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If you need to limit
sodium
Sodium is a mineral found in most foods that helps
balance how much fluid your body keeps. Sodium also
helps regulate nerve and muscle function.
to shop, plan, and prepare meals with less sodium
Use substitutes
for high-sodium foods
Use healthy tipsRead food labels
to find the best choice for your diet
At home
• Use herbs and spices instead of salt.
• Don’t use salt substitutes unless approved by your
doctor or dietitian. Most have potassium (some
people with kidney disease must limit potassium).
At restaurants
• Choose restaurants best suited to your diet or
where food is made to order. Call ahead and
explain that you are following a special diet.
Ask about the menu and how their food is
prepared. Many restaurants have websites
with menus posted.
• Request no salt when ordering grilled, sautéed or
baked entrees.
• Ask that sauces be omitted or served on the side.
• Chinese and Japanese food may be high in sodium.
Request no MSG (monosodium glutamate), soy
sauce, or fish sauce in food preparation. Choose
steamed rice. (Fried rice
often has soy sauce
added.) Do not add
soy sauce after food
is served.
Instead of: Try:
Salt and salt seasoning:
• Table salt
• Seasoning salt
• Garlic salt
• Onion salt
• Celery salt
• Lemon pepper
• Lite salt
• Meat tenderizer
• Bouillon cubes
• Flavor enhancers
• Fresh garlic
• Fresh onion
• Garlic powder
• Onion powder
• Black pepper
• Lemon juice
• Low-sodium/salt-free
seasoning blends
• Vinegar, regular
and flavored
High-sodium sauces such as:
• Barbecue sauce
• Steak sauce
• Soy sauce
• Teryiaki sauce
• Oyster sauce
• Homemade or low-sodium
sauces and salad dressings
• Vinegar
• Dry mustard
Cured foods such as:
• Ham
• Salt pork
• Bacon
• Sauerkraut
• Pickles, pickle relish
• Lox and herring
• Olives
• Fresh beef, veal,
pork, poultry
• Fish
• Eggs
Canned:
• Soups
• Juices
• Vegetables
• Homemade or
low-sodium soups
• Canned food without
added salt
% Daily value is based
on a 2,000 calorie daily
diet. This number helps
you know if a food is high
or low in a nutrient, even
if you eat more than
2,000 calories.
• 1 g of sodium = 1000
milligrams (mg)
• 1 tsp of salt = 2,300
milligrams of sodium
Ingredients are listed in order of weight, with the
item of the most weight listed first.
Servings per container
lists how many portions
per container.
Serving size tells you what a single portion is.
Not a good choice if:
• There is greater than 8% of the daily value of
sodium per serving.
• Salt is listed in the first five ingredients.
© 2010 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. All rights reserved. 02-10-0412_ABA
Why limit sodium?
Healthy kidneys can get rid of too much sodium in
your body, but when kidneys do not work well, sodium
and fluid can build up. This can cause:
• high blood pressure
• fluid weight gain
• thirst
• swelling of ankles
or fingers
• puffiness around the eyes
How much is okay to eat?
Your doctor recommends eating less than
_________ mg per day.
www.litholink.comwww.kidney.org
What has
high sodium?
What has
less sodium or none?
What is a common
serving size?
Dietitians who specialize in kidney disease can tell you how
many servings from each food group you are allowed at each
meal. Depending on your diet prescription and preferences,
you may be allowed to eat more than one.
Food groups Serving sizes
Fruits
Fresh 1 small or 1/2 large
Canned or frozen fruit 1/2 cup
Juices 4 oz or 1/2 cup
Berries 1 cup
Grapes, cherries 12
Dried fruit 1/4 cup
Fats and oils
Oils, margarine 1 teaspoon
Mayonnaise 1 tablespoon
Salad dressing 2 tablespoons
Sweets
Cookies 1 cookie
Ice cream, sorbet, gelatin 1/2 cup
Cake, 2 x 2 inches 1 piece
Fruit pie 1/6 of 8-inch pie
Sugar, jelly, jam 1 tablespoon
Nuts, seeds, and legumes
Nuts 1/4 cup or 1 oz
Seeds 2 tablespoons
Cooked legumes, dry beans, peas 1/2 cup
Peanut butter 2 tablespoons
Food groupS Serving sizes
Meat, fish or poultry
Meats, poultry, fish 1 oz cooked
Dairy
Milk or milk substitute 4 oz or 1/2 cup
Egg
1 egg or
1/4 cup egg substitute
Cheese 1 oz
Grains
Cooked pasta, rice 1/3 cup
Cereal, cooked 1/2 cup
Cereal, ready-to-eat 1 cup
Bread 1 slice
Hamburger bun 1/2 bun
Vegetables
Cooked 1/2 cup
Raw 1 medium or 1 cup cut up
Juices 4 oz or 1/2 cup
• Table salt
• Seasonings like soy sauce, teriyaki
sauce, garlic salt or onion salt
• Most canned foods and frozen dinners
(unless they say “low sodium”)
• Pickled, cured, smoked or
processed meats, like ham,
bacon, sausage and cold cuts
• Salted snack foods, like chips
and crackers
• Canned or dehydrated soups
like packaged noodle soup
• Most restaurant foods, take-out
foods and fast foods
• Fresh foods:
Fruits
Vegetables
Meat, Fish, Poultry
Dairy products
(milk, eggs, cheese)
• Frozen vegetables
• Fresh seasonings (garlic,
onion, lemon juice, pepper)
• Fresh or dried herbs and spices
(basil, bay leaf, curry, ginger,
sage, thyme)
• Unsalted popcorn, pretzels,
plain tortilla or corn chips
What has
high sodium?
What has
less sodium or none?
What is a common
serving size?
Dietitians who specialize in kidney disease can tell you how
many servings from each food group you are allowed at each
meal. Depending on your diet prescription and preferences,
you may be allowed to eat more than one.
Food groups Serving sizes
Fruits
Fresh 1 small or 1/2 large
Canned or frozen fruit 1/2 cup
Juices 4 oz or 1/2 cup
Berries 1 cup
Grapes, cherries 12
Dried fruit 1/4 cup
Fats and oils
Oils, margarine 1 teaspoon
Mayonnaise 1 tablespoon
Salad dressing 2 tablespoons
Sweets
Cookies 1 cookie
Ice cream, sorbet, gelatin 1/2 cup
Cake, 2 x 2 inches 1 piece
Fruit pie 1/6 of 8-inch pie
Sugar, jelly, jam 1 tablespoon
Nuts, seeds, and legumes
Nuts 1/4 cup or 1 oz
Seeds 2 tablespoons
Cooked legumes, dry beans, peas 1/2 cup
Peanut butter 2 tablespoons
Food groupS Serving sizes
Meat, fish or poultry
Meats, poultry, fish 1 oz cooked
Dairy
Milk or milk substitute 4 oz or 1/2 cup
Egg
1 egg or
1/4 cup egg substitute
Cheese 1 oz
Grains
Cooked pasta, rice 1/3 cup
Cereal, cooked 1/2 cup
Cereal, ready-to-eat 1 cup
Bread 1 slice
Hamburger bun 1/2 bun
Vegetables
Cooked 1/2 cup
Raw 1 medium or 1 cup cut up
Juices 4 oz or 1/2 cup
• Table salt
• Seasonings like soy sauce, teriyaki
sauce, garlic salt or onion salt
• Most canned foods and frozen dinners
(unless they say “low sodium”)
• Pickled, cured, smoked or
processed meats, like ham,
bacon, sausage and cold cuts
• Salted snack foods, like chips
and crackers
• Canned or dehydrated soups
like packaged noodle soup
• Most restaurant foods, take-out
foods and fast foods
• Fresh foods:
Fruits
Vegetables
Meat, Fish, Poultry
Dairy products
(milk, eggs, cheese)
• Frozen vegetables
• Fresh seasonings (garlic,
onion, lemon juice, pepper)
• Fresh or dried herbs and spices
(basil, bay leaf, curry, ginger,
sage, thyme)
• Unsalted popcorn, pretzels,
plain tortilla or corn chips
If you need to limit
sodium
Sodium is a mineral found in most foods that helps
balance how much fluid your body keeps. Sodium also
helps regulate nerve and muscle function.
to shop, plan, and prepare meals with less sodium
Use substitutes
for high-sodium foods
Use healthy tipsRead food labels
to find the best choice for your diet
At home
• Use herbs and spices instead of salt.
• Don’t use salt substitutes unless approved by your
doctor or dietitian. Most have potassium (some
people with kidney disease must limit potassium).
At restaurants
• Choose restaurants best suited to your diet or
where food is made to order. Call ahead and
explain that you are following a special diet.
Ask about the menu and how their food is
prepared. Many restaurants have websites
with menus posted.
• Request no salt when ordering grilled, sautéed or
baked entrees.
• Ask that sauces be omitted or served on the side.
• Chinese and Japanese food may be high in sodium.
Request no MSG (monosodium glutamate), soy
sauce, or fish sauce in food preparation. Choose
steamed rice. (Fried rice
often has soy sauce
added.) Do not add
soy sauce after food
is served.
Instead of: Try:
Salt and salt seasoning:
• Table salt
• Seasoning salt
• Garlic salt
• Onion salt
• Celery salt
• Lemon pepper
• Lite salt
• Meat tenderizer
• Bouillon cubes
• Flavor enhancers
• Fresh garlic
• Fresh onion
• Garlic powder
• Onion powder
• Black pepper
• Lemon juice
• Low-sodium/salt-free
seasoning blends
• Vinegar, regular
and flavored
High-sodium sauces such as:
• Barbecue sauce
• Steak sauce
• Soy sauce
• Teryiaki sauce
• Oyster sauce
• Homemade or low-sodium
sauces and salad dressings
• Vinegar
• Dry mustard
Cured foods such as:
• Ham
• Salt pork
• Bacon
• Sauerkraut
• Pickles, pickle relish
• Lox and herring
• Olives
• Fresh beef, veal,
pork, poultry
• Fish
• Eggs
Canned:
• Soups
• Juices
• Vegetables
• Homemade or
low-sodium soups
• Canned food without
added salt
% Daily value is based
on a 2,000 calorie daily
diet. This number helps
you know if a food is high
or low in a nutrient, even
if you eat more than
2,000 calories.
• 1 g of sodium = 1000
milligrams (mg)
• 1 tsp of salt = 2,300
milligrams of sodium
Ingredients are listed in order of weight, with the
item of the most weight listed first.
Servings per container
lists how many portions
per container.
Serving size tells you what a single portion is.
Not a good choice if:
• There is greater than 8% of the daily value of
sodium per serving.
• Salt is listed in the first five ingredients.
© 2010 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. All rights reserved. 02-10-0412_ABA
Why limit sodium?
Healthy kidneys can get rid of too much sodium in
your body, but when kidneys do not work well, sodium
and fluid can build up. This can cause:
• high blood pressure
• fluid weight gain
• thirst
• swelling of ankles
or fingers
• puffiness around the eyes
How much is okay to eat?
Your doctor recommends eating less than
_________ mg per day.
www.litholink.comwww.kidney.org

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High and low sodium foods

  • 1. If you need to limit sodium Sodium is a mineral found in most foods that helps balance how much fluid your body keeps. Sodium also helps regulate nerve and muscle function. to shop, plan, and prepare meals with less sodium Use substitutes for high-sodium foods Use healthy tipsRead food labels to find the best choice for your diet At home • Use herbs and spices instead of salt. • Don’t use salt substitutes unless approved by your doctor or dietitian. Most have potassium (some people with kidney disease must limit potassium). At restaurants • Choose restaurants best suited to your diet or where food is made to order. Call ahead and explain that you are following a special diet. Ask about the menu and how their food is prepared. Many restaurants have websites with menus posted. • Request no salt when ordering grilled, sautéed or baked entrees. • Ask that sauces be omitted or served on the side. • Chinese and Japanese food may be high in sodium. Request no MSG (monosodium glutamate), soy sauce, or fish sauce in food preparation. Choose steamed rice. (Fried rice often has soy sauce added.) Do not add soy sauce after food is served. Instead of: Try: Salt and salt seasoning: • Table salt • Seasoning salt • Garlic salt • Onion salt • Celery salt • Lemon pepper • Lite salt • Meat tenderizer • Bouillon cubes • Flavor enhancers • Fresh garlic • Fresh onion • Garlic powder • Onion powder • Black pepper • Lemon juice • Low-sodium/salt-free seasoning blends • Vinegar, regular and flavored High-sodium sauces such as: • Barbecue sauce • Steak sauce • Soy sauce • Teryiaki sauce • Oyster sauce • Homemade or low-sodium sauces and salad dressings • Vinegar • Dry mustard Cured foods such as: • Ham • Salt pork • Bacon • Sauerkraut • Pickles, pickle relish • Lox and herring • Olives • Fresh beef, veal, pork, poultry • Fish • Eggs Canned: • Soups • Juices • Vegetables • Homemade or low-sodium soups • Canned food without added salt % Daily value is based on a 2,000 calorie daily diet. This number helps you know if a food is high or low in a nutrient, even if you eat more than 2,000 calories. • 1 g of sodium = 1000 milligrams (mg) • 1 tsp of salt = 2,300 milligrams of sodium Ingredients are listed in order of weight, with the item of the most weight listed first. Servings per container lists how many portions per container. Serving size tells you what a single portion is. Not a good choice if: • There is greater than 8% of the daily value of sodium per serving. • Salt is listed in the first five ingredients. © 2010 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. All rights reserved. 02-10-0412_ABA Why limit sodium? Healthy kidneys can get rid of too much sodium in your body, but when kidneys do not work well, sodium and fluid can build up. This can cause: • high blood pressure • fluid weight gain • thirst • swelling of ankles or fingers • puffiness around the eyes How much is okay to eat? Your doctor recommends eating less than _________ mg per day. www.litholink.comwww.kidney.org
  • 2. What has high sodium? What has less sodium or none? What is a common serving size? Dietitians who specialize in kidney disease can tell you how many servings from each food group you are allowed at each meal. Depending on your diet prescription and preferences, you may be allowed to eat more than one. Food groups Serving sizes Fruits Fresh 1 small or 1/2 large Canned or frozen fruit 1/2 cup Juices 4 oz or 1/2 cup Berries 1 cup Grapes, cherries 12 Dried fruit 1/4 cup Fats and oils Oils, margarine 1 teaspoon Mayonnaise 1 tablespoon Salad dressing 2 tablespoons Sweets Cookies 1 cookie Ice cream, sorbet, gelatin 1/2 cup Cake, 2 x 2 inches 1 piece Fruit pie 1/6 of 8-inch pie Sugar, jelly, jam 1 tablespoon Nuts, seeds, and legumes Nuts 1/4 cup or 1 oz Seeds 2 tablespoons Cooked legumes, dry beans, peas 1/2 cup Peanut butter 2 tablespoons Food groupS Serving sizes Meat, fish or poultry Meats, poultry, fish 1 oz cooked Dairy Milk or milk substitute 4 oz or 1/2 cup Egg 1 egg or 1/4 cup egg substitute Cheese 1 oz Grains Cooked pasta, rice 1/3 cup Cereal, cooked 1/2 cup Cereal, ready-to-eat 1 cup Bread 1 slice Hamburger bun 1/2 bun Vegetables Cooked 1/2 cup Raw 1 medium or 1 cup cut up Juices 4 oz or 1/2 cup • Table salt • Seasonings like soy sauce, teriyaki sauce, garlic salt or onion salt • Most canned foods and frozen dinners (unless they say “low sodium”) • Pickled, cured, smoked or processed meats, like ham, bacon, sausage and cold cuts • Salted snack foods, like chips and crackers • Canned or dehydrated soups like packaged noodle soup • Most restaurant foods, take-out foods and fast foods • Fresh foods: Fruits Vegetables Meat, Fish, Poultry Dairy products (milk, eggs, cheese) • Frozen vegetables • Fresh seasonings (garlic, onion, lemon juice, pepper) • Fresh or dried herbs and spices (basil, bay leaf, curry, ginger, sage, thyme) • Unsalted popcorn, pretzels, plain tortilla or corn chips
  • 3. What has high sodium? What has less sodium or none? What is a common serving size? Dietitians who specialize in kidney disease can tell you how many servings from each food group you are allowed at each meal. Depending on your diet prescription and preferences, you may be allowed to eat more than one. Food groups Serving sizes Fruits Fresh 1 small or 1/2 large Canned or frozen fruit 1/2 cup Juices 4 oz or 1/2 cup Berries 1 cup Grapes, cherries 12 Dried fruit 1/4 cup Fats and oils Oils, margarine 1 teaspoon Mayonnaise 1 tablespoon Salad dressing 2 tablespoons Sweets Cookies 1 cookie Ice cream, sorbet, gelatin 1/2 cup Cake, 2 x 2 inches 1 piece Fruit pie 1/6 of 8-inch pie Sugar, jelly, jam 1 tablespoon Nuts, seeds, and legumes Nuts 1/4 cup or 1 oz Seeds 2 tablespoons Cooked legumes, dry beans, peas 1/2 cup Peanut butter 2 tablespoons Food groupS Serving sizes Meat, fish or poultry Meats, poultry, fish 1 oz cooked Dairy Milk or milk substitute 4 oz or 1/2 cup Egg 1 egg or 1/4 cup egg substitute Cheese 1 oz Grains Cooked pasta, rice 1/3 cup Cereal, cooked 1/2 cup Cereal, ready-to-eat 1 cup Bread 1 slice Hamburger bun 1/2 bun Vegetables Cooked 1/2 cup Raw 1 medium or 1 cup cut up Juices 4 oz or 1/2 cup • Table salt • Seasonings like soy sauce, teriyaki sauce, garlic salt or onion salt • Most canned foods and frozen dinners (unless they say “low sodium”) • Pickled, cured, smoked or processed meats, like ham, bacon, sausage and cold cuts • Salted snack foods, like chips and crackers • Canned or dehydrated soups like packaged noodle soup • Most restaurant foods, take-out foods and fast foods • Fresh foods: Fruits Vegetables Meat, Fish, Poultry Dairy products (milk, eggs, cheese) • Frozen vegetables • Fresh seasonings (garlic, onion, lemon juice, pepper) • Fresh or dried herbs and spices (basil, bay leaf, curry, ginger, sage, thyme) • Unsalted popcorn, pretzels, plain tortilla or corn chips
  • 4. If you need to limit sodium Sodium is a mineral found in most foods that helps balance how much fluid your body keeps. Sodium also helps regulate nerve and muscle function. to shop, plan, and prepare meals with less sodium Use substitutes for high-sodium foods Use healthy tipsRead food labels to find the best choice for your diet At home • Use herbs and spices instead of salt. • Don’t use salt substitutes unless approved by your doctor or dietitian. Most have potassium (some people with kidney disease must limit potassium). At restaurants • Choose restaurants best suited to your diet or where food is made to order. Call ahead and explain that you are following a special diet. Ask about the menu and how their food is prepared. Many restaurants have websites with menus posted. • Request no salt when ordering grilled, sautéed or baked entrees. • Ask that sauces be omitted or served on the side. • Chinese and Japanese food may be high in sodium. Request no MSG (monosodium glutamate), soy sauce, or fish sauce in food preparation. Choose steamed rice. (Fried rice often has soy sauce added.) Do not add soy sauce after food is served. Instead of: Try: Salt and salt seasoning: • Table salt • Seasoning salt • Garlic salt • Onion salt • Celery salt • Lemon pepper • Lite salt • Meat tenderizer • Bouillon cubes • Flavor enhancers • Fresh garlic • Fresh onion • Garlic powder • Onion powder • Black pepper • Lemon juice • Low-sodium/salt-free seasoning blends • Vinegar, regular and flavored High-sodium sauces such as: • Barbecue sauce • Steak sauce • Soy sauce • Teryiaki sauce • Oyster sauce • Homemade or low-sodium sauces and salad dressings • Vinegar • Dry mustard Cured foods such as: • Ham • Salt pork • Bacon • Sauerkraut • Pickles, pickle relish • Lox and herring • Olives • Fresh beef, veal, pork, poultry • Fish • Eggs Canned: • Soups • Juices • Vegetables • Homemade or low-sodium soups • Canned food without added salt % Daily value is based on a 2,000 calorie daily diet. This number helps you know if a food is high or low in a nutrient, even if you eat more than 2,000 calories. • 1 g of sodium = 1000 milligrams (mg) • 1 tsp of salt = 2,300 milligrams of sodium Ingredients are listed in order of weight, with the item of the most weight listed first. Servings per container lists how many portions per container. Serving size tells you what a single portion is. Not a good choice if: • There is greater than 8% of the daily value of sodium per serving. • Salt is listed in the first five ingredients. © 2010 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. All rights reserved. 02-10-0412_ABA Why limit sodium? Healthy kidneys can get rid of too much sodium in your body, but when kidneys do not work well, sodium and fluid can build up. This can cause: • high blood pressure • fluid weight gain • thirst • swelling of ankles or fingers • puffiness around the eyes How much is okay to eat? Your doctor recommends eating less than _________ mg per day. www.litholink.comwww.kidney.org