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Open Government and National
Sovereignty
Ivo Babaja
University of Zadar
Motive
• The motive for this reflection is declaration of principle that
open data should be available to "the widest range of
users", "by anyone, anywhere" and "without mandatory
registration"
• The source: International Open Data Charter developed by
G8, OGP, international organizations
• Included in some national legislations
• This principle is obviously in contrary to the principle of
national sovereignty; national administration works for and
is funded by the citizens of the national state.
So existing and agreed principle is that openness of gov
data is defined within state boundaries, not globally; for
citizens of the state, not for anyone interested on the earth.
2
Theoretical foundations are important
• Perspective: all e-governance initiatives,
including open government, e-democracy …
as attempts to build an information system.
• Where are theoretical foundations for these
initiatives? Hundreds of frameworks exist.
• Declarations like Open data charter are
important not only politically, but also
technically because they give those
foundations for further development.
3
E-gov as a disruptive business
• From our standpoint e-governance initiatives
can be regarded as disruptive innovations
Disruptive innovations are those that develop
new areas, provide new functionality and also
disrupt existing system and its linkages.
This is also true for e-gov initiatives, it is
just that it affect existing political system, not
existing market players.
4
Assessing e-gov initiatives
• From „disruptive business” approach, every
individual e-governance initiative can be
estimated using 2 factors:
- IMPACT - how much it changes the
system
- RATIONALITY – how much is this novelty
logically inevitable
5
Assessing global openness request
• RATIONALITY: non existent; no generally
accepted political principle obligates country
to be open to subjects that are not related to
its activities
• IMPACT: presumed to be low, but is not:
- digital (&financial) gap questions
- security concerns (DOS attack)
6
Importance of rationality
political principles
+
available technology
„competitive edge”
of e-governance
initiatives
7
• The rationality behind e-gov initiatives:
necessity of applying indisputable existing
political principles by the means of modern ICT
Competitive edge
8
Progress of disruptive innovations
• Starts by acquiring lower end of market
• Able to deliver more-suitable functionality at a
lower price
• Building on this success, it moves to mid- and
high- end of the market delivering
performance that incumbents cannot match
E-gov comparison: initial adoption of openness
can lead to implementation of more disruptive
mechanisms of direct democracy
9
BUT
• It is not possible to be devoted to apply
existing political principles and attempt to
change them in the same time
• Hence, global openness request stands in
opposition to our „competitive edge”
!
It may introduce suspicion and uncertainty
about ultimate goals of e-gov progress and ideas
10

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Open government and national sovereignty ivo babaja

  • 1. Open Government and National Sovereignty Ivo Babaja University of Zadar
  • 2. Motive • The motive for this reflection is declaration of principle that open data should be available to "the widest range of users", "by anyone, anywhere" and "without mandatory registration" • The source: International Open Data Charter developed by G8, OGP, international organizations • Included in some national legislations • This principle is obviously in contrary to the principle of national sovereignty; national administration works for and is funded by the citizens of the national state. So existing and agreed principle is that openness of gov data is defined within state boundaries, not globally; for citizens of the state, not for anyone interested on the earth. 2
  • 3. Theoretical foundations are important • Perspective: all e-governance initiatives, including open government, e-democracy … as attempts to build an information system. • Where are theoretical foundations for these initiatives? Hundreds of frameworks exist. • Declarations like Open data charter are important not only politically, but also technically because they give those foundations for further development. 3
  • 4. E-gov as a disruptive business • From our standpoint e-governance initiatives can be regarded as disruptive innovations Disruptive innovations are those that develop new areas, provide new functionality and also disrupt existing system and its linkages. This is also true for e-gov initiatives, it is just that it affect existing political system, not existing market players. 4
  • 5. Assessing e-gov initiatives • From „disruptive business” approach, every individual e-governance initiative can be estimated using 2 factors: - IMPACT - how much it changes the system - RATIONALITY – how much is this novelty logically inevitable 5
  • 6. Assessing global openness request • RATIONALITY: non existent; no generally accepted political principle obligates country to be open to subjects that are not related to its activities • IMPACT: presumed to be low, but is not: - digital (&financial) gap questions - security concerns (DOS attack) 6
  • 7. Importance of rationality political principles + available technology „competitive edge” of e-governance initiatives 7 • The rationality behind e-gov initiatives: necessity of applying indisputable existing political principles by the means of modern ICT
  • 9. Progress of disruptive innovations • Starts by acquiring lower end of market • Able to deliver more-suitable functionality at a lower price • Building on this success, it moves to mid- and high- end of the market delivering performance that incumbents cannot match E-gov comparison: initial adoption of openness can lead to implementation of more disruptive mechanisms of direct democracy 9
  • 10. BUT • It is not possible to be devoted to apply existing political principles and attempt to change them in the same time • Hence, global openness request stands in opposition to our „competitive edge” ! It may introduce suspicion and uncertainty about ultimate goals of e-gov progress and ideas 10

Editor's Notes

  1. Organizations like Omidyar network, Sunlight foundation, OKF Countries are encouraged to implement this global openness principle There is no obligation to inform people that are not citizens of the state, whatsoever.
  2. The terms may be disputed Looking at the big picture of all the initiatives that are going on
  3. Term „disruptive innovation” comes from economics Popular expression It is usually connected with ICT innovations like car-sharing, rental sharing platforms and like
  4. How big is the scope of the impact on system. How much is it inevitable application of sound political principles BALANCE of these factors is crucial for acceptance of innovation No general agreement about direct democracy
  5. The rationality is actually unspoken & presumed low inpact and convenience of global openness International companies have resources, expertese to gain benefits DOS tries to overload system with numerous requests
  6. The relation between political principles and available technology is what constitutes the competitive edge over incumbent political system
  7. E-gov efforts may be perceived as some kind of concealed political globalization agenda, and that is not contributing to this initiatives and my hinder its progress.