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Digital Literacy: Learning How to Search and Evaluate Information

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Presentation given on April 12th, 2013

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Digital Literacy: Learning How to Search and Evaluate Information

  1. EMSB Leading & Learning in the 21st Century Conference April 12th, 2013 Digital Literacy: Learning How to Search and Evaluate Information Rafael Scapin, Ph.D. Coordinator of Educational Technology Dawson College
  2. Content Digital Literacy is the ability to effectively and critically navigate, evaluate and create information using a range of digital technologies. This practical 2-hour workshop will present techniques on how to effectively search, gather and evaluate online information.
  3. Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9nZkq31J-GY
  4. Source: Go-Globe.com
  5. Source: Go-Globe.com
  6. InfoWhelm Source: http://youtu.be/7ECAVxbfsfc
  7. Survey Go to: http://Pollev.com
  8. Survey Google: 19627 Bing: 19630 Yahoo! 19676 Other: 83342
  9. There is also Bing! Source: http://bing.com
  10. Bing vs Google Source: http://www.bing-vs-google.com/
  11. Digital Literacy Source: http://21cif.com/resources/difcore/index.html
  12. Locating Information Locating Information Efficiently What Information Am I Looking For? Where Will I Find the Information? How Will I Get There? Source: http://21cif.com/resources/difcore/index.html
  13. Searching on the Web
  14. Google Search by Language Source: http://data-arts.appspot.com/globe-search
  15. How Google Search Works Source: http://youtu.be/BNHR6IQJGZs
  16. How Google Search Works Source: http://www.google.com/insidesearch/howsearchworks/thestory/
  17. Searching on the Web Infotopia: Student-Friendly Search Engine Source: http://www.infotopia.info/
  18. Google Search: Tricks Source: http://mashable.com/2011/11/24/google-search-infographic/
  19. Google Search: Tricks Source: http://easilymused.com/2012/03/google-search-results-too-good-to-be-true-heres-why/ Source: http://www.google.ca/insidesearch/tipstricks/all.html http://www.powersearchingwithgoogle.com/course/ps/assets/PowerSearc hingQuickReference.pdf
  20. Searching Strategies Identify Keywords Ignore the “small” words (what, are, the, etc.), words connected to time (sometimes, always, perhaps, often, etc.) and words that show relation (effects, lead to, increases, etc.) Example: What are the effects of media on bullying among children? Main concepts Source: http://www.unlockingresearch.com/search-strategies/identify-keywords/
  21. Searching Strategies Now find some synonyms Different authors will use different words to write about their topics. http://www.synonym.com/ Source: http://www.unlockingresearch.com/search-strategies/identify-keywords/
  22. Searching Strategies Fill in a Keyword Chart Source: http://www.unlockingresearch.com/search-strategies/identify-keywords/
  23. Searching Strategies Combine Keywords (or, and not) OR combines your synonyms and related terms to find documents that contain any or all of the words. It broadens your search and produces more results. Example: Car OR vehicle http://www.unlockingresearch.com/search-strategies/combine-keywords/
  24. Searching Strategies Combine Keywords (or, and not) AND combines your different concepts to find only the documents that contain all of the keywords. It narrows your search and produces fewer results. Example: Car AND fuel http://www.unlockingresearch.com/search-strategies/combine-keywords/
  25. Searching Strategies Combine Keywords (or, and not) NOT followed by a keyword will exclude all the documents that contain that particular word. It is a way of avoiding unrelated articles. Use it with caution as you may miss out on potentially useful material. Example: Drugs NOT heroin http://www.unlockingresearch.com/search-strategies/combine-keywords/
  26. Example of Keyword Chart Source: http://www.unlockingresearch.com/search-strategies/identify-keywords/
  27. More Tips Truncation (*, ?) Truncation will find all the variants of a word. For example child* will find child, children, and childhood. This saves you time. If your research is looking at how poverty affects children, the search statement would be: poverty AND child* Always check the help page of the database to know the correct symbol to use.
  28. More Tips Grouping Grouping will create a more focused search. Quotations “ ” Quotations allow you to search for an exact phrase. The search will only bring back results that contain that phrase. Example: street kids 1,025,026 results “street kids” 6,416 results
  29. Too Many Results? Your search come up with 1,760 results? Make your topic more specific by asking questions: Who? Who is involved, who is affected? If you’re interested in poverty be more specific: poverty in single-parent families. Where? Are you interested in data from Canada? When? Are you researching the last 5 years or during the 1960s? http://www.unlockingresearch.com/search-strategies/too-many-results/
  30. Too Many Results? Modify your search by adding, removing or changing your keywords: Add in your other concepts using the AND Boolean operator when necessary. Remember that AND will narrow your search by making it more specific. Example: drug abuse AND sports Use a different keyword from your list of synonyms Example: substance abuse instead of drug abuse Enter fewer synonyms or try a narrower term Example: teenagers instead of youth
  31. Too Few Results? Modify your search by adding, removing or changing your keywords: Add in your other concepts using the AND Boolean operator when necessary. Remember that AND will narrow your search by making it more specific. Example: drug abuse AND sports Use a different keyword from your list of synonyms Example: substance abuse instead of drug abuse Enter fewer synonyms or try a narrower term Example: teenagers instead of youth
  32. Too Few Results? Add in more synonyms or related terms. The more related terms you have the broader your search will be. These are words connected by the OR Boolean operator. Use the truncation symbol to get all the variants of a word. Example: aggress* will get you aggressive, aggression, aggressiveness. http://www.unlockingresearch.com/search-strategies/too-few-results/
  33. Google Power Searching Courses Improve your Google search skills with our Power Searching and Advanced Power Searching online courses. Source: http://www.powersearchingwithgoogle.com/
  34. Specialized Search Engines Google Images: is a search service that allows users to search the Web for image content. http://images.google.com
  35. Specialized Search Engines Google Scholar: Provides a search of scholarly literature across many disciplines and sources, including theses, books, abstracts and articles. http://scholar.google.com
  36. Specialized Search Engines Google News: A news aggregator selecting most up-to-date information from thousands of publications by an automatic aggregation algorithm. http://news.google.com
  37. Specialized Search Engines Google Books: searches the full text of books and magazines that Google has scanned, converted to text using optical character recognition, and stored in its digital database http://books.google.com
  38. Specialized Search Engines Google Blog Search: specialized service of Google which is used to search blogs. http://www.google.ca/blogsearch
  39. Specialized Search Engines Youtube: a video sharing website http://youtube.com
  40. Specialized Search Engines Slideshare: a slide hosting website http://slideshare.com
  41. Specialized Search Engines Find Sounds: a free site where you can search the Web for sound effects. http://www.findsounds.com/
  42. Specialized Search Engines IMDb: online database of information related to films, actors, television programs, and video games. http://www.imdb.com
  43. Specialized Search Engines Wikipedia: a collaboratively edited, multilingual, free Internet encyclopedia supported by the non-profit Wikimedia Foundation. 26 million articles in 286 languages A 2005 investigation in Nature showed that the science articles they compared came close to the level of accuracy of Encyclopædia Britannica and had a similar rate of "serious errors“. Source: http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v438/n7070/full /438900a.html http://www.wikipedia.org
  44. Evaluating Information Source: http://www.theonion.com/articles/apple-announces-plans-for-new-ipad-with-extra-stor,31067/
  45. Evaluating Information: 6 Criteria for Websites 1. AUTHORITY Authority reveals that the person, institution or agency responsible for a site has the qualifications and knowledge to do so. Evaluating a web site for authority: Authorship: It should be clear who developed the site. Contact information should be clearly provided: e-mail address, snail mail address, phone number, and fax number. Credentials: the author should state qualifications, credentials, or personal background that gives them authority to present information. Check to see if the site supported by an organization or a commercial body http://libraries.dal.ca/using_the_library/tutorials/evaluating_web_resources/6_criteria_for_websites.html
  46. Evaluating Information: 6 Criteria for Websites 2. PURPOSE The purpose of the information presented in the site should be clear. Some sites are meant to inform, persuade, state an opinion, entertain, or parody something or someone. Evaluating a web site for purpose: • Does the content support the purpose of the site? • Is the information geared to a specific audience (students, scholars, general reader)? • Is the site organized and focused? • Are the outside links appropriate for the site? • Does the site evaluate the links? http://libraries.dal.ca/using_the_library/tutorials/evaluating_web_resources/6_criteria_for_websites.html
  47. Evaluating Information: 6 Criteria for Websites 3. COVERAGE It is difficult to assess the extent of coverage since depth in a site, through the use of links, can be infinite. One author may claim comprehensive coverage of a topic while another may cover just one aspect of a topic. Evaluating a web site for coverage: • Does the site claim to be selective or comprehensive? • Are the topics explored in depth? • Compare the value of the site’s information compared to other similar sites. • Do the links go to outside sites rather than its own? • Does the site provide information with no relevant outside links? http://libraries.dal.ca/using_the_library/tutorials/evaluating_web_resources/6_criteria_for_websites.html
  48. Evaluating Information: 6 Criteria for Websites 4. CURRENCY Currency of the site refers to: 1) how current the information presented is, and 2) how often the site is updated or maintained. It is important to know when a site was created, when it was last updated, and if all of the links are current. http://libraries.dal.ca/using_the_library/tutorials/evaluating_web_resources/6_criteria_for_websites.html
  49. Evaluating Information: 6 Criteria for Websites 5. OBJECTIVITY Objectivity of the site should be clear. Beware of sites that contain bias or do not admit its bias freely. Objective sites present information with a minimum of bias. Evaluating a web site for objectivity: • Is the information presented with a particular bias? • Does the information try to sway the audience? • Does site advertising conflict with the content? • Is the site trying to explain, inform, persuade, or sell something? http://libraries.dal.ca/using_the_library/tutorials/evaluating_web_resources/6_criteria_for_websites.html
  50. Evaluating Information: 6 Criteria for Websites 6. ACCURACY Evaluating a web site for accuracy: • Reliability: Is the author affiliated with a known, respectable institution? • References: do statistics and other factual information receive proper references as to their origin? • Does the reading you have already done on the subject make the information seem accurate? • Is the information comparable to other sites on the same topic? • Does the text follow basic rules of grammar, spelling and composition? • Is a bibliography or reference list included? http://libraries.dal.ca/using_the_library/tutorials/evaluating_web_resources/6_criteria_for_websites.html
  51. Sharing Files Source: http://drive.google.com/start
  52. Social Bookmarking Browser widget Source: http://delicious.com
  53. Content Curation Source: http://www.scoop.it
  54. Content Curation Source: http://www.livebinders.com
  55. Digital Literacy Source: http://www.medialiteracyweek.ca/en/press_articles10_digitalliteracycanada.htm
  56. Practical Example: Learning Situation Multicultural Potluck Festival Your class is composed by students from different countries. They will organize an annual potluck, with typical foods from their countries. • You will make a list of all the countries. • Students cannot select their own country, so they can learn other countries’ foods and culture. • A draw will define which country will be assigned to each student. • The students will: research the most popular foods of each country, learn how to prepare them and how to pronounce them on the original language, prepare a poster with info on the selected country, like flag, map, languages spoken, etc. Adapted from: http://www.mels.gouv.qc.ca/sections/formationBase/pdf/doc/41-6014-A_EnglishLI.pdf
  57. Practical Example: Learning Situation Multicultural Potluck Festival Algeria Australia Brazil Haiti India Adapted from: http://www.mels.gouv.qc.ca/sections/formationBase/pdf/doc/41-6014-A_EnglishLI.pdf
  58. Using Google Translate to Order Food Source: http://youtu.be/wxDRburxwz8
  59. Searching on the Web: Google Nose Source: http://youtu.be/9-P6jEMtixY
  60. Resources 21st Century Information Fluency: http://21cif.com/index.html Unlocking Research: http://www.unlockingresearch.com/search-strategies/ Google’s Digital Literacy Tour: http://www.google.com/edu/resources/digital-literacy.html Evaluating http://www.googleguide.com/evaluating_results.html Google Power Searching Course: http://www.powersearchingwithgoogle.com/ Google Search Quick Reference http://www.powersearchingwithgoogle.com/course/ps/assets/PowerSearchingQuickRefere nce.pdf
  61. Questions
  62. Contact Me Rafael Scapin, Ph.D. rscapin@dawsoncollege.qc.ca rscapin DawsonITE Blog http://dawsonite.dawsoncollege.qc.ca

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