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NEUROTRANSMITTER
MEET DESAI
STUDENT
INTRODUCTION OF THE NERVES
SYSTEM:
• Nervous System Of The Body.
• There are a parts of nervous system.
A. Central Nervous System
B. Peripheral Nervous System
NERVOUS SYSTEM
1. Brain
2. spinal cord
1. Autonomic Nervous system
A. Sympathetic
B. parasympathetic
2. Somatic Nervous System
LOREM IPSUM DOLOR LOREM
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet,
consectetur adipisicing elit, sed
do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut
labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut
enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco
laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea
commodo consequat.
LOREM IPSUM DOLOR
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit.
• NEURON Also called a nerve cells
• Is as the and unit
of Nervous System.
There are a main parts of the nerve cells
I. Cell Body
ii. Dendrite
iii. Axon
01
NEURO
N
Cross Sections Of a Nerve
Synapse
• Synapse Is The Between Two Neurons.
• Is The “ ” Between The Axon Of One Nerve And The
Dendrite Of The Next One
INTRODUCTION:
• Neurotransmitter are the that communicate
information by our brain and body.
• The brain uses neurotransmitter to tell ,
and .
• They can also affect and
can cause when they are out of
NEUROTRANSMITTER ...............
is a That acts as a for the transmission of nerve from one neuron
to another neuron by a
DEFINITION:
branching fiber that from other
neuron
ddsfsff
Are the
point
where
the axon
Is a thin fiber where is
from the neuron to other neurons
This is a NEURON
TRANSPORT AND RELEASE OF NEUROTRANSMITTER:-
a neurotransmitter.
• and to the .
• AT. the ,the neurotransmitter is in small it
called a .
• then,vesicle and the nurotransmitter into .
• it to on the surface of the .
Transmision
• It travels by the Axon
• come from soma
• from the pre - synapti terminal
• to the next neuron
• it re-uptake sometime occure
1. it must be found in neuron.
2. produce by a neuron
3. released by a neuron
4. after,it must be act on a target area and produce some biological
effect
5. after the action it must be Inactivated
CRITERI FOR NEUROTRANSMITTER:
Many substances are categorise.to consider a
neurotransmitter
CLASSIFICATION OF NEUROTRANSMITTER:
• DEPENDING UPON THE CHEMICAL NATURE
1. Amino Acids
2. Amines
3. others
. Amino acid
• This group are involved in and are
inhibitory and excitatory in action.
• EXAMPLE :
GABA (gamma aminobutyric acid), Glycine , glutamic acid , aspartate
acid
. Amines
• Amines are the .
• that involv in .these
neurotransmitter are also inhibitory and excitatory in action.
• EXAMPLE:
Noradrenaline , adrenaline , dopamine , histamine
3. others
• some neurotansmitter do not fit into any of these categories.
• one such substance is .
• othe substance include in this category is the soluble gass
( )
DEOENDING UPON THE FUNCTION:
 There are two type ..
1. Excitatory nurotransmitters
2. Inhibitory neurotransmitter
EXCITATORY NEUROTRANSMITTER:
 Action potential down of another .
 Release of .
of on cell membrane .
of ligand gate .
 flow of in the cell.
 cell become .
 Leads to a .
 Known as a .
Examples:-
 Acetylcholine
 Histamine
 Norepinephrinr
INHIBITORY NEUROTRANSMITTER:-
 Actionof Inhibitory neurotransmitter.
 action potential of another nerve
cells.
 releases of neurotransmitter.
 Activation of on cells .
 opening of .
 flow of of cells.
 Lead to .
 Known as .
 Example:
• GABA
• Dopamine
EXCITATORY AND INHIBITORY NEUROTRANSMITTER:-
EXCITATORY NEUROTRANSMITTER:
INHIBITORY NEUROTRASMITTER:
NEUROTRANSMITTER WITHE BOTH ACTION:
1. Acetylcholine 1. GABA 1. Noradrenaline
2. nitric oxid 2. glycne 2.adrinaline
3. Histamine 3. dopamine
4.aspartate 4.serotonin
IMPORTANT NEUROTRANSMITTER:-
 Acetylcoline
 Noradrenaline
 Dopamine
 Serotonin
 Histamine
 GABA
 Nitric oxide
1.ACETYLCHOLINE:-
 Is a .
 it possesses .
 source:
- Preganglionic parasympatheic nerve
- Post-ganglionic parasympatheic nerve
- Preganglionic Sympathetic nerve
- many region of brain
- Postganglionic Sympathetic cholinergic nerves
 there are a types of
receptors...
1.
2.
2. NORADRENALINE:-
 Noradrenaline is the neurotransmitter in
.
 it released....
1. Postganglionic Sympathetic nerves ending
2. cerebral cortex
3. Hypothelamus
4. basal ganglia
5. brainsten
6 .spinal cord
3. DOPAMINE:-
area..relese
1.Basal Ganglia
2.Hypothalamus
3.Limbic system
4.Retina
 It action is a .
4. SEROTONIN:-
 Large amount of serotonin( %) is found in
of .
 small amount found in and .
 its secreted...
1.hypothalamus
2.Limbic system
3.cerebellum
4.Midbrain
5.GI tract
5. HISTAMINE:-
 Is secreted in nerve e ending of , ,
and other part of the .
 it also secrete by the and .
6.GAMMA- AMNOBUTYRIC ACID(GABA):-
 Its a inhibitory neurotransmitter in synapses particular in .
 secreted .....
1.cerebral cortex
2.cerebellum
3.basal ganglia
4.spinal cord
7.NITRIC OXIDE:-
 NO Is the in the .
 its important in the Between
THANKS

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Physiology Neurotransmitter (nervous system) ppt

  • 2. INTRODUCTION OF THE NERVES SYSTEM: • Nervous System Of The Body. • There are a parts of nervous system. A. Central Nervous System B. Peripheral Nervous System
  • 3. NERVOUS SYSTEM 1. Brain 2. spinal cord 1. Autonomic Nervous system A. Sympathetic B. parasympathetic 2. Somatic Nervous System
  • 4. LOREM IPSUM DOLOR LOREM Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.
  • 5. LOREM IPSUM DOLOR Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit.
  • 6. • NEURON Also called a nerve cells • Is as the and unit of Nervous System. There are a main parts of the nerve cells I. Cell Body ii. Dendrite iii. Axon 01 NEURO N
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  • 9. Synapse • Synapse Is The Between Two Neurons. • Is The “ ” Between The Axon Of One Nerve And The Dendrite Of The Next One
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  • 13. INTRODUCTION: • Neurotransmitter are the that communicate information by our brain and body. • The brain uses neurotransmitter to tell , and . • They can also affect and can cause when they are out of
  • 14. NEUROTRANSMITTER ............... is a That acts as a for the transmission of nerve from one neuron to another neuron by a DEFINITION:
  • 15. branching fiber that from other neuron ddsfsff Are the point where the axon Is a thin fiber where is from the neuron to other neurons This is a NEURON
  • 16. TRANSPORT AND RELEASE OF NEUROTRANSMITTER:- a neurotransmitter. • and to the . • AT. the ,the neurotransmitter is in small it called a . • then,vesicle and the nurotransmitter into . • it to on the surface of the .
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  • 18. Transmision • It travels by the Axon • come from soma • from the pre - synapti terminal • to the next neuron • it re-uptake sometime occure
  • 19. 1. it must be found in neuron. 2. produce by a neuron 3. released by a neuron 4. after,it must be act on a target area and produce some biological effect 5. after the action it must be Inactivated CRITERI FOR NEUROTRANSMITTER: Many substances are categorise.to consider a neurotransmitter
  • 20. CLASSIFICATION OF NEUROTRANSMITTER: • DEPENDING UPON THE CHEMICAL NATURE 1. Amino Acids 2. Amines 3. others
  • 21. . Amino acid • This group are involved in and are inhibitory and excitatory in action. • EXAMPLE : GABA (gamma aminobutyric acid), Glycine , glutamic acid , aspartate acid
  • 22. . Amines • Amines are the . • that involv in .these neurotransmitter are also inhibitory and excitatory in action. • EXAMPLE: Noradrenaline , adrenaline , dopamine , histamine
  • 23. 3. others • some neurotansmitter do not fit into any of these categories. • one such substance is . • othe substance include in this category is the soluble gass ( )
  • 24. DEOENDING UPON THE FUNCTION:  There are two type .. 1. Excitatory nurotransmitters 2. Inhibitory neurotransmitter
  • 25. EXCITATORY NEUROTRANSMITTER:  Action potential down of another .  Release of . of on cell membrane . of ligand gate .  flow of in the cell.  cell become .  Leads to a .  Known as a . Examples:-  Acetylcholine  Histamine  Norepinephrinr
  • 26. INHIBITORY NEUROTRANSMITTER:-  Actionof Inhibitory neurotransmitter.  action potential of another nerve cells.  releases of neurotransmitter.  Activation of on cells .  opening of .  flow of of cells.  Lead to .  Known as .  Example: • GABA • Dopamine
  • 27. EXCITATORY AND INHIBITORY NEUROTRANSMITTER:- EXCITATORY NEUROTRANSMITTER: INHIBITORY NEUROTRASMITTER: NEUROTRANSMITTER WITHE BOTH ACTION: 1. Acetylcholine 1. GABA 1. Noradrenaline 2. nitric oxid 2. glycne 2.adrinaline 3. Histamine 3. dopamine 4.aspartate 4.serotonin
  • 28. IMPORTANT NEUROTRANSMITTER:-  Acetylcoline  Noradrenaline  Dopamine  Serotonin  Histamine  GABA  Nitric oxide
  • 29. 1.ACETYLCHOLINE:-  Is a .  it possesses .  source: - Preganglionic parasympatheic nerve - Post-ganglionic parasympatheic nerve - Preganglionic Sympathetic nerve - many region of brain - Postganglionic Sympathetic cholinergic nerves  there are a types of receptors... 1. 2.
  • 30. 2. NORADRENALINE:-  Noradrenaline is the neurotransmitter in .  it released.... 1. Postganglionic Sympathetic nerves ending 2. cerebral cortex 3. Hypothelamus 4. basal ganglia 5. brainsten 6 .spinal cord
  • 32. 4. SEROTONIN:-  Large amount of serotonin( %) is found in of .  small amount found in and .  its secreted... 1.hypothalamus 2.Limbic system 3.cerebellum 4.Midbrain 5.GI tract
  • 33. 5. HISTAMINE:-  Is secreted in nerve e ending of , , and other part of the .  it also secrete by the and .
  • 34. 6.GAMMA- AMNOBUTYRIC ACID(GABA):-  Its a inhibitory neurotransmitter in synapses particular in .  secreted ..... 1.cerebral cortex 2.cerebellum 3.basal ganglia 4.spinal cord
  • 35. 7.NITRIC OXIDE:-  NO Is the in the .  its important in the Between