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Human	
  Rights	
  in	
  Malian	
  conflict	
  since	
  2012	
  
Stop	
  abuses:	
  a	
  key	
  to	
  build	
  Peace	
  
	
  
	
  
17th	
  of	
  June	
  2013	
  
From	
  1:30	
  to	
  4:30	
  p.m.	
  
European	
  Parliament	
  in	
  Brussels	
  -­‐	
  Room	
  JAN	
  6Q1	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
The	
  situation	
  in	
  Northern	
  Mali	
  is	
  still	
  worrying.	
  Since	
  the	
  beginning	
  of	
  the	
  
conflict,	
  in	
  January	
  2012,	
  numerous	
  cases	
  of	
  breach	
  committed	
  by	
  armed	
  groups	
  
have	
  been	
  identified	
  by	
  the	
  NGOs.	
  Sadly,	
  the	
  French	
  intervention,	
  in	
  January	
  2013,	
  
has	
  not	
  prevented	
  the	
  civilians	
  from	
  other	
  threats	
  and	
  violations	
  and	
  NGOs	
  have	
  
denounced	
   several	
   abuses	
   by	
   the	
   Malian	
   army,	
   or	
   some	
   elements	
   more	
   or	
   less	
  
under	
  its	
  control.	
  
	
  
Today,	
  in	
  the	
  prospect	
  of	
  July	
  and	
  of	
  the withdrawal	
  of	
  the	
  French	
  army,	
  
we	
  have	
  to	
  be	
  sure	
  that	
  the	
  situation	
  won't	
  get	
  worse	
  and	
  that	
  the	
  international	
  
community,	
   through	
   the	
   UN	
   mission	
   (MINUSMA),	
   will	
   be	
   able	
   to	
   ensure	
   the	
  
security	
  of	
  civilians.	
  	
  
	
  
	
   Therefore,	
   M.	
   François	
   Alfonsi,	
   M.	
   Jean	
   Jacob	
   Bicep	
   and	
   Mrs	
   Franziska	
  
Brantner	
   (Greens/EFA),	
   in	
   collaboration	
   with	
   Human	
   Rights	
   Without	
   Frontiers,	
  
with	
  the	
  participation	
  of	
  Amnesty	
  International,	
  the	
  International	
  Federation	
  for	
  
Human	
  Rights	
  (FIDH),	
  Plan	
  International,	
  Save	
  the	
  Children	
  	
  and	
  the	
  Association	
  
of	
   the	
   Refugies	
   and	
   Victims	
   of	
   the	
   Repression	
   in	
   Azawad	
   (ARVRA),	
   take	
   the	
  
initiative	
  to	
  publicly	
  address	
  the	
  human	
  rights	
  situation	
  in	
  Northern	
  Mali	
  and	
  its	
  
consequences	
  on	
  the	
  future	
  of	
  the	
  Malian	
  reconstruction.	
  	
  
	
  
The	
  conference	
  on	
  Human	
  Rights	
  aims	
  at	
  reminding	
  abuses	
  committed	
  by	
  
the	
  extremist	
  groups	
  in	
  2012	
  and	
  the	
  need	
  for	
  the	
  perpetrators	
  to	
  be	
  tried	
  by	
  an	
  
international	
   independent	
   court	
   ;	
   highlighting	
   the	
   current	
   situation	
   of	
   human	
  
rights	
   in	
   Northern	
   Mal	
   ;	
   highlighting	
   the	
   specific	
   issue	
   of	
   the	
   Northern	
  
Mali/Azawad,	
  in	
  the	
  framework	
  of	
  the	
  future	
  reconstruction.	
  	
  
	
  
A	
   statement	
   with	
   recommendations	
   to	
   implement	
   political,	
   military	
   and	
  
humanitarian	
  means	
  in	
  order	
  to	
  ensure	
  civilians	
  security	
  and	
  to	
  ensure	
  a	
  last	
  peace	
  
process	
  will	
  be	
  adopted	
  at	
  the	
  end	
  of	
  the	
  exchanges.	
  
	
  
The	
  conference	
  will	
  be	
  live	
  streamed	
  on	
  :	
  
http://www.greenmediabox.eu/live/human-­‐rights-­‐in-­‐northern-­‐mali	
  
	
  
For	
  registration	
  :	
  international.secretariat.brussels@hrwf.net	
  
	
  
	
  
François	
  Alfonsi,	
  Jean	
  Jacob	
  Bicep,	
  Franziska	
  Brantner	
  
MEPs	
  from	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
In	
  collaboration	
  with	
  Human	
  Rights	
  Without	
  Frontiers	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
Program	
  
	
  
	
  
Introduction	
  of	
  MEPs	
  
François	
  Alfonsi,	
  Jean	
  Jacob	
  Bicep,	
  Franziska	
  Brantner	
  (Greens/EFA)	
  
	
  
	
  Moderator:	
  M.	
  Mark	
  Barwick,	
  Policy	
  advisor	
  of	
  HRWF	
  	
  
	
  
	
  
I. Current	
  situation	
  of	
  human	
  rights	
  in	
  northern	
  Mali	
  :	
  testimonies	
  
	
  
1. Overview	
  of	
  the	
  human	
  rights	
  situation	
  in	
  northern	
  Mali	
  after	
  
a	
  17-­‐months	
  conflict	
  
The	
  human	
  violations	
  in	
  2012	
  and	
  2013	
  commited	
  by	
  armed	
  groups	
  ans	
  Malian	
  army.	
  
	
  
Amnesty	
   International,	
   Mrs.	
   Claire	
   SAN	
   FILIPPO,	
   Executive	
   Officer	
   EU	
   Foreign	
  
Policy	
  	
  
	
  
2. Violence	
  on	
  minorities	
  in	
  northern	
  Mali:	
  stop	
  abuses	
  is	
  a	
  key	
  
issue	
  to	
  build	
  peace	
  
The	
  situation	
  of	
  minorities,	
  on	
  the	
  basis	
  of	
  the	
  daily	
  testimonies'	
  inventory	
  of	
  ARVRA	
  
	
  
ARVRA	
  (Association	
  des	
  Réfugiés	
  et	
  Victimes	
  de	
  la	
  Répression	
  en	
  Azawad)	
  
	
  
3. Freedom	
  of	
  international	
  media	
  :	
  access	
  to	
  information	
  
Presentation	
  of	
  the	
  working	
  conditions	
  of	
  foreign	
  journalists	
  in	
  northern	
  Mali	
  
	
  
M.	
  Benoit	
  SCHAEFFER,	
  a	
  freelance	
  photo-­‐journalist.	
  He	
  made	
  a	
  three-­‐week	
  trip	
  in	
  
Kidal	
  (northern	
  Mali),	
  in	
  March	
  2013.	
  
	
  
International	
  Federation	
  of	
  Journalists,	
  M.	
  Sadibou	
  MARONG,	
  Program	
  Officer,	
  	
  
Africa	
  Regional	
  Office.	
  	
  
	
  
	
  
II. What	
   solution	
   to	
   prevent	
   violations	
   and	
   to	
   ensure	
   the	
  
reconciliation?	
  	
  
	
  
1. The	
   roots	
   of	
   the	
   Malian	
   conflict	
   :	
   taking	
   into	
   consideration	
  
the	
  past	
  to	
  build	
  peace	
  
The	
  conflict,	
  its	
  causes	
  and	
  the	
  future	
  evolutions	
  that	
  can	
  be	
  hoped	
  or	
  feared.	
  
	
  
International	
  Federation	
  for	
  Human	
  Rights	
  (FIDH),	
  M.	
  Marceau	
  SIVIEUDE,	
  Head	
  
of	
  the	
  Africa	
  Office	
  	
  
	
  
	
  
2. Humanitarian	
   solutions	
   for	
   a	
   better	
   protection	
   of	
  
civilians'	
  security	
  
NGO	
  recommendations.	
  
	
  
Save	
  the	
  Children,	
  Mrs.	
  Kimberly	
  BROWN,	
  Conflict	
  and	
  Humanitarian	
  Policy	
  
and	
  Advocacy	
  Adviser	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  
	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  
	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  Plan	
  International,	
  M.	
  Didier	
  Young, Disaster	
  RM	
  Manager	
  for	
  Plan	
  in	
  Mali	
  
	
  
	
  
III. 	
  	
  Debate	
  	
  
Agreement	
  on	
  a	
  MEPs/NGOs	
  joint	
  statement,	
  with	
  recommendations	
  that	
  will	
  be	
  
sent	
  to	
  political	
  stakeholders	
  and	
  the	
  press.	
  	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  

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Droits de l'homme et conflit malien depuis 2012 Fin des exactions : une condition clé pour la Paix

  • 1.                             Human  Rights  in  Malian  conflict  since  2012   Stop  abuses:  a  key  to  build  Peace       17th  of  June  2013   From  1:30  to  4:30  p.m.   European  Parliament  in  Brussels  -­‐  Room  JAN  6Q1                                          
  • 2. The  situation  in  Northern  Mali  is  still  worrying.  Since  the  beginning  of  the   conflict,  in  January  2012,  numerous  cases  of  breach  committed  by  armed  groups   have  been  identified  by  the  NGOs.  Sadly,  the  French  intervention,  in  January  2013,   has  not  prevented  the  civilians  from  other  threats  and  violations  and  NGOs  have   denounced   several   abuses   by   the   Malian   army,   or   some   elements   more   or   less   under  its  control.     Today,  in  the  prospect  of  July  and  of  the withdrawal  of  the  French  army,   we  have  to  be  sure  that  the  situation  won't  get  worse  and  that  the  international   community,   through   the   UN   mission   (MINUSMA),   will   be   able   to   ensure   the   security  of  civilians.         Therefore,   M.   François   Alfonsi,   M.   Jean   Jacob   Bicep   and   Mrs   Franziska   Brantner   (Greens/EFA),   in   collaboration   with   Human   Rights   Without   Frontiers,   with  the  participation  of  Amnesty  International,  the  International  Federation  for   Human  Rights  (FIDH),  Plan  International,  Save  the  Children    and  the  Association   of   the   Refugies   and   Victims   of   the   Repression   in   Azawad   (ARVRA),   take   the   initiative  to  publicly  address  the  human  rights  situation  in  Northern  Mali  and  its   consequences  on  the  future  of  the  Malian  reconstruction.       The  conference  on  Human  Rights  aims  at  reminding  abuses  committed  by   the  extremist  groups  in  2012  and  the  need  for  the  perpetrators  to  be  tried  by  an   international   independent   court   ;   highlighting   the   current   situation   of   human   rights   in   Northern   Mal   ;   highlighting   the   specific   issue   of   the   Northern   Mali/Azawad,  in  the  framework  of  the  future  reconstruction.       A   statement   with   recommendations   to   implement   political,   military   and   humanitarian  means  in  order  to  ensure  civilians  security  and  to  ensure  a  last  peace   process  will  be  adopted  at  the  end  of  the  exchanges.     The  conference  will  be  live  streamed  on  :   http://www.greenmediabox.eu/live/human-­‐rights-­‐in-­‐northern-­‐mali     For  registration  :  international.secretariat.brussels@hrwf.net       François  Alfonsi,  Jean  Jacob  Bicep,  Franziska  Brantner   MEPs  from             In  collaboration  with  Human  Rights  Without  Frontiers        
  • 3. Program       Introduction  of  MEPs   François  Alfonsi,  Jean  Jacob  Bicep,  Franziska  Brantner  (Greens/EFA)      Moderator:  M.  Mark  Barwick,  Policy  advisor  of  HRWF         I. Current  situation  of  human  rights  in  northern  Mali  :  testimonies     1. Overview  of  the  human  rights  situation  in  northern  Mali  after   a  17-­‐months  conflict   The  human  violations  in  2012  and  2013  commited  by  armed  groups  ans  Malian  army.     Amnesty   International,   Mrs.   Claire   SAN   FILIPPO,   Executive   Officer   EU   Foreign   Policy       2. Violence  on  minorities  in  northern  Mali:  stop  abuses  is  a  key   issue  to  build  peace   The  situation  of  minorities,  on  the  basis  of  the  daily  testimonies'  inventory  of  ARVRA     ARVRA  (Association  des  Réfugiés  et  Victimes  de  la  Répression  en  Azawad)     3. Freedom  of  international  media  :  access  to  information   Presentation  of  the  working  conditions  of  foreign  journalists  in  northern  Mali     M.  Benoit  SCHAEFFER,  a  freelance  photo-­‐journalist.  He  made  a  three-­‐week  trip  in   Kidal  (northern  Mali),  in  March  2013.     International  Federation  of  Journalists,  M.  Sadibou  MARONG,  Program  Officer,     Africa  Regional  Office.         II. What   solution   to   prevent   violations   and   to   ensure   the   reconciliation?       1. The   roots   of   the   Malian   conflict   :   taking   into   consideration   the  past  to  build  peace   The  conflict,  its  causes  and  the  future  evolutions  that  can  be  hoped  or  feared.     International  Federation  for  Human  Rights  (FIDH),  M.  Marceau  SIVIEUDE,  Head   of  the  Africa  Office        
  • 4. 2. Humanitarian   solutions   for   a   better   protection   of   civilians'  security   NGO  recommendations.     Save  the  Children,  Mrs.  Kimberly  BROWN,  Conflict  and  Humanitarian  Policy   and  Advocacy  Adviser                                                                                                                                                                                          Plan  International,  M.  Didier  Young, Disaster  RM  Manager  for  Plan  in  Mali       III.    Debate     Agreement  on  a  MEPs/NGOs  joint  statement,  with  recommendations  that  will  be   sent  to  political  stakeholders  and  the  press.