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If you need to limit
phosphorus
Phosphorus is a mineral found in bones. Along
with calcium, phosphorus helps build strong, healthy
bones, and keeps other parts of your body healthy.
Why limit phosphorus?
Too much phosphorus in your blood can cause
changes that pull calcium out of your bones, making
them weak. High phosphorus and calcium levels also
lead to dangerous calcium deposits in blood vessels,
lungs, eyes and heart.
Use healthy tips
to shop, plan, and prepare meals with less phosphorus
Read food labels
to find the best choice for your diet
Ingredients are listed in order of weight, with the item
of the most weight listed first.
In general, % daily value of phosphorus is:
• Low = less than 5% or under 50 mg
• Medium = 5–10% or under 51–100 mg
• High = over 10% or over 100 mg
At home
• Use nondairy creamers and milk substitutes in
place of milk in cereals, coffee, and many sauces.
• Serving size is very important because most
foods have phosphorus. Remember, a large
amount of a low-phosphorus food can turn into a
high-phosphorus food.
• Watch out for food additives containing
phosphorus. They are often found in baking
powder, cake donuts, cake mixes, pasta products,
and puddings.
At restaurants
• Choose restaurants best suited to your diet or
where food is made to order. Call ahead and
explain that you are following a special diet.
Ask about the menu and how their food is
prepared. Many restaurants have websites with
menus posted.
• Avoid mixed dishes or casseroles, which are
usually higher in sodium and phosphorus.
• For desserts, choose from those that have
simple preparations to avoid “hidden”
phosphorus and potassium.
• Avoid desserts with chocolate, cream cheese,
ice cream or nuts. They will be much higher
in potassium and phosphorus.
Ethnic foods
For French food
• Be careful – French foods can be high
in phosphorus.
• Avoid foods prepared in heavy butter, cheese,
or cream sauces.
For Mexican food
• Order a la carte or select entrees that are
not served with beans or excess cheese.
For Asian and Indian food
• Be careful – Asian and Indian foods can be high
in phosphorus.
• Avoid the yogurt, and remember that many
Indian desserts contain milk and will be high
in phosphorus.
For Soul food
• Be careful – Soul food is often high in
phosphorus.
• Limit the phosphorus-rich foods like dried
beans, black-eyed peas and
organ meats, such
as chitterlings.
Serving size tells you
what a single portion is.
Servings per container
lists how many portions
per container.
% Daily value is based
on a 2,000 calorie daily
diet. This number helps
you know if a food is high
or low in a nutrient, even
if you eat more than
2,000 calories.
Phosphorus is not required
to be listed by law. It is
listed here, but may not be
listed even if the product
contains phosphorus.
Here the daily value of phosphorus is 10%, so it may
not be a good choice for you.
How much is okay to eat?
Your doctor recommends eating less than
_________ mg per day.
© 2010 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. All rights reserved. 02-10-0411_ABAwww.litholink.comwww.kidney.org
• Dairy products such as milk,
cheese, custard, cottage cheese,
yogurt, ice cream, pudding
• Nuts, seeds, peanut butter
• Dried beans and peas such as
baked beans, black beans,
chick peas, garbanzo beans,
kidney beans, lentils, limas,
northern beans, pork and
beans, split peas and soybeans
• Bran cereals, whole grain products
• Beverages such as cocoa, ale, beer,
chocolate drinks, and dark
cola drinks
• Fresh fruits such as apples,
apricots, blackberries, grapes,
tangerines, pears, peaches,
pineapple, plums and strawberries
• Fresh vegetables such as
cauliflower, carrots, cucumber,
celery, green beans and broccoli
• Popcorn, crackers
• Rice cereal
• Sherbert
• Coffee or tea without milk,
light-colored sodas (such as
ginger ale), fruit juices
What are
high phosphorus foods?
What are
low phosphorus foods?
What is a common
serving size?
Dietitians who specialize in kidney disease can tell you how
many servings from each food group you are allowed at each
meal. Depending on your diet prescription and preferences,
you may be allowed to eat more than one.
Food groups Serving sizes
Fruits
Fresh 1 small or 1/2 large
Canned or frozen fruit 1/2 cup
Juices 4 oz or 1/2 cup
Berries 1 cup
Grapes, cherries 12
Dried fruit 1/4 cup
Fats and oils
Oils, margarine 1 teaspoon
Mayonnaise 1 tablespoon
Salad dressing 2 tablespoons
Sweets
Cookies 1 cookie
Ice cream, sorbet, gelatin 1/2 cup
Cake, 2 x 2 inches 1 piece
Fruit pie 1/6 of 8-inch pie
Sugar, jelly, jam 1 tablespoon
Nuts, seeds, and legumes
Nuts 1/4 cup or 1 oz
Seeds 2 tablespoons
Cooked legumes, dry beans, peas 1/2 cup
Peanut butter 2 tablespoons
Food groupS Serving sizes
Meat, fish or poultry
Meats, poultry, fish 1 oz cooked
Dairy
Milk or milk substitute 4 oz or 1/2 cup
Egg
1 egg or
1/4 cup egg substitute
Cheese 1 oz
Grains
Cooked pasta, rice 1/3 cup
Cereal, cooked 1/2 cup
Cereal, ready-to-eat 1 cup
Bread 1 slice
Hamburger bun 1/2 bun
Vegetables
Cooked 1/2 cup
Raw 1 medium or 1 cup cut up
Juices 4 oz or 1/2 cup
• Dairy products such as milk,
cheese, custard, cottage cheese,
yogurt, ice cream, pudding
• Nuts, seeds, peanut butter
• Dried beans and peas such as
baked beans, black beans,
chick peas, garbanzo beans,
kidney beans, lentils, limas,
northern beans, pork and
beans, split peas and soybeans
• Bran cereals, whole grain products
• Beverages such as cocoa, ale, beer,
chocolate drinks, and dark
cola drinks
• Fresh fruits such as apples,
apricots, blackberries, grapes,
tangerines, pears, peaches,
pineapple, plums and strawberries
• Fresh vegetables such as
cauliflower, carrots, cucumber,
celery, green beans and broccoli
• Popcorn, crackers
• Rice cereal
• Sherbert
• Coffee or tea without milk,
light-colored sodas (such as
ginger ale), fruit juices
What are
high phosphorus foods?
What are
low phosphorus foods?
What is a common
serving size?
Dietitians who specialize in kidney disease can tell you how
many servings from each food group you are allowed at each
meal. Depending on your diet prescription and preferences,
you may be allowed to eat more than one.
Food groups Serving sizes
Fruits
Fresh 1 small or 1/2 large
Canned or frozen fruit 1/2 cup
Juices 4 oz or 1/2 cup
Berries 1 cup
Grapes, cherries 12
Dried fruit 1/4 cup
Fats and oils
Oils, margarine 1 teaspoon
Mayonnaise 1 tablespoon
Salad dressing 2 tablespoons
Sweets
Cookies 1 cookie
Ice cream, sorbet, gelatin 1/2 cup
Cake, 2 x 2 inches 1 piece
Fruit pie 1/6 of 8-inch pie
Sugar, jelly, jam 1 tablespoon
Nuts, seeds, and legumes
Nuts 1/4 cup or 1 oz
Seeds 2 tablespoons
Cooked legumes, dry beans, peas 1/2 cup
Peanut butter 2 tablespoons
Food groupS Serving sizes
Meat, fish or poultry
Meats, poultry, fish 1 oz cooked
Dairy
Milk or milk substitute 4 oz or 1/2 cup
Egg
1 egg or
1/4 cup egg substitute
Cheese 1 oz
Grains
Cooked pasta, rice 1/3 cup
Cereal, cooked 1/2 cup
Cereal, ready-to-eat 1 cup
Bread 1 slice
Hamburger bun 1/2 bun
Vegetables
Cooked 1/2 cup
Raw 1 medium or 1 cup cut up
Juices 4 oz or 1/2 cup
If you need to limit
phosphorus
Phosphorus is a mineral found in bones. Along
with calcium, phosphorus helps build strong, healthy
bones, and keeps other parts of your body healthy.
Why limit phosphorus?
Too much phosphorus in your blood can cause
changes that pull calcium out of your bones, making
them weak. High phosphorus and calcium levels also
lead to dangerous calcium deposits in blood vessels,
lungs, eyes and heart.
Use healthy tips
to shop, plan, and prepare meals with less phosphorus
Read food labels
to find the best choice for your diet
Ingredients are listed in order of weight, with the item
of the most weight listed first.
In general, % daily value of phosphorus is:
• Low = less than 5% or under 50 mg
• Medium = 5–10% or under 51–100 mg
• High = over 10% or over 100 mg
At home
• Use nondairy creamers and milk substitutes in
place of milk in cereals, coffee, and many sauces.
• Serving size is very important because most
foods have phosphorus. Remember, a large
amount of a low-phosphorus food can turn into a
high-phosphorus food.
• Watch out for food additives containing
phosphorus. They are often found in baking
powder, cake donuts, cake mixes, pasta products,
and puddings.
At restaurants
• Choose restaurants best suited to your diet or
where food is made to order. Call ahead and
explain that you are following a special diet.
Ask about the menu and how their food is
prepared. Many restaurants have websites with
menus posted.
• Avoid mixed dishes or casseroles, which are
usually higher in sodium and phosphorus.
• For desserts, choose from those that have
simple preparations to avoid “hidden”
phosphorus and potassium.
• Avoid desserts with chocolate, cream cheese,
ice cream or nuts. They will be much higher
in potassium and phosphorus.
Ethnic foods
For French food
• Be careful – French foods can be high
in phosphorus.
• Avoid foods prepared in heavy butter, cheese,
or cream sauces.
For Mexican food
• Order a la carte or select entrees that are
not served with beans or excess cheese.
For Asian and Indian food
• Be careful – Asian and Indian foods can be high
in phosphorus.
• Avoid the yogurt, and remember that many
Indian desserts contain milk and will be high
in phosphorus.
For Soul food
• Be careful – Soul food is often high in
phosphorus.
• Limit the phosphorus-rich foods like dried
beans, black-eyed peas and
organ meats, such
as chitterlings.
Serving size tells you
what a single portion is.
Servings per container
lists how many portions
per container.
% Daily value is based
on a 2,000 calorie daily
diet. This number helps
you know if a food is high
or low in a nutrient, even
if you eat more than
2,000 calories.
Phosphorus is not required
to be listed by law. It is
listed here, but may not be
listed even if the product
contains phosphorus.
Here the daily value of phosphorus is 10%, so it may
not be a good choice for you.
How much is okay to eat?
Your doctor recommends eating less than
_________ mg per day.
© 2010 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. All rights reserved. 02-10-0411_ABAwww.litholink.comwww.kidney.org

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High and low phosphorus foods

  • 1. If you need to limit phosphorus Phosphorus is a mineral found in bones. Along with calcium, phosphorus helps build strong, healthy bones, and keeps other parts of your body healthy. Why limit phosphorus? Too much phosphorus in your blood can cause changes that pull calcium out of your bones, making them weak. High phosphorus and calcium levels also lead to dangerous calcium deposits in blood vessels, lungs, eyes and heart. Use healthy tips to shop, plan, and prepare meals with less phosphorus Read food labels to find the best choice for your diet Ingredients are listed in order of weight, with the item of the most weight listed first. In general, % daily value of phosphorus is: • Low = less than 5% or under 50 mg • Medium = 5–10% or under 51–100 mg • High = over 10% or over 100 mg At home • Use nondairy creamers and milk substitutes in place of milk in cereals, coffee, and many sauces. • Serving size is very important because most foods have phosphorus. Remember, a large amount of a low-phosphorus food can turn into a high-phosphorus food. • Watch out for food additives containing phosphorus. They are often found in baking powder, cake donuts, cake mixes, pasta products, and puddings. At restaurants • Choose restaurants best suited to your diet or where food is made to order. Call ahead and explain that you are following a special diet. Ask about the menu and how their food is prepared. Many restaurants have websites with menus posted. • Avoid mixed dishes or casseroles, which are usually higher in sodium and phosphorus. • For desserts, choose from those that have simple preparations to avoid “hidden” phosphorus and potassium. • Avoid desserts with chocolate, cream cheese, ice cream or nuts. They will be much higher in potassium and phosphorus. Ethnic foods For French food • Be careful – French foods can be high in phosphorus. • Avoid foods prepared in heavy butter, cheese, or cream sauces. For Mexican food • Order a la carte or select entrees that are not served with beans or excess cheese. For Asian and Indian food • Be careful – Asian and Indian foods can be high in phosphorus. • Avoid the yogurt, and remember that many Indian desserts contain milk and will be high in phosphorus. For Soul food • Be careful – Soul food is often high in phosphorus. • Limit the phosphorus-rich foods like dried beans, black-eyed peas and organ meats, such as chitterlings. Serving size tells you what a single portion is. Servings per container lists how many portions per container. % Daily value is based on a 2,000 calorie daily diet. This number helps you know if a food is high or low in a nutrient, even if you eat more than 2,000 calories. Phosphorus is not required to be listed by law. It is listed here, but may not be listed even if the product contains phosphorus. Here the daily value of phosphorus is 10%, so it may not be a good choice for you. How much is okay to eat? Your doctor recommends eating less than _________ mg per day. © 2010 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. All rights reserved. 02-10-0411_ABAwww.litholink.comwww.kidney.org
  • 2. • Dairy products such as milk, cheese, custard, cottage cheese, yogurt, ice cream, pudding • Nuts, seeds, peanut butter • Dried beans and peas such as baked beans, black beans, chick peas, garbanzo beans, kidney beans, lentils, limas, northern beans, pork and beans, split peas and soybeans • Bran cereals, whole grain products • Beverages such as cocoa, ale, beer, chocolate drinks, and dark cola drinks • Fresh fruits such as apples, apricots, blackberries, grapes, tangerines, pears, peaches, pineapple, plums and strawberries • Fresh vegetables such as cauliflower, carrots, cucumber, celery, green beans and broccoli • Popcorn, crackers • Rice cereal • Sherbert • Coffee or tea without milk, light-colored sodas (such as ginger ale), fruit juices What are high phosphorus foods? What are low phosphorus foods? What is a common serving size? Dietitians who specialize in kidney disease can tell you how many servings from each food group you are allowed at each meal. Depending on your diet prescription and preferences, you may be allowed to eat more than one. Food groups Serving sizes Fruits Fresh 1 small or 1/2 large Canned or frozen fruit 1/2 cup Juices 4 oz or 1/2 cup Berries 1 cup Grapes, cherries 12 Dried fruit 1/4 cup Fats and oils Oils, margarine 1 teaspoon Mayonnaise 1 tablespoon Salad dressing 2 tablespoons Sweets Cookies 1 cookie Ice cream, sorbet, gelatin 1/2 cup Cake, 2 x 2 inches 1 piece Fruit pie 1/6 of 8-inch pie Sugar, jelly, jam 1 tablespoon Nuts, seeds, and legumes Nuts 1/4 cup or 1 oz Seeds 2 tablespoons Cooked legumes, dry beans, peas 1/2 cup Peanut butter 2 tablespoons Food groupS Serving sizes Meat, fish or poultry Meats, poultry, fish 1 oz cooked Dairy Milk or milk substitute 4 oz or 1/2 cup Egg 1 egg or 1/4 cup egg substitute Cheese 1 oz Grains Cooked pasta, rice 1/3 cup Cereal, cooked 1/2 cup Cereal, ready-to-eat 1 cup Bread 1 slice Hamburger bun 1/2 bun Vegetables Cooked 1/2 cup Raw 1 medium or 1 cup cut up Juices 4 oz or 1/2 cup
  • 3. • Dairy products such as milk, cheese, custard, cottage cheese, yogurt, ice cream, pudding • Nuts, seeds, peanut butter • Dried beans and peas such as baked beans, black beans, chick peas, garbanzo beans, kidney beans, lentils, limas, northern beans, pork and beans, split peas and soybeans • Bran cereals, whole grain products • Beverages such as cocoa, ale, beer, chocolate drinks, and dark cola drinks • Fresh fruits such as apples, apricots, blackberries, grapes, tangerines, pears, peaches, pineapple, plums and strawberries • Fresh vegetables such as cauliflower, carrots, cucumber, celery, green beans and broccoli • Popcorn, crackers • Rice cereal • Sherbert • Coffee or tea without milk, light-colored sodas (such as ginger ale), fruit juices What are high phosphorus foods? What are low phosphorus foods? What is a common serving size? Dietitians who specialize in kidney disease can tell you how many servings from each food group you are allowed at each meal. Depending on your diet prescription and preferences, you may be allowed to eat more than one. Food groups Serving sizes Fruits Fresh 1 small or 1/2 large Canned or frozen fruit 1/2 cup Juices 4 oz or 1/2 cup Berries 1 cup Grapes, cherries 12 Dried fruit 1/4 cup Fats and oils Oils, margarine 1 teaspoon Mayonnaise 1 tablespoon Salad dressing 2 tablespoons Sweets Cookies 1 cookie Ice cream, sorbet, gelatin 1/2 cup Cake, 2 x 2 inches 1 piece Fruit pie 1/6 of 8-inch pie Sugar, jelly, jam 1 tablespoon Nuts, seeds, and legumes Nuts 1/4 cup or 1 oz Seeds 2 tablespoons Cooked legumes, dry beans, peas 1/2 cup Peanut butter 2 tablespoons Food groupS Serving sizes Meat, fish or poultry Meats, poultry, fish 1 oz cooked Dairy Milk or milk substitute 4 oz or 1/2 cup Egg 1 egg or 1/4 cup egg substitute Cheese 1 oz Grains Cooked pasta, rice 1/3 cup Cereal, cooked 1/2 cup Cereal, ready-to-eat 1 cup Bread 1 slice Hamburger bun 1/2 bun Vegetables Cooked 1/2 cup Raw 1 medium or 1 cup cut up Juices 4 oz or 1/2 cup
  • 4. If you need to limit phosphorus Phosphorus is a mineral found in bones. Along with calcium, phosphorus helps build strong, healthy bones, and keeps other parts of your body healthy. Why limit phosphorus? Too much phosphorus in your blood can cause changes that pull calcium out of your bones, making them weak. High phosphorus and calcium levels also lead to dangerous calcium deposits in blood vessels, lungs, eyes and heart. Use healthy tips to shop, plan, and prepare meals with less phosphorus Read food labels to find the best choice for your diet Ingredients are listed in order of weight, with the item of the most weight listed first. In general, % daily value of phosphorus is: • Low = less than 5% or under 50 mg • Medium = 5–10% or under 51–100 mg • High = over 10% or over 100 mg At home • Use nondairy creamers and milk substitutes in place of milk in cereals, coffee, and many sauces. • Serving size is very important because most foods have phosphorus. Remember, a large amount of a low-phosphorus food can turn into a high-phosphorus food. • Watch out for food additives containing phosphorus. They are often found in baking powder, cake donuts, cake mixes, pasta products, and puddings. At restaurants • Choose restaurants best suited to your diet or where food is made to order. Call ahead and explain that you are following a special diet. Ask about the menu and how their food is prepared. Many restaurants have websites with menus posted. • Avoid mixed dishes or casseroles, which are usually higher in sodium and phosphorus. • For desserts, choose from those that have simple preparations to avoid “hidden” phosphorus and potassium. • Avoid desserts with chocolate, cream cheese, ice cream or nuts. They will be much higher in potassium and phosphorus. Ethnic foods For French food • Be careful – French foods can be high in phosphorus. • Avoid foods prepared in heavy butter, cheese, or cream sauces. For Mexican food • Order a la carte or select entrees that are not served with beans or excess cheese. For Asian and Indian food • Be careful – Asian and Indian foods can be high in phosphorus. • Avoid the yogurt, and remember that many Indian desserts contain milk and will be high in phosphorus. For Soul food • Be careful – Soul food is often high in phosphorus. • Limit the phosphorus-rich foods like dried beans, black-eyed peas and organ meats, such as chitterlings. Serving size tells you what a single portion is. Servings per container lists how many portions per container. % Daily value is based on a 2,000 calorie daily diet. This number helps you know if a food is high or low in a nutrient, even if you eat more than 2,000 calories. Phosphorus is not required to be listed by law. It is listed here, but may not be listed even if the product contains phosphorus. Here the daily value of phosphorus is 10%, so it may not be a good choice for you. How much is okay to eat? Your doctor recommends eating less than _________ mg per day. © 2010 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. All rights reserved. 02-10-0411_ABAwww.litholink.comwww.kidney.org