SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Girls & STEM:
Making it
Happen
Sylvia Martinez
sylvia@inventtolearn.com
Twitter: @smartinez
sylviamartinez.com
Invent To Learn:
Making,Tinkering, and Engineering in the Classroom
www.InventToLearn.com
Maker tools, materials, & tech
Tinkering mindset
Engineering design
How to make the case for
“making” in the classroom
robotics e-textiles 3D printing Arduino Scratch Raspberry Pi
programming electronics sensors laser cutters STEM/STEAM
National Girls Collaborative Project

ngcproject.org/exemplary-practices-overview
• Engaging Girls in STEM
• Access & Equity
• Collaboration
• Evaluation & Assessment
One Stop for Resources
All resources: sylviamartinez.com/stem-girls
Sobering Statistics about
Women and STEM Jobs
• "Women have seen no employment growth in
STEM jobs since 2000" - Forbes.
• Women leave STEM jobs at a significantly higher
rate then men - often citing gender issues
Solving the Equation: The Variables for Women’s Success in Engineering and
Computing - American Association of University Women (AAUW)
Securing Australia’s Future STEM: Country Comparisons - Australian Council of Learned Academies
Common issues
• There are no women in computer science because
there are no women in computer science.
• Culture
• Economics
• Stereotypes
• Stereotype threat
• Lack of encouragement
• Discrimination
Solving the Equation: The Variables for Women’s Success in Engineering and Computing - American Association of University Women (AAUW)
Discrimination
Solving the Equation: The Variables for Women’s Success in Engineering and Computing - American Association of University Women (AAUW)
Leaky bucket
Solving the Equation: The Variables for Women’s Success in Engineering and Computing - American Association of University Women (AAUW)
2001
Generation STEM: What girls say about Science,Technology, Engineering,
and Math - Girl Scouts of the USA (2012) (Girls 14-17)
Teacher bias
• Statistically, teachers give boys more
opportunity to figure out the solution to a
problem by themselves while telling the girls to
follow the rules.
• Teachers are also more likely to accept
questions from boys while telling girls to wait
their turn.
• Teachers rate girls ability in math lower than
boys, in spite of grades & test scores
Teacher Attitudes
• Math anxiety impacts student learning
• Elementary education majors have some of the
highest levels of mathematics anxiety
• Female teachers’ math anxiety disproportionally
affects girls’ math achievement 

(elementary study; 90% of elementary teachers are female)
Beilock, Sian L., et al. "Female teachers’ math anxiety affects girls’ math achievement." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107.5 (2010): 1860-1863.
Gresham, Gina. "A study of mathematics anxiety in pre-service teachers." Early Childhood Education Journal 35.2 (2007): 181-188.
Teachers’ Spatial Anxiety Relates to 1st- and 2nd-Graders’ Spatial Learning
• More boys than girls perform at the very highest levels in
spatial reasoning and math ability tests
• However, girls get better grades in math and science
• Test scores tend to under-predict girls’ success in college math
courses.
• Females who have high math abilities are more likely than males
with high math abilities to choose careers in non-math intensive
areas.This preference shows up as early as adolescence.
• Females who have high math abilities are also more likely than
males who have high math abilities to also have high verbal
abilities, giving them more choices of majors/careers to pursue.
Given the barriers, maybe this is a reasonable choice!
Women’s underrepresentation in science: Sociocultural and biological considerations. (2009)
Effective STEM Programs for Adolescent Girls: Three Approaches and Many Lessons Learned (2013)
Leaky pipeline + leaky bucket
What can we do?
Girls more likely to:
• Girls are more likely to look to the teacher for
clues on how to behave or what to choose
• Collaborate & strive for consensus
• Let others take credit
• Take the blame
• Decline to compete for scarce materials
• Take on organizational roles
• Be compliant and adapt
Stereotype Threat
Is the threat (and resultant anxiety)
of confirming a negative stereotype
about one's group - including race,
gender, and other identities.
(Steele & Aronson, 1995)
Stereotype Threat
Solutions
• Discuss stereotypes; similar to growth mindset
• Role models, peer mentors, & non-gendered
examples
• Real world problems and projects
• Focus on helping others
• Gender-neutral spaces
• Change how STEM subjects are taught
Problem Solving
• Dr. Seymour Papert defined two
styles of problem solving:
analytical and bricolage
• Bricolage - French for tinkering,
using found objects, playfulness
in creation
• Higher grades = more analytical
• Real world is both
Mastery styles
Sherry Turkle
• Hard mastery - linear, rigid, abstract,
solitary
• Soft mastery - non-linear, messy,
concrete, collaborative
• Hard mastery - academic & rigorous...
masculine
• Soft mastery - naive & lazy... feminine
"The bricoleur resembles the painter who stands
back between brushstrokes, looks at the canvas,
and only after this contemplation, decides what to do
next." - Sherry Turkle
Top 10 Ways To Be a Male
Advocate for Technical Women
1. Listen to women's stories
2. Talk to other men (privately & publicly)
3. Seek out ways to recruit women
4. Increase the number and visibility of female leaders
5. Mentor and sponsor women/have a woman mentor
National Center of Women & Informational Technology - https://www.ncwit.org/resources/read-online-maleadvocate
Top 10 Ways To Be a Male
Advocate for Technical Women
6. Notice and correct micro-inequities or instances of
unconscious bias
7. Establish accountability metrics
8. Model alternative work/life strategies & balance
9. Make discussions of gender less “risky"
10. Reach out to formal and informal women's groups
National Center of Women & Informational Technology - https://www.ncwit.org/resources/read-online-maleadvocate
MakeHers: Engaging Girls and Women in Technology through Making, Creating, and Inventing intel.com/girlsintech
MakeHers: Engaging Girls and Women in Technology through Making, Creating, and Inventing intel.com/girlsintech
Fabrication
Physical Computing
• Low-cost, open source microprocessors & software
• Add interactivity to the real world
• Connect analog to digital world with sensors, cameras,
bluetooth, wireless
• “Internet of Things”
Raspberry Pi - $35 computer Arduino E-textiles
Sensor glove - CMU
Interactive corset that teaches
deep breathing techniques
Wearable soundscape
triggered by heartbeat
Imogen Heap
Programming
• Global call for
teaching
programming
• New languages
for every goal
and age
• Shareable code
• Key to unlocking
educational value
of making
Scratch is free and designed for learning with connections
to robotics and modern materials
Scratch connects to
robots and real world
Cardboard Construction
Makedo Rolobox Hummingbird
MaKey MaKey
MaKey MaKey
Squishy Circuits
• Homemade dough
• Conductive/
Insulating
• Make circuits!
Conductive materials
• Conductive thread
• Copper tape, foil
• Conductive ink, paint,
glue
• Conductive fabric
• Graphite pencils
Conductive materials
• Conductive thread
• Copper tape, foil
• Conductive ink, paint,
glue
• Conductive fabric
• Graphite pencils
DIYgirls.org
If	
  technical	
  tinkering,	
  STEM,	
  and	
  digital	
  fabrication	
  are	
  the	
  
economic	
  forces	
  that	
  will	
  empower	
  Makers,	
  and	
  women	
  and	
  
people	
  of	
  color	
  are	
  not	
  participating	
  in	
  these	
  activities	
  in	
  a	
  visible	
  
way,	
  that	
  power	
  will	
  remain	
  unequally	
  distributed.	
  When	
  gender	
  is	
  
discussed	
  in	
  relation	
  to	
  the	
  maker	
  movement,	
  the	
  conversation	
  
starts	
  with	
  the	
  notion	
  that	
  Making	
  creates	
  a	
  unique	
  opportunity	
  
for	
  inclusive	
  participation,	
  and	
  is	
  quickly	
  followed	
  by	
  the	
  question	
  
‘how	
  can	
  we	
  get	
  more	
  women	
  to	
  participate?’	
  Generally,	
  the	
  
responses	
  focus	
  on	
  transforming	
  women,	
  on	
  areas	
  that	
  need	
  to	
  be	
  
corrected,	
  such	
  as	
  raising	
  confidence,	
  creating	
  more	
  woman/girl	
  
friendly	
  learning	
  environments,	
  increasing	
  ability	
  in	
  math	
  and	
  
science,	
  and	
  so	
  on.	
  The	
  women	
  themselves	
  cause	
  the	
  problem;	
  
they	
  lack	
  confidence,	
  they	
  are	
  unable	
  to	
  learn	
  in	
  the	
  ‘normal’	
  STEM	
  
environment,	
  they	
  do	
  not	
  embrace	
  their	
  full	
  capability	
  in	
  math	
  and	
  
science.	
  It	
  is	
  the	
  women	
  who	
  are	
  deficient.
Power,	
  Access,	
  Status:	
  The	
  Discourse	
  of	
  Race,	
  Gender,	
  and	
  Class	
  in	
  the	
  Maker	
  Movement	
  -­‐	
  Lauren	
  Britton	
  
Making is not a magic wand…
Great materials +
Inspiration
Next Generation
Science Standards
• Significant increase in integration of engineering and
technology from previous science standards
• Elevates engineering design to same level of
importance as scientific inquiry
• Two reasons given:
• Aspirational: Scientific challenges are motivating and
young people want to make the world a better place
• Practical:The process of design is not the same as
the scientific method.
Scantron mathface http://www.flickr.com/photos/schestok/414196453/
This is not science!
To raise new questions, new possibilities, to regard
old problems from a new angle, requires creative
imagination and marks real advance in science.

Albert Einstein
Girls & STEM
• Embrace all learning styles
• Address stereotypes honestly and give all
students tools to overcome them
• Real world projects
• Address teacher anxiety and biases
• Change how STEM subjects are taught
STEM For All
• Embrace all learning styles
• Address stereotypes honestly and give all
students tools to overcome them
• Real world projects
• Address teacher anxiety and biases
• Change how STEM subjects are taught
How do teachers learn to teach this way?
http://www.inventtolearn.com/workshops/
http://constructingmodernknowledge.com
Events
Resources
Free stuff
Project ideas
New books
Email newsletter
friend@inventtolearn.com
Seize this moment in history to give ALL kids
the mindset, tools, and techniques to
make sense and take charge of their world.
Let’s make it
happen!
www.inventtolearn.com
Sylvia Martinez
sylvia@inventtolearn.com
Twitter: @smartinez
Resources
Maker
Invent To Learn
MakeHers: Engaging Girls and Women in Technology through Making, Creating, and Inventing (Intel infographic)
Power, Access, Status: The Discourse of Race, Gender, and Class in the Maker Movement
Leah Buechley - Gender, Making, and the Maker Movement (video from FabLearn 2013)
Associations
National Girls Collaborative Project (links to many others)
National Council of Women and Informational Technology
American Association of University Women
WISE (UK) - campaign to promote women in science, technology, and engineering
Other posts about gender issues, stereotype threat, and other topics mentioned in this session
Stereotype Threat - Why it matters
Inclusive Makerspaces (article for EdSurge)
What a Girl Wants: Self-direction, technology, and gender
Self-esteem and me (a girl) becoming an engineer
Research
Securing Australia’s Future STEM: Country Comparisons - Australian Council of Learned Academies
Generation STEM:  What girls say about Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math - Girl Scouts of the USA (2012) (Girls 14-17)
Effective STEM Programs for Adolescent Girls: Three Approaches and Many Lessons Learned
Women’s underrepresentation in science: Sociocultural and biological considerations. (2009)
Gresham, Gina. "A study of mathematics anxiety in pre-service teachers." Early Childhood Education Journal 35.2 (2007): 181-188.
Beilock, Sian L., et al. "Female teachers’ math anxiety affects girls’ math achievement." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107.5
(2010): 1860-1863.
Teachers’ Spatial Anxiety Relates to 1st- and 2nd-Graders’ Spatial Learning
Statistics
National Center for Educational Statistics
National Student Clearinghouse Research Center

More Related Content

What's hot

Women In Engineering / STEM / Profession
Women In Engineering / STEM / ProfessionWomen In Engineering / STEM / Profession
Women In Engineering / STEM / Profession
Mehak Azeem
 
Gender inequality at work place
Gender inequality at work placeGender inequality at work place
Gender inequality at work place
RAJKUMARPOREL
 
Women in Technology: Bridging the Gender Gap
Women in Technology: Bridging the Gender GapWomen in Technology: Bridging the Gender Gap
Women in Technology: Bridging the Gender Gap
Rebecca Ralston
 
Gender inequality
Gender inequalityGender inequality
Gender inequality
Shreya Shikha
 
Gender equality
Gender equalityGender equality
Gender equality
International advisers
 
3.gender sensitization session for teachers
3.gender sensitization session for teachers3.gender sensitization session for teachers
3.gender sensitization session for teachers
Rahim Abbas Hashmi
 
Women In STEM.pptx
Women In STEM.pptxWomen In STEM.pptx
Women In STEM.pptx
NirmalKamat
 
Co-Education
Co-EducationCo-Education
Co-Education
Husna Abbasi
 
Gender equality .milagros gil
Gender equality .milagros gilGender equality .milagros gil
Gender equality .milagros gil
Silvana Carnicero
 
Gender Bias
Gender BiasGender Bias
Gender Bias
Shahnawaz Bhamani
 
Gender Equality
Gender EqualityGender Equality
Gender Equality
Vareesha Ali
 
Gender Equality
Gender EqualityGender Equality
Gender Equality
KajalChauhan54
 
Gender in Curriculum
Gender in CurriculumGender in Curriculum
Gender in Curriculum
laholwerda
 
Gender equality
Gender equalityGender equality
Gender equality
Faizan Pathan
 
Issues and challenges of women in management
Issues and challenges of women in managementIssues and challenges of women in management
Issues and challenges of women in management
Sunit Mondal
 
Gender Equality
Gender EqualityGender Equality
Gender Equality
Adrianna Gray
 
Women in the Workplace 2015
Women in the Workplace 2015Women in the Workplace 2015
Women in the Workplace 2015
Lean In
 
Gender and contemporary issues in education
Gender and contemporary issues in educationGender and contemporary issues in education
Gender and contemporary issues in education
MuhammadUmair645
 
PATRIARCHY
PATRIARCHYPATRIARCHY
PATRIARCHY
GunjanSharma211
 
Role of classroom education in eradicating gender inequality
Role of classroom education in eradicating gender inequalityRole of classroom education in eradicating gender inequality
Role of classroom education in eradicating gender inequality
Faumedha Gafoor
 

What's hot (20)

Women In Engineering / STEM / Profession
Women In Engineering / STEM / ProfessionWomen In Engineering / STEM / Profession
Women In Engineering / STEM / Profession
 
Gender inequality at work place
Gender inequality at work placeGender inequality at work place
Gender inequality at work place
 
Women in Technology: Bridging the Gender Gap
Women in Technology: Bridging the Gender GapWomen in Technology: Bridging the Gender Gap
Women in Technology: Bridging the Gender Gap
 
Gender inequality
Gender inequalityGender inequality
Gender inequality
 
Gender equality
Gender equalityGender equality
Gender equality
 
3.gender sensitization session for teachers
3.gender sensitization session for teachers3.gender sensitization session for teachers
3.gender sensitization session for teachers
 
Women In STEM.pptx
Women In STEM.pptxWomen In STEM.pptx
Women In STEM.pptx
 
Co-Education
Co-EducationCo-Education
Co-Education
 
Gender equality .milagros gil
Gender equality .milagros gilGender equality .milagros gil
Gender equality .milagros gil
 
Gender Bias
Gender BiasGender Bias
Gender Bias
 
Gender Equality
Gender EqualityGender Equality
Gender Equality
 
Gender Equality
Gender EqualityGender Equality
Gender Equality
 
Gender in Curriculum
Gender in CurriculumGender in Curriculum
Gender in Curriculum
 
Gender equality
Gender equalityGender equality
Gender equality
 
Issues and challenges of women in management
Issues and challenges of women in managementIssues and challenges of women in management
Issues and challenges of women in management
 
Gender Equality
Gender EqualityGender Equality
Gender Equality
 
Women in the Workplace 2015
Women in the Workplace 2015Women in the Workplace 2015
Women in the Workplace 2015
 
Gender and contemporary issues in education
Gender and contemporary issues in educationGender and contemporary issues in education
Gender and contemporary issues in education
 
PATRIARCHY
PATRIARCHYPATRIARCHY
PATRIARCHY
 
Role of classroom education in eradicating gender inequality
Role of classroom education in eradicating gender inequalityRole of classroom education in eradicating gender inequality
Role of classroom education in eradicating gender inequality
 

Viewers also liked

Tinkering Towards Transformation
Tinkering Towards TransformationTinkering Towards Transformation
Tinkering Towards Transformation
Melissa Techman
 
Catholic instructional leaders - K-12 Schools
Catholic instructional leaders - K-12 SchoolsCatholic instructional leaders - K-12 Schools
Catholic instructional leaders - K-12 Schools
Ottawa Catholic School Board
 
Education is Empowerment - Contemporary Social Issues Media Project
Education is Empowerment - Contemporary Social Issues Media ProjectEducation is Empowerment - Contemporary Social Issues Media Project
Education is Empowerment - Contemporary Social Issues Media Project
200253049
 
Show Me The Money
Show Me The MoneyShow Me The Money
Show Me The Money
Bookkeeper Girl, Inc
 
Empowering Adolescent Girls in India an Overview
Empowering Adolescent Girls in India an OverviewEmpowering Adolescent Girls in India an Overview
Empowering Adolescent Girls in India an Overview
Dasra
 
Nike Foundation Girl Hub London Project
Nike Foundation Girl Hub London ProjectNike Foundation Girl Hub London Project
Nike Foundation Girl Hub London Project
Jody Turner
 
Empowerment [Extended Version]
Empowerment [Extended Version]Empowerment [Extended Version]
Empowerment [Extended Version]
lauralindal
 
Qualitative methods to measure girls empowerment
Qualitative methods to measure girls empowermentQualitative methods to measure girls empowerment
Qualitative methods to measure girls empowerment
Ranjani K.Murthy
 
chỗ nào thiết kế phim quảng cáo ấn tượng
chỗ nào thiết kế phim quảng cáo ấn tượngchỗ nào thiết kế phim quảng cáo ấn tượng
chỗ nào thiết kế phim quảng cáo ấn tượngclifton408
 
Haileybury Turnford School - Application
Haileybury Turnford School - ApplicationHaileybury Turnford School - Application
Haileybury Turnford School - Application
Girls Into STEM
 
What Teens Want Beinggirl Pres
What Teens Want Beinggirl PresWhat Teens Want Beinggirl Pres
What Teens Want Beinggirl Pres
Dave Knox
 
EDUCARNIVAL 2014 at IIT Delhi- Empowerment for girls by Anandi Ramakrishnan
EDUCARNIVAL 2014 at IIT Delhi- Empowerment for girls by Anandi RamakrishnanEDUCARNIVAL 2014 at IIT Delhi- Empowerment for girls by Anandi Ramakrishnan
EDUCARNIVAL 2014 at IIT Delhi- Empowerment for girls by Anandi Ramakrishnan
Eduexcellence
 
Girls in Gear
Girls in GearGirls in Gear
Fashion Marketing 2016
Fashion Marketing 2016Fashion Marketing 2016
Fashion Marketing 2016
Mary Ann Uybubulante
 
Why So Few Women in STEM
Why So Few Women in STEMWhy So Few Women in STEM
Why So Few Women in STEM
Kevin Carter
 
SAME SAME BUT DIFFERENT: Eight things we've learned about fashion branding.
SAME SAME BUT DIFFERENT: Eight things we've learned about fashion branding.SAME SAME BUT DIFFERENT: Eight things we've learned about fashion branding.
SAME SAME BUT DIFFERENT: Eight things we've learned about fashion branding.
Zoran Svetlicic
 
Chapter 1.1 what is fashion marketing
Chapter 1.1 what is fashion marketing Chapter 1.1 what is fashion marketing
Chapter 1.1 what is fashion marketing
Angie Rogers
 
Education of girls
Education of girlsEducation of girls
Education of girls
Khurram Burjees
 
Spac ppp
Spac pppSpac ppp
Spac ppp
egsllp
 
NaRFU mai 2010
NaRFU mai 2010NaRFU mai 2010

Viewers also liked (20)

Tinkering Towards Transformation
Tinkering Towards TransformationTinkering Towards Transformation
Tinkering Towards Transformation
 
Catholic instructional leaders - K-12 Schools
Catholic instructional leaders - K-12 SchoolsCatholic instructional leaders - K-12 Schools
Catholic instructional leaders - K-12 Schools
 
Education is Empowerment - Contemporary Social Issues Media Project
Education is Empowerment - Contemporary Social Issues Media ProjectEducation is Empowerment - Contemporary Social Issues Media Project
Education is Empowerment - Contemporary Social Issues Media Project
 
Show Me The Money
Show Me The MoneyShow Me The Money
Show Me The Money
 
Empowering Adolescent Girls in India an Overview
Empowering Adolescent Girls in India an OverviewEmpowering Adolescent Girls in India an Overview
Empowering Adolescent Girls in India an Overview
 
Nike Foundation Girl Hub London Project
Nike Foundation Girl Hub London ProjectNike Foundation Girl Hub London Project
Nike Foundation Girl Hub London Project
 
Empowerment [Extended Version]
Empowerment [Extended Version]Empowerment [Extended Version]
Empowerment [Extended Version]
 
Qualitative methods to measure girls empowerment
Qualitative methods to measure girls empowermentQualitative methods to measure girls empowerment
Qualitative methods to measure girls empowerment
 
chỗ nào thiết kế phim quảng cáo ấn tượng
chỗ nào thiết kế phim quảng cáo ấn tượngchỗ nào thiết kế phim quảng cáo ấn tượng
chỗ nào thiết kế phim quảng cáo ấn tượng
 
Haileybury Turnford School - Application
Haileybury Turnford School - ApplicationHaileybury Turnford School - Application
Haileybury Turnford School - Application
 
What Teens Want Beinggirl Pres
What Teens Want Beinggirl PresWhat Teens Want Beinggirl Pres
What Teens Want Beinggirl Pres
 
EDUCARNIVAL 2014 at IIT Delhi- Empowerment for girls by Anandi Ramakrishnan
EDUCARNIVAL 2014 at IIT Delhi- Empowerment for girls by Anandi RamakrishnanEDUCARNIVAL 2014 at IIT Delhi- Empowerment for girls by Anandi Ramakrishnan
EDUCARNIVAL 2014 at IIT Delhi- Empowerment for girls by Anandi Ramakrishnan
 
Girls in Gear
Girls in GearGirls in Gear
Girls in Gear
 
Fashion Marketing 2016
Fashion Marketing 2016Fashion Marketing 2016
Fashion Marketing 2016
 
Why So Few Women in STEM
Why So Few Women in STEMWhy So Few Women in STEM
Why So Few Women in STEM
 
SAME SAME BUT DIFFERENT: Eight things we've learned about fashion branding.
SAME SAME BUT DIFFERENT: Eight things we've learned about fashion branding.SAME SAME BUT DIFFERENT: Eight things we've learned about fashion branding.
SAME SAME BUT DIFFERENT: Eight things we've learned about fashion branding.
 
Chapter 1.1 what is fashion marketing
Chapter 1.1 what is fashion marketing Chapter 1.1 what is fashion marketing
Chapter 1.1 what is fashion marketing
 
Education of girls
Education of girlsEducation of girls
Education of girls
 
Spac ppp
Spac pppSpac ppp
Spac ppp
 
NaRFU mai 2010
NaRFU mai 2010NaRFU mai 2010
NaRFU mai 2010
 

Similar to Girls & STEM: Making it Happen

Filling the STEM Gap
Filling the STEM GapFilling the STEM Gap
Filling the STEM Gap
Society of Women Engineers
 
GEMS presentation.ppt
GEMS presentation.pptGEMS presentation.ppt
GEMS presentation.ppt
Christina Gillespie
 
STEAM Education and The Uncommon Core
STEAM Education and The Uncommon CoreSTEAM Education and The Uncommon Core
STEAM Education and The Uncommon Core
North Carolina Association for Middle Level Education
 
The stem innovation equation nsta
The stem innovation equation nstaThe stem innovation equation nsta
The stem innovation equation nsta
Diana Laboy-Rush
 
The Power of #DadOps for #WomenInTech
The Power of #DadOps for #WomenInTechThe Power of #DadOps for #WomenInTech
The Power of #DadOps for #WomenInTech
Amanda Whaley
 
Barriers to Success for Women in Engineering and Computing
Barriers to Success for Women in Engineering and ComputingBarriers to Success for Women in Engineering and Computing
Barriers to Success for Women in Engineering and Computing
Christa Spielman
 
Empowerment: Education and Women
Empowerment: Education and WomenEmpowerment: Education and Women
Empowerment: Education and Women
Mehak Azeem
 
Eyl counselor
Eyl counselorEyl counselor
Eyl counselor
TRK2012
 
Program outcome 4 artifact key assessment 2-ns
Program outcome 4 artifact   key assessment 2-nsProgram outcome 4 artifact   key assessment 2-ns
Program outcome 4 artifact key assessment 2-ns
Nihal Senlik
 
While we're here, let's fix computer science education
While we're here, let's fix computer science educationWhile we're here, let's fix computer science education
While we're here, let's fix computer science education
Selena Deckelmann
 
GenWise Talentdev Programs Parent Session - Oct 2017 @Inventure
GenWise Talentdev Programs Parent Session - Oct 2017 @InventureGenWise Talentdev Programs Parent Session - Oct 2017 @Inventure
GenWise Talentdev Programs Parent Session - Oct 2017 @Inventure
GenWise TalentDev
 
Equality and Technology_Gregory
Equality and Technology_GregoryEquality and Technology_Gregory
Equality and Technology_Gregory
karengregory2000
 
Talent by design gen wise- slideshare
Talent by design  gen wise- slideshareTalent by design  gen wise- slideshare
Talent by design gen wise- slideshare
Vishnuteerth Agnihotri
 
Best+teaching+practices
Best+teaching+practicesBest+teaching+practices
Best+teaching+practices
dabervid
 
«Lets educate, learn and flourish: how can we open doors, light fires and rac...
«Lets educate, learn and flourish: how can we open doors, light fires and rac...«Lets educate, learn and flourish: how can we open doors, light fires and rac...
«Lets educate, learn and flourish: how can we open doors, light fires and rac...
eMadrid network
 
Beyond Talk: Moving the Levers of Diversity in Technology
Beyond Talk: Moving the Levers of Diversity in TechnologyBeyond Talk: Moving the Levers of Diversity in Technology
Beyond Talk: Moving the Levers of Diversity in Technology
Society of Women Engineers
 
Beyond Talk: Moving the Levers of Diversity in Technology
Beyond Talk: Moving the Levers of Diversity in TechnologyBeyond Talk: Moving the Levers of Diversity in Technology
Beyond Talk: Moving the Levers of Diversity in Technology
Society of Women Engineers
 
PBL and girls presentation
PBL and girls presentationPBL and girls presentation
PBL and girls presentation
Carmel Schettino
 
Authenticity Online-Teaching, Learning and Assessment
Authenticity Online-Teaching, Learning and AssessmentAuthenticity Online-Teaching, Learning and Assessment
Authenticity Online-Teaching, Learning and Assessment
Fred Feldon
 
Collective Impact through STEM for National Youth Serving Organizations
Collective Impact through STEM for National Youth Serving OrganizationsCollective Impact through STEM for National Youth Serving Organizations
Collective Impact through STEM for National Youth Serving Organizations
Gabrielle Lyon
 

Similar to Girls & STEM: Making it Happen (20)

Filling the STEM Gap
Filling the STEM GapFilling the STEM Gap
Filling the STEM Gap
 
GEMS presentation.ppt
GEMS presentation.pptGEMS presentation.ppt
GEMS presentation.ppt
 
STEAM Education and The Uncommon Core
STEAM Education and The Uncommon CoreSTEAM Education and The Uncommon Core
STEAM Education and The Uncommon Core
 
The stem innovation equation nsta
The stem innovation equation nstaThe stem innovation equation nsta
The stem innovation equation nsta
 
The Power of #DadOps for #WomenInTech
The Power of #DadOps for #WomenInTechThe Power of #DadOps for #WomenInTech
The Power of #DadOps for #WomenInTech
 
Barriers to Success for Women in Engineering and Computing
Barriers to Success for Women in Engineering and ComputingBarriers to Success for Women in Engineering and Computing
Barriers to Success for Women in Engineering and Computing
 
Empowerment: Education and Women
Empowerment: Education and WomenEmpowerment: Education and Women
Empowerment: Education and Women
 
Eyl counselor
Eyl counselorEyl counselor
Eyl counselor
 
Program outcome 4 artifact key assessment 2-ns
Program outcome 4 artifact   key assessment 2-nsProgram outcome 4 artifact   key assessment 2-ns
Program outcome 4 artifact key assessment 2-ns
 
While we're here, let's fix computer science education
While we're here, let's fix computer science educationWhile we're here, let's fix computer science education
While we're here, let's fix computer science education
 
GenWise Talentdev Programs Parent Session - Oct 2017 @Inventure
GenWise Talentdev Programs Parent Session - Oct 2017 @InventureGenWise Talentdev Programs Parent Session - Oct 2017 @Inventure
GenWise Talentdev Programs Parent Session - Oct 2017 @Inventure
 
Equality and Technology_Gregory
Equality and Technology_GregoryEquality and Technology_Gregory
Equality and Technology_Gregory
 
Talent by design gen wise- slideshare
Talent by design  gen wise- slideshareTalent by design  gen wise- slideshare
Talent by design gen wise- slideshare
 
Best+teaching+practices
Best+teaching+practicesBest+teaching+practices
Best+teaching+practices
 
«Lets educate, learn and flourish: how can we open doors, light fires and rac...
«Lets educate, learn and flourish: how can we open doors, light fires and rac...«Lets educate, learn and flourish: how can we open doors, light fires and rac...
«Lets educate, learn and flourish: how can we open doors, light fires and rac...
 
Beyond Talk: Moving the Levers of Diversity in Technology
Beyond Talk: Moving the Levers of Diversity in TechnologyBeyond Talk: Moving the Levers of Diversity in Technology
Beyond Talk: Moving the Levers of Diversity in Technology
 
Beyond Talk: Moving the Levers of Diversity in Technology
Beyond Talk: Moving the Levers of Diversity in TechnologyBeyond Talk: Moving the Levers of Diversity in Technology
Beyond Talk: Moving the Levers of Diversity in Technology
 
PBL and girls presentation
PBL and girls presentationPBL and girls presentation
PBL and girls presentation
 
Authenticity Online-Teaching, Learning and Assessment
Authenticity Online-Teaching, Learning and AssessmentAuthenticity Online-Teaching, Learning and Assessment
Authenticity Online-Teaching, Learning and Assessment
 
Collective Impact through STEM for National Youth Serving Organizations
Collective Impact through STEM for National Youth Serving OrganizationsCollective Impact through STEM for National Youth Serving Organizations
Collective Impact through STEM for National Youth Serving Organizations
 

Recently uploaded

Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movieFilm vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Nicholas Montgomery
 
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdfবাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
eBook.com.bd (প্রয়োজনীয় বাংলা বই)
 
clinical examination of hip joint (1).pdf
clinical examination of hip joint (1).pdfclinical examination of hip joint (1).pdf
clinical examination of hip joint (1).pdf
Priyankaranawat4
 
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP ModuleHow to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
Celine George
 
The simplified electron and muon model, Oscillating Spacetime: The Foundation...
The simplified electron and muon model, Oscillating Spacetime: The Foundation...The simplified electron and muon model, Oscillating Spacetime: The Foundation...
The simplified electron and muon model, Oscillating Spacetime: The Foundation...
RitikBhardwaj56
 
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdfLiberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
WaniBasim
 
South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)
South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)
South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)
Academy of Science of South Africa
 
How to Make a Field Mandatory in Odoo 17
How to Make a Field Mandatory in Odoo 17How to Make a Field Mandatory in Odoo 17
How to Make a Field Mandatory in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17
How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17
How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17
Celine George
 
How to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRM
How to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRMHow to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRM
How to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRM
Celine George
 
A Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdf
A Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdfA Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdf
A Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdf
Jean Carlos Nunes Paixão
 
DRUGS AND ITS classification slide share
DRUGS AND ITS classification slide shareDRUGS AND ITS classification slide share
DRUGS AND ITS classification slide share
taiba qazi
 
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptxC1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
mulvey2
 
Cognitive Development Adolescence Psychology
Cognitive Development Adolescence PsychologyCognitive Development Adolescence Psychology
Cognitive Development Adolescence Psychology
paigestewart1632
 
writing about opinions about Australia the movie
writing about opinions about Australia the moviewriting about opinions about Australia the movie
writing about opinions about Australia the movie
Nicholas Montgomery
 
Smart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICT
Smart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICTSmart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICT
Smart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICT
simonomuemu
 
The History of Stoke Newington Street Names
The History of Stoke Newington Street NamesThe History of Stoke Newington Street Names
The History of Stoke Newington Street Names
History of Stoke Newington
 
Pengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptx
Pengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptxPengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptx
Pengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptx
Fajar Baskoro
 
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
National Information Standards Organization (NISO)
 
Your Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective Upskilling
Your Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective UpskillingYour Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective Upskilling
Your Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective Upskilling
Excellence Foundation for South Sudan
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movieFilm vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
 
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdfবাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
 
clinical examination of hip joint (1).pdf
clinical examination of hip joint (1).pdfclinical examination of hip joint (1).pdf
clinical examination of hip joint (1).pdf
 
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP ModuleHow to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
 
The simplified electron and muon model, Oscillating Spacetime: The Foundation...
The simplified electron and muon model, Oscillating Spacetime: The Foundation...The simplified electron and muon model, Oscillating Spacetime: The Foundation...
The simplified electron and muon model, Oscillating Spacetime: The Foundation...
 
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdfLiberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
 
South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)
South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)
South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)
 
How to Make a Field Mandatory in Odoo 17
How to Make a Field Mandatory in Odoo 17How to Make a Field Mandatory in Odoo 17
How to Make a Field Mandatory in Odoo 17
 
How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17
How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17
How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17
 
How to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRM
How to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRMHow to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRM
How to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRM
 
A Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdf
A Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdfA Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdf
A Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdf
 
DRUGS AND ITS classification slide share
DRUGS AND ITS classification slide shareDRUGS AND ITS classification slide share
DRUGS AND ITS classification slide share
 
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptxC1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
 
Cognitive Development Adolescence Psychology
Cognitive Development Adolescence PsychologyCognitive Development Adolescence Psychology
Cognitive Development Adolescence Psychology
 
writing about opinions about Australia the movie
writing about opinions about Australia the moviewriting about opinions about Australia the movie
writing about opinions about Australia the movie
 
Smart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICT
Smart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICTSmart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICT
Smart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICT
 
The History of Stoke Newington Street Names
The History of Stoke Newington Street NamesThe History of Stoke Newington Street Names
The History of Stoke Newington Street Names
 
Pengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptx
Pengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptxPengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptx
Pengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptx
 
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
 
Your Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective Upskilling
Your Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective UpskillingYour Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective Upskilling
Your Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective Upskilling
 

Girls & STEM: Making it Happen

  • 1. Girls & STEM: Making it Happen Sylvia Martinez sylvia@inventtolearn.com Twitter: @smartinez sylviamartinez.com
  • 2. Invent To Learn: Making,Tinkering, and Engineering in the Classroom www.InventToLearn.com Maker tools, materials, & tech Tinkering mindset Engineering design How to make the case for “making” in the classroom robotics e-textiles 3D printing Arduino Scratch Raspberry Pi programming electronics sensors laser cutters STEM/STEAM
  • 3. National Girls Collaborative Project
 ngcproject.org/exemplary-practices-overview • Engaging Girls in STEM • Access & Equity • Collaboration • Evaluation & Assessment One Stop for Resources All resources: sylviamartinez.com/stem-girls
  • 4. Sobering Statistics about Women and STEM Jobs • "Women have seen no employment growth in STEM jobs since 2000" - Forbes. • Women leave STEM jobs at a significantly higher rate then men - often citing gender issues
  • 5.
  • 6. Solving the Equation: The Variables for Women’s Success in Engineering and Computing - American Association of University Women (AAUW)
  • 7.
  • 8.
  • 9. Securing Australia’s Future STEM: Country Comparisons - Australian Council of Learned Academies
  • 10. Common issues • There are no women in computer science because there are no women in computer science. • Culture • Economics • Stereotypes • Stereotype threat • Lack of encouragement • Discrimination
  • 11. Solving the Equation: The Variables for Women’s Success in Engineering and Computing - American Association of University Women (AAUW)
  • 12. Discrimination Solving the Equation: The Variables for Women’s Success in Engineering and Computing - American Association of University Women (AAUW)
  • 13. Leaky bucket Solving the Equation: The Variables for Women’s Success in Engineering and Computing - American Association of University Women (AAUW)
  • 14. 2001
  • 15. Generation STEM: What girls say about Science,Technology, Engineering, and Math - Girl Scouts of the USA (2012) (Girls 14-17)
  • 16. Teacher bias • Statistically, teachers give boys more opportunity to figure out the solution to a problem by themselves while telling the girls to follow the rules. • Teachers are also more likely to accept questions from boys while telling girls to wait their turn. • Teachers rate girls ability in math lower than boys, in spite of grades & test scores
  • 17. Teacher Attitudes • Math anxiety impacts student learning • Elementary education majors have some of the highest levels of mathematics anxiety • Female teachers’ math anxiety disproportionally affects girls’ math achievement 
 (elementary study; 90% of elementary teachers are female) Beilock, Sian L., et al. "Female teachers’ math anxiety affects girls’ math achievement." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107.5 (2010): 1860-1863. Gresham, Gina. "A study of mathematics anxiety in pre-service teachers." Early Childhood Education Journal 35.2 (2007): 181-188. Teachers’ Spatial Anxiety Relates to 1st- and 2nd-Graders’ Spatial Learning
  • 18. • More boys than girls perform at the very highest levels in spatial reasoning and math ability tests • However, girls get better grades in math and science • Test scores tend to under-predict girls’ success in college math courses. • Females who have high math abilities are more likely than males with high math abilities to choose careers in non-math intensive areas.This preference shows up as early as adolescence. • Females who have high math abilities are also more likely than males who have high math abilities to also have high verbal abilities, giving them more choices of majors/careers to pursue. Given the barriers, maybe this is a reasonable choice! Women’s underrepresentation in science: Sociocultural and biological considerations. (2009) Effective STEM Programs for Adolescent Girls: Three Approaches and Many Lessons Learned (2013)
  • 19. Leaky pipeline + leaky bucket
  • 20. What can we do?
  • 21.
  • 22. Girls more likely to: • Girls are more likely to look to the teacher for clues on how to behave or what to choose • Collaborate & strive for consensus • Let others take credit • Take the blame • Decline to compete for scarce materials • Take on organizational roles • Be compliant and adapt
  • 23. Stereotype Threat Is the threat (and resultant anxiety) of confirming a negative stereotype about one's group - including race, gender, and other identities. (Steele & Aronson, 1995)
  • 25. Solutions • Discuss stereotypes; similar to growth mindset • Role models, peer mentors, & non-gendered examples • Real world problems and projects • Focus on helping others • Gender-neutral spaces • Change how STEM subjects are taught
  • 26. Problem Solving • Dr. Seymour Papert defined two styles of problem solving: analytical and bricolage • Bricolage - French for tinkering, using found objects, playfulness in creation • Higher grades = more analytical • Real world is both
  • 27. Mastery styles Sherry Turkle • Hard mastery - linear, rigid, abstract, solitary • Soft mastery - non-linear, messy, concrete, collaborative • Hard mastery - academic & rigorous... masculine • Soft mastery - naive & lazy... feminine
  • 28. "The bricoleur resembles the painter who stands back between brushstrokes, looks at the canvas, and only after this contemplation, decides what to do next." - Sherry Turkle
  • 29. Top 10 Ways To Be a Male Advocate for Technical Women 1. Listen to women's stories 2. Talk to other men (privately & publicly) 3. Seek out ways to recruit women 4. Increase the number and visibility of female leaders 5. Mentor and sponsor women/have a woman mentor National Center of Women & Informational Technology - https://www.ncwit.org/resources/read-online-maleadvocate
  • 30. Top 10 Ways To Be a Male Advocate for Technical Women 6. Notice and correct micro-inequities or instances of unconscious bias 7. Establish accountability metrics 8. Model alternative work/life strategies & balance 9. Make discussions of gender less “risky" 10. Reach out to formal and informal women's groups National Center of Women & Informational Technology - https://www.ncwit.org/resources/read-online-maleadvocate
  • 31. MakeHers: Engaging Girls and Women in Technology through Making, Creating, and Inventing intel.com/girlsintech
  • 32.
  • 33.
  • 34. MakeHers: Engaging Girls and Women in Technology through Making, Creating, and Inventing intel.com/girlsintech
  • 36.
  • 37.
  • 38.
  • 39.
  • 40. Physical Computing • Low-cost, open source microprocessors & software • Add interactivity to the real world • Connect analog to digital world with sensors, cameras, bluetooth, wireless • “Internet of Things” Raspberry Pi - $35 computer Arduino E-textiles
  • 41.
  • 42. Sensor glove - CMU Interactive corset that teaches deep breathing techniques Wearable soundscape triggered by heartbeat
  • 43.
  • 45. Programming • Global call for teaching programming • New languages for every goal and age • Shareable code • Key to unlocking educational value of making
  • 46. Scratch is free and designed for learning with connections to robotics and modern materials
  • 47. Scratch connects to robots and real world
  • 49.
  • 52. Squishy Circuits • Homemade dough • Conductive/ Insulating • Make circuits!
  • 53. Conductive materials • Conductive thread • Copper tape, foil • Conductive ink, paint, glue • Conductive fabric • Graphite pencils
  • 54. Conductive materials • Conductive thread • Copper tape, foil • Conductive ink, paint, glue • Conductive fabric • Graphite pencils DIYgirls.org
  • 55.
  • 56.
  • 57. If  technical  tinkering,  STEM,  and  digital  fabrication  are  the   economic  forces  that  will  empower  Makers,  and  women  and   people  of  color  are  not  participating  in  these  activities  in  a  visible   way,  that  power  will  remain  unequally  distributed.  When  gender  is   discussed  in  relation  to  the  maker  movement,  the  conversation   starts  with  the  notion  that  Making  creates  a  unique  opportunity   for  inclusive  participation,  and  is  quickly  followed  by  the  question   ‘how  can  we  get  more  women  to  participate?’  Generally,  the   responses  focus  on  transforming  women,  on  areas  that  need  to  be   corrected,  such  as  raising  confidence,  creating  more  woman/girl   friendly  learning  environments,  increasing  ability  in  math  and   science,  and  so  on.  The  women  themselves  cause  the  problem;   they  lack  confidence,  they  are  unable  to  learn  in  the  ‘normal’  STEM   environment,  they  do  not  embrace  their  full  capability  in  math  and   science.  It  is  the  women  who  are  deficient. Power,  Access,  Status:  The  Discourse  of  Race,  Gender,  and  Class  in  the  Maker  Movement  -­‐  Lauren  Britton   Making is not a magic wand…
  • 59.
  • 60. Next Generation Science Standards • Significant increase in integration of engineering and technology from previous science standards • Elevates engineering design to same level of importance as scientific inquiry • Two reasons given: • Aspirational: Scientific challenges are motivating and young people want to make the world a better place • Practical:The process of design is not the same as the scientific method.
  • 62. To raise new questions, new possibilities, to regard old problems from a new angle, requires creative imagination and marks real advance in science. Albert Einstein
  • 63. Girls & STEM • Embrace all learning styles • Address stereotypes honestly and give all students tools to overcome them • Real world projects • Address teacher anxiety and biases • Change how STEM subjects are taught
  • 64. STEM For All • Embrace all learning styles • Address stereotypes honestly and give all students tools to overcome them • Real world projects • Address teacher anxiety and biases • Change how STEM subjects are taught
  • 65. How do teachers learn to teach this way? http://www.inventtolearn.com/workshops/ http://constructingmodernknowledge.com
  • 66.
  • 67. Events Resources Free stuff Project ideas New books Email newsletter friend@inventtolearn.com
  • 68. Seize this moment in history to give ALL kids the mindset, tools, and techniques to make sense and take charge of their world.
  • 69. Let’s make it happen! www.inventtolearn.com Sylvia Martinez sylvia@inventtolearn.com Twitter: @smartinez
  • 70. Resources Maker Invent To Learn MakeHers: Engaging Girls and Women in Technology through Making, Creating, and Inventing (Intel infographic) Power, Access, Status: The Discourse of Race, Gender, and Class in the Maker Movement Leah Buechley - Gender, Making, and the Maker Movement (video from FabLearn 2013) Associations National Girls Collaborative Project (links to many others) National Council of Women and Informational Technology American Association of University Women WISE (UK) - campaign to promote women in science, technology, and engineering Other posts about gender issues, stereotype threat, and other topics mentioned in this session Stereotype Threat - Why it matters Inclusive Makerspaces (article for EdSurge) What a Girl Wants: Self-direction, technology, and gender Self-esteem and me (a girl) becoming an engineer Research Securing Australia’s Future STEM: Country Comparisons - Australian Council of Learned Academies Generation STEM:  What girls say about Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math - Girl Scouts of the USA (2012) (Girls 14-17) Effective STEM Programs for Adolescent Girls: Three Approaches and Many Lessons Learned Women’s underrepresentation in science: Sociocultural and biological considerations. (2009) Gresham, Gina. "A study of mathematics anxiety in pre-service teachers." Early Childhood Education Journal 35.2 (2007): 181-188. Beilock, Sian L., et al. "Female teachers’ math anxiety affects girls’ math achievement." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107.5 (2010): 1860-1863. Teachers’ Spatial Anxiety Relates to 1st- and 2nd-Graders’ Spatial Learning Statistics National Center for Educational Statistics National Student Clearinghouse Research Center