Before you begin searching create a list of words that describe your topic. Creating a list of Keywords will help you focus or narrow in on your topic. As you research and depending on what you find you may have to change your keywords to broaden or narrow your results. Use names of important people, places and events/issues. Remember to also browse your textbook for keywords.
Wikipedia Google one way to begin to Explore Googles "more explore a topic. search tools" You can read an 1. Enter a search term article for general of your choice in the background Google search box . information 2. Look to the left hand You can also browse menu and click on the " the notes and more search tools" references for source 3. Click on Related Searches ideas
Books are a great place to begin your research You can also go to the book shelves and browse the call number area for your subject Remember that a book may contain infomrmation on your research topic even if your topic is not mentioned in the title. Search the index of a book for your topic and for more keywords When you are starting your research, search the online catalog by subject for broader results Search the catalog using keywords as you begin to narrow your topic Check for both reference (REF call #s) and circulating titles. Gale Viritual Reference Library is a large collection of encyclopedia and reference e-books that New Trier library subscribes to. Encyclopedias provide good background and general information To login from home -- just use your ID number and password to get on the network.
WHICH ONE SHOULD I USE?World Geography: this is a greatdatabase for a general overview.There will also be linked topics on What is it?the left hand side forhistory, current • A database is a collection ofevents, culture, politics and media. information, which can be accessed onStart here when you are researching the Internet.a country. • Some databases require a subcription to access.Global issues in context: contains • The New Trier library purchases subscription databases for your use.overview articles on specific issues • You have access to the databasesand countries. This database is from the library and from home.excellent for current events. • You will find newspapers, magazines, journalGale Virtual Reference Library: – articles and reference books - usuallyover 1, 000 specialized electronic full text and all reliable sources.encyclopedias and reference e- • YOU WILL NOT FIND THE SAMEbooks. Encyclopedias can provide INFORMATION THROUGH GOOGLE OR OTHER SEARCH ENGINESgood background information onyour research topic.
A search engine is a Search Engine Tips: web site that uses look for advance specific software search options programs to collect and organize content from use quotes to search all over the Internet. phrases or two words next to each other Google is currently the most used search add additional engine. descriptors, such as such as a year or Try Yahoo and specific type of SweetSearch: A search information , to your engine for students for keywords a "second opinion"
Websites Criteria "Evaluating sources is taking the time to an important skill. evaluate the websites You have to decide you find. where to look, what Don’t settle for the first clues to search for, and 5 that pop up onto your what to accept. . . The screen unless they temptation is to accept seem credible and will whatever you find. But really and truly help dont be tempted. " you narrow and Online-Writing Lab at research your topic. Purdue (OWL)
TheCARS Checklist ) is a way for you to evaluate your Internet source. Credibility Accuracy Reasonableness Support
Quotes Exclude Use quotes around any Exclude set of words sought as a - can be used to phrase (these words in this order). This is exclude terms, especially useful when Example: Compare searching for proper Matisse to Matisse – names so you don’t get network. results where the two words are on the page but unrelated. Example: Compare Gerald Ford to "Gerald Ford".
Synonyms & OR Search Within Results Use synonyms--try to A little known or used think of several feature is Google’s different ways that Search Within Results. your search term or just go to the bottom of your results page, select concept could be Search Within stated. Combine the Results, type in an terms with or. Or additional word or phrase must be in caps or it to make your results more specific and now is ignored. you have fewer results to Example: Compare look through! multicultural to cultural Example: Compare diversity. Hawaii to results within: big island.
Site Search Specialized Searches Did you know that you can Use the specialized restrict your search to just searches. Most of them one specific site? This kind are right there above the of search comes in handy search box and they can when you are pretty sure the information exists on really save you time: a site, but you can’t find Images, Video, News, Map it. To use it, enter your s, and more. Selecting any search tem(s) and site: of these will narrow down sitedomain. your search to just Example: Compare "mla images, videos, etc. style" to "mla style" site:libguides.com.edu. For more specialized searches and other features, go to More Google Products.
Use the Search Tools Search Tools will appear on your results page after youve searched. With them you can narrow down your search to maps, videos, books, so cial and much more. Its a great time saver.
Steps one and two Step one is identifying and developing your topic. For step one, you state your topic as a question and identify the main concepts or keywords in your question. For example, a question you could use if you decide to research cigarettes could be, what effect does the intake of cigarettes have on the health of college students? Step two is finding background information. For step two, you will look up your keywords in the indexes to subject encyclopedias. Note any relevant items in bibliographies that you used, which can be found at the end of the encyclopedia articles. Also, additional background information may be found in notes, textbooks, or readings.
Steps three, four, and five Step three is using catalogs to find books and media. For step three, you will use guided keyword searching to find the materials by topic or subject. You will write down the citation, which is the author, title, etc., and the location information, which is the call number and library. Step four is using indexes to find periodical articles. For step four, you will use periodical indexes and abstracts to find citations to articles. Choose the indexes and format best suited to your topic. You can find periodical articles by the article author, title, or keyword by using the periodical indexes in the Library home page. Step five is finding internet resources. While finding internet resources you use search engines, and you should check to see if your class is using a bibliography or research guide.
Steps six and seven Step six is evaluating what you find. In this step you will see How to Critically Analyze Information Sources and Distinguishing Scholarly from Non-Scholarly Periodicals: A Checklist of Criteria for suggestion on evaluating the authority and quality of books and articles that you will use for writing for research paper. Step seven is citing what you have found using a standard format. In this step you will give credit where it’s due and you will cite, or record, the sources used. Styles you can use for Modern Language Association (MLA) or the American Psychological Association (APA). The MLA is usually intended for college students to use as an aid for writing research papers. The APA is an authoritative style manual for anyone who is writing in the field of psychology.
Identify and Document Your Research Topic or Problem Conduct Background Research Think about your Background reading is argument, identify mandatory for focusing your topic and provides main concepts for you with a strong your research, and starting point for your write or type research. Reference everything down. sources and books are very helpful in this What you record will step. This step is be helpful to develop beneficial because the your search strategy, more you know about this is why this is the the subject, the better best tip for off you will be when researching and writing. researching.
Determine The Types of Information You Will Need Cite Your Research The type of information you need Remember to record the effects what tools you use to publication details from your locate your sources. Ask yourself sources so that you will be able questions like these : to appropriately cite them by What format of material (books, using bibliographies. journals, newspapers, manuscripts, etc?) will most likely contain the You may also want to write information you need? down the location of where How important is "time" in your research? Do you need "up-to-the- you found the information (call minute" information or are you number, library, etc.) in case looking for materials that cover a you need to retrace your steps. specific time period? How important is place in your Citing is beneficial because research? Are you looking for almost every professor will materials covering a specific demand and ask for a page on geographic area or are published in a your citations and you want to certain place? provide them with it because it This step will benefit your paper shows you took your time in because it will basically write your actually researching and didn’t research paper out. just write it last minute.
Give Yourself Plenty of Time Document Your Search Thoroughly Allow enough time to get Make sure to write down the materials you need. what resources (electronic Anticipate that there may or print) you have used and be problems in retrieving where they are located. If the information. You might it is an electronic have to get books through source, write down your interlibrary loan, a journal different searches. You may missing in the wont duplicate work you stacks, or Library database have already done and you may be down the weekend never know when you might you need it. I believe this is return to the resource. This one of the least effective tip is basically citing your tips because you should sources but a lower level of already know that you’re it. If you cite your going to need time, it is information and research common sense. than this tip will just waste your time.
Evaluate Your Results If Youre Confused, Ask for Help! Is the information relevant If you are having difficulty with to your topic? Is it from an any of these, ask for help! Talk authoritative source? Did to your information you retrieve enough professionals: your librarians. Make an appointment with information, not enough, or your faculty advisor. Talk to too much? Revise your your course assistant or search strategy if preceptor. We are all here to necessary, and repeat the help you with this important process of searching and/or topic! This tip is common sense select another tool to use. and that’s why it’s the least This tip is not effective effective tip because if you because when researching don’t know how to do it or if you should already know you’re confused, you shouldn’t just sit there, you should ask not to get off topic, that’s for help. This is again something we have been something we have been taught since elementary. taught since elementary.