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Financial Risk Management
1.  Introduction ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
What is Risk? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Risk Stratification ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Risk can be quantified; whereas uncertainty cannot.
Risk Management Approach ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Strategic Impact of Price Volatility ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Risk Management Objectives ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Steps to Risk Identification ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
2.  Management of the Firm ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Hedging Strategy ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Factor Analysis ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Why Manage Risk? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Taxes ,[object Object],[object Object]
Agency Costs ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Debt and Equity Claims ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Financial Distress ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Drivers of Risk Appetite ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
3. Market Mechanisms & Efficiency ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Financial Risks ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Non-financial Risks ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],These risks will have a financial impact, but it is unrelated to underlying price movement.
Efficiency ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Efficiency, 2 ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Methods of Intermediation ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Bid – Offer Spread ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Systematic and Non-Systematic Risk ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Capital Asset Pricing Model ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Credit Risk ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
4.  Interest Rate Risk ,[object Object],[object Object]
Sources of Interest Rate Risk ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Sources of Interest Rate Risk, 2 ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Sources of Interest Rate Risk, 3 ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Sources of Interest Rate Risk, 4 ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Term Structure ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Traditional Term Structure Theories ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Traditional Term Structure Theories
Traditional Term Structure Theories ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
A  Modern  Term Structure Theory ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Analyzing the Yield Curve ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Analyzing the Yield Curve, 2 ,[object Object],[object Object]
The Money Markets ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Term Instruments ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Bond Calculations ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
5.  Currency Risk ,[object Object],[object Object]
Other Risk Factors ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Explanatory Models ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Interest Rate Parity Model (IRP) ,[object Object],[object Object]
Covered Interest Arbitrage Spot = USD 1.50/£ implying 1 year forward = 1.4722 ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Purchasing Power Parity ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Expectations Theory ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
International Fisher Effect ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Fisher Effect, mathematically Ratio of nominal interest rates is equal to the ratio of  expected rates of inflation Proportional change in spot rate is equal to the proportional change in nominal rates
Foreign Exchange Exposure ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Foreign Exchange Exposure, 2 ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Sensitivity to Economic Exposure ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
6.  Equity & Commodity Price Risk ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Sources of Equity Risk ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Attributes of Common Shares ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Commodities ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
7.  Behavior of Asset Prices ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Calculating Price Changes ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Converting Interest Frequencies ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Continuous v. Discrete Distribution ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Volatility ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Asset Value ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Measuring Volatility ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Price-Generating Process ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Price-Generating Process, 2 ,[object Object],[object Object]
Dealing with Deviations ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
8.  Controlling Risk ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
RM System ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
RM System, cont. ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Risk Management Considerations ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Controlling Risks ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Risk Sensitivity ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
RM Approaches ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Prominence of VaR ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Elements of VaR ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
VaR Variants ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
9.  Quantifying Financial Risks ,[object Object],[object Object]
Portfolio Returns ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Calculating Returns ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
The Normal Distribution ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Covariance ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Correlation Coefficient ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Portfolio Expected Return ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Portfolio Risk ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Minimum Variance Portfolio ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Benefits of Diversification ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Portfolio Design ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Practical Considerations ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
10. Financial Methods for Measuring Risk ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
The Present Value Approach ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Spot Discount Rates ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Spot Discount Rates, 2 ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Term-Structure Approach ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Rate Changes ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Simulation ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
11.  Qualitative Approaches ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Methods ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Methods, 2 ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Problems ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
12.  Financial Appraisal ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
The Trade-off ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Credit Assessment ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Qualitative Processes ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Financial Statements ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Financial and Ratio Analysis ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Credit Ranking ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Activity Ratios ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Liquidity Ratios ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Operating Ratios ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Profitability Ratios ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Risk Ratios ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Market-Based Ratios ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Analytic Relationship Models ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
13.  Modeling Credit Risk ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Z-score models ,[object Object],[object Object]
Altman Z-score ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Altman Z-score Predictions ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Characteristics of Defaulting Firms ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Defaulting Firms, 2 ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Company Scoring ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Credit Scoring ,[object Object],[object Object]
Dynamic Scoring Model ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Advantages and Limitations ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]

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Financial risk management ppt @ mba finance

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  • 51. Fisher Effect, mathematically Ratio of nominal interest rates is equal to the ratio of expected rates of inflation Proportional change in spot rate is equal to the proportional change in nominal rates
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Editor's Notes

  1. Course summary by Kim Stephens, class of 2006, kstephens828@yahoo.ca