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Population of India & Family
welfare Programme In India
Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar
MRIT, Ph.D. (Radiology and Imaging)
Assistant Professor
Medical Radiology and Imaging Technology
School of Health Sciences, CSJM University, Kanpur
Population of India
• The population of India is one of the most significant demographic
phenomena in the world. As of recent estimates, India is the most populous
country globally, with a population exceeding 1.4 billion people. The
population of India has been steadily growing over the years, driven by
factors such as high fertility rates, declining mortality rates due to
advancements in healthcare and sanitation, cultural norms favoring larger
families, and limited access to contraceptives and family planning services
in some regions.
22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 2
• The current population of India is 1,437,054,302 as of Thursday, February
22, 2024, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations
data 1.
• India 2023 population is estimated at 1,428,627,663 people at mid year.
• India population is equivalent to 17.76% of the total world population.
• India ranks number 1 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by
population.
22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 3
• The population density in India is 481 per Km2 (1,244 people per mi2).
• The total land area is 2,973,190 Km2 (1,147,955 sq. miles)
• 36.3 % of the population is urban (518,239,122 people in 2023)
• The median age in India is 28.2 years.
22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 4
Population of India (2024 and historical)
Year Population
Yearly %
Change
Yearly
Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate
Density
(P/Km²)
Urban
Pop %
Urban
Population
Country's Share
of
World Pop
World
Population
India
Global Rank
2024 1,441,719,852 0.92 % 13,092,189 -486,784 28.6 1.98 485 36.8 % 530,387,142 17.76 % 8,118,835,999 1
2023 1,428,627,663 0.81 % 11,454,490 -486,136 28.2 2.00 481 36.3 % 518,239,122 17.76 % 8,045,311,447 1
2022 1,417,173,173 0.68 % 9,609,331 -487,303 27.9 2.01 477 35.7 % 506,304,869 17.77 % 7,975,105,156 2
2020 1,396,387,127 0.96 % 13,275,077 -34,772 27.3 2.05 470 34.6 % 483,098,640 17.81 % 7,840,952,880 2
2015 1,322,866,505 1.29 % 16,450,577 -475,094 25.5 2.29 445 32.4 % 429,069,459 17.81 % 7,426,597,537 2
2010 1,240,613,620 1.45 % 17,194,981 -380,087 24.0 2.60 417 30.7 % 380,744,554 17.76 % 6,985,603,105 2
22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 5
India Population Forecast
Year Population
Yearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants
(net)
Median
Age
Fertility
Rate
Density
(P/Km²)
Urban
Pop %
Urban
Population
Country's
Share of
World Pop World Population
India
Global
Rank
2025 1,454,606,724 0.82 % 11,643,919 -486,077 29.0 1.97 489 37.3 % 542,742,539 17.76 % 8,191,988,453 1
2030 1,514,994,080 0.82 % 12,077,471 -486,942 30.9 1.91 510 40.1 % 607,341,981 17.73 % 8,546,141,327 1
2035 1,567,802,259 0.69 % 10,561,636 -496,692 32.8 1.86 527 43.1 % 675,456,367 17.66 % 8,879,397,401 1
2040 1,611,676,333 0.55 % 8,774,815 -496,507 34.6 1.83 542 46.2 % 744,380,367 17.54 % 9,188,250,492 1
2045 1,645,863,187 0.42 % 6,837,371 -495,892 36.4 1.81 554 49.3 % 811,749,463 17.38 % 9,467,543,575 1
2050 1,670,490,596 0.30 % 4,925,482 38.1 1.78 562 52.5 % 876,613,025 17.20 % 9,709,491,761 1
22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 6
India Demographics
• India's large and youthful population presents both challenges and
opportunities.
• The demographic dividend refers to the economic benefits that arise from a
favorable age distribution, with a large working-age population relative to
dependents.
• India's demographic dividend has the potential to fuel economic growth, but
effective policies are needed to harness this potential.
22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 7
Life Expectancy in India
22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 8
Infant Mortality Rate and Deaths of Children
under 5 Years Old in India
22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 9
India Urban Vs Rural Population
22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 10
Population Density
• The 2023 population density in India is 481 people per Km2 (1,244
people per mi2), calculated on a total land area of 2,973,190 Km2
(1,147,955 sq. miles).
22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 11
Largest Cities in India
# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Mumbai 12,691,836
2 Delhi 10,927,986
3 Bengaluru 5,104,047
4 Kolkata 4,631,392
5 Chennai 4,328,063
6 Ahmedabad 3,719,710
7 Hyderabad 3,597,816
8 Pune 2,935,744
9 Surat 2,894,504
10
Kanpur 2,823,249
22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 12
22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 13
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of India
22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 14
Factors Contributing to Population Growth
Several factors contribute to the high
population growth rate in India:
• High fertility rates, especially in rural areas
• Decline in mortality rates due to improved
healthcare and sanitation
• Cultural and religious beliefs favoring larger
families
• Limited access to contraceptives and family
planning services in some areas
22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 15
Regional Variations in Population
Population distribution in India varies
significantly across different regions.
• Some states, such as Uttar Pradesh and
Bihar, have very high population densities,
while others, like the northeastern states,
have lower population densities.
• Urban areas are experiencing rapid
population growth due to migration from
rural areas and natural population increase.
22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 16
Challenges of Population Growth
Rapid population growth poses several
challenges for India:
• Pressure on infrastructure, such as housing,
transportation, and healthcare
• Strain on natural resources, leading to
environmental degradation
• High unemployment and underemployment
rates, especially among youth
• Increased demand for food, water, and energy,
exacerbating scarcity issues
22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 17
Government Initiatives
The Indian government has implemented
various initiatives to address population-
related issues:
• National Family Planning Program
• Promotion of contraception and family
planning services
• Maternal and child health programs
• Awareness campaigns on the importance
of small family sizes
22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 18
National Family Planning Program
• The National Family Planning Program was launched in India
in 1952 with the aim of controlling population growth through
voluntary family planning methods.
• The program provides access to contraceptives and family
planning services to couples across the country.
• It offers a range of contraceptive options, including oral pills,
condoms, intrauterine devices (IUDs), and sterilization
procedures.
• The program also focuses on educating individuals and
communities about the benefits of family planning and
empowering them to make informed decisions about their
reproductive health.
22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 19
Promotion of Contraception and Family
Planning Services
• In addition to the National Family Planning Program, the
government promotes the use of contraception and family
planning services through various channels.
• This includes the provision of contraceptives through
public health facilities, outreach programs in rural areas,
and partnerships with non-governmental organizations
(NGOs) and private healthcare providers.
• Efforts are made to ensure the availability and accessibility
of a wide range of contraceptive methods to meet the
diverse needs of the population.
22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 20
Maternal and Child Health Programs
• The Indian government has implemented several
maternal and child health programs aimed at
improving the health and well-being of mothers and
children.
• These programs focus on providing antenatal care,
skilled birth attendance, postnatal care, immunizations,
and nutrition support to pregnant women and young
children.
• By addressing maternal and child health issues, these
programs contribute to reducing infant mortality,
improving maternal health outcomes, and promoting
smaller family sizes through better child survival.
22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 21
Awareness Campaigns on the Importance of
Small Family Sizes
• The government conducts awareness campaigns and communication
initiatives to promote the importance of small family sizes and the benefits of
family planning.
• These campaigns utilize various media channels, including television, radio,
print, and digital platforms, to reach a wide audience.
• They aim to dispel myths and misconceptions surrounding family planning,
address cultural and social barriers, and encourage positive attitudes towards
smaller family sizes.
• Community-level engagement and participation are emphasized to ensure that
the messages resonate with local populations and lead to behavioral change.
22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 22
Future Outlook
The future trajectory of India's population will
depend on several factors, including:
• Continued efforts to promote family planning and
reproductive health
• Socioeconomic development and empowerment of
women
• Urbanization and migration trends
• Effective policies and interventions will be
crucial in managing population growth and
ensuring sustainable development.
22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 23
Thank You
22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 24

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Population of India and Family welfare programme.pptx

  • 1. Population of India & Family welfare Programme In India Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar MRIT, Ph.D. (Radiology and Imaging) Assistant Professor Medical Radiology and Imaging Technology School of Health Sciences, CSJM University, Kanpur
  • 2. Population of India • The population of India is one of the most significant demographic phenomena in the world. As of recent estimates, India is the most populous country globally, with a population exceeding 1.4 billion people. The population of India has been steadily growing over the years, driven by factors such as high fertility rates, declining mortality rates due to advancements in healthcare and sanitation, cultural norms favoring larger families, and limited access to contraceptives and family planning services in some regions. 22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 2
  • 3. • The current population of India is 1,437,054,302 as of Thursday, February 22, 2024, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1. • India 2023 population is estimated at 1,428,627,663 people at mid year. • India population is equivalent to 17.76% of the total world population. • India ranks number 1 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population. 22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 3
  • 4. • The population density in India is 481 per Km2 (1,244 people per mi2). • The total land area is 2,973,190 Km2 (1,147,955 sq. miles) • 36.3 % of the population is urban (518,239,122 people in 2023) • The median age in India is 28.2 years. 22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 4
  • 5. Population of India (2024 and historical) Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country's Share of World Pop World Population India Global Rank 2024 1,441,719,852 0.92 % 13,092,189 -486,784 28.6 1.98 485 36.8 % 530,387,142 17.76 % 8,118,835,999 1 2023 1,428,627,663 0.81 % 11,454,490 -486,136 28.2 2.00 481 36.3 % 518,239,122 17.76 % 8,045,311,447 1 2022 1,417,173,173 0.68 % 9,609,331 -487,303 27.9 2.01 477 35.7 % 506,304,869 17.77 % 7,975,105,156 2 2020 1,396,387,127 0.96 % 13,275,077 -34,772 27.3 2.05 470 34.6 % 483,098,640 17.81 % 7,840,952,880 2 2015 1,322,866,505 1.29 % 16,450,577 -475,094 25.5 2.29 445 32.4 % 429,069,459 17.81 % 7,426,597,537 2 2010 1,240,613,620 1.45 % 17,194,981 -380,087 24.0 2.60 417 30.7 % 380,744,554 17.76 % 6,985,603,105 2 22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 5
  • 6. India Population Forecast Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country's Share of World Pop World Population India Global Rank 2025 1,454,606,724 0.82 % 11,643,919 -486,077 29.0 1.97 489 37.3 % 542,742,539 17.76 % 8,191,988,453 1 2030 1,514,994,080 0.82 % 12,077,471 -486,942 30.9 1.91 510 40.1 % 607,341,981 17.73 % 8,546,141,327 1 2035 1,567,802,259 0.69 % 10,561,636 -496,692 32.8 1.86 527 43.1 % 675,456,367 17.66 % 8,879,397,401 1 2040 1,611,676,333 0.55 % 8,774,815 -496,507 34.6 1.83 542 46.2 % 744,380,367 17.54 % 9,188,250,492 1 2045 1,645,863,187 0.42 % 6,837,371 -495,892 36.4 1.81 554 49.3 % 811,749,463 17.38 % 9,467,543,575 1 2050 1,670,490,596 0.30 % 4,925,482 38.1 1.78 562 52.5 % 876,613,025 17.20 % 9,709,491,761 1 22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 6
  • 7. India Demographics • India's large and youthful population presents both challenges and opportunities. • The demographic dividend refers to the economic benefits that arise from a favorable age distribution, with a large working-age population relative to dependents. • India's demographic dividend has the potential to fuel economic growth, but effective policies are needed to harness this potential. 22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 7
  • 8. Life Expectancy in India 22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 8
  • 9. Infant Mortality Rate and Deaths of Children under 5 Years Old in India 22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 9
  • 10. India Urban Vs Rural Population 22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 10
  • 11. Population Density • The 2023 population density in India is 481 people per Km2 (1,244 people per mi2), calculated on a total land area of 2,973,190 Km2 (1,147,955 sq. miles). 22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 11
  • 12. Largest Cities in India # CITY NAME POPULATION 1 Mumbai 12,691,836 2 Delhi 10,927,986 3 Bengaluru 5,104,047 4 Kolkata 4,631,392 5 Chennai 4,328,063 6 Ahmedabad 3,719,710 7 Hyderabad 3,597,816 8 Pune 2,935,744 9 Surat 2,894,504 10 Kanpur 2,823,249 22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 12
  • 13. 22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 13
  • 14. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of India 22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 14
  • 15. Factors Contributing to Population Growth Several factors contribute to the high population growth rate in India: • High fertility rates, especially in rural areas • Decline in mortality rates due to improved healthcare and sanitation • Cultural and religious beliefs favoring larger families • Limited access to contraceptives and family planning services in some areas 22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 15
  • 16. Regional Variations in Population Population distribution in India varies significantly across different regions. • Some states, such as Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, have very high population densities, while others, like the northeastern states, have lower population densities. • Urban areas are experiencing rapid population growth due to migration from rural areas and natural population increase. 22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 16
  • 17. Challenges of Population Growth Rapid population growth poses several challenges for India: • Pressure on infrastructure, such as housing, transportation, and healthcare • Strain on natural resources, leading to environmental degradation • High unemployment and underemployment rates, especially among youth • Increased demand for food, water, and energy, exacerbating scarcity issues 22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 17
  • 18. Government Initiatives The Indian government has implemented various initiatives to address population- related issues: • National Family Planning Program • Promotion of contraception and family planning services • Maternal and child health programs • Awareness campaigns on the importance of small family sizes 22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 18
  • 19. National Family Planning Program • The National Family Planning Program was launched in India in 1952 with the aim of controlling population growth through voluntary family planning methods. • The program provides access to contraceptives and family planning services to couples across the country. • It offers a range of contraceptive options, including oral pills, condoms, intrauterine devices (IUDs), and sterilization procedures. • The program also focuses on educating individuals and communities about the benefits of family planning and empowering them to make informed decisions about their reproductive health. 22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 19
  • 20. Promotion of Contraception and Family Planning Services • In addition to the National Family Planning Program, the government promotes the use of contraception and family planning services through various channels. • This includes the provision of contraceptives through public health facilities, outreach programs in rural areas, and partnerships with non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and private healthcare providers. • Efforts are made to ensure the availability and accessibility of a wide range of contraceptive methods to meet the diverse needs of the population. 22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 20
  • 21. Maternal and Child Health Programs • The Indian government has implemented several maternal and child health programs aimed at improving the health and well-being of mothers and children. • These programs focus on providing antenatal care, skilled birth attendance, postnatal care, immunizations, and nutrition support to pregnant women and young children. • By addressing maternal and child health issues, these programs contribute to reducing infant mortality, improving maternal health outcomes, and promoting smaller family sizes through better child survival. 22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 21
  • 22. Awareness Campaigns on the Importance of Small Family Sizes • The government conducts awareness campaigns and communication initiatives to promote the importance of small family sizes and the benefits of family planning. • These campaigns utilize various media channels, including television, radio, print, and digital platforms, to reach a wide audience. • They aim to dispel myths and misconceptions surrounding family planning, address cultural and social barriers, and encourage positive attitudes towards smaller family sizes. • Community-level engagement and participation are emphasized to ensure that the messages resonate with local populations and lead to behavioral change. 22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 22
  • 23. Future Outlook The future trajectory of India's population will depend on several factors, including: • Continued efforts to promote family planning and reproductive health • Socioeconomic development and empowerment of women • Urbanization and migration trends • Effective policies and interventions will be crucial in managing population growth and ensuring sustainable development. 22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 23
  • 24. Thank You 22-02-2024 Presenter: Dr. Dheeraj Kumar 24