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Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
Pre-school
Education
Elementary
Education
Secondary
Education
Tertiary
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
Formal Education
- refers to the hierarchically structured and
chronically graded learning organized and
provided by the formal school system and for
which certification is required in order for the
learner to progress through the grades or move
to higher levels.
Pre-school
Education
Elementary
Education
Tertiary
Education
Secondary
Education
Pre-school
Education
Elementary
Education
Secondary
Education
Tertiary
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
Pre-school
Education
Elementary
Education
Secondary
Education
Tertiary
Education
Pre-school Education
- Pre-school education at the kindergarten level
must aim to develop children in all aspects
(physical, social, emotional, and cognitive) so
that they will be better prepared to adjust and
cope with life situations and the demands of
formal schooling
Pre-school
Education
Elementary
Education
Secondary
Education
Tertiary
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
Elementary Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
Pre-school
Education
Elementary
Education
Secondary
Education
Tertiary
Education
Elementary Education
- this is the first stage of compulsory, formal
education primarily concerned with providing
basic education and usually corresponding to
the first six grades.
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
Pre-school
Education
Elementary
Education
Secondary
Education
Tertiary
Education
The main objectives of elementary education are:
• to provide knowledge and develop the skills, attitudes and
values essential to the children’s personal development.
• to provide learning experiences that prepare them for
constructive and effective involvement;
• to promote and intensify the children’s knowledge of,
identification with, and love for the nation and the people to
which they belong;
• to promote work experiences that prepare the children to
engage in honest and gainful work.
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
Pre-school
Education
Elementary
Education
Secondary
Education
Tertiary
Education
 National Elementary Achievement Test (NEAT)
-administered by the Department of Education,
Culture and Sports (DECS)
-it was intended as a measure of a school's
competence, and not as a predictor of student aptitude
or success in Secondary school
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
Pre-school
Education
Elementary
Education
Secondary
Education
Tertiary
Education
latest official figures show 27.82%
of Filipino elementary-aged
children either never attend or
never complete elementary
schooling.
• to the absence of any school in
their area
• education being offered in a
language that is foreign to
them
• financial distress
Pre-school
Education
Elementary
Education
Secondary
Education
Tertiary
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
Secondary Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
Pre-school
Education
Elementary
Education
Secondary
Education
Tertiary
Education
Secondary Education
more commonly known as "high school" (Filipino: paaralang
sekundarya, sometimes mataas na paaralan)
- the state of formal education concerned primarily with
continuing basic education usually corresponding to four
years of high school.
- The Department of Education proposes an additional two
years of compulsory education, that, is called K+12
program.
Pre-school
Education
Elementary
Education
Secondary
Education
Tertiary
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
It’s objectives are:
• to continue to promote the objectives of
elementary education
• to equip the students with skills for
productive endeavor or for higher
education.
Pre-school
Education
Elementary
Education
Secondary
Education
Tertiary
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
Tertiary Education
Pre-school
Education
Elementary
Education
Secondary
Education
Tertiary
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
 Post secondary schooling is higher
education leading to a degree in a
specific profession or discipline.
Tertiary Education
Pre-school
Education
Elementary
Education
Secondary
Education
Tertiary
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
It’s objectives are:
• To provide a broad general education program
• To train the nation’s manpower in the skills
required for national development
• To develop the professions for leadership of the
nation
• To advance knowledge through research work for
improving quality of human life.
Work education of
Practical Arts
Special
Education
Non-formal
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
Specialized Education Services
These are services to meet the special
needs of certain clientele.
Work education of
Practical Arts
Special
Education
Non-formal
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
Work education of Practical Arts
 Aims to develop the right attitudes towards work and
technical- vocational education, post- secondary but
non- degree programs leading to one, two or three year
certification in preparation for middle- level
occupations
Work education of
Practical Arts
Special
Education
Non-formal
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
Work education of
Practical Arts
Special
Education
Non-formal
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
Technical and vocational education
The Republic Act No. 7796, otherwise known as the “Technical
Education and Skills Development Act of 1994”, aims to
encourage the full participation of and mobilize the industry,
labor, local government units and technical-vocational education
and training (TVET) institutions in the skills development of the
country's human resources.
Work education of
Practical Arts
Special
Education
Non-formal
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
Technical and vocational education
• The Institutions may be government operated, often by provincial
government, or private.
• They may offer programs ranging in duration from a couple of
weeks to two-year diploma courses.
• Programs can be technology courses like automotive technology,
computer technology, and electronic technology; service courses
such as caregiver, nursing aide, hotel and restaurant
management; and trades courses such as electrician, plumber,
welder, automotive mechanic, diesel mechanic, heavy vehicle
operator & practical nursing.
Work education of
Practical Arts
Special
Education
Non-formal
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
Special Education
The education of persons who are
physically, mentally, emotionally, socially
or culturally different from the so- called
“normal” individuals
Work education of
Practical Arts
Special
Education
Non-formal
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
Special Education
 the ultimate goal of the special education programme is the
mainstreaming or integration of children with special needs
into the regular school system to lead as normal a life as
possible
Work education of
Practical Arts
Special
Education
Non-formal
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
IDEA
– Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
States that all children with disability must
receive a Free and Appropriate Public
Education (FAPE)
Work education of
Practical Arts
Special
Education
Non-formal
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
Special Education is a 5 steps process:
 Referral
 Evaluation
 Individualized Education Program
 Placement
 Annual Review
Work education of
Practical Arts
Special
Education
Non-formal
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
Work education of
Practical Arts
Special
Education
Non-formal
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
Non- formal Education
 Any organized school- based educational activities
undertaken by education department aimed at
attaining specific learning objectives for a particular
clientele, especially the illiterates and the out-of-
school-youth and adults.
Work education of
Practical Arts
Special
Education
Non-formal
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
Work education of
Practical Arts
Special
Education
Non-formal
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
It’s objectives are:
 To eradicate illiteracy and raise the level of functional literacy
of the population
 To provide unemployed and underemployed youth and adults
with appropriate vocational/ technical skills for them to
become more productive and effective citizens; and
 To develop among the clientele proper values and attitudes for
personal, community and national development
Work education of
Practical Arts
Special
Education
Non-formal
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
The principal area of reform was the shift in the
concept from Non-Formal Education to the Alternative Learning
System (ALS) which is generally recognized now as “the other
side of basic education” (where the one side is the formal
education).
Work education of
Practical Arts
Special
Education
Non-formal
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
The Alternative Learning System (ALS) is a
ladderized, modular non-formal education program in the
Philippines for dropouts in elementary and secondary
schools, out-of-school youths, non-readers, working
Filipinos and even senior citizens. It is part of the education
system of the Philippines but an alternative to the regular
classroom studies where Filipino students are required to
attend daily.
Work education of
Practical Arts
Special
Education
Non-formal
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
Work education of
Practical Arts
Special
Education
Non-formal
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
No age is prescribed Age is prescribe for every
school level
Work education of
Practical Arts
Special
Education
Non-formal
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
Work education of
Practical Arts
Special
Education
Non-formal
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
Types of Non-Formal Education
1. Basic Literacy Program (BLP)
 This program aims to
provide illiterate out-of-
school children, youth
and adults the basic
reading, writing &
numeracy skills
Work education of
Practical Arts
Special
Education
Non-formal
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
 This is a certification of
learning for out of school
youth and adults who are
unable to avail of the
formal school system or
who have dropped out of
formal elementary or
secondary education.
2. Accreditation & Equivalency Program (A&E)
Work education of
Practical Arts
Special
Education
Non-formal
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
3. Indigenous Peoples Education (IP Educ)
 This program addresses
the learning needs,
interests, aspirations,
and worldview of the IPs
Work education of
Practical Arts
Special
Education
Non-formal
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
4. Informal Education
 This program is focused
on the packaging of
special interest short
term courses for
continuing education
program for specific
interest groups.
Work education of
Practical Arts
Special
Education
Non-formal
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
5. Madrasah Education
 It is a program for the
marginalized migrant Muslim
groups who have moved out
of their countries due to a
problem on peace and order.
Work education of
Practical Arts
Special
Education
Non-formal
Education
Formal
Education
Specialized
Educational
Services
#saranghae

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Formal education