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naked
spirituality
ministry as
pregnancy coaching
something is
      trying
       to be
        born
three trimesters




then birth
How can they inform
          your ministry to
                  others?
    4 stages
How can they help you in
your own spiritual journey?
William Blake - innocence, experiences, higher experience

              Soren Kierkegaard - aesthetic, ethical, religious

    William Perry - dualism (a,b), multiplicity (a,b), relativism
                                    (a,b), commitment (a,b,c)

           James Fowler - primal, mythical-literal, synthetic-
             conventional, individual-reflective, conjunctive,
                                               universalizing

Ken Blanchard - enthusiastic beginner, disillusioned learner,
        capable but cautious performer, self-reliant achiever



 Graves/Beck/Wilber - archaic-instinctive, animist/tribal, ego-
      centric-exploitive, absolutist -obedience authoritarian,
              scientific strategic, relativistic-personalistic -
                 communitarian; systemic-integral, holistic,
Four Stages
  of Faith
Development
Stage 1


Simplicity
Stage 1


           Simplicity


You’re either for us or against
us. It’s all or nothing.
Stage 1

           Simplicity
Focus: Right or wrong? Good or
bad?
Motive: Pleasing authority
figures, being an insider “us”
Perception: Dualistic
Stage 1
             Beliefs
-everything is known or
knowable; there are easy
answers to every question
-good authorities/us are the ones
who know the right answers
-the bad guys/them are wrong
Stage 1


          Authorities
Godlike, God’s representatives,
they know and give answers
Stage 1



 Simplicity
Life is a war.
Stage 1



Identity: In my leader or group.
Relationships: Dependent or co-
           dependent
Stage 1



         Simplicity
          God is …
The Ultimate Authority Figure
     or Ultimate Friend
Stage 1

            Simplicity
STRENGTHS: highly committed,
willing to sacrifice and suffer.
WEAKNESSES: Also willing to
kill or inflict suffering. Arrogant,
simplistic, combative,
judgmental, intolerant
Stage 1
Tell me what’s good and right.
Tell me what’s bad and wrong.
When you can’t give me
certainty, give me clarity.
Preach with confidence.
Stage 1
  Simplicity
here. thanks. o!
Stage 2


Complexity
Stage 2



          Complexity
There’s more than one way to
do things.
Stage 2
          Complexity
Focus: Effective or ineffective?
Technique, winning, success
Motive: Reach goals, being
effective
Perception: Pragmatic
Stage 2
            Beliefs:
      -anything is doable
-there are many ways to reach
           the goal
-authorities/us are the ones who
       know how to do it
-the bad guys don’t do the right
             stuff
Stage 2

         Authorities
Coaches. They help you grow
and succeed with know-how.
Stage 2

  Complexity


Life is a game.
Learn the rules.
  Play to win.
Stage 2

          Complexity


Identity: My cause or
achievement.
Relationships: Increasingly
independent.
Stage 2



        Complexity
         God is …
The Ultimate Guide or Coach
Stage 2

         Complexity
STRENGTHS: Enthusiasm,
idealism, action
WEAKNESSES: Superficial,
naïve, overly pragmatic
Stage 2
Add to my knowledge.
Give me historical context.
Give me lists - steps, reasons,
viewpoints, goals, examples.
Preach with intelligence.
Stage 2
   Complexity:
sorry. help. please.
Stage 3

Perplexity
Stage 3



          Perplexity
Everyone has an opinion. Who
knows who is right?
Stage 3

           Perplexity
Focus: Honest or dishonest?
Authentic or inauthentic?
Motive: Being honest or
authentic
Perception: Relativistic, critical
Stage 3

           Beliefs
  -little/nothing is known or
 knowable; everybody has an
             opinion
-good people are honest about
       their questions
Stage 3

      Authorities are ...
         Controllers
         The Enemy
Trying to impose easy answers
          on the naïve
   Trying to use the naive
Stage 3

Perplexity
Life is …
                a joke
              mystery
             or search
Stage 3

Identity: In solitude, or among a
small band of similarly alienated
friends


         Relationships: Counter-
                      dependent
Stage 3

           Perplexity
God is …
 mythic authority I’ve outgrown
  mysterious reality I’m seeking
       or opiate of the pathetic
                         masses
Stage 3

            Perplexity
STRENGTHS: depth, honesty,
sensitivity to suffering, perhaps
ironic humor
WEAKNESSES: cynical,
uncommitted, withdrawn,
critical, depressed, elitist
Stage 3
Tell me the “downsides.”
Give me both (many) sides.
Share your struggles.
Preach with transparency.
Stage 3
  Perplexity
when? no! why?
Stage 4
Harmony
Stage 4



           Harmony
Seek first God’s kingdom … love
God, love neighbors … in
essentials unity … focus on a
few grand essentials
Stage 4


           Harmony
Focus: Wise or unwise?
Fulfilling potential
Motive: Serve, contribute, make
a difference
Perception: Integrated,
synthesizing, sympathetic
Stage 4

           Beliefs
-some things are known, many
 are mysteries; life is a quest
     -there is no “them”
Stage 4

        Authorities
               people like me
                      imperfect
   sometimes doing their best,
        sometimes dishonest,
sometimes sincerely misguided
Stage 4

         Life is ...
What you make it (with God’s
          help)
Stage 4

Identity: In mutual relationships


Relationships: Interdependent
Stage 4

             God is ...
Knowable in part, yet
mysterious, present yet
transcendent, just yet merciful
(able to hold truths in tension --
“paradoxy”)
Stage 4

           Harmony
STRENGTHS: May exhibit
strengths of previous stages,
plus stability, endurance,
wisdom
WEAKNESSES: May display
weaknesses of earlier stages
Stage 4
Give me depth.
Manifest awe and wonder.
Show me deep connections.
Preach with humility.
Stage 4
   Harmony
behold. yes. [...]
Stage 1


Simplicity
Stage 2


Complexity
Stage 3

Perplexity
Stage 4
Humility
Doubt
occurs at
margins.
An observation:

 Cults and “bad faith” or “toxic”
 religion can be seen as groups
which require people to revert to a
 Stage 1 status and stay there.


 Stage 1 is easier for the leaders
    and followers … in a way.
An observation:

     Whole denominations or
parachurch organizations seem to
 specialize in certain stages, and
   fail people in other stages.
An observation:

Leaders seldom lead people in a
   stage beyond their own.
An observation:

Stage 3 is tough on everybody --
    leaders and followers.
An important reminder

The goal isn’t to rush through the
  stages to get to 4 as soon as
            possible.

Each stage has lessons to teach,
   and prepares for the next.
An observation:

Jesus models working with people
 in each stage, and always brings
    them farther on the journey.
A question:

How do we minister to people with
such contrary expectations, needs,
       issues, and desires?



           A direction:

Explore Jesus as teacher … not just
in content, but also in method.
We need churches and ministries
that help people at all levels ...



   And we need to keep in mind the
ultimate goal: people characterized
                              by ...
love
something is
      trying
       to be
        born
you are a
pregnancy coach
simplicity
complexity
 perplexity


  harmony
naked
spirituality
Greenbelt naked spirituality

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Greenbelt naked spirituality

  • 2.
  • 4. something is trying to be born
  • 6. How can they inform your ministry to others? 4 stages How can they help you in your own spiritual journey?
  • 7. William Blake - innocence, experiences, higher experience Soren Kierkegaard - aesthetic, ethical, religious William Perry - dualism (a,b), multiplicity (a,b), relativism (a,b), commitment (a,b,c) James Fowler - primal, mythical-literal, synthetic- conventional, individual-reflective, conjunctive, universalizing Ken Blanchard - enthusiastic beginner, disillusioned learner, capable but cautious performer, self-reliant achiever Graves/Beck/Wilber - archaic-instinctive, animist/tribal, ego- centric-exploitive, absolutist -obedience authoritarian, scientific strategic, relativistic-personalistic - communitarian; systemic-integral, holistic,
  • 8. Four Stages of Faith Development
  • 10. Stage 1 Simplicity You’re either for us or against us. It’s all or nothing.
  • 11. Stage 1 Simplicity Focus: Right or wrong? Good or bad? Motive: Pleasing authority figures, being an insider “us” Perception: Dualistic
  • 12. Stage 1 Beliefs -everything is known or knowable; there are easy answers to every question -good authorities/us are the ones who know the right answers -the bad guys/them are wrong
  • 13. Stage 1 Authorities Godlike, God’s representatives, they know and give answers
  • 15. Stage 1 Identity: In my leader or group. Relationships: Dependent or co- dependent
  • 16. Stage 1 Simplicity God is … The Ultimate Authority Figure or Ultimate Friend
  • 17. Stage 1 Simplicity STRENGTHS: highly committed, willing to sacrifice and suffer. WEAKNESSES: Also willing to kill or inflict suffering. Arrogant, simplistic, combative, judgmental, intolerant
  • 18. Stage 1 Tell me what’s good and right. Tell me what’s bad and wrong. When you can’t give me certainty, give me clarity. Preach with confidence.
  • 19. Stage 1 Simplicity here. thanks. o!
  • 21. Stage 2 Complexity There’s more than one way to do things.
  • 22. Stage 2 Complexity Focus: Effective or ineffective? Technique, winning, success Motive: Reach goals, being effective Perception: Pragmatic
  • 23. Stage 2 Beliefs: -anything is doable -there are many ways to reach the goal -authorities/us are the ones who know how to do it -the bad guys don’t do the right stuff
  • 24. Stage 2 Authorities Coaches. They help you grow and succeed with know-how.
  • 25. Stage 2 Complexity Life is a game. Learn the rules. Play to win.
  • 26. Stage 2 Complexity Identity: My cause or achievement. Relationships: Increasingly independent.
  • 27. Stage 2 Complexity God is … The Ultimate Guide or Coach
  • 28. Stage 2 Complexity STRENGTHS: Enthusiasm, idealism, action WEAKNESSES: Superficial, naïve, overly pragmatic
  • 29. Stage 2 Add to my knowledge. Give me historical context. Give me lists - steps, reasons, viewpoints, goals, examples. Preach with intelligence.
  • 30. Stage 2 Complexity: sorry. help. please.
  • 32. Stage 3 Perplexity Everyone has an opinion. Who knows who is right?
  • 33. Stage 3 Perplexity Focus: Honest or dishonest? Authentic or inauthentic? Motive: Being honest or authentic Perception: Relativistic, critical
  • 34. Stage 3 Beliefs -little/nothing is known or knowable; everybody has an opinion -good people are honest about their questions
  • 35. Stage 3 Authorities are ... Controllers The Enemy Trying to impose easy answers on the naïve Trying to use the naive
  • 36. Stage 3 Perplexity Life is … a joke mystery or search
  • 37. Stage 3 Identity: In solitude, or among a small band of similarly alienated friends Relationships: Counter- dependent
  • 38. Stage 3 Perplexity God is … mythic authority I’ve outgrown mysterious reality I’m seeking or opiate of the pathetic masses
  • 39. Stage 3 Perplexity STRENGTHS: depth, honesty, sensitivity to suffering, perhaps ironic humor WEAKNESSES: cynical, uncommitted, withdrawn, critical, depressed, elitist
  • 40. Stage 3 Tell me the “downsides.” Give me both (many) sides. Share your struggles. Preach with transparency.
  • 41. Stage 3 Perplexity when? no! why?
  • 43. Stage 4 Harmony Seek first God’s kingdom … love God, love neighbors … in essentials unity … focus on a few grand essentials
  • 44. Stage 4 Harmony Focus: Wise or unwise? Fulfilling potential Motive: Serve, contribute, make a difference Perception: Integrated, synthesizing, sympathetic
  • 45. Stage 4 Beliefs -some things are known, many are mysteries; life is a quest -there is no “them”
  • 46. Stage 4 Authorities people like me imperfect sometimes doing their best, sometimes dishonest, sometimes sincerely misguided
  • 47. Stage 4 Life is ... What you make it (with God’s help)
  • 48. Stage 4 Identity: In mutual relationships Relationships: Interdependent
  • 49. Stage 4 God is ... Knowable in part, yet mysterious, present yet transcendent, just yet merciful (able to hold truths in tension -- “paradoxy”)
  • 50. Stage 4 Harmony STRENGTHS: May exhibit strengths of previous stages, plus stability, endurance, wisdom WEAKNESSES: May display weaknesses of earlier stages
  • 51. Stage 4 Give me depth. Manifest awe and wonder. Show me deep connections. Preach with humility.
  • 52. Stage 4 Harmony behold. yes. [...]
  • 58. An observation: Cults and “bad faith” or “toxic” religion can be seen as groups which require people to revert to a Stage 1 status and stay there. Stage 1 is easier for the leaders and followers … in a way.
  • 59. An observation: Whole denominations or parachurch organizations seem to specialize in certain stages, and fail people in other stages.
  • 60. An observation: Leaders seldom lead people in a stage beyond their own.
  • 61. An observation: Stage 3 is tough on everybody -- leaders and followers.
  • 62. An important reminder The goal isn’t to rush through the stages to get to 4 as soon as possible. Each stage has lessons to teach, and prepares for the next.
  • 63. An observation: Jesus models working with people in each stage, and always brings them farther on the journey.
  • 64. A question: How do we minister to people with such contrary expectations, needs, issues, and desires? A direction: Explore Jesus as teacher … not just in content, but also in method.
  • 65. We need churches and ministries that help people at all levels ... And we need to keep in mind the ultimate goal: people characterized by ...
  • 66. love
  • 67. something is trying to be born