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PROGRAMME OF ACTION
(POA), 1992
A PRESENTATION BY
MR. AMANINDER SANDHU
SOHAN LAL DAV COLLEGE OF EDUCATION AMBALA CITY
@AMMESANDHU
CONTENTS
Introduction
Objective of POA
Features of Programme of Action
(POA)
New Education Policy under NDA
govt.
 Advantages of Indian Education
System
 Conclusion
INTRODUCTION
 When National Policy on Education (1986) began to be
implemented in country, it was opposed by non congress
parties but then Prime Minister Sh. Rajiv Gandhi continued with
its implementation.
 A committee was setup under the chairmanship of Acharya
Ram Murti in May 1990 to review NPE and to make
recommendations for its modifications.
 Then Chandra Shekar became Prime Minister in November
1990, he allowed committee to continue its work and submit its
report on 26th Dec 1990.
 The report was yet to be debated in the parliament when once
again congress came into power and wanted to implement
NPE(1986) in its original form but Rama Muthi Committee
report was lying for consideration.
INTRO……..
 So the central govt. constituted another committee-
CENTRAL ADVISORY BOARD OF EDUCATION
under the chairmanship of Sh. N. Janardhana Reddy
which submitted its report in January 1992.
 Thereafter HRD minister Sh. Arjun Singh presented
the REVISED NATIONAL POLICY ON EDUCATION in
the parliament on May 1992.
 POA 1992 under NPE 1986 envisioned to conduct of a
common entrance examination on All India basis for
admission to professional and technical programs in
the country.
OBJECTIVE OF
POA
Education must play a positive and
interventionist role in correcting social
and regional imbalance, empowering
women and in securing rightful place for
the disadvantaged and the minorities.
FEATURES
1. Role of Education
 Education is responsible for the
all round development of the individuals.
 Education is the light of life.
 Educated people can develop their
knowledge and skill through education.
 Develops international co-operation
and peaceful co-existence.
2. NATIONAL SYSTEM OF
EDUCATION
 A common education structure (10+2+3) for
whole of India.
It is that system which is in accordance with
the national needs and its aspirations.
3. EDUCATION FOR
EQUALITY
 This policy provides equal
opportunities to all for education.
 Navodaya schools have been
opened not only for socially and
economically deprived but also for
talented children.
 Aims at providing equal access
and equal condition of success to
children.
4. EDUCATION FOR
SCHEDULED CASTE
 Includes equalization of scheduled
caste population with others in
matter of education.
 Insured by giving incentives
to parents who send their children
schools.
 Scholarships, hostel facilities,
adult education
programmes are being introduced.
5. WOMEN EDUCATION
 New Education Policy gave
special emphasis to Women
Education.
 This statement owes that
women are the keys to nation’s
progress.
 Education of illiteracy
vocational curriculum, nutrition
and child care courses, home
management, etc., are given
priority.
6. EDUCATION FOR
TRIBES
 This policy gave main
emphasis to the
education of tribes.
 Residential Ashram Schools
have been opened
for them; scholarships for
higher education are given.
 Curriculum & study material
should be developed in the
language of tribal people.
7. ADULT EDUCATION
 Adult education initiation
of NATIONAL LITERACY
MISSION for teaching
illiterate people of age
group 15-35 years.
 For this, adult schools,
libraries, distance
education, T.V.
programmes are being
introduced.
8. EARLY CHILDHOOD
EDUCATION
 Special emphasis on early
childhood care and education by
opening up of
day care centers, promotion of
child focused
programmes.
 Resulting in all round
development
of child.
 It is a feeder and support
for primary education.
 In pursuance of the revised Programme of Action
(POA) 1992, two new Centrally-sponsored
schemes, i.e.,
(i) Scheme of Area Intensive Programme for
Educationally Backward Minorities .
(ii) Scheme of Financial Assistance for
Modernization of Madarsa Education were
launched during 1993-94.
9. Education for minorities
CONTI…………
 Under the scheme per cent assistance is given
for:
(i) Establishment of new primary and upper
primary schools, non-formal education centres,
wherever necessary;
(ii) Strengthening of educational infrastructure
and physical facilities in the primary and upper
primary schools; and
(iii) Opening of multi-stream residential higher
secondary schools for girls belonging to the
educationally backward minorities.
 The purpose of OB is to ensure provision of minimum essential
facilities in primary school.
 The word 'OPERATION’ implies that there is an urgency in this
programme, that goals are clear and well defined.
 Govt. is determined to achieve these goals within a
predetermined timeframe.
 OB envisages:
(i)two reasonably large rooms that are useable in all weather
conditions.
(ii)necessary toys and games material.
(iii) blackboards
(iv) maps (v) charts and other learning materials.
10. Operation black board
 Primary education or elementary education often in
primary school or elementary school is typically the
first stage of compulsory education , coming between
early childhood education and secondary education.
 It provides a common platform for students.
 It shall be ensured that free and compulsory education
of satisfactory quality is provided to children up to 14
years of age before we enter 21th century .
Primary education
 It comprises of two years of lower secondary and two
years of higher secondary education.
 The lower secondary level is for students aged 14 to 16
years.
 Admission requirement is the completion of upper primary
school education.
 Special emphasis on backward areas, areas predominantl
y
inhabitated by SC/ST and schooling facilities. for girls
under this programme.
Secondary education
 Vocationalisation courses : meant to develop a
healthy attitude amongst students towards work and
life, to enhance individual employability to reduce the
mismatch between the demand and supply of skilled
manpower and to provide an alternative for those
intending to pursue higher education without particular
interest .
 Coverage : It is proposed that vocational courses
cover 10 percent of higher secondary students by
1995 and 25% by 2000.
Vocationalisation
HIGHER EDUCATION & OPEN
UNIVERSITIES
 Autonomous commission :
The revised policy has
recommended the setting up an
autonomous commission togive
boost and direction to higher
education.
 Open university and distance
learning: It is an instrument of
democratizing education. The
flexibility and innovativeness of
the learning system are
particularly suited to the diverse
requirements of the citizens of
our country including those who
 The All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE)
responsible for
coordinated development of technical education
and maintenance of prescribed standards.
 Emerging technologies are vital to national development.
 During the Sixth Five Year Plan, 14 areas of emerging
technology such as Microprocessors, environmental engin
eering, laser technology,
water resource management, etc. were
identified and financial support was given to selected
Technical and
management Education
NEW EDUCATION POLICY
UNDER NDA GOVT
The BJP-led NDA government has on October 23 announced
that the National Policy on Education (NPE) will be rolled out in
December. The new policy envisages correcting the current
education system that has followed a colonial mindset,
according to Union Minister of State for Railways Satya Pal
Singh.
 1968 — First National Policy on Education under Indira
Gandhi government
 1986 — National Policy on Education under Rajiv Gandhi
govt
 1992 — National Policy on Education under PV Narasimha
Rao govt
 2005 — National Policy on Education under Manmohan
Singh govt
 2017 — National Policy on Education under Narendra Modi
govt
ADVANTAGES OF INDIAN
EDUCATION SYSTEM
CONCLUSION
Programme Of Action ,1992
Programme Of Action ,1992

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Programme Of Action ,1992

  • 1. PROGRAMME OF ACTION (POA), 1992 A PRESENTATION BY MR. AMANINDER SANDHU SOHAN LAL DAV COLLEGE OF EDUCATION AMBALA CITY
  • 3. CONTENTS Introduction Objective of POA Features of Programme of Action (POA) New Education Policy under NDA govt.  Advantages of Indian Education System  Conclusion
  • 4. INTRODUCTION  When National Policy on Education (1986) began to be implemented in country, it was opposed by non congress parties but then Prime Minister Sh. Rajiv Gandhi continued with its implementation.  A committee was setup under the chairmanship of Acharya Ram Murti in May 1990 to review NPE and to make recommendations for its modifications.  Then Chandra Shekar became Prime Minister in November 1990, he allowed committee to continue its work and submit its report on 26th Dec 1990.  The report was yet to be debated in the parliament when once again congress came into power and wanted to implement NPE(1986) in its original form but Rama Muthi Committee report was lying for consideration.
  • 5. INTRO……..  So the central govt. constituted another committee- CENTRAL ADVISORY BOARD OF EDUCATION under the chairmanship of Sh. N. Janardhana Reddy which submitted its report in January 1992.  Thereafter HRD minister Sh. Arjun Singh presented the REVISED NATIONAL POLICY ON EDUCATION in the parliament on May 1992.  POA 1992 under NPE 1986 envisioned to conduct of a common entrance examination on All India basis for admission to professional and technical programs in the country.
  • 6. OBJECTIVE OF POA Education must play a positive and interventionist role in correcting social and regional imbalance, empowering women and in securing rightful place for the disadvantaged and the minorities.
  • 7. FEATURES 1. Role of Education  Education is responsible for the all round development of the individuals.  Education is the light of life.  Educated people can develop their knowledge and skill through education.  Develops international co-operation and peaceful co-existence.
  • 8. 2. NATIONAL SYSTEM OF EDUCATION  A common education structure (10+2+3) for whole of India. It is that system which is in accordance with the national needs and its aspirations.
  • 9. 3. EDUCATION FOR EQUALITY  This policy provides equal opportunities to all for education.  Navodaya schools have been opened not only for socially and economically deprived but also for talented children.  Aims at providing equal access and equal condition of success to children.
  • 10. 4. EDUCATION FOR SCHEDULED CASTE  Includes equalization of scheduled caste population with others in matter of education.  Insured by giving incentives to parents who send their children schools.  Scholarships, hostel facilities, adult education programmes are being introduced.
  • 11. 5. WOMEN EDUCATION  New Education Policy gave special emphasis to Women Education.  This statement owes that women are the keys to nation’s progress.  Education of illiteracy vocational curriculum, nutrition and child care courses, home management, etc., are given priority.
  • 12. 6. EDUCATION FOR TRIBES  This policy gave main emphasis to the education of tribes.  Residential Ashram Schools have been opened for them; scholarships for higher education are given.  Curriculum & study material should be developed in the language of tribal people.
  • 13. 7. ADULT EDUCATION  Adult education initiation of NATIONAL LITERACY MISSION for teaching illiterate people of age group 15-35 years.  For this, adult schools, libraries, distance education, T.V. programmes are being introduced.
  • 14. 8. EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION  Special emphasis on early childhood care and education by opening up of day care centers, promotion of child focused programmes.  Resulting in all round development of child.  It is a feeder and support for primary education.
  • 15.  In pursuance of the revised Programme of Action (POA) 1992, two new Centrally-sponsored schemes, i.e., (i) Scheme of Area Intensive Programme for Educationally Backward Minorities . (ii) Scheme of Financial Assistance for Modernization of Madarsa Education were launched during 1993-94. 9. Education for minorities
  • 16. CONTI…………  Under the scheme per cent assistance is given for: (i) Establishment of new primary and upper primary schools, non-formal education centres, wherever necessary; (ii) Strengthening of educational infrastructure and physical facilities in the primary and upper primary schools; and (iii) Opening of multi-stream residential higher secondary schools for girls belonging to the educationally backward minorities.
  • 17.  The purpose of OB is to ensure provision of minimum essential facilities in primary school.  The word 'OPERATION’ implies that there is an urgency in this programme, that goals are clear and well defined.  Govt. is determined to achieve these goals within a predetermined timeframe.  OB envisages: (i)two reasonably large rooms that are useable in all weather conditions. (ii)necessary toys and games material. (iii) blackboards (iv) maps (v) charts and other learning materials. 10. Operation black board
  • 18.
  • 19.  Primary education or elementary education often in primary school or elementary school is typically the first stage of compulsory education , coming between early childhood education and secondary education.  It provides a common platform for students.  It shall be ensured that free and compulsory education of satisfactory quality is provided to children up to 14 years of age before we enter 21th century . Primary education
  • 20.  It comprises of two years of lower secondary and two years of higher secondary education.  The lower secondary level is for students aged 14 to 16 years.  Admission requirement is the completion of upper primary school education.  Special emphasis on backward areas, areas predominantl y inhabitated by SC/ST and schooling facilities. for girls under this programme. Secondary education
  • 21.  Vocationalisation courses : meant to develop a healthy attitude amongst students towards work and life, to enhance individual employability to reduce the mismatch between the demand and supply of skilled manpower and to provide an alternative for those intending to pursue higher education without particular interest .  Coverage : It is proposed that vocational courses cover 10 percent of higher secondary students by 1995 and 25% by 2000. Vocationalisation
  • 22.
  • 23. HIGHER EDUCATION & OPEN UNIVERSITIES  Autonomous commission : The revised policy has recommended the setting up an autonomous commission togive boost and direction to higher education.  Open university and distance learning: It is an instrument of democratizing education. The flexibility and innovativeness of the learning system are particularly suited to the diverse requirements of the citizens of our country including those who
  • 24.  The All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) responsible for coordinated development of technical education and maintenance of prescribed standards.  Emerging technologies are vital to national development.  During the Sixth Five Year Plan, 14 areas of emerging technology such as Microprocessors, environmental engin eering, laser technology, water resource management, etc. were identified and financial support was given to selected Technical and management Education
  • 25.
  • 26. NEW EDUCATION POLICY UNDER NDA GOVT The BJP-led NDA government has on October 23 announced that the National Policy on Education (NPE) will be rolled out in December. The new policy envisages correcting the current education system that has followed a colonial mindset, according to Union Minister of State for Railways Satya Pal Singh.  1968 — First National Policy on Education under Indira Gandhi government  1986 — National Policy on Education under Rajiv Gandhi govt  1992 — National Policy on Education under PV Narasimha Rao govt  2005 — National Policy on Education under Manmohan Singh govt  2017 — National Policy on Education under Narendra Modi govt
  • 27.
  • 29.