-Scrape-TV-The-World-on-your- side.html&usg=__iFbpPsY6BLjRmwM7tUJNIR19kOk=&h=345&w=487&sz=21&hl=en&start=0&sig2=GZgOzPgZ1jSdBbfHnnMvmA&tbnid=dI7uwE0TkZ9HwM:&tbnh=139&tbnw=229&ei=q_lGTPnhPInFnAf89rmFBA&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dyoutube%2Blogo%26hl%3Den%26biw%3D1280%26bih%3D860%26gbv%3D2%26tbs%3Disch:10,100&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=149&vpy=267&dur=883&hovh=189&hovw=267&tx=184&ty=67&page=1&ndsp=24&ved=1t:429,r:6,s:0&biw=1280&bih=860; http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www3.babson.edu/Students/Graduate/Organizations/life_sciences/images/logo_facebook_1.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www3.babson.edu/Students/Graduate/Organizations/life_sciences/&usg=__hyF70ge_X96dB54VRikm59yuWg4=&h=385&w=1024&sz=25&hl=en&start=0&sig2=PD0GBAZdS78Cei3HxNx- 7A&tbnid=LTkRB8ED8k4OcM:&tbnh=99&tbnw=258&ei=ePtGTOP5O9LtnQfiion2CQ&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dfacebook%2Blogo%26hl%3Den%26gbv%3D2%26biw%3D1280%26bih%3D860%26tbs%3Disch:1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=382&vpy=124&dur=5460&hovh=137&hovw=366&tx=266&ty=75&page=1&ndsp=24&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0&biw=1280&bih=860