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What you choose to eat affects your chances of developing high blood pressure, also called
hypertension. In an effort to help Americans reduce blood pressure, the Dietary Approaches to
Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet is leading the way with a combination eating plan and reduced
sodium intake.2
The DASH* Diet approach to hypertension presents a meal plan generous in fruits,
vegetables, low-fat dairy, whole grains, poultry, fish and nuts. It de-emphasizes fats, red meat,
sweets, sodium and sugar-containing beverages.3
The DASH Diet is low in total fat, saturated fat
and cholesterol, while high in potassium, calcium, magnesium, fiber and protein.2
Following the DASH Diet has been clinically proven to successfully lower blood pressure. And, the
DASH Diet adheres to the goals of the 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans.4
Here is a summary of the daily nutrient goals used in DASH studies (for a 2,100 calorie diet), along
with tips to achieve these goals:
Tips to Take to the Supermarket
Nutrient Goal Shop for…
Total Fat 27% of calories Low or no fat dairy, poultry without skin (avoid dark meat)
and low or no fat salad dressings, spreads and condiments
that add flavor without fat
Saturated Fat 6% of calories Vegetable oil spreads over butter, cook with olive or canola
oil, choose lean cuts of meat and low or no fat dairy
Protein 18% of calories Poultry, fish, nuts and beans
Carbohydrate 55% of calories Whole grain breads, pastas, rice and cereals
Cholesterol 150 mg Lean meats, poultry, fish, low or no fat dairy
Sodium 2,300 mg Salt alternatives, spices and avoid processed and canned
foods
Potassium 4,700 mg Dried apricots, avocados, bananas, figs, kiwi, melon, beans,
broccoli, carrots, brussel sprouts, potatoes, winter squash and
spinach
Calcium 1,250 mg Milk, yogurt, cheese and fortified foods and beverages
Magnesium 500 mg Artichokes, barley, oat bran, almonds, spinach and tomatoes
Fiber 30 g Pears, whole wheat pasta, whole grain cereals, lentils, black
beans, lima beans, peas and baked potato with the skin
1,500mg sodium per day can further reduce blood pressure and is the amount recommended by the
Institute for Medicine. Studies have found that the DASH Diet menus with 2,300mg sodium can
lower blood pressure and menus with 1,500mg sodium can further reduce blood pressure. Most
American men currently consume 4,200mg and women 3,300mg of sodium per day.
High blood pressure is dangerous because it can harm arteries and organs such as the heart,
kidney, eyes and brains. If left uncontrolled, high blood pressure can lead to heart and kidney
disease, stroke and blindness. High blood pressure often has no signs or symptoms, and once it
occurs it usually lasts a lifetime.
Adapted from: Your Guide to Lowering your Blood Pressure with DASH
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/hbp/dash/new_dash.pdf
*The title“Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension” and the acronym DASH are used by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute for an
anti-hypertension eating plan. Mrs. Dash® is a 20-year old federally registered trademark which can be used in connection with food or beverage
products, ingredients, diets, recipes and related products, only with permission of its owner, Alberto-Culver Company.
R E S O U R C E F R O M T H E Dietitian Center®
DASH Diet Fact Sheet
Reference List
(1) Health, United States, 2006.With
Chartbook on trends in the health
of Americans. National Center for
Health Statistics . 2006.
Hyattsville, MD. Ref Type: Generic
(2) Karanja N, Erlinger TP, Pao-Hwa L,
Miller ER, III, Bray GA.The DASH
diet for high blood pressure: from
clinical trial to dinner table. Cleve
Clin J Med 2004 September;
71(9):745-53.
(3) Appel LJ, Brands MW, Daniels SR,
Karanja N, Elmer PJ, Sacks FM.
Dietary approaches to prevent
and treat hypertension: a
scientific statement from the
American Heart Association.
Hypertension 2006 February;
47(2):296-308.
(4) Dietary Guidelines for Americans
2005. Executive Report. 2005. Ref
Type: Generic
Fruity Spinach Salad
View RECIPE 
www.dietitiancenter.com

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Dash diet Fact sheet 2

  • 1. What you choose to eat affects your chances of developing high blood pressure, also called hypertension. In an effort to help Americans reduce blood pressure, the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet is leading the way with a combination eating plan and reduced sodium intake.2 The DASH* Diet approach to hypertension presents a meal plan generous in fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy, whole grains, poultry, fish and nuts. It de-emphasizes fats, red meat, sweets, sodium and sugar-containing beverages.3 The DASH Diet is low in total fat, saturated fat and cholesterol, while high in potassium, calcium, magnesium, fiber and protein.2 Following the DASH Diet has been clinically proven to successfully lower blood pressure. And, the DASH Diet adheres to the goals of the 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans.4 Here is a summary of the daily nutrient goals used in DASH studies (for a 2,100 calorie diet), along with tips to achieve these goals: Tips to Take to the Supermarket Nutrient Goal Shop for… Total Fat 27% of calories Low or no fat dairy, poultry without skin (avoid dark meat) and low or no fat salad dressings, spreads and condiments that add flavor without fat Saturated Fat 6% of calories Vegetable oil spreads over butter, cook with olive or canola oil, choose lean cuts of meat and low or no fat dairy Protein 18% of calories Poultry, fish, nuts and beans Carbohydrate 55% of calories Whole grain breads, pastas, rice and cereals Cholesterol 150 mg Lean meats, poultry, fish, low or no fat dairy Sodium 2,300 mg Salt alternatives, spices and avoid processed and canned foods Potassium 4,700 mg Dried apricots, avocados, bananas, figs, kiwi, melon, beans, broccoli, carrots, brussel sprouts, potatoes, winter squash and spinach Calcium 1,250 mg Milk, yogurt, cheese and fortified foods and beverages Magnesium 500 mg Artichokes, barley, oat bran, almonds, spinach and tomatoes Fiber 30 g Pears, whole wheat pasta, whole grain cereals, lentils, black beans, lima beans, peas and baked potato with the skin 1,500mg sodium per day can further reduce blood pressure and is the amount recommended by the Institute for Medicine. Studies have found that the DASH Diet menus with 2,300mg sodium can lower blood pressure and menus with 1,500mg sodium can further reduce blood pressure. Most American men currently consume 4,200mg and women 3,300mg of sodium per day. High blood pressure is dangerous because it can harm arteries and organs such as the heart, kidney, eyes and brains. If left uncontrolled, high blood pressure can lead to heart and kidney disease, stroke and blindness. High blood pressure often has no signs or symptoms, and once it occurs it usually lasts a lifetime. Adapted from: Your Guide to Lowering your Blood Pressure with DASH http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/hbp/dash/new_dash.pdf *The title“Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension” and the acronym DASH are used by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute for an anti-hypertension eating plan. Mrs. Dash® is a 20-year old federally registered trademark which can be used in connection with food or beverage products, ingredients, diets, recipes and related products, only with permission of its owner, Alberto-Culver Company. R E S O U R C E F R O M T H E Dietitian Center® DASH Diet Fact Sheet Reference List (1) Health, United States, 2006.With Chartbook on trends in the health of Americans. National Center for Health Statistics . 2006. Hyattsville, MD. Ref Type: Generic (2) Karanja N, Erlinger TP, Pao-Hwa L, Miller ER, III, Bray GA.The DASH diet for high blood pressure: from clinical trial to dinner table. Cleve Clin J Med 2004 September; 71(9):745-53. (3) Appel LJ, Brands MW, Daniels SR, Karanja N, Elmer PJ, Sacks FM. Dietary approaches to prevent and treat hypertension: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Hypertension 2006 February; 47(2):296-308. (4) Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005. Executive Report. 2005. Ref Type: Generic Fruity Spinach Salad View RECIPE www.dietitiancenter.com