SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Universalisation of
Elementary Education in India
by:-
Dr. Satish Kumar
Assistant Professor
Lovely school of Education
Lovely Professional University
Phagwara, Punjab, India
satishnurpur@gmail.com
.
Universalisation of Elementary
Education in India
• Universalisation of Elementary Education (UEE)
has been accepted as a national goal in India.
Central and State governments are making
strenuous efforts to achieve this goal.
• The Article 45 in the Directive Principles of State
Policy in the Constitution mandated the State to
endeavour to provide free and compulsory
education to all children up to age fourteen in a
period of ten years.
Universalisation of Elementary
Education in India
• Universalisation of elementary education
basically evolves three important things: -
• Universalisation of provision,
• Universalisation of enrollment and
• Universalisation of retention.
Universalisation of Elementary
Education in India
• Universalisation of Provision means that school
facilities should be provided to all the children
between the age of 6 to 14.
• Universalisation of Enrollment means that all the
children between the age of 6 to 14 must be
enrolled.
• Universalisation of Retention reveals a child who
joins primary school; he or she should remain
there till he or she completes all their primary
education.
Universalisation of Elementary
Education in India
• Efforts made by center and state governments
• 1. All India Council for Elementary
Education AICE 1957
• 2. Primary Education Acts
• a. MP PEA 1950
• b. HP PEA 1953
• c. Punjab PEA 1960
Universalisation of Elementary
Education in India
• Efforts made by governments
• 3. Kothari Commission 1964
• Lower and upper primary
• 4. National Policy on Education 1986
• Accepted UEE as national goal
• Facilities, quality, trained teachers, text books,
provisions to remove inequalities of caste etc.
Universalisation of Elementary
Education in India
• 5. Lok Jumbish Programme 1992
• Started in Rajsthan
• 6. District Primary Education Programme
{DPEP} 1994
• Started for backward districts
• Opening of new schools
• Operation Black-board
• Mass appointment of teachers
Universalisation of Elementary
Education in India
• 7. National Programme of Nutrition Support to
Primary Education
• Started in 15 August 1995
• Also known as Mid-day Meal scheme
• 8. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan {SSA}
• Approved in November 2000
• Enforcement in January 2001
Universalisation  of education in India
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
 Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is the comprehensive and
integrated programme of Government of India, to attain
Universal Elementary Education (UEE) in the country
whichn is implemented in January 2001.
 Launched in partnership with the State governments and
local self-governments, SSA aims to provide useful and
relevant education to all children in the 6-14 age groups by
2010.
 SSA is an initiative to universalise quality elementary
education in a mission mode through district based,
decentralized, context specific planning and implementation
strategies.
 It is a significant attempt to bridge social and gender gaps,
with the active participation of the community in all aspects
of planning and delivery of elementary education
programmes.
Objectives of SSA
• SSA was launched in 2001 with the objectives of-
• (a) all children in school, Education Guarantee
Centre, Alternative School, „Back-to-School‟ camp
by 2003
• (b) all children complete five years of primary
schooling by 2007;
• (c) all children complete eight years of elementary
schooling by 2010
• (d) focus on elementary education of satisfactory
quality with emphasis on education for life
• (e) bridge all gender and social category gaps at
primary stage by 2007
• (f) universal retention by 2010.
Components of SSA
(a) Preparatory activities for micro-planning, household surveys,
studies, community mobilization, school-based activities, office
equipment, training and orientation at all level.
(b) Appointment of teachers,
(c) Opening new primary and alternative schooling facility like
EGS/AIE centers (Education Guarantee Scheme and Alternative
and Innovative Education),
(d) Opening of upper primary schools
(e) Constructing additional classrooms, schools and other facilities
(f) Free textbook to all girls/SC/ST children,
(g) Maintenance and repair of school buildings
(h) Teaching Learning Equipment for primary schools on up-
gradation of EGS to regular schools or setting up of a new primary
school
Contribution of SsA to UEE
• Easy Access to Elementary Education
• Improvement in Physical Facilities in the schools
• Rapid increase in enrolment
• Retention of students
• Literacy rate increased up to age of 14 years
• Quality education
• Helpful for the weaker section of society
• Availability of teachers and their professional
growth
.
.
The Right of Children to
Free and Compulsory
Education,
Act, 2009
RTE Act, 2009
Background
• The Constitution‟s 86th Amendment Act, 2002
inserted Article 21-A in the Constitution of India to
provide free and compulsory education of all
children in the age group of six to fourteen years as
a Fundamental Right
• The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory
Education (RTE) Act, 2009, which represents
Article 21-A, means that every child has a right to
full time elementary education of satisfactory and
equitable quality in a formal school which satisfies
certain essential norms and standards.
Details
• Article 21-A and the RTE Act came into effect
on 1 April 2010. The title of the RTE Act
incorporates the words „free and compulsory.
• „Free education‟ means child does not require to
pay any fee for his or her education.
• „Compulsory education‟ casts an obligation on
the appropriate Government and local
authorities to ensure admission, attendance and
completion of elementary education by all
children in the 6-14 age group.
Main Provisions of RTE Act 2009
• Apart from the clause on Free and Compulsory
Education, it specifies the duties and
responsibilities of appropriate Governments,
local authority and parents in providing free and
compulsory education, and sharing of financial
and other responsibilities between the Central
and State Governments.
• It lays down the norms and standards relating to
Pupil Teacher Ratios (PTRs), buildings and
infrastructure, school-working days, teacher-
working hours.
Main Provisions of RTE Act 2009
• It provides for rational deployment of teachers
by ensuring that the specified pupil teacher ratio
is maintained for each school, rather than just as
an average for the State or District or Block,
thus ensuring that there is no urban-rural
imbalance in teacher postings.
• It also provides for prohibition of deployment
of teachers for non-educational work, other than
census, elections to local authority, state
legislatures and parliament, and disaster relief.
Main Provisions of RTE Act 2009
• The Act provides for appointment of
appropriately trained teachers, i.e. teachers with
the requisite entry and academic qualifications.
• It prohibits
(a) Physical punishment and mental harassment;
(b) Screening procedures for admission of
children;
(c) Fee;
(d) Private tuition by teachers and
(e) Running of schools without recognition,
Main Provisions of RTE Act 2009
• The RTE Act provides for development of
curriculum in accordance with the values
enshrined in the Constitution, and which would
ensure the all-round development of the child,
building on the child‟s knowledge, potentiality
and talent and making the child free of fear,
trauma and anxiety through a system of child
friendly and child centred learning.
Main Provisions of RTE Act 2009
• Norms and standards specified for all schools
• Infrastructure and related facilities
• Community participation in schools ensured through
• SMC comprising elected representatives, teachers and
parents.
• Members from among parents of children in the school;
50% women
• Proportionate representation to weaker and deprived
sections
• SMC to plan, manage and monitor – in collaboration
with the local authority
Main Provisions of RTE Act 2009
• All aided schools to provide free education to at
least 25% children.
• Special category schools and unaided schools to
admit in Class I at least 25% children belonging
to weaker section and disadvantaged group,
from the neighbourhood, and provide free and
compulsory elementary education.
• No Board examinations till completion of
elementary education
Universalization
of
secondary
education
• .
Universalization of secondary
education
• Secondary education is the education provided to
the students of age group 14-18 years.
• High power Committee of CABE on
“Universalisation of Secondary Education” (Set-up
by the Ministry of Human Resource Development,
Government of India) in September 06, 2004.
• The Central Advisory Board of Education, the
oldest and the most important advisory body of the
Government of India in education was first
established in 1920 and it was revived in 1935 and
has been in existence ever since.
Universalization of secondary
education
• Shri Ghanshyam Tiwari, Minister of Education,
Government of Rajasthan, was appointed as
Chairman of this committee.
• The aim of the committee was to prepare a
blueprint for the universalisation of secondary
education consequent upon the attainment of
universalisation of elementary education. The
Committee shall be provided secretarial assistance
by NCERT.
• The Committee shall give its recommendations
within six months from the date of its constitution.
Universalization of secondary
education
• The four guiding principles, namely
• Universal access,
• Equality and social justice,
• Relevance and development,
• Structural and curricular aspects
• impact at the level of access, socio-cultural character,
developmental objectives and structural-cum-curricular
provisions of secondary education - all at the same time and
throughout the nation.
• The relevant questions in this context are:
• 1. What kind of future citizens does India want to build up?
• 2. What is the nature of secondary education that can lead to
the development of the defined citizenship attributes?
Universalization of secondary
education
• Vision
• Provide high quality secondary education to all
Indian adolescent girls and boys up to the age
of 16 by 2015, and up to the age of 18 by 2020.
• In Populated Area: S.E School- 5 K.M And H.S
School 7-10 K.M
• In The End of 12th Planning (2017)- 100%
• Universal Access In 2020: Assured Universal
Retention
• International Commission on Education for the 21st Century
also mentioned human beings live in four planes namely
physical, intellectual, mental and spiritual.
• Accordingly, future citizens of India should be physically strong
and sound, intellectually competent, mentally/emotionally
matured and intelligent, and spiritually intelligent and enriched
to be creative, innovative and exploring.
• Physical qualities will include internally sound and disease free
long life, physical skills at work and play, etc.
• Intellectual skills should display multiple intelligence at the best
of the potentials.
• Emotional qualities are the emotional intelligence that makes
significant contribution to corporate and social life and
„learning to live together‟.
• Spiritual skills would be woven around the, linking oneself to
larger social, national, global and goals.
.
• Problem of Access
• Problems of Equity
• Gender Inequality
• Problem of Quality
• Poverty
• Early Marriage
• Lack of Suitable Laws and Publicity
PROBLEMS
• Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan
• National Mission for Secondary Education
• Centrally sponsored scheme of the Ministry of Human
Resource Development, Government of India, for the
development of secondary education in public schools
throughout India. It was launched in March 2009.
• The scheme includes a multidimensional research,
technical consulting, various implementations and
funding support to secondary education.
RMSA
• The principal objectives are to enhance quality of
secondary education and increase the total enrollment
rate from 52% (as of 2005–2006) to 75% in five years,
i.e. from 2009–2014.
• It aims to provide universal education for all children
between 15–16 years of age.
• To improve quality of education imparted at secondary
level
• To remove gender, socio-economic and disability
barriers.
• Universal access to secondary level education by 2017.
• Universal retention of students by 2020.
Objectives of RMSA
• RMSA is planned to promote secondary education by
establishing in every target school the following
infrastructure:
• Additional class rooms
• Laboratories
• Libraries
• Art and crafts room
• Toilet blocks
• Drinking water provisions
• Residential hostels for teachers in remote areas
• SMC in each school
Action Plans of RMSA
• In addition it aims to provide additional teachers to
reduce student teacher to 30:1,
• Focus on science, mathematics and English education,
• In-service training of teachers,
• Science laboratories,
• ICT-enabled education,
• Curriculum reforms, and
• Teaching learning reforms.
Action Plans of RMSA
• Quality Improvement
• In school, there was promotion of the science
laboratories, environmental education, promotion of
yoga, as well as centrally sponsored schemes of
population education project, international mathematics
and science olympiads. The state governments provide
in-service training for the teachers and provide
infrastructure and research inputs.
Four major heads
• Information communication technologies (ICT)
• ICT comprises the centrally sponsored schemes like
computer education and literacy in schools (CLASS)
and educational technology (ET) which familiarizes the
student with Information technology (IT).
• a. funding support towards computer education plan
• b. strengthening and reorientation of the staffs of SIETs
– state institutes of education and training
• c. there should be is digitalization of SIETs audio and
video cassettes with the partnership of NGOs
• d. management of internet-based education by SIETs.
Four major heads
• Access and equity
• RMSA not only emphasizes on providing secondary
education for the special focus groups that include
scheduled tribe and scheduled caste groups, minority
girls, but it also give importance on removing the
existing disparities in socio-economic and gender
background in the secondary level of education.
Four major heads
• Integrated education for disabled children(IEDC)
• Inclusive education have been highlighted to bring
about expansion in terms of meeting to the needs of the
mentally and physically disadvantaged children. This
schemes continues to be a separate centrally sponsored
scheme.
Four major heads
• The Ministry of Human Resource Development
directly provides funds to the state governments. Each
state government then release the funds to the approved
implementing agencies or institutions. During the XI
Five Year Plan the central government provided 75% of
the total fund for each state, while 25% was borne by
the state as matching share.
Funds for RMSA
• Achievements of RMSA listed in its 2015-2016;
• 11,577 new secondary schools approved.
• 52,750 additional classrooms approved.
• 25,948 science laboratories approved.
• 21,864 computer rooms approved.
• 27,428 libraries approved.
• 31,453 art and craft rooms approved.
• 12,327 drinking water facilities approved.
• 5,408 teachers' quarters approved.
• 2,975 major repairs approved.
Achievements of RMSA

More Related Content

What's hot

A presentation on Wastage and stagnation
A presentation on Wastage and stagnation A presentation on Wastage and stagnation
A presentation on Wastage and stagnation
NidheeshaNidesh
 
Vedic period of education
Vedic period of educationVedic period of education
Vedic period of education
ManishaINFO
 
Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abiyan (RUSA)
Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abiyan (RUSA)Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abiyan (RUSA)
Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abiyan (RUSA)
Shahzada Heena Owaisie
 
Ncert
NcertNcert
Ncert
MEDHARANIS
 
Problems of secondary education in india
Problems of secondary education in indiaProblems of secondary education in india
Problems of secondary education in india
baborali1
 
Ncfte 2009
Ncfte 2009Ncfte 2009
Ncfte 2009
Arnab Bhattacharya
 
Continuous and Comprehensive Assessment (CCA)
Continuous and Comprehensive Assessment (CCA)Continuous and Comprehensive Assessment (CCA)
Continuous and Comprehensive Assessment (CCA)
Ketan Kamble
 
Ncfte- 2009 (National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education)
Ncfte- 2009 (National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education)Ncfte- 2009 (National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education)
Ncfte- 2009 (National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education)
MDFAIZANALAM4
 
Construction of an achievement test
Construction of an achievement testConstruction of an achievement test
Construction of an achievement test
BeulahJayarani
 
Scert and diet functions
Scert and diet functionsScert and diet functions
Scert and diet functions
ajke
 
National education policy 1968 & National education policy-1986 by MUDASIR AMIN
National education policy 1968 & National education policy-1986 by MUDASIR AMINNational education policy 1968 & National education policy-1986 by MUDASIR AMIN
National education policy 1968 & National education policy-1986 by MUDASIR AMIN
Career Point University - Kota Rajasthan
 
Right to education act 2009
Right to education act    2009Right to education act    2009
Right to education act 2009
shhajira
 
Functions of NCERT and MSCERT
Functions of NCERT and MSCERTFunctions of NCERT and MSCERT
Functions of NCERT and MSCERT
Ketan Kamble
 
Programme of Action 1992 by Dr.C.Thanavathi
Programme of Action 1992 by Dr.C.ThanavathiProgramme of Action 1992 by Dr.C.Thanavathi
Programme of Action 1992 by Dr.C.Thanavathi
Thanavathi C
 
Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abiyan (RMSA)
Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abiyan (RMSA)Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abiyan (RMSA)
Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abiyan (RMSA)
Shahzada Heena Owaisie
 
Secondary Education Commission(1952-1954) Mudaliar Commission
Secondary Education Commission(1952-1954) Mudaliar CommissionSecondary Education Commission(1952-1954) Mudaliar Commission
Secondary Education Commission(1952-1954) Mudaliar Commission
AnjanaSunil5
 
Recommendations of Kothari Commission
Recommendations of Kothari CommissionRecommendations of Kothari Commission
Recommendations of Kothari Commission
Thanavathi C
 
Achievement test - Teacher Made Test and Standardized Test - Characteristics,...
Achievement test - Teacher Made Test and Standardized Test - Characteristics,...Achievement test - Teacher Made Test and Standardized Test - Characteristics,...
Achievement test - Teacher Made Test and Standardized Test - Characteristics,...
Suresh Babu
 
Contribution of Mahatma Gandhi towards education presentation
Contribution of Mahatma Gandhi towards education presentationContribution of Mahatma Gandhi towards education presentation
Contribution of Mahatma Gandhi towards education presentation
DivyaSS7
 
Wardha Scheme of Basic Education
Wardha Scheme of Basic EducationWardha Scheme of Basic Education
Wardha Scheme of Basic Education
Nimitha Jose
 

What's hot (20)

A presentation on Wastage and stagnation
A presentation on Wastage and stagnation A presentation on Wastage and stagnation
A presentation on Wastage and stagnation
 
Vedic period of education
Vedic period of educationVedic period of education
Vedic period of education
 
Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abiyan (RUSA)
Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abiyan (RUSA)Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abiyan (RUSA)
Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abiyan (RUSA)
 
Ncert
NcertNcert
Ncert
 
Problems of secondary education in india
Problems of secondary education in indiaProblems of secondary education in india
Problems of secondary education in india
 
Ncfte 2009
Ncfte 2009Ncfte 2009
Ncfte 2009
 
Continuous and Comprehensive Assessment (CCA)
Continuous and Comprehensive Assessment (CCA)Continuous and Comprehensive Assessment (CCA)
Continuous and Comprehensive Assessment (CCA)
 
Ncfte- 2009 (National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education)
Ncfte- 2009 (National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education)Ncfte- 2009 (National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education)
Ncfte- 2009 (National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education)
 
Construction of an achievement test
Construction of an achievement testConstruction of an achievement test
Construction of an achievement test
 
Scert and diet functions
Scert and diet functionsScert and diet functions
Scert and diet functions
 
National education policy 1968 & National education policy-1986 by MUDASIR AMIN
National education policy 1968 & National education policy-1986 by MUDASIR AMINNational education policy 1968 & National education policy-1986 by MUDASIR AMIN
National education policy 1968 & National education policy-1986 by MUDASIR AMIN
 
Right to education act 2009
Right to education act    2009Right to education act    2009
Right to education act 2009
 
Functions of NCERT and MSCERT
Functions of NCERT and MSCERTFunctions of NCERT and MSCERT
Functions of NCERT and MSCERT
 
Programme of Action 1992 by Dr.C.Thanavathi
Programme of Action 1992 by Dr.C.ThanavathiProgramme of Action 1992 by Dr.C.Thanavathi
Programme of Action 1992 by Dr.C.Thanavathi
 
Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abiyan (RMSA)
Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abiyan (RMSA)Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abiyan (RMSA)
Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abiyan (RMSA)
 
Secondary Education Commission(1952-1954) Mudaliar Commission
Secondary Education Commission(1952-1954) Mudaliar CommissionSecondary Education Commission(1952-1954) Mudaliar Commission
Secondary Education Commission(1952-1954) Mudaliar Commission
 
Recommendations of Kothari Commission
Recommendations of Kothari CommissionRecommendations of Kothari Commission
Recommendations of Kothari Commission
 
Achievement test - Teacher Made Test and Standardized Test - Characteristics,...
Achievement test - Teacher Made Test and Standardized Test - Characteristics,...Achievement test - Teacher Made Test and Standardized Test - Characteristics,...
Achievement test - Teacher Made Test and Standardized Test - Characteristics,...
 
Contribution of Mahatma Gandhi towards education presentation
Contribution of Mahatma Gandhi towards education presentationContribution of Mahatma Gandhi towards education presentation
Contribution of Mahatma Gandhi towards education presentation
 
Wardha Scheme of Basic Education
Wardha Scheme of Basic EducationWardha Scheme of Basic Education
Wardha Scheme of Basic Education
 

Similar to Universalisation of education in India

Elementary education
Elementary educationElementary education
Elementary education
Sudarshan Mishra
 
POSITION PAPER - SEN.pptx
POSITION PAPER - SEN.pptxPOSITION PAPER - SEN.pptx
POSITION PAPER - SEN.pptx
preranadataverificat
 
unitiii-educationaldemands-240219053209-82398e90.pdf
unitiii-educationaldemands-240219053209-82398e90.pdfunitiii-educationaldemands-240219053209-82398e90.pdf
unitiii-educationaldemands-240219053209-82398e90.pdf
meeraasri28
 
EDUCATIONAL DEMANDS OF INDIVIDUALS AND DIVERSE COMMUNITIES
EDUCATIONAL DEMANDS OF INDIVIDUALS AND DIVERSE COMMUNITIESEDUCATIONAL DEMANDS OF INDIVIDUALS AND DIVERSE COMMUNITIES
EDUCATIONAL DEMANDS OF INDIVIDUALS AND DIVERSE COMMUNITIES
Sasikala Antony
 
Elementary Education Meaning, Initiative and Strategies
Elementary Education Meaning, Initiative and StrategiesElementary Education Meaning, Initiative and Strategies
Elementary Education Meaning, Initiative and Strategies
satish verma
 
Innovative schemes and programmes for social development in the field of educ...
Innovative schemes and programmes for social development in the field of educ...Innovative schemes and programmes for social development in the field of educ...
Innovative schemes and programmes for social development in the field of educ...
Forum of Blended Learning
 
condition of Education in india
 condition of  Education in india  condition of  Education in india
condition of Education in india
Aman Singhal
 
New-Education-Policy-2020-PPT-Aarohan.pptx
New-Education-Policy-2020-PPT-Aarohan.pptxNew-Education-Policy-2020-PPT-Aarohan.pptx
New-Education-Policy-2020-PPT-Aarohan.pptx
SibaramPanda8
 
New education-policy-2020-ppt-
New education-policy-2020-ppt-New education-policy-2020-ppt-
New education-policy-2020-ppt-
mail2robinson
 
Indian education
Indian educationIndian education
Indian education
H Janardan Prabhu
 
Unit 2 Educational Demands of Individuals and Diverse Communities
Unit 2 Educational Demands of Individuals and Diverse CommunitiesUnit 2 Educational Demands of Individuals and Diverse Communities
Unit 2 Educational Demands of Individuals and Diverse Communities
Thanavathi C
 
Right to education
Right to education Right to education
Right to education
Akanksha Shrivastava
 
Right to Education
Right to EducationRight to Education
Right to Education
DrPritiSonar
 
New education-policy-2020 by - amit singh bhadoria(b.com 1 st year)
New education-policy-2020 by - amit singh bhadoria(b.com 1 st year)New education-policy-2020 by - amit singh bhadoria(b.com 1 st year)
New education-policy-2020 by - amit singh bhadoria(b.com 1 st year)
AmitsinghBhadoria
 
Progress in School Education in India
Progress in School Education in IndiaProgress in School Education in India
Progress in School Education in India
H Janardan Prabhu
 
Right to Education.pdf
Right to Education.pdfRight to Education.pdf
Right to Education.pdf
NAGENDRA SINGH
 
Sarva shiksha abhiyan
Sarva shiksha abhiyanSarva shiksha abhiyan
Sarva shiksha abhiyan
varshachhajera
 
Inclusive education right to education
Inclusive education right to educationInclusive education right to education
Inclusive education right to education
Madhu Mahesh Raj
 
Inclusive education and right to education in India
Inclusive education and right to education in IndiaInclusive education and right to education in India
Inclusive education and right to education in India
Madhu Mahesh Raj
 
Secondary education-2012
Secondary education-2012Secondary education-2012
Secondary education-2012
H Janardan Prabhu
 

Similar to Universalisation of education in India (20)

Elementary education
Elementary educationElementary education
Elementary education
 
POSITION PAPER - SEN.pptx
POSITION PAPER - SEN.pptxPOSITION PAPER - SEN.pptx
POSITION PAPER - SEN.pptx
 
unitiii-educationaldemands-240219053209-82398e90.pdf
unitiii-educationaldemands-240219053209-82398e90.pdfunitiii-educationaldemands-240219053209-82398e90.pdf
unitiii-educationaldemands-240219053209-82398e90.pdf
 
EDUCATIONAL DEMANDS OF INDIVIDUALS AND DIVERSE COMMUNITIES
EDUCATIONAL DEMANDS OF INDIVIDUALS AND DIVERSE COMMUNITIESEDUCATIONAL DEMANDS OF INDIVIDUALS AND DIVERSE COMMUNITIES
EDUCATIONAL DEMANDS OF INDIVIDUALS AND DIVERSE COMMUNITIES
 
Elementary Education Meaning, Initiative and Strategies
Elementary Education Meaning, Initiative and StrategiesElementary Education Meaning, Initiative and Strategies
Elementary Education Meaning, Initiative and Strategies
 
Innovative schemes and programmes for social development in the field of educ...
Innovative schemes and programmes for social development in the field of educ...Innovative schemes and programmes for social development in the field of educ...
Innovative schemes and programmes for social development in the field of educ...
 
condition of Education in india
 condition of  Education in india  condition of  Education in india
condition of Education in india
 
New-Education-Policy-2020-PPT-Aarohan.pptx
New-Education-Policy-2020-PPT-Aarohan.pptxNew-Education-Policy-2020-PPT-Aarohan.pptx
New-Education-Policy-2020-PPT-Aarohan.pptx
 
New education-policy-2020-ppt-
New education-policy-2020-ppt-New education-policy-2020-ppt-
New education-policy-2020-ppt-
 
Indian education
Indian educationIndian education
Indian education
 
Unit 2 Educational Demands of Individuals and Diverse Communities
Unit 2 Educational Demands of Individuals and Diverse CommunitiesUnit 2 Educational Demands of Individuals and Diverse Communities
Unit 2 Educational Demands of Individuals and Diverse Communities
 
Right to education
Right to education Right to education
Right to education
 
Right to Education
Right to EducationRight to Education
Right to Education
 
New education-policy-2020 by - amit singh bhadoria(b.com 1 st year)
New education-policy-2020 by - amit singh bhadoria(b.com 1 st year)New education-policy-2020 by - amit singh bhadoria(b.com 1 st year)
New education-policy-2020 by - amit singh bhadoria(b.com 1 st year)
 
Progress in School Education in India
Progress in School Education in IndiaProgress in School Education in India
Progress in School Education in India
 
Right to Education.pdf
Right to Education.pdfRight to Education.pdf
Right to Education.pdf
 
Sarva shiksha abhiyan
Sarva shiksha abhiyanSarva shiksha abhiyan
Sarva shiksha abhiyan
 
Inclusive education right to education
Inclusive education right to educationInclusive education right to education
Inclusive education right to education
 
Inclusive education and right to education in India
Inclusive education and right to education in IndiaInclusive education and right to education in India
Inclusive education and right to education in India
 
Secondary education-2012
Secondary education-2012Secondary education-2012
Secondary education-2012
 

More from Dr. Satish Kumar

Teacher Education Lecture 9
Teacher Education Lecture 9Teacher Education Lecture 9
Teacher Education Lecture 9
Dr. Satish Kumar
 
Teacher Education Lecture 7
Teacher Education Lecture 7Teacher Education Lecture 7
Teacher Education Lecture 7
Dr. Satish Kumar
 
Teacher Education Lecture 8
Teacher Education Lecture 8Teacher Education Lecture 8
Teacher Education Lecture 8
Dr. Satish Kumar
 
Teacher Education Lecture 6
Teacher Education Lecture 6Teacher Education Lecture 6
Teacher Education Lecture 6
Dr. Satish Kumar
 
Teacher Education Lecture 4 & 5
Teacher Education Lecture 4 & 5Teacher Education Lecture 4 & 5
Teacher Education Lecture 4 & 5
Dr. Satish Kumar
 
Teacher Education Lecture 3
Teacher Education Lecture 3Teacher Education Lecture 3
Teacher Education Lecture 3
Dr. Satish Kumar
 
Teacher Education Lecture 2
Teacher Education Lecture 2Teacher Education Lecture 2
Teacher Education Lecture 2
Dr. Satish Kumar
 
Teacher Education Lecture 1
Teacher Education Lecture 1Teacher Education Lecture 1
Teacher Education Lecture 1
Dr. Satish Kumar
 
Teacher Education Lecture 10
Teacher Education Lecture 10Teacher Education Lecture 10
Teacher Education Lecture 10
Dr. Satish Kumar
 
Educational management
Educational management Educational management
Educational management
Dr. Satish Kumar
 
Educational leadership
Educational leadershipEducational leadership
Educational leadership
Dr. Satish Kumar
 
Language issues in elementary education in India, Bhutan and Finland
Language issues in elementary education in India, Bhutan and FinlandLanguage issues in elementary education in India, Bhutan and Finland
Language issues in elementary education in India, Bhutan and Finland
Dr. Satish Kumar
 
Ict essentials for effective teaching
Ict essentials for effective teachingIct essentials for effective teaching
Ict essentials for effective teaching
Dr. Satish Kumar
 
Structure of education in India
Structure of education in India Structure of education in India
Structure of education in India
Dr. Satish Kumar
 
Education in India past and present
Education in India past and presentEducation in India past and present
Education in India past and present
Dr. Satish Kumar
 
Equality vs equity
Equality vs equity Equality vs equity
Equality vs equity
Dr. Satish Kumar
 
Indian constitution and educational provisions
Indian constitution and educational provisions Indian constitution and educational provisions
Indian constitution and educational provisions
Dr. Satish Kumar
 
Social stratification
Social stratificationSocial stratification
Social stratification
Dr. Satish Kumar
 
Types and areas of counseling multicultural counseling
Types and areas of counseling multicultural counselingTypes and areas of counseling multicultural counseling
Types and areas of counseling multicultural counseling
Dr. Satish Kumar
 
Interventions in counseling
Interventions in counselingInterventions in counseling
Interventions in counseling
Dr. Satish Kumar
 

More from Dr. Satish Kumar (20)

Teacher Education Lecture 9
Teacher Education Lecture 9Teacher Education Lecture 9
Teacher Education Lecture 9
 
Teacher Education Lecture 7
Teacher Education Lecture 7Teacher Education Lecture 7
Teacher Education Lecture 7
 
Teacher Education Lecture 8
Teacher Education Lecture 8Teacher Education Lecture 8
Teacher Education Lecture 8
 
Teacher Education Lecture 6
Teacher Education Lecture 6Teacher Education Lecture 6
Teacher Education Lecture 6
 
Teacher Education Lecture 4 & 5
Teacher Education Lecture 4 & 5Teacher Education Lecture 4 & 5
Teacher Education Lecture 4 & 5
 
Teacher Education Lecture 3
Teacher Education Lecture 3Teacher Education Lecture 3
Teacher Education Lecture 3
 
Teacher Education Lecture 2
Teacher Education Lecture 2Teacher Education Lecture 2
Teacher Education Lecture 2
 
Teacher Education Lecture 1
Teacher Education Lecture 1Teacher Education Lecture 1
Teacher Education Lecture 1
 
Teacher Education Lecture 10
Teacher Education Lecture 10Teacher Education Lecture 10
Teacher Education Lecture 10
 
Educational management
Educational management Educational management
Educational management
 
Educational leadership
Educational leadershipEducational leadership
Educational leadership
 
Language issues in elementary education in India, Bhutan and Finland
Language issues in elementary education in India, Bhutan and FinlandLanguage issues in elementary education in India, Bhutan and Finland
Language issues in elementary education in India, Bhutan and Finland
 
Ict essentials for effective teaching
Ict essentials for effective teachingIct essentials for effective teaching
Ict essentials for effective teaching
 
Structure of education in India
Structure of education in India Structure of education in India
Structure of education in India
 
Education in India past and present
Education in India past and presentEducation in India past and present
Education in India past and present
 
Equality vs equity
Equality vs equity Equality vs equity
Equality vs equity
 
Indian constitution and educational provisions
Indian constitution and educational provisions Indian constitution and educational provisions
Indian constitution and educational provisions
 
Social stratification
Social stratificationSocial stratification
Social stratification
 
Types and areas of counseling multicultural counseling
Types and areas of counseling multicultural counselingTypes and areas of counseling multicultural counseling
Types and areas of counseling multicultural counseling
 
Interventions in counseling
Interventions in counselingInterventions in counseling
Interventions in counseling
 

Recently uploaded

Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 DashboardYear-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
Celine George
 
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
KlettWorldLanguages
 
1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx
1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx
1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx
AnneMarieJacildo
 
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
Individual Performance Commitment Review Form-Developmental Plan.docx
Individual Performance Commitment Review Form-Developmental Plan.docxIndividual Performance Commitment Review Form-Developmental Plan.docx
Individual Performance Commitment Review Form-Developmental Plan.docx
monicaaringo1
 
The Jewish Trinity : Sabbath,Shekinah and Sanctuary 4.pdf
The Jewish Trinity : Sabbath,Shekinah and Sanctuary 4.pdfThe Jewish Trinity : Sabbath,Shekinah and Sanctuary 4.pdf
The Jewish Trinity : Sabbath,Shekinah and Sanctuary 4.pdf
JackieSparrow3
 
Types of Learners , characteristics, way of learning
Types of Learners , characteristics, way of learningTypes of Learners , characteristics, way of learning
Types of Learners , characteristics, way of learning
heenaameen1
 
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional SkillsWebinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
EduSkills OECD
 
Delegation Inheritance in Odoo 17 and Its Use Cases
Delegation Inheritance in Odoo 17 and Its Use CasesDelegation Inheritance in Odoo 17 and Its Use Cases
Delegation Inheritance in Odoo 17 and Its Use Cases
Celine George
 
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
Is Email Marketing Really Effective In 2024?
Is Email Marketing Really Effective In 2024?Is Email Marketing Really Effective In 2024?
Is Email Marketing Really Effective In 2024?
Rakesh Jalan
 
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptxBRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
kambal1234567890
 
eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee
eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee
eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee
siemaillard
 
Unlocking Educational Synergy-DIKSHA & Google Classroom.pptx
Unlocking Educational Synergy-DIKSHA & Google Classroom.pptxUnlocking Educational Synergy-DIKSHA & Google Classroom.pptx
Unlocking Educational Synergy-DIKSHA & Google Classroom.pptx
bipin95
 
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
MysoreMuleSoftMeetup
 
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline PartnershipNC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
Mebane Rash
 
SEQUNCES Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequence
SEQUNCES  Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequenceSEQUNCES  Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequence
SEQUNCES Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequence
Murugan Solaiyappan
 
Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
Edukasyong Pantahanan at  Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal HygieneEdukasyong Pantahanan at  Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
MJDuyan
 
matatag curriculum education for Kindergarten
matatag curriculum education for Kindergartenmatatag curriculum education for Kindergarten
matatag curriculum education for Kindergarten
SarahAlie1
 
How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17
How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17
How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17
Celine George
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 DashboardYear-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
 
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
 
1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx
1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx
1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx
 
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
 
Individual Performance Commitment Review Form-Developmental Plan.docx
Individual Performance Commitment Review Form-Developmental Plan.docxIndividual Performance Commitment Review Form-Developmental Plan.docx
Individual Performance Commitment Review Form-Developmental Plan.docx
 
The Jewish Trinity : Sabbath,Shekinah and Sanctuary 4.pdf
The Jewish Trinity : Sabbath,Shekinah and Sanctuary 4.pdfThe Jewish Trinity : Sabbath,Shekinah and Sanctuary 4.pdf
The Jewish Trinity : Sabbath,Shekinah and Sanctuary 4.pdf
 
Types of Learners , characteristics, way of learning
Types of Learners , characteristics, way of learningTypes of Learners , characteristics, way of learning
Types of Learners , characteristics, way of learning
 
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional SkillsWebinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
 
Delegation Inheritance in Odoo 17 and Its Use Cases
Delegation Inheritance in Odoo 17 and Its Use CasesDelegation Inheritance in Odoo 17 and Its Use Cases
Delegation Inheritance in Odoo 17 and Its Use Cases
 
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
 
Is Email Marketing Really Effective In 2024?
Is Email Marketing Really Effective In 2024?Is Email Marketing Really Effective In 2024?
Is Email Marketing Really Effective In 2024?
 
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptxBRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
 
eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee
eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee
eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee
 
Unlocking Educational Synergy-DIKSHA & Google Classroom.pptx
Unlocking Educational Synergy-DIKSHA & Google Classroom.pptxUnlocking Educational Synergy-DIKSHA & Google Classroom.pptx
Unlocking Educational Synergy-DIKSHA & Google Classroom.pptx
 
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
 
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline PartnershipNC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
 
SEQUNCES Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequence
SEQUNCES  Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequenceSEQUNCES  Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequence
SEQUNCES Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequence
 
Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
Edukasyong Pantahanan at  Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal HygieneEdukasyong Pantahanan at  Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
 
matatag curriculum education for Kindergarten
matatag curriculum education for Kindergartenmatatag curriculum education for Kindergarten
matatag curriculum education for Kindergarten
 
How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17
How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17
How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17
 

Universalisation of education in India

  • 1. Universalisation of Elementary Education in India by:- Dr. Satish Kumar Assistant Professor Lovely school of Education Lovely Professional University Phagwara, Punjab, India satishnurpur@gmail.com .
  • 2. Universalisation of Elementary Education in India • Universalisation of Elementary Education (UEE) has been accepted as a national goal in India. Central and State governments are making strenuous efforts to achieve this goal. • The Article 45 in the Directive Principles of State Policy in the Constitution mandated the State to endeavour to provide free and compulsory education to all children up to age fourteen in a period of ten years.
  • 3. Universalisation of Elementary Education in India • Universalisation of elementary education basically evolves three important things: - • Universalisation of provision, • Universalisation of enrollment and • Universalisation of retention.
  • 4. Universalisation of Elementary Education in India • Universalisation of Provision means that school facilities should be provided to all the children between the age of 6 to 14. • Universalisation of Enrollment means that all the children between the age of 6 to 14 must be enrolled. • Universalisation of Retention reveals a child who joins primary school; he or she should remain there till he or she completes all their primary education.
  • 5. Universalisation of Elementary Education in India • Efforts made by center and state governments • 1. All India Council for Elementary Education AICE 1957 • 2. Primary Education Acts • a. MP PEA 1950 • b. HP PEA 1953 • c. Punjab PEA 1960
  • 6. Universalisation of Elementary Education in India • Efforts made by governments • 3. Kothari Commission 1964 • Lower and upper primary • 4. National Policy on Education 1986 • Accepted UEE as national goal • Facilities, quality, trained teachers, text books, provisions to remove inequalities of caste etc.
  • 7. Universalisation of Elementary Education in India • 5. Lok Jumbish Programme 1992 • Started in Rajsthan • 6. District Primary Education Programme {DPEP} 1994 • Started for backward districts • Opening of new schools • Operation Black-board • Mass appointment of teachers
  • 8. Universalisation of Elementary Education in India • 7. National Programme of Nutrition Support to Primary Education • Started in 15 August 1995 • Also known as Mid-day Meal scheme • 8. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan {SSA} • Approved in November 2000 • Enforcement in January 2001
  • 10. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan  Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is the comprehensive and integrated programme of Government of India, to attain Universal Elementary Education (UEE) in the country whichn is implemented in January 2001.  Launched in partnership with the State governments and local self-governments, SSA aims to provide useful and relevant education to all children in the 6-14 age groups by 2010.  SSA is an initiative to universalise quality elementary education in a mission mode through district based, decentralized, context specific planning and implementation strategies.  It is a significant attempt to bridge social and gender gaps, with the active participation of the community in all aspects of planning and delivery of elementary education programmes.
  • 11. Objectives of SSA • SSA was launched in 2001 with the objectives of- • (a) all children in school, Education Guarantee Centre, Alternative School, „Back-to-School‟ camp by 2003 • (b) all children complete five years of primary schooling by 2007; • (c) all children complete eight years of elementary schooling by 2010 • (d) focus on elementary education of satisfactory quality with emphasis on education for life • (e) bridge all gender and social category gaps at primary stage by 2007 • (f) universal retention by 2010.
  • 12. Components of SSA (a) Preparatory activities for micro-planning, household surveys, studies, community mobilization, school-based activities, office equipment, training and orientation at all level. (b) Appointment of teachers, (c) Opening new primary and alternative schooling facility like EGS/AIE centers (Education Guarantee Scheme and Alternative and Innovative Education), (d) Opening of upper primary schools (e) Constructing additional classrooms, schools and other facilities (f) Free textbook to all girls/SC/ST children, (g) Maintenance and repair of school buildings (h) Teaching Learning Equipment for primary schools on up- gradation of EGS to regular schools or setting up of a new primary school
  • 13. Contribution of SsA to UEE • Easy Access to Elementary Education • Improvement in Physical Facilities in the schools • Rapid increase in enrolment • Retention of students • Literacy rate increased up to age of 14 years • Quality education • Helpful for the weaker section of society • Availability of teachers and their professional growth
  • 14. . . The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education, Act, 2009 RTE Act, 2009
  • 15. Background • The Constitution‟s 86th Amendment Act, 2002 inserted Article 21-A in the Constitution of India to provide free and compulsory education of all children in the age group of six to fourteen years as a Fundamental Right • The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, which represents Article 21-A, means that every child has a right to full time elementary education of satisfactory and equitable quality in a formal school which satisfies certain essential norms and standards.
  • 16. Details • Article 21-A and the RTE Act came into effect on 1 April 2010. The title of the RTE Act incorporates the words „free and compulsory. • „Free education‟ means child does not require to pay any fee for his or her education. • „Compulsory education‟ casts an obligation on the appropriate Government and local authorities to ensure admission, attendance and completion of elementary education by all children in the 6-14 age group.
  • 17. Main Provisions of RTE Act 2009 • Apart from the clause on Free and Compulsory Education, it specifies the duties and responsibilities of appropriate Governments, local authority and parents in providing free and compulsory education, and sharing of financial and other responsibilities between the Central and State Governments. • It lays down the norms and standards relating to Pupil Teacher Ratios (PTRs), buildings and infrastructure, school-working days, teacher- working hours.
  • 18. Main Provisions of RTE Act 2009 • It provides for rational deployment of teachers by ensuring that the specified pupil teacher ratio is maintained for each school, rather than just as an average for the State or District or Block, thus ensuring that there is no urban-rural imbalance in teacher postings. • It also provides for prohibition of deployment of teachers for non-educational work, other than census, elections to local authority, state legislatures and parliament, and disaster relief.
  • 19. Main Provisions of RTE Act 2009 • The Act provides for appointment of appropriately trained teachers, i.e. teachers with the requisite entry and academic qualifications. • It prohibits (a) Physical punishment and mental harassment; (b) Screening procedures for admission of children; (c) Fee; (d) Private tuition by teachers and (e) Running of schools without recognition,
  • 20. Main Provisions of RTE Act 2009 • The RTE Act provides for development of curriculum in accordance with the values enshrined in the Constitution, and which would ensure the all-round development of the child, building on the child‟s knowledge, potentiality and talent and making the child free of fear, trauma and anxiety through a system of child friendly and child centred learning.
  • 21. Main Provisions of RTE Act 2009 • Norms and standards specified for all schools • Infrastructure and related facilities • Community participation in schools ensured through • SMC comprising elected representatives, teachers and parents. • Members from among parents of children in the school; 50% women • Proportionate representation to weaker and deprived sections • SMC to plan, manage and monitor – in collaboration with the local authority
  • 22. Main Provisions of RTE Act 2009 • All aided schools to provide free education to at least 25% children. • Special category schools and unaided schools to admit in Class I at least 25% children belonging to weaker section and disadvantaged group, from the neighbourhood, and provide free and compulsory elementary education. • No Board examinations till completion of elementary education
  • 24. Universalization of secondary education • Secondary education is the education provided to the students of age group 14-18 years. • High power Committee of CABE on “Universalisation of Secondary Education” (Set-up by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India) in September 06, 2004. • The Central Advisory Board of Education, the oldest and the most important advisory body of the Government of India in education was first established in 1920 and it was revived in 1935 and has been in existence ever since.
  • 25. Universalization of secondary education • Shri Ghanshyam Tiwari, Minister of Education, Government of Rajasthan, was appointed as Chairman of this committee. • The aim of the committee was to prepare a blueprint for the universalisation of secondary education consequent upon the attainment of universalisation of elementary education. The Committee shall be provided secretarial assistance by NCERT. • The Committee shall give its recommendations within six months from the date of its constitution.
  • 26. Universalization of secondary education • The four guiding principles, namely • Universal access, • Equality and social justice, • Relevance and development, • Structural and curricular aspects • impact at the level of access, socio-cultural character, developmental objectives and structural-cum-curricular provisions of secondary education - all at the same time and throughout the nation. • The relevant questions in this context are: • 1. What kind of future citizens does India want to build up? • 2. What is the nature of secondary education that can lead to the development of the defined citizenship attributes?
  • 27. Universalization of secondary education • Vision • Provide high quality secondary education to all Indian adolescent girls and boys up to the age of 16 by 2015, and up to the age of 18 by 2020. • In Populated Area: S.E School- 5 K.M And H.S School 7-10 K.M • In The End of 12th Planning (2017)- 100% • Universal Access In 2020: Assured Universal Retention
  • 28. • International Commission on Education for the 21st Century also mentioned human beings live in four planes namely physical, intellectual, mental and spiritual. • Accordingly, future citizens of India should be physically strong and sound, intellectually competent, mentally/emotionally matured and intelligent, and spiritually intelligent and enriched to be creative, innovative and exploring. • Physical qualities will include internally sound and disease free long life, physical skills at work and play, etc. • Intellectual skills should display multiple intelligence at the best of the potentials. • Emotional qualities are the emotional intelligence that makes significant contribution to corporate and social life and „learning to live together‟. • Spiritual skills would be woven around the, linking oneself to larger social, national, global and goals. .
  • 29. • Problem of Access • Problems of Equity • Gender Inequality • Problem of Quality • Poverty • Early Marriage • Lack of Suitable Laws and Publicity PROBLEMS
  • 30. • Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan • National Mission for Secondary Education • Centrally sponsored scheme of the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India, for the development of secondary education in public schools throughout India. It was launched in March 2009. • The scheme includes a multidimensional research, technical consulting, various implementations and funding support to secondary education. RMSA
  • 31. • The principal objectives are to enhance quality of secondary education and increase the total enrollment rate from 52% (as of 2005–2006) to 75% in five years, i.e. from 2009–2014. • It aims to provide universal education for all children between 15–16 years of age. • To improve quality of education imparted at secondary level • To remove gender, socio-economic and disability barriers. • Universal access to secondary level education by 2017. • Universal retention of students by 2020. Objectives of RMSA
  • 32. • RMSA is planned to promote secondary education by establishing in every target school the following infrastructure: • Additional class rooms • Laboratories • Libraries • Art and crafts room • Toilet blocks • Drinking water provisions • Residential hostels for teachers in remote areas • SMC in each school Action Plans of RMSA
  • 33. • In addition it aims to provide additional teachers to reduce student teacher to 30:1, • Focus on science, mathematics and English education, • In-service training of teachers, • Science laboratories, • ICT-enabled education, • Curriculum reforms, and • Teaching learning reforms. Action Plans of RMSA
  • 34. • Quality Improvement • In school, there was promotion of the science laboratories, environmental education, promotion of yoga, as well as centrally sponsored schemes of population education project, international mathematics and science olympiads. The state governments provide in-service training for the teachers and provide infrastructure and research inputs. Four major heads
  • 35. • Information communication technologies (ICT) • ICT comprises the centrally sponsored schemes like computer education and literacy in schools (CLASS) and educational technology (ET) which familiarizes the student with Information technology (IT). • a. funding support towards computer education plan • b. strengthening and reorientation of the staffs of SIETs – state institutes of education and training • c. there should be is digitalization of SIETs audio and video cassettes with the partnership of NGOs • d. management of internet-based education by SIETs. Four major heads
  • 36. • Access and equity • RMSA not only emphasizes on providing secondary education for the special focus groups that include scheduled tribe and scheduled caste groups, minority girls, but it also give importance on removing the existing disparities in socio-economic and gender background in the secondary level of education. Four major heads
  • 37. • Integrated education for disabled children(IEDC) • Inclusive education have been highlighted to bring about expansion in terms of meeting to the needs of the mentally and physically disadvantaged children. This schemes continues to be a separate centrally sponsored scheme. Four major heads
  • 38. • The Ministry of Human Resource Development directly provides funds to the state governments. Each state government then release the funds to the approved implementing agencies or institutions. During the XI Five Year Plan the central government provided 75% of the total fund for each state, while 25% was borne by the state as matching share. Funds for RMSA
  • 39. • Achievements of RMSA listed in its 2015-2016; • 11,577 new secondary schools approved. • 52,750 additional classrooms approved. • 25,948 science laboratories approved. • 21,864 computer rooms approved. • 27,428 libraries approved. • 31,453 art and craft rooms approved. • 12,327 drinking water facilities approved. • 5,408 teachers' quarters approved. • 2,975 major repairs approved. Achievements of RMSA