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Manual handling &
 safety signage
     Module 1
Manual handling
• Manual handling is any activity involving the use of muscular
  force (or effort) to lift, move, push, pull, carry, hold or restrain any
  object, including a person or animal. It covers more than lifting
  heavy weights and affects more than the back.

• Manual handling also includes the repetitive activity seen in
  assembly work; the sustained muscle exertion required to restrain or
  support a load; and the effort needed to maintain the fixed postures
  that occur in the back and neck while typing.

• Injuries often occur due to wear and tear, accumulated from frequent
  periods of manual handling activity that stress the body, such as
  repetitive work or heavy lifting. The effects of these injuries often
  become more disabling as workers become older.
Manual handling
• Employers support manual handling
  program through:
  – Policy and procedure
  – Equipment
  – Training
  – Counselling
  – Report
  – Listen and action to feedback from employees
  – Amend the above where necessary
Manual handling
• Employees support manual handling
  program through:

  – Attending the training
  – Implementing the policy and procedure
  – Report any accident
  – Provide feedback to the employers
Assessing the risk –
                manual handling
When conducting a risk assessment of manual
 handling tasks the following factors must be taken
 into consideration.
• The posture of the worker

• The forces exerted by the worker and any forces exerted on the
  worker by the object, person or animal

• Speed of movements by the worker

• Exposure of the worker to vibration; and

• The duration and frequency of the task
Assessing the risk –
            manual handling
In addition:

• The layout of the work area

• The work environment

• The characteristics of any relevant item; and

• Work organisation and the system of work.
Manual handling steps
Manual handling
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=22SBe-
  jt6dg
Summary
• Understanding manual handling
  procedures help avoid injuries at the
  workplace.

• All employees are required to behave
  according to manual handling procedure.
Signage
• To implement OHS, sometimes signage is required to
  communicate certain condition to all stakeholders.

• It has to be updated if situation changes so all
  stakeholders could receive the correct information from
  the signage.

• The message communicated must be reinforced,
  otherwise it will confuse the stakeholders.
Types of signage
•   Mandatory signs
•   Danger signs
•   Warning signs
•   Prohibition signs
•   Fire & exit signs
•   Hazchem signs
•   Emergency signs
•   Traffic & vehicle signs
•   Construction site signs
•   Facility signs
Manual handling & safety signage
Manual handling & safety signage
Summary
• Signage communicates the safety
  situation to all stakeholders.

• All stakeholders must obey the signage.

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Manual handling & safety signage

  • 1. Manual handling & safety signage Module 1
  • 2. Manual handling • Manual handling is any activity involving the use of muscular force (or effort) to lift, move, push, pull, carry, hold or restrain any object, including a person or animal. It covers more than lifting heavy weights and affects more than the back. • Manual handling also includes the repetitive activity seen in assembly work; the sustained muscle exertion required to restrain or support a load; and the effort needed to maintain the fixed postures that occur in the back and neck while typing. • Injuries often occur due to wear and tear, accumulated from frequent periods of manual handling activity that stress the body, such as repetitive work or heavy lifting. The effects of these injuries often become more disabling as workers become older.
  • 3. Manual handling • Employers support manual handling program through: – Policy and procedure – Equipment – Training – Counselling – Report – Listen and action to feedback from employees – Amend the above where necessary
  • 4. Manual handling • Employees support manual handling program through: – Attending the training – Implementing the policy and procedure – Report any accident – Provide feedback to the employers
  • 5. Assessing the risk – manual handling When conducting a risk assessment of manual handling tasks the following factors must be taken into consideration. • The posture of the worker • The forces exerted by the worker and any forces exerted on the worker by the object, person or animal • Speed of movements by the worker • Exposure of the worker to vibration; and • The duration and frequency of the task
  • 6. Assessing the risk – manual handling In addition: • The layout of the work area • The work environment • The characteristics of any relevant item; and • Work organisation and the system of work.
  • 9. Summary • Understanding manual handling procedures help avoid injuries at the workplace. • All employees are required to behave according to manual handling procedure.
  • 10. Signage • To implement OHS, sometimes signage is required to communicate certain condition to all stakeholders. • It has to be updated if situation changes so all stakeholders could receive the correct information from the signage. • The message communicated must be reinforced, otherwise it will confuse the stakeholders.
  • 11. Types of signage • Mandatory signs • Danger signs • Warning signs • Prohibition signs • Fire & exit signs • Hazchem signs • Emergency signs • Traffic & vehicle signs • Construction site signs • Facility signs
  • 14. Summary • Signage communicates the safety situation to all stakeholders. • All stakeholders must obey the signage.