SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Social	Media	and	Citizen	
Engagement	in	Asia:		
A	Comparative	Survey	
CeDEM	Asia	2016	
Daegu,	South	Korea,	December	8th,	2016
Introduction	
•  Need	to	understand	the	pa.erns	of	poli2cal	
engagement	in	the	digital	era	
•  Focus	on	(Confucian)	Asia	
•  Similar	surveys:	World	Values	Survey,	Asia	
Barometer	
•  Examining	the	role	of	culture	and	poli2cal	ins2tu2ons	
•  Topics	
•  Types	of	use	and	engagement	
•  Exposure	to	disagreement/selec2ve	avoidance	
•  Racism	and	hate	speech	
•  Knowledge	gaps	
•  Video	gaming	and	engagement
Method	
•  Compara2ve	survey	
•  Common	groups	of	ques2ons	across	socie2es	
•  +	country/topic	specific	ques2ons	
•  50+	ques2on	groups	
•  Online	panels,	2015-2017	
•  Vendor:	YouGov,	HK/SG	office	
•  Approx.	cost	per	country	US$10,000-15,000	
•  First	survey	conducted	in	Singapore	in	Sept	2015
Countries/territories		
•  China	(to	be	completed)	
•  Hong	Kong	
•  Japan	
•  Singapore	
•  South	Korea	
•  Taiwan
Citizen	Engagement	in	Confucian	Asia	
•  China,	Hong	Kong,	Singapore,	South	Korea,	and	
Taiwan	share	many	cultural,	linguis2c,	and	
historical	traits	
•  S2ll,	they	have	vastly	different	poli2cal	systems,	
ranging	from	authoritarian	to	liberal-
democra2c,	which	shapes	the	impact	of	social	
media	use	on	poli2cal	life	
•  Highly	wired	socie2es	–	rising	importance	of	
social	media	in	social	and	poli2cal	life	
•  Increasing	poli2cal	polariza2on
Project	leaders	
•  Muneo	Kaigo,	University	of	Tsukuba	
•  Tetsuro	Kobayashi,	City	University	of	Hong	Kong	
•  Nojin	Kwan,	University	of	Michigan	
•  Tammy	Lin,	Na2onal	Chengchi	University	
•  Natalie	Pang,	Nanyang	Technological	University	
•  Marko	Skoric,	City	University	of	Hong	Kong	
•  Bauhua	Zhou,	Fudan	University
Political	Expression	and	Exposure	
to	Disagreement	on	Social	Media:	
What	are	the	Implications?	
Marko	M.	Skoric	&	Qinfeng	Zhu	
Department	of	Media	and	Communica2on	
City	University	of	Hong	Kong,	Hong	Kong	S.A.R.,	China
•  Social	media	promote	expansion	of	human	social	
networks	
•  Facebook	as	a	network	centered	around	an	“ego”	
•  Only	4-5	degrees	of	separa2on	among	all	FB	users		
•  Dunbar’s	number	(150)	vs.	#	Facebook	friends	(200-300)	
•  The	gain	is	predominantly	in	the	domain	of	weak	and	
latent	2es	
•  WhatsApp,	Line,	KakaoTalk	&	WeChat	take	people	back	
to	their	“psychological	neighborhoods”		
Social	Media	and	Human	Networks
•  Expansion	of	human	social	networks	brings	
more	informa2on	sources	
•  Greater	access	to	public	affairs	informa2on	
•  InformaDon	à	Expression	à	Talk	à	ParDcipaDon?		
•  More	informa2on	à	greater	need	for	fact-checking,	
cura2on,	and	filtering	
•  Intelligent	agents/social	algorithm	or	human/manual	
Social	Media	&	Political	Information
Social	Media	Use	and	Engagement	
(Pearson’s	r	correlations)	
	
	
Skoric,	M.	M.,	Zhu,	Q.,	Goh,	D.,	&	Pang,	N.	(2016).	Social	media	&	ci2zen	
engagement:	A	meta-analy2c	review.	New	Media	&	Society.	
	
0	
0.05	
0.1	
0.15	
0.2	
0.25	
0.3	
0.35	
0.4	
0.45	
Informa2onal	
use	
Expressive	use	 Rela2onal	use	 Iden2ty	use	 Entertainment	
use
•  Poli2cal	expression	on	social	media	is	one	of	the	
possible	paths	to	inadvertent	exposure	to	poli2cal	
differences	(Brundidge,	2010)		
•  Poli2cal	expression	on	social	media	is	open	meant	
for	a	specific	audience	(Papacharissi,	2012)		
•  Therefore,	it	could	lead	to	disagreement	when	the	
message(s)	reach	the	unintended	audiences		
•  Social	network	sites	use	has	a	direct	effect	on	
exposure	to	cross-cuqng	perspec2ves	(Kim,	2011)	
•  Impression	mo2va2ons	can	make	individuals	more	
recep2ve	towards	cross-cuqng	views	(Winter,	Metzger,	
&	Flanagin,	2016)				
Political	Expression	on	Social	Media	
and	Exposure	to	Disagreement
•  Homogeneous	environments	are	ideal	for	encouraging	
poli2cal	par2cipa2on	(i.e.	vo2ng)	by	reinforcing	opinions	and	
promo2ng	recogni2on	of	common	problems	
•  Exposure	to	poli2cal	difference	depresses	vo2ng	because	of	
increased	social	costs	and	poli2cal	ambivalence	(Mutz,	2002)	
•  Exposure	to	countervailing	views	has	a	nega2ve	impact	on	
the	likelihood	of	vo2ng	but	encourages	other	forms	of	
par2cipa2on	
•  e.g.,	voluntary	ac2vi2es	and	future	involvement	in	either	
poli2cal	ac2vism	or	party	poli2cs	(Paqe	&	Johnston,	2009)		
•  Exposure	to	cross-cuqng	online	networks	may	yield	
different	impact,	depending	on	the	forms	of	par2cipa2on	
•  Par2san-related	ac2vi2es	vs.	community-related	engagement		
Exposure	to	Political	Disagreement	
and	Citizen	Engagement
Exposure	to	Ideologically	Diverse	Information				
and	Opinions	on	Facebook	(US	users;	Bakshy	et	al.,	2015)
Unfriending	&	Unfollowing	in	Israel	
John,	N.	&	Dvir	Gvirsman,	S.	(2015)	I	don't	like	you	anymore:	
Poli>cal	unfriending	on	Facebook.	Journal	of	Communica>on.
Political	Participation	and	Selective	
Avoidance	in	Singapore	and	Hong	Kong
Selective	Avoidance	and	Protest	Attendance	
(Hong	Kong	Occupy	Central	2014;	student	survey)	
Yes	 No	
Didn’t	
a.end	
9.5%	 90.5%	
Low	
a.endance	
8.5%	 91.5%	
High	
a.endance	
17.7%	*	 82.3%	
Yes	 No	
Didn’t	
a.end	
5.6%	 94.4%	
Low	
a.endance	
5.1%	 94.9%	
High	
a.endance	
18.2%	*	 81.8%	
Unfriending	on	Facebook	
Hiding	Facebook	posts
Selective	Avoidance	and	Political	
Participation	during	the	Elections	(Singapore	2015)	
		
During	the	recent	elec2on,	have	you	ever	unfriended	
or	unfollowed	someone	on	SNS	(Facebook,	Twi.er,	
Instagram)?	
		 		 Yes	 No	
10.3%	 89.7%	
Rally	a.endance	
Yes	 15.7%	 84.3%	
No	 8.3%	 91.7%	
Bought	campaign	
products	
Yes	 31.5%	 68.5%	
						No	 8.6%	 91.4%		
Top	reasons:	
① Published	offensive	
posts	
② Published	content	I	
disagreed	with	
③ Posted	too	much	
④ Published	posts	that	
could	offend	my	
friends
Current	study,	Hong	Kong	2016
Research	Questions	
① Is	exposure	to	disagreement	linked	with	the	
greater	likelihood	of	unfollowing	and	
unfriending?	
② Is	persuasion	on	social	media	linked	with	the	
greater	likelihood	of	unfollowing	and	
unfriending?	
③ Is	impression	management	on	social	media	
linked	with	the	greater	likelihood	of	
unfollowing	and	unfriending?
Method	
•  Online	survey	conducted	in	Feb	2016	
•  Hong	Kong	Residents	18-65	
•  1500	respondents	
•  97%	social	network	site	users
Results		
	
•  People	who	reported	to	have	unfriended	or	unfollowed	
someone	encountered	more	disagreement	on	social	media	
(M1=	3.38,	M2=	2.83,	t(df)=	-3.96(1289),	p<	.001)		
2.5	
2.6	
2.7	
2.8	
2.9	
3	
3.1	
3.2	
3.3	
3.4	
3.5	
Unfriended/unfollowed	 Others
Results	2	
•  People	who	reported	to	have	unfriended	or	unfollowed	also	
had	more	conversa2on	with	others	holding	similar	views	(M1=	
3.69,	M2=	3.01,	t(df)=	-4.68(1289),	p<	.001).		
0.00	
0.50	
1.00	
1.50	
2.00	
2.50	
3.00	
3.50	
4.00	
Unfriended/unfollowed	 Others
Results	3	
•  People	who	reported	to	have	unfriended	or	unfollowed	someone	
are	more	likely	to	use	SNSs	for	impression	management	
(presen2ng	and	censoring	oneself	on	Facebook	in	order	to	gain	
social	approval)	(M1=	4.39	M2=	3.97,	t(df)=	-3.77(1289),	p<	.001).		
3.7	
3.8	
3.9	
4	
4.1	
4.2	
4.3	
4.4	
4.5	
Unfriended/unfollowed	 Others
Results	4	
•  People	who	reported	to	have	unfriended	or	unfollowed	
someone	are	also	more	likely	to	use	social	media	to	persuade	
or	influence	others	(M1=	3.85,	M2=	3.21,	t(df)=	-4.71(1289),	
p<	.001).		
2.8	
3	
3.2	
3.4	
3.6	
3.8	
4	
Unfriended/unfollowed	 Others
Discussion	
•  Expressive,	informa2on	and	rela2onal	uses	of	
social	media	are	the	most	significant	predictors	
of	poli2cal	and	civic	ac2on	
•  Expression	and	discussion	may	lead	to	
disagreement	
•  May	lead	to	selec2ve	avoidance	(unfriending	and	
unfollowing)	
•  Selec2ve	avoidance	also	linked	with	increased	
poli2cal	par2cipa2on	
•  Direc2on	of	causality?
Discussion—continued		
•  Different	strategies	for	different	audiences?	
•  People	may	care	more	about	gaining	a	favorable	
impression	from	similar	others	than	from	dissimilar	
others	
•  Impression	management	more	relevant	for	in-group	
building	and	sense	of	belonging	
•  But,	people	are	also	more	likely	to	be	driven	by	
persuasion	mo2va2ons	when	interac2ng	with	
disagreeing	others	
•  Unfollowing/unfriending	as	a	consequence	of	failed	
persuasion	a.empts?
•  Exposure	to	diverse	views	and	disagreement	is	good	for	
democracy	and	engagement	with	community	
•  But,	par2san	engagement	and	protest	par2cipa2on	need	
opinion	reinforcement,	not	conflict	or	ambiguity	
•  “Fake	news”	during	the	US	elec2ons		
•  Some	contexts	require	more	homophilic	environments	
•  Social	media	pla•orms	may	increase	the	likelihood	of	exposure	
to	poli2cal	difference	and	disagreement		
•  But,	they	also	enable	easy	filtering	and	removal	of	content	(and	
people)	when	needed		
•  How	do	we	ensure	that	ci2zens	are	exposed	to	diverse	
views?	
•  Pressuring	social	media	companies?	
•  Providing	more	offline	public	spaces	for	ci2zen	interac2on?	
Conclusion
Thank	you!

More Related Content

Viewers also liked

Social Media Use in South Korea 2015
Social Media Use in South Korea 2015Social Media Use in South Korea 2015
Social Media Use in South Korea 2015
Edelman APACMEA
 
We Are Social's Guide to Social, Digital and Mobile Around the World (Feb 2013)
We Are Social's Guide to Social, Digital and Mobile Around the World (Feb 2013)We Are Social's Guide to Social, Digital and Mobile Around the World (Feb 2013)
We Are Social's Guide to Social, Digital and Mobile Around the World (Feb 2013)
We Are Social Singapore
 
TRUTH WILL NEVER SINK: How Social Media Saved and Betrayed the Students
TRUTH WILL NEVER SINK: How Social Media Saved and Betrayed the StudentsTRUTH WILL NEVER SINK: How Social Media Saved and Betrayed the Students
TRUTH WILL NEVER SINK: How Social Media Saved and Betrayed the Students
Ameliahcho
 
Digital in 2017: Central Asia
Digital in 2017: Central AsiaDigital in 2017: Central Asia
Digital in 2017: Central Asia
We Are Social Singapore
 
Digital in 2017: Western Asia
Digital in 2017: Western AsiaDigital in 2017: Western Asia
Digital in 2017: Western Asia
We Are Social Singapore
 
South Korean Social Media & Internet Facts
South Korean Social Media & Internet FactsSouth Korean Social Media & Internet Facts
South Korean Social Media & Internet Facts
Reach China Holdings Limited
 
Social, Digital & Mobile Around The World (January 2014)
Social, Digital & Mobile Around The World (January 2014)Social, Digital & Mobile Around The World (January 2014)
Social, Digital & Mobile Around The World (January 2014)
We Are Social Singapore
 
Digital in 2017: Eastern Asia
Digital in 2017: Eastern AsiaDigital in 2017: Eastern Asia
Digital in 2017: Eastern Asia
We Are Social Singapore
 
2016 Digital Yearbook
2016 Digital Yearbook2016 Digital Yearbook
2016 Digital Yearbook
We Are Social Singapore
 
Digital, Social & Mobile in 2015
Digital, Social & Mobile in 2015Digital, Social & Mobile in 2015
Digital, Social & Mobile in 2015
We Are Social Singapore
 
2017 Digital Yearbook
2017 Digital Yearbook2017 Digital Yearbook
2017 Digital Yearbook
We Are Social Singapore
 
Digital in 2017 Global Overview
Digital in 2017 Global OverviewDigital in 2017 Global Overview
Digital in 2017 Global Overview
We Are Social Singapore
 

Viewers also liked (12)

Social Media Use in South Korea 2015
Social Media Use in South Korea 2015Social Media Use in South Korea 2015
Social Media Use in South Korea 2015
 
We Are Social's Guide to Social, Digital and Mobile Around the World (Feb 2013)
We Are Social's Guide to Social, Digital and Mobile Around the World (Feb 2013)We Are Social's Guide to Social, Digital and Mobile Around the World (Feb 2013)
We Are Social's Guide to Social, Digital and Mobile Around the World (Feb 2013)
 
TRUTH WILL NEVER SINK: How Social Media Saved and Betrayed the Students
TRUTH WILL NEVER SINK: How Social Media Saved and Betrayed the StudentsTRUTH WILL NEVER SINK: How Social Media Saved and Betrayed the Students
TRUTH WILL NEVER SINK: How Social Media Saved and Betrayed the Students
 
Digital in 2017: Central Asia
Digital in 2017: Central AsiaDigital in 2017: Central Asia
Digital in 2017: Central Asia
 
Digital in 2017: Western Asia
Digital in 2017: Western AsiaDigital in 2017: Western Asia
Digital in 2017: Western Asia
 
South Korean Social Media & Internet Facts
South Korean Social Media & Internet FactsSouth Korean Social Media & Internet Facts
South Korean Social Media & Internet Facts
 
Social, Digital & Mobile Around The World (January 2014)
Social, Digital & Mobile Around The World (January 2014)Social, Digital & Mobile Around The World (January 2014)
Social, Digital & Mobile Around The World (January 2014)
 
Digital in 2017: Eastern Asia
Digital in 2017: Eastern AsiaDigital in 2017: Eastern Asia
Digital in 2017: Eastern Asia
 
2016 Digital Yearbook
2016 Digital Yearbook2016 Digital Yearbook
2016 Digital Yearbook
 
Digital, Social & Mobile in 2015
Digital, Social & Mobile in 2015Digital, Social & Mobile in 2015
Digital, Social & Mobile in 2015
 
2017 Digital Yearbook
2017 Digital Yearbook2017 Digital Yearbook
2017 Digital Yearbook
 
Digital in 2017 Global Overview
Digital in 2017 Global OverviewDigital in 2017 Global Overview
Digital in 2017 Global Overview
 

Similar to Social media and citizen engagement in asia skoric

Marketing Tips for Classical Music Artists - midem 2012 Carnegie Hall present...
Marketing Tips for Classical Music Artists - midem 2012 Carnegie Hall present...Marketing Tips for Classical Music Artists - midem 2012 Carnegie Hall present...
Marketing Tips for Classical Music Artists - midem 2012 Carnegie Hall present...
midem
 
Marketing Tips for Classical Music: Digital Content Marketing – midem 2012 pr...
Marketing Tips for Classical Music: Digital Content Marketing – midem 2012 pr...Marketing Tips for Classical Music: Digital Content Marketing – midem 2012 pr...
Marketing Tips for Classical Music: Digital Content Marketing – midem 2012 pr...
midem
 
Phil Jones: Project Overview
Phil Jones: Project OverviewPhil Jones: Project Overview
Phil Jones: Project Overview
Phil Jones
 
High impact tools for digital literacy
High impact tools for digital literacyHigh impact tools for digital literacy
High impact tools for digital literacy
Mary Martin, EdD
 
Ways of seeing
Ways of seeingWays of seeing
Ways of seeing
Jo Vearey
 
Abroad Programs: Utilizing Theory to Support and Affirm LGBTQ Student Narratives
Abroad Programs: Utilizing Theory to Support and Affirm LGBTQ Student NarrativesAbroad Programs: Utilizing Theory to Support and Affirm LGBTQ Student Narratives
Abroad Programs: Utilizing Theory to Support and Affirm LGBTQ Student Narratives
CIEE
 
Researching Online Communities
Researching Online CommunitiesResearching Online Communities
Researching Online Communities
Shadi Abu-Ayyash
 
MOVES activities focussing on groups
MOVES activities focussing on groupsMOVES activities focussing on groups
MOVES activities focussing on groups
Grial - University of Salamanca
 
Digital Humanities Breakfast -Paul Martin
Digital Humanities Breakfast -Paul MartinDigital Humanities Breakfast -Paul Martin
Digital Humanities Breakfast -Paul Martin
DigitalHumanitiesUON
 
Pilot example of how to use the benchmark
Pilot example of how to use the benchmarkPilot example of how to use the benchmark
Pilot example of how to use the benchmark
MCPBroker
 
Campus North: community engagement (5 November 2014)
Campus North: community engagement (5 November 2014)Campus North: community engagement (5 November 2014)
Campus North: community engagement (5 November 2014)
Andy Law
 
Confirmation Seminar: From being #instagay to queering Tinderella
Confirmation Seminar: From being #instagay to queering TinderellaConfirmation Seminar: From being #instagay to queering Tinderella
Confirmation Seminar: From being #instagay to queering Tinderella
Stefanie Duguay
 
Digital Humanities and Undergraduate Education
Digital Humanities and Undergraduate EducationDigital Humanities and Undergraduate Education
Digital Humanities and Undergraduate Education
Rebecca Davis
 
Ola fopl stats project
Ola fopl stats projectOla fopl stats project
Ola fopl stats project
Stephen Abram
 
Outside In: Learning from Community Voices in Visitor Studies
Outside In: Learning from Community Voices in Visitor StudiesOutside In: Learning from Community Voices in Visitor Studies
Outside In: Learning from Community Voices in Visitor Studies
garibaygroup
 
The "social" in Social Media
The "social" in Social MediaThe "social" in Social Media
The "social" in Social Media
Noah Kuchins
 
Ala fopl project
Ala fopl projectAla fopl project
Ala fopl project
Stephen Abram
 
ARMA - AHRC Themes Nov 2012
ARMA - AHRC Themes Nov 2012ARMA - AHRC Themes Nov 2012
ARMA - AHRC Themes Nov 2012
Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC)
 
IRL engagement
IRL engagementIRL engagement
IRL engagement
laurenhasler
 
Don means fopl project
Don means fopl projectDon means fopl project
Don means fopl project
Stephen Abram
 

Similar to Social media and citizen engagement in asia skoric (20)

Marketing Tips for Classical Music Artists - midem 2012 Carnegie Hall present...
Marketing Tips for Classical Music Artists - midem 2012 Carnegie Hall present...Marketing Tips for Classical Music Artists - midem 2012 Carnegie Hall present...
Marketing Tips for Classical Music Artists - midem 2012 Carnegie Hall present...
 
Marketing Tips for Classical Music: Digital Content Marketing – midem 2012 pr...
Marketing Tips for Classical Music: Digital Content Marketing – midem 2012 pr...Marketing Tips for Classical Music: Digital Content Marketing – midem 2012 pr...
Marketing Tips for Classical Music: Digital Content Marketing – midem 2012 pr...
 
Phil Jones: Project Overview
Phil Jones: Project OverviewPhil Jones: Project Overview
Phil Jones: Project Overview
 
High impact tools for digital literacy
High impact tools for digital literacyHigh impact tools for digital literacy
High impact tools for digital literacy
 
Ways of seeing
Ways of seeingWays of seeing
Ways of seeing
 
Abroad Programs: Utilizing Theory to Support and Affirm LGBTQ Student Narratives
Abroad Programs: Utilizing Theory to Support and Affirm LGBTQ Student NarrativesAbroad Programs: Utilizing Theory to Support and Affirm LGBTQ Student Narratives
Abroad Programs: Utilizing Theory to Support and Affirm LGBTQ Student Narratives
 
Researching Online Communities
Researching Online CommunitiesResearching Online Communities
Researching Online Communities
 
MOVES activities focussing on groups
MOVES activities focussing on groupsMOVES activities focussing on groups
MOVES activities focussing on groups
 
Digital Humanities Breakfast -Paul Martin
Digital Humanities Breakfast -Paul MartinDigital Humanities Breakfast -Paul Martin
Digital Humanities Breakfast -Paul Martin
 
Pilot example of how to use the benchmark
Pilot example of how to use the benchmarkPilot example of how to use the benchmark
Pilot example of how to use the benchmark
 
Campus North: community engagement (5 November 2014)
Campus North: community engagement (5 November 2014)Campus North: community engagement (5 November 2014)
Campus North: community engagement (5 November 2014)
 
Confirmation Seminar: From being #instagay to queering Tinderella
Confirmation Seminar: From being #instagay to queering TinderellaConfirmation Seminar: From being #instagay to queering Tinderella
Confirmation Seminar: From being #instagay to queering Tinderella
 
Digital Humanities and Undergraduate Education
Digital Humanities and Undergraduate EducationDigital Humanities and Undergraduate Education
Digital Humanities and Undergraduate Education
 
Ola fopl stats project
Ola fopl stats projectOla fopl stats project
Ola fopl stats project
 
Outside In: Learning from Community Voices in Visitor Studies
Outside In: Learning from Community Voices in Visitor StudiesOutside In: Learning from Community Voices in Visitor Studies
Outside In: Learning from Community Voices in Visitor Studies
 
The "social" in Social Media
The "social" in Social MediaThe "social" in Social Media
The "social" in Social Media
 
Ala fopl project
Ala fopl projectAla fopl project
Ala fopl project
 
ARMA - AHRC Themes Nov 2012
ARMA - AHRC Themes Nov 2012ARMA - AHRC Themes Nov 2012
ARMA - AHRC Themes Nov 2012
 
IRL engagement
IRL engagementIRL engagement
IRL engagement
 
Don means fopl project
Don means fopl projectDon means fopl project
Don means fopl project
 

More from Danube University Krems, Centre for E-Governance

Smart Cities workshop at CeDEM17
Smart Cities workshop at CeDEM17Smart Cities workshop at CeDEM17
Smart Cities workshop at CeDEM17
Danube University Krems, Centre for E-Governance
 
#CeDEM17 - Towards an Open Data based ICT Reference Architecture for Smart Ci...
#CeDEM17 - Towards an Open Data based ICT Reference Architecture for Smart Ci...#CeDEM17 - Towards an Open Data based ICT Reference Architecture for Smart Ci...
#CeDEM17 - Towards an Open Data based ICT Reference Architecture for Smart Ci...
Danube University Krems, Centre for E-Governance
 
#CeDEM17 - Financial Payments and Smart Cities
#CeDEM17 - Financial Payments and Smart Cities #CeDEM17 - Financial Payments and Smart Cities
#CeDEM17 - Financial Payments and Smart Cities
Danube University Krems, Centre for E-Governance
 
#CeDEM2017 Smart Cities of Self-Determined Data Subjects
#CeDEM2017 Smart Cities of Self-Determined Data Subjects#CeDEM2017 Smart Cities of Self-Determined Data Subjects
#CeDEM2017 Smart Cities of Self-Determined Data Subjects
Danube University Krems, Centre for E-Governance
 
Open Data as Enabler of Public Service Co-creation: Exploring the Drivers and...
Open Data as Enabler of Public Service Co-creation:Exploring the Drivers and...Open Data as Enabler of Public Service Co-creation:Exploring the Drivers and...
Open Data as Enabler of Public Service Co-creation: Exploring the Drivers and...
Danube University Krems, Centre for E-Governance
 
DatalEt-Ecosystem Provider - The DEEP project
DatalEt-Ecosystem Provider - The DEEP projectDatalEt-Ecosystem Provider - The DEEP project
DatalEt-Ecosystem Provider - The DEEP project
Danube University Krems, Centre for E-Governance
 
Towards Open Justice: ICT acceptance in the Greek justice system
Towards Open Justice: ICT acceptance in the Greek justice systemTowards Open Justice: ICT acceptance in the Greek justice system
Towards Open Justice: ICT acceptance in the Greek justice system
Danube University Krems, Centre for E-Governance
 
[X]CHANGING PERSPECTIVES
[X]CHANGING PERSPECTIVES[X]CHANGING PERSPECTIVES
Using fuzzy cognitive maps as decision support tool for smart cities goraczek
Using fuzzy cognitive maps as decision support tool for smart cities  goraczekUsing fuzzy cognitive maps as decision support tool for smart cities  goraczek
Using fuzzy cognitive maps as decision support tool for smart cities goraczek
Danube University Krems, Centre for E-Governance
 
Understanding of smartphone divide dal yong
Understanding of smartphone divide  dal yongUnderstanding of smartphone divide  dal yong
Understanding of smartphone divide dal yong
Danube University Krems, Centre for E-Governance
 
The motivations behind open access publishing judith schossboeck
The motivations behind open access publishing  judith schossboeckThe motivations behind open access publishing  judith schossboeck
The motivations behind open access publishing judith schossboeck
Danube University Krems, Centre for E-Governance
 
Social media as hobed of racism and hate speech kobayashi, kaigo, kwak
Social media as hobed of racism and hate speech kobayashi, kaigo, kwakSocial media as hobed of racism and hate speech kobayashi, kaigo, kwak
Social media as hobed of racism and hate speech kobayashi, kaigo, kwak
Danube University Krems, Centre for E-Governance
 
Realizin modeling and evaluation city's enerfy efficiency leonidas anthopoulos
Realizin modeling and evaluation city's enerfy efficiency leonidas anthopoulosRealizin modeling and evaluation city's enerfy efficiency leonidas anthopoulos
Realizin modeling and evaluation city's enerfy efficiency leonidas anthopoulos
Danube University Krems, Centre for E-Governance
 
Post 2015 paris c limate conference politics on the internet manuela hartwig
Post 2015 paris c limate conference politics on the internet  manuela hartwigPost 2015 paris c limate conference politics on the internet  manuela hartwig
Post 2015 paris c limate conference politics on the internet manuela hartwig
Danube University Krems, Centre for E-Governance
 
Open government and national sovereignty ivo babaja
Open government and national sovereignty  ivo babajaOpen government and national sovereignty  ivo babaja
Open government and national sovereignty ivo babaja
Danube University Krems, Centre for E-Governance
 
Health r isk communication in the digital era myojung chung
Health r isk communication in the digital era myojung chungHealth r isk communication in the digital era myojung chung
Health r isk communication in the digital era myojung chung
Danube University Krems, Centre for E-Governance
 
An analysis of japanese local government facebook profiles muneo kaigo
An analysis of japanese local government facebook profiles muneo kaigoAn analysis of japanese local government facebook profiles muneo kaigo
An analysis of japanese local government facebook profiles muneo kaigo
Danube University Krems, Centre for E-Governance
 
GovCamp 2016 - Co-Creation
GovCamp 2016 - Co-CreationGovCamp 2016 - Co-Creation
Datenschutzbeauftragte werden in Zukunft eine wichtige Rolle im Unternehmen s...
Datenschutzbeauftragte werden in Zukunft eine wichtige Rolle im Unternehmen s...Datenschutzbeauftragte werden in Zukunft eine wichtige Rolle im Unternehmen s...
Datenschutzbeauftragte werden in Zukunft eine wichtige Rolle im Unternehmen s...
Danube University Krems, Centre for E-Governance
 
Erfolgreiche Unternehmensführung verlangt sorgsamen und transparenten Umgang ...
Erfolgreiche Unternehmensführung verlangt sorgsamen und transparenten Umgang ...Erfolgreiche Unternehmensführung verlangt sorgsamen und transparenten Umgang ...
Erfolgreiche Unternehmensführung verlangt sorgsamen und transparenten Umgang ...
Danube University Krems, Centre for E-Governance
 

More from Danube University Krems, Centre for E-Governance (20)

Smart Cities workshop at CeDEM17
Smart Cities workshop at CeDEM17Smart Cities workshop at CeDEM17
Smart Cities workshop at CeDEM17
 
#CeDEM17 - Towards an Open Data based ICT Reference Architecture for Smart Ci...
#CeDEM17 - Towards an Open Data based ICT Reference Architecture for Smart Ci...#CeDEM17 - Towards an Open Data based ICT Reference Architecture for Smart Ci...
#CeDEM17 - Towards an Open Data based ICT Reference Architecture for Smart Ci...
 
#CeDEM17 - Financial Payments and Smart Cities
#CeDEM17 - Financial Payments and Smart Cities #CeDEM17 - Financial Payments and Smart Cities
#CeDEM17 - Financial Payments and Smart Cities
 
#CeDEM2017 Smart Cities of Self-Determined Data Subjects
#CeDEM2017 Smart Cities of Self-Determined Data Subjects#CeDEM2017 Smart Cities of Self-Determined Data Subjects
#CeDEM2017 Smart Cities of Self-Determined Data Subjects
 
Open Data as Enabler of Public Service Co-creation: Exploring the Drivers and...
Open Data as Enabler of Public Service Co-creation:Exploring the Drivers and...Open Data as Enabler of Public Service Co-creation:Exploring the Drivers and...
Open Data as Enabler of Public Service Co-creation: Exploring the Drivers and...
 
DatalEt-Ecosystem Provider - The DEEP project
DatalEt-Ecosystem Provider - The DEEP projectDatalEt-Ecosystem Provider - The DEEP project
DatalEt-Ecosystem Provider - The DEEP project
 
Towards Open Justice: ICT acceptance in the Greek justice system
Towards Open Justice: ICT acceptance in the Greek justice systemTowards Open Justice: ICT acceptance in the Greek justice system
Towards Open Justice: ICT acceptance in the Greek justice system
 
[X]CHANGING PERSPECTIVES
[X]CHANGING PERSPECTIVES[X]CHANGING PERSPECTIVES
[X]CHANGING PERSPECTIVES
 
Using fuzzy cognitive maps as decision support tool for smart cities goraczek
Using fuzzy cognitive maps as decision support tool for smart cities  goraczekUsing fuzzy cognitive maps as decision support tool for smart cities  goraczek
Using fuzzy cognitive maps as decision support tool for smart cities goraczek
 
Understanding of smartphone divide dal yong
Understanding of smartphone divide  dal yongUnderstanding of smartphone divide  dal yong
Understanding of smartphone divide dal yong
 
The motivations behind open access publishing judith schossboeck
The motivations behind open access publishing  judith schossboeckThe motivations behind open access publishing  judith schossboeck
The motivations behind open access publishing judith schossboeck
 
Social media as hobed of racism and hate speech kobayashi, kaigo, kwak
Social media as hobed of racism and hate speech kobayashi, kaigo, kwakSocial media as hobed of racism and hate speech kobayashi, kaigo, kwak
Social media as hobed of racism and hate speech kobayashi, kaigo, kwak
 
Realizin modeling and evaluation city's enerfy efficiency leonidas anthopoulos
Realizin modeling and evaluation city's enerfy efficiency leonidas anthopoulosRealizin modeling and evaluation city's enerfy efficiency leonidas anthopoulos
Realizin modeling and evaluation city's enerfy efficiency leonidas anthopoulos
 
Post 2015 paris c limate conference politics on the internet manuela hartwig
Post 2015 paris c limate conference politics on the internet  manuela hartwigPost 2015 paris c limate conference politics on the internet  manuela hartwig
Post 2015 paris c limate conference politics on the internet manuela hartwig
 
Open government and national sovereignty ivo babaja
Open government and national sovereignty  ivo babajaOpen government and national sovereignty  ivo babaja
Open government and national sovereignty ivo babaja
 
Health r isk communication in the digital era myojung chung
Health r isk communication in the digital era myojung chungHealth r isk communication in the digital era myojung chung
Health r isk communication in the digital era myojung chung
 
An analysis of japanese local government facebook profiles muneo kaigo
An analysis of japanese local government facebook profiles muneo kaigoAn analysis of japanese local government facebook profiles muneo kaigo
An analysis of japanese local government facebook profiles muneo kaigo
 
GovCamp 2016 - Co-Creation
GovCamp 2016 - Co-CreationGovCamp 2016 - Co-Creation
GovCamp 2016 - Co-Creation
 
Datenschutzbeauftragte werden in Zukunft eine wichtige Rolle im Unternehmen s...
Datenschutzbeauftragte werden in Zukunft eine wichtige Rolle im Unternehmen s...Datenschutzbeauftragte werden in Zukunft eine wichtige Rolle im Unternehmen s...
Datenschutzbeauftragte werden in Zukunft eine wichtige Rolle im Unternehmen s...
 
Erfolgreiche Unternehmensführung verlangt sorgsamen und transparenten Umgang ...
Erfolgreiche Unternehmensführung verlangt sorgsamen und transparenten Umgang ...Erfolgreiche Unternehmensführung verlangt sorgsamen und transparenten Umgang ...
Erfolgreiche Unternehmensführung verlangt sorgsamen und transparenten Umgang ...
 

Recently uploaded

Split Shifts From Gantt View in the Odoo 17
Split Shifts From Gantt View in the  Odoo 17Split Shifts From Gantt View in the  Odoo 17
Split Shifts From Gantt View in the Odoo 17
Celine George
 
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
DrRavindrakshirsagar1
 
"DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY ...
"DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY ..."DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY ...
"DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY ...
thanhluan21
 
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
Murugan Solaiyappan
 
Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 DashboardYear-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
Celine George
 
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 SlidesHow to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
Celine George
 
Howe Writing Center - Orientation Summer 2024
Howe Writing Center - Orientation Summer 2024Howe Writing Center - Orientation Summer 2024
Howe Writing Center - Orientation Summer 2024
Elizabeth Walsh
 
OS ticketing tool: Troubleshooting Guide for DIKSHA’s concern.pptx
OS ticketing tool: Troubleshooting Guide for DIKSHA’s concern.pptxOS ticketing tool: Troubleshooting Guide for DIKSHA’s concern.pptx
OS ticketing tool: Troubleshooting Guide for DIKSHA’s concern.pptx
bipin95
 
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 SlidesNew Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
Celine George
 
Chapter-2-Era-of-One-party-Dominance-Class-12-Political-Science-Notes-2 (1).pptx
Chapter-2-Era-of-One-party-Dominance-Class-12-Political-Science-Notes-2 (1).pptxChapter-2-Era-of-One-party-Dominance-Class-12-Political-Science-Notes-2 (1).pptx
Chapter-2-Era-of-One-party-Dominance-Class-12-Political-Science-Notes-2 (1).pptx
Brajeswar Paul
 
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
MysoreMuleSoftMeetup
 
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptxKesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
artenzmartenkai
 
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On FacebookOdoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
Celine George
 
How to Add Colour Kanban Records in Odoo 17 Notebook
How to Add Colour Kanban Records in Odoo 17 NotebookHow to Add Colour Kanban Records in Odoo 17 Notebook
How to Add Colour Kanban Records in Odoo 17 Notebook
Celine George
 
The basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptx
heathfieldcps1
 
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptxBRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
kambal1234567890
 
How to Create a New Article in Knowledge App in Odoo 17
How to Create a New Article in Knowledge App in Odoo 17How to Create a New Article in Knowledge App in Odoo 17
How to Create a New Article in Knowledge App in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
MJDuyan
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Split Shifts From Gantt View in the Odoo 17
Split Shifts From Gantt View in the  Odoo 17Split Shifts From Gantt View in the  Odoo 17
Split Shifts From Gantt View in the Odoo 17
 
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
 
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
 
"DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY ...
"DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY ..."DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY ...
"DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY ...
 
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
 
Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 DashboardYear-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
 
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 SlidesHow to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
 
Howe Writing Center - Orientation Summer 2024
Howe Writing Center - Orientation Summer 2024Howe Writing Center - Orientation Summer 2024
Howe Writing Center - Orientation Summer 2024
 
OS ticketing tool: Troubleshooting Guide for DIKSHA’s concern.pptx
OS ticketing tool: Troubleshooting Guide for DIKSHA’s concern.pptxOS ticketing tool: Troubleshooting Guide for DIKSHA’s concern.pptx
OS ticketing tool: Troubleshooting Guide for DIKSHA’s concern.pptx
 
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 SlidesNew Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
 
Chapter-2-Era-of-One-party-Dominance-Class-12-Political-Science-Notes-2 (1).pptx
Chapter-2-Era-of-One-party-Dominance-Class-12-Political-Science-Notes-2 (1).pptxChapter-2-Era-of-One-party-Dominance-Class-12-Political-Science-Notes-2 (1).pptx
Chapter-2-Era-of-One-party-Dominance-Class-12-Political-Science-Notes-2 (1).pptx
 
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
 
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptxKesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
 
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On FacebookOdoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
 
How to Add Colour Kanban Records in Odoo 17 Notebook
How to Add Colour Kanban Records in Odoo 17 NotebookHow to Add Colour Kanban Records in Odoo 17 Notebook
How to Add Colour Kanban Records in Odoo 17 Notebook
 
The basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptx
 
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
 
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptxBRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
 
How to Create a New Article in Knowledge App in Odoo 17
How to Create a New Article in Knowledge App in Odoo 17How to Create a New Article in Knowledge App in Odoo 17
How to Create a New Article in Knowledge App in Odoo 17
 
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
 

Social media and citizen engagement in asia skoric