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Learning Theories
   A brief overview




                      1
Contents

    Beahaviours
                        
                            What we observe

    Mental structures
                        
                            What we infer

    Interactions
                        
                            What we do

    Connections




                                              2
Behaviourism



               3
Classical Conditioning




Image(s) provided courtesy of www.all-   By Psychology Pictures, CC (BY, NC, ND),
about-psychology.com/                    http://www.flickr.com/photos/psychpics/4559862181/




                                                                                              4
Behaviourism

                                                                B.F. Skinner
                                                                
                                                                    Stimulus-response
                                                                
                                                                    Operant conditioning
                                                                
                                                                    Reinforcement

By Laura B. Dahl
CC (BY, NC) http://www.flickr.com/photos/lauradahl/787704631/




                                                                                           5
Teaching Machine
      (CAI)




        1975: And the Changes To Come By dbostrom CC (BY, NC,
        SA)
        http://www.flickr.com/photos/bostworld/2152048526/


                                                                6
Transmission Pedagogy




  Naturfagtime ved Kalvskindet skole / Science class at Kalvskindet school (ca.
  1900) By Trondheim Byarkiv CC (BY)
  http://www.flickr.com/photos/trondheim_byarkiv/3412459402/                      7
Cognitivism



              8
Information Processing




               O is for Occipital Love By illuminaut, CC (BY, NC, SA),
               http://www.flickr.com/photos/illuminaut/3723710203/


                                                                         9
Jean Piaget
          Constructivism




Jean Piaget By mirjoran, CC (BY), http://www.flickr.com/photos/mirjoran/455878802/




                                                                                     10
Little Reseacher




         Science Explorers October 2011, By ACPL, CC (BY, NC,
         ND), http://www.flickr.com/photos/acplinfo/6303581450/


                                                                  11
Social constructivism




                        12
Density




          Sink or float, By Louisville Images, CC (BY, NC, ND),
          http://www.flickr.com/photos/louisvillemetro/6389177255/
                                                             13
Lev Vygotsky
              Social
           constructivism




Lev Vygtosky By josemota, CC (BY, NC, SA)
http://www.flickr.com/photos/josemota/3616863421/


                                                    14
A matter of focus
all perspectives are still
          valid
                
                    Overt behaviour
                
                    Mental structures
                
                    Social activity



                 In Focus By h.koppdelaney, CC (BY, ND),
                 http://www.flickr.com/photos/h-k-d/3942293740/
                                                                  15
Mediation




bibliothèque françois mitterand IMG_3924, By u m a m i, CC (BY, NC),
http://www.flickr.com/photos/umami88/1613878558/




                                                                       16
Mediating artefact




          Chadwick -- Magic Brain Calculator By marsmet552 CC (BY,
          NC, SA)
          http://www.flickr.com/photos/70731452@N04/6399954743/




                                                                     17
Artificial Memory System - Calendar




          Calendar, By hanaloftus, CC (BY, NC, ND),
          http://www.flickr.com/photos/hanaloftus/22037606/
                                                              18
Participation
Situated learning



                    19
Community of Practice




  July 4 - Etienne Wenger's keynote, By catspyjamasnz, CC (BY, NC, ND)
  http://www.flickr.com/photos/catspyjamasnz/2638131702/
                                                                         20
LPP
legitimate peripheral participation




                                      21
Connectivism



               22
Summary: behaviourism

    Connections (stimulus-response)

    Transmission pedagogy

    Structured (sequenced)
    resources

    Repetition (drill and practice)

    Feedback


                                      23
Summary: cognitivism

    Mental structures

    Construction (assim.- accomod.)

    Individuals constructing knowledge

    Active exploration (problem solving)




                                           24
Summary: social constructivism
  
      Social interaction
  
      Participating i social practices
  
      Collaboration with peers
  
      Creation of contexts for
      collaborations and use of tools




                                         25
Summary: connectivism

    Networking

    Connecting to needed resources

    Using, producing and sharing

    Personal interests, emergent
    content




                                     26
Thank you for listening!
          Lars-Erik Jonsson
          You will find a lot more about my production on the
          net here:

          http://netinhe.blogspot.com/
          http://www.scoop.it/t/web-2-0-och-hogre-utbildning
          https://twitter.com/gulejon
          http://www.flickr.com/photos/lejon2008
          http://netinhe.pbworks.com/
          http://www.slideshare.net/lejon




                                                         27

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Learning theories feb2013

  • 1. Learning Theories A brief overview 1
  • 2. Contents  Beahaviours  What we observe  Mental structures  What we infer  Interactions  What we do  Connections 2
  • 4. Classical Conditioning Image(s) provided courtesy of www.all- By Psychology Pictures, CC (BY, NC, ND), about-psychology.com/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/psychpics/4559862181/ 4
  • 5. Behaviourism B.F. Skinner  Stimulus-response  Operant conditioning  Reinforcement By Laura B. Dahl CC (BY, NC) http://www.flickr.com/photos/lauradahl/787704631/ 5
  • 6. Teaching Machine (CAI) 1975: And the Changes To Come By dbostrom CC (BY, NC, SA) http://www.flickr.com/photos/bostworld/2152048526/ 6
  • 7. Transmission Pedagogy Naturfagtime ved Kalvskindet skole / Science class at Kalvskindet school (ca. 1900) By Trondheim Byarkiv CC (BY) http://www.flickr.com/photos/trondheim_byarkiv/3412459402/ 7
  • 9. Information Processing O is for Occipital Love By illuminaut, CC (BY, NC, SA), http://www.flickr.com/photos/illuminaut/3723710203/ 9
  • 10. Jean Piaget Constructivism Jean Piaget By mirjoran, CC (BY), http://www.flickr.com/photos/mirjoran/455878802/ 10
  • 11. Little Reseacher Science Explorers October 2011, By ACPL, CC (BY, NC, ND), http://www.flickr.com/photos/acplinfo/6303581450/ 11
  • 13. Density Sink or float, By Louisville Images, CC (BY, NC, ND), http://www.flickr.com/photos/louisvillemetro/6389177255/ 13
  • 14. Lev Vygotsky Social constructivism Lev Vygtosky By josemota, CC (BY, NC, SA) http://www.flickr.com/photos/josemota/3616863421/ 14
  • 15. A matter of focus all perspectives are still valid  Overt behaviour  Mental structures  Social activity In Focus By h.koppdelaney, CC (BY, ND), http://www.flickr.com/photos/h-k-d/3942293740/ 15
  • 16. Mediation bibliothèque françois mitterand IMG_3924, By u m a m i, CC (BY, NC), http://www.flickr.com/photos/umami88/1613878558/ 16
  • 17. Mediating artefact Chadwick -- Magic Brain Calculator By marsmet552 CC (BY, NC, SA) http://www.flickr.com/photos/70731452@N04/6399954743/ 17
  • 18. Artificial Memory System - Calendar Calendar, By hanaloftus, CC (BY, NC, ND), http://www.flickr.com/photos/hanaloftus/22037606/ 18
  • 20. Community of Practice July 4 - Etienne Wenger's keynote, By catspyjamasnz, CC (BY, NC, ND) http://www.flickr.com/photos/catspyjamasnz/2638131702/ 20
  • 23. Summary: behaviourism  Connections (stimulus-response)  Transmission pedagogy  Structured (sequenced) resources  Repetition (drill and practice)  Feedback 23
  • 24. Summary: cognitivism  Mental structures  Construction (assim.- accomod.)  Individuals constructing knowledge  Active exploration (problem solving) 24
  • 25. Summary: social constructivism  Social interaction  Participating i social practices  Collaboration with peers  Creation of contexts for collaborations and use of tools 25
  • 26. Summary: connectivism  Networking  Connecting to needed resources  Using, producing and sharing  Personal interests, emergent content 26
  • 27. Thank you for listening! Lars-Erik Jonsson You will find a lot more about my production on the net here: http://netinhe.blogspot.com/ http://www.scoop.it/t/web-2-0-och-hogre-utbildning https://twitter.com/gulejon http://www.flickr.com/photos/lejon2008 http://netinhe.pbworks.com/ http://www.slideshare.net/lejon 27