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Microbiology
They can only be seen using a microscope . Microbiology  – is the study of small living things ; viruses, bacteria and fungi As the name suggests, MICROBES are microscopic organisms .
Microbes can be put into a number of categories. The three types which you need to know about are listed below:   Movement Respiration Sensitivity Growth Reproduction Excretion Nutrition Note: A living organism must be able to demonstrate that it can perform ALL the 7 life processes.  BACTERIA VIRUS FUNGI
bacteria virus fungi
Microbe pictures Microbes multiply very rapidly. Two can, very quickly, become four then eight and so on.
Bacteria ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Bacteria ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Viruses ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Fungi ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Fungi ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Parasite – a living thing that feeds off another living things causing it harm Saprophyte – feed off dead and decaying organisms
Microbes can cause disease The diseases and their severity caused by microbes depend on the type of microbe. Some of these are listed below.  VIRUSES (know 3) BACTERIA (know 3) Influenza (flu) Food poisoning Mumps Sore throats Chickenpox Tuberculosis (TB) Smallpox Tetanus Polio Cholera Rabies Typhoid German measles Whooping cough FUNGI fungal sinusitis Athletes foot Onychomycosis Causes discoloured toe nails Viral Meningitis Common Cold Bacterial meningitis
How do we stop microbes spreading disease We can prevent the spread of disease by making sure that good hygiene is used in key places such as bathrooms and kitchens.  Antibiotics are chemicals produced by bacteria and fungi which kill or prevent reproduction of other bacteria Chemicals called  antibiotics  can be used to treat bacterial infections.
Biotechnology ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Industrial uses of Biotechnology ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Medical uses of Biotechnology ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]

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Jc microbiology science

  • 2. They can only be seen using a microscope . Microbiology – is the study of small living things ; viruses, bacteria and fungi As the name suggests, MICROBES are microscopic organisms .
  • 3. Microbes can be put into a number of categories. The three types which you need to know about are listed below: Movement Respiration Sensitivity Growth Reproduction Excretion Nutrition Note: A living organism must be able to demonstrate that it can perform ALL the 7 life processes. BACTERIA VIRUS FUNGI
  • 5. Microbe pictures Microbes multiply very rapidly. Two can, very quickly, become four then eight and so on.
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  • 11. Parasite – a living thing that feeds off another living things causing it harm Saprophyte – feed off dead and decaying organisms
  • 12. Microbes can cause disease The diseases and their severity caused by microbes depend on the type of microbe. Some of these are listed below. VIRUSES (know 3) BACTERIA (know 3) Influenza (flu) Food poisoning Mumps Sore throats Chickenpox Tuberculosis (TB) Smallpox Tetanus Polio Cholera Rabies Typhoid German measles Whooping cough FUNGI fungal sinusitis Athletes foot Onychomycosis Causes discoloured toe nails Viral Meningitis Common Cold Bacterial meningitis
  • 13. How do we stop microbes spreading disease We can prevent the spread of disease by making sure that good hygiene is used in key places such as bathrooms and kitchens. Antibiotics are chemicals produced by bacteria and fungi which kill or prevent reproduction of other bacteria Chemicals called antibiotics can be used to treat bacterial infections.
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