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Dr.Camy Bhagat
MPT (Ortho. & Sports)
Also called adhesive capsulitis or
periarthritis
characterized by the development of
dense adhesions, capsular thickening,
and capsular restrictions, especially in
the dependent folds of the capsule.
The onset is insidious and usually
occurs between the ages of 40 and 60
years
“Freezing.”
Characterized by
intense pain even at
rest and limitation of
motion by 2 to 3 weeks
after onset. These acute
symptoms may last 10
to 36 weeks.
“Frozen.” Characterized
by pain only with
movement, significant
adhesions, and limited
GH motions, with
substitute motions in
the scapula. Atrophy of
the deltoid, rotator
cuff, biceps, and triceps
brachii muscles occurs.
This stage lasts 4 to 12
months.
“Thawing.”
Characterized by no
pain and no synovitis
but significant capsular
restrictions from
adhesions. This stage
lasts 2 to 24 months or
longer. Some patients
never regain normal
ROM.
Night pain and
disturbed sleep
during acute flares
Pain on motion and
often at rest during
acute flares
Mobility: decreased joint play and ROM,
usually limiting external rotation and
abduction with some limitation of
internal rotation and elevation in
flexion
Posture: possible faulty postural compensations
with protracted and anteriorly tipped scapula,
rounded shoulders, and elevated and protected
shoulder
Decreased arm swing
during gait
Muscles performance: general muscle
weakness and poor endurance in the
glenohumeral muscles with overuse of
the scapular to pain in the trapezius
and posterior cervical muscles
Guarded shoulder motions
with substitute scapular
motions
Inability to reach overhead, behind head, out to the side,
and behind back
Difficulty lifting weighted objects, such as
dishes into a cupboard
Limited ability to sustain
repetitive activities
Management guidelines are as follow:
acute (maximum protection during the freezing stage),
subacute (controlled motion during the frozen stage),
chronic (return to function during the thawing state)
Control Pain, Edema,
and Muscle Guarding
Immobilized in a sling
to provide rest and
minimize pain.
Intermittent periods of
passive or assisted
motion within the pain
free/protected ROM
Gentle joint oscillation
techniques are initiated
in order to minimize
adhesion formation.
Maintain Soft Tissue and Joint
Integrity and Mobility
Passive range of motion (PROM) in all
ranges. As pain decreases, progressed
to active ROM with or without
assistance
Passive joint distraction and glides,
grade I and II
Pendulum (Codman’s) exercises
Gentle muscle setting to all muscle
groups of the shoulder, including
scapular and elbow muscles
Maintain Integrity and Function of
Associated Areas
Reflex sympathetic
dystrophy is a
complication after
shoulder injury or
immobility. Hand
with additional
exercises, such as
having the patient
repetitively squeeze
a ball or other soft
object.
keeping the joints
distal to the injured
site as active and
mobile as possible
If tolerated, active
or gentle resistive
ROM is preferred to
passive ROM for a
greater effect on
circulation and
muscle integrity.
If edema is noted in
the hand, instruct
the patient to
elevate the hand,
whenever possible,
above the level of
the heart.
Control Pain, Edema, and Joint
Effusion
Functional activities.. If the joint
was splinted, the amount of time
the shoulder is free to move
each day is progressively
increased.
Range of motion. progressed up
shoulder and scapular motions.
self-assistive ROM techniques,
such as the wand exercises or
hand slides on a table.
Progressively Increase Joint and Soft Tissue Mobility
Passive joint mobilization techniques. Stretch grades (grade III
sustained or grade III and IV oscillation)
Pendulum exercises by adding a cuff weight to the wrist or a weight to
the hand to cause a grade III joint distraction force
Self-mobilization techniques
Stretching
Inhibit
Muscle
Spasm
and
Correct
Faulty
Mechanics
Gentle joint oscillation techniques to help
decrease the muscle spasm (grade I or II).
Sustained caudal glide joint techniques to
reposition the humeral head in the glenoid
fossa.
Protected weight bearing, such as leaning
hands against a wall or on a table, to
stimulate co-contraction of the rotator cuff
and scapular stabilizing muscles
External rotation exercises to help to
depress the humeral head
Improve Joint Tracking
Shoulder MWM for painful restriction of
shoulder external rotation
Shoulder MWM for painful
restriction of internal rotation and
inability to reach the hand behind
the back
Shoulder MWM for painful arc or
impingement signs
Improve Muscle Performance
Stabilization, flexibility, and
strengthening exercises for the
shoulder-girdle
As the patient learns to activate the
weak muscles, progress to
strengthening functional patterns of
motion.
Progressively
Increase Flexibility
and Strength
Stretching and
strengthening
exercises
Prepare for
Functional
Demands
Involved in repetitive
heavy lifting,
pushing, pulling,
carrying, or reaching
Physiotherapy management (pa)
Physiotherapy management (pa)
Physiotherapy management (pa)
Physiotherapy management (pa)

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Physiotherapy management (pa)

  • 2. Also called adhesive capsulitis or periarthritis characterized by the development of dense adhesions, capsular thickening, and capsular restrictions, especially in the dependent folds of the capsule. The onset is insidious and usually occurs between the ages of 40 and 60 years
  • 3. “Freezing.” Characterized by intense pain even at rest and limitation of motion by 2 to 3 weeks after onset. These acute symptoms may last 10 to 36 weeks. “Frozen.” Characterized by pain only with movement, significant adhesions, and limited GH motions, with substitute motions in the scapula. Atrophy of the deltoid, rotator cuff, biceps, and triceps brachii muscles occurs. This stage lasts 4 to 12 months. “Thawing.” Characterized by no pain and no synovitis but significant capsular restrictions from adhesions. This stage lasts 2 to 24 months or longer. Some patients never regain normal ROM.
  • 4. Night pain and disturbed sleep during acute flares Pain on motion and often at rest during acute flares Mobility: decreased joint play and ROM, usually limiting external rotation and abduction with some limitation of internal rotation and elevation in flexion Posture: possible faulty postural compensations with protracted and anteriorly tipped scapula, rounded shoulders, and elevated and protected shoulder Decreased arm swing during gait Muscles performance: general muscle weakness and poor endurance in the glenohumeral muscles with overuse of the scapular to pain in the trapezius and posterior cervical muscles Guarded shoulder motions with substitute scapular motions
  • 5. Inability to reach overhead, behind head, out to the side, and behind back Difficulty lifting weighted objects, such as dishes into a cupboard Limited ability to sustain repetitive activities
  • 6. Management guidelines are as follow: acute (maximum protection during the freezing stage), subacute (controlled motion during the frozen stage), chronic (return to function during the thawing state)
  • 7.
  • 8. Control Pain, Edema, and Muscle Guarding Immobilized in a sling to provide rest and minimize pain. Intermittent periods of passive or assisted motion within the pain free/protected ROM Gentle joint oscillation techniques are initiated in order to minimize adhesion formation.
  • 9. Maintain Soft Tissue and Joint Integrity and Mobility Passive range of motion (PROM) in all ranges. As pain decreases, progressed to active ROM with or without assistance Passive joint distraction and glides, grade I and II Pendulum (Codman’s) exercises Gentle muscle setting to all muscle groups of the shoulder, including scapular and elbow muscles
  • 10. Maintain Integrity and Function of Associated Areas Reflex sympathetic dystrophy is a complication after shoulder injury or immobility. Hand with additional exercises, such as having the patient repetitively squeeze a ball or other soft object. keeping the joints distal to the injured site as active and mobile as possible If tolerated, active or gentle resistive ROM is preferred to passive ROM for a greater effect on circulation and muscle integrity. If edema is noted in the hand, instruct the patient to elevate the hand, whenever possible, above the level of the heart.
  • 11.
  • 12. Control Pain, Edema, and Joint Effusion Functional activities.. If the joint was splinted, the amount of time the shoulder is free to move each day is progressively increased. Range of motion. progressed up shoulder and scapular motions. self-assistive ROM techniques, such as the wand exercises or hand slides on a table.
  • 13. Progressively Increase Joint and Soft Tissue Mobility Passive joint mobilization techniques. Stretch grades (grade III sustained or grade III and IV oscillation) Pendulum exercises by adding a cuff weight to the wrist or a weight to the hand to cause a grade III joint distraction force Self-mobilization techniques Stretching
  • 14.
  • 15. Inhibit Muscle Spasm and Correct Faulty Mechanics Gentle joint oscillation techniques to help decrease the muscle spasm (grade I or II). Sustained caudal glide joint techniques to reposition the humeral head in the glenoid fossa. Protected weight bearing, such as leaning hands against a wall or on a table, to stimulate co-contraction of the rotator cuff and scapular stabilizing muscles External rotation exercises to help to depress the humeral head
  • 16. Improve Joint Tracking Shoulder MWM for painful restriction of shoulder external rotation Shoulder MWM for painful restriction of internal rotation and inability to reach the hand behind the back Shoulder MWM for painful arc or impingement signs
  • 17.
  • 18. Improve Muscle Performance Stabilization, flexibility, and strengthening exercises for the shoulder-girdle As the patient learns to activate the weak muscles, progress to strengthening functional patterns of motion.
  • 19.
  • 20. Progressively Increase Flexibility and Strength Stretching and strengthening exercises Prepare for Functional Demands Involved in repetitive heavy lifting, pushing, pulling, carrying, or reaching