SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 14
WORKSHOP
M.Sc Pakistan Studies
Resource Person: Jamal Shah
ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN
UNIVERSITY
Geography: It is the study of …..
• physical structure, features and inhabitants of the
Earth.
• focuses over general structure and features of earth,
studies the inter-dependency/ impacts of earth and its
inhabitants.
Physiography: The subfield of geography ….
• about physical patterns and processes of the Earth.
• Effects of forces to produce/ modify rocks, oceans,
weather and global flora & fauna patterns.
Topography:
• An arrangement of an artificial and natural physical
features of an area
Climate:
• An area of the earth’s surface between two parallels of
latitude
• The long-term explanation of weather and other
atmospheric conditions in a given area or country.
Weather:
• The short-term state of the atmosphere at a specific time
and place.
• Includes temperature, humidity, cloud, cover,
precipitation, wind, etc.
Season:
• A part of the year during which the behaviors of the
atmosphere usually remain the same.
• Each of the four divisions of a year.
• Varying Climatic Zones or Regions
• The diversified terrain has divided
Pakistan's climate into 4 major regions:
 Highland Climate
 Lowland Climate
 Coastal Climate
 Arid Climate
• Temperature
• Pressure
• Rainfall
• Wind
IN OTHER WORDS…….
CONTINUE…….
• Diversity of temperature in various
regions is due to the following:
–Large spread of latitude from 24 N to
37 N.
–Diversity of relief ranging from K-2 to
low lying coasts of Makran
• Hot summer and mild winter:
– 32o C or more in summer and 10 to 21o C in winter.
• Warm summer and mild winter:
– 21 - 32oC in summer and 10 to 21oC in winter.
• Warm summer and cool winter:
– 21 - 32oC in summer and 0 - 10oC in winter.
• Mild summer and cool/cold winter:
– Summer temperature between 10 and 21oC
– Winter temperature between 0 and 10oC.
Usually Arid and Dry Temperature
o Humid in a small area in North
o Rainfall of about 625mm in Highlands
o Rainfall of about 740mm in Plains, e.g.
Lahore
o Two main Sources:
o Monsoon
o Western Depression
o Arid in Southeast and Southwest areas
• Cool, dehydrated winter
 December / February
• Dry coil from Demo through May
 The summer raining season
• Southwest downpour period
 June / September
• The losing ground monsoon epoch
 October / November
The start and length of these periods vary rather
according to location
Arid Climate:
Mild winter, hot summers,
Extreme aridity
Lowland Climate
Highland Climate
Mild Winters, Warm summers.

More Related Content

What's hot

Climate change change1
Climate change change1Climate change change1
Climate change change1keep.smiling
 
Climate Change In Pakistan
Climate Change In Pakistan Climate Change In Pakistan
Climate Change In Pakistan Zulfiqar Lashari
 
Plains of Pakistan by Dr. Zafar iqbal
Plains of Pakistan by Dr. Zafar iqbalPlains of Pakistan by Dr. Zafar iqbal
Plains of Pakistan by Dr. Zafar iqbalFreelanced
 
Pakistan and Climate Changes
Pakistan and Climate Changes Pakistan and Climate Changes
Pakistan and Climate Changes Tasneem Ahmad
 
The Salt range and Potwar Plateau
The Salt range and Potwar PlateauThe Salt range and Potwar Plateau
The Salt range and Potwar PlateauHaroon Khaliq
 
Physiography of Pakistan
Physiography of PakistanPhysiography of Pakistan
Physiography of Pakistanfauzia samreen
 
Climate change and its impacts on economy
Climate change and its impacts on economyClimate change and its impacts on economy
Climate change and its impacts on economyNawal Cheema
 
geographical location of pakistan
geographical location of pakistangeographical location of pakistan
geographical location of pakistanwaqasar
 
Plains, plateaus and deserts in pakistan
Plains, plateaus and deserts in pakistanPlains, plateaus and deserts in pakistan
Plains, plateaus and deserts in pakistanAqsa Manzoor
 
Climate change in pakistan shesh kafle
Climate change in pakistan shesh kafleClimate change in pakistan shesh kafle
Climate change in pakistan shesh kafleShesh Kafle
 
Enviromental issues in pakistan
Enviromental issues in pakistanEnviromental issues in pakistan
Enviromental issues in pakistanLiaquat Rahoo
 
Climate of pakistan
Climate of pakistanClimate of pakistan
Climate of pakistanfareeha Awan
 
Topography (the Karakoram range)
Topography (the Karakoram range)Topography (the Karakoram range)
Topography (the Karakoram range)Haroon Khaliq
 
Location And Geography Of Pakistan
Location And Geography Of PakistanLocation And Geography Of Pakistan
Location And Geography Of PakistanBPGCW
 
Forests of pakistan {importance, types, causes and effects}
Forests of pakistan {importance, types, causes and effects}Forests of pakistan {importance, types, causes and effects}
Forests of pakistan {importance, types, causes and effects}Haroon Khaliq
 
Climate change; its effects on pakistan
Climate change; its effects on pakistanClimate change; its effects on pakistan
Climate change; its effects on pakistanShahid Khan
 
Geography of Pakistan
Geography of PakistanGeography of Pakistan
Geography of PakistanMaham Arooj
 

What's hot (20)

Climate of Pakistan
Climate of Pakistan Climate of Pakistan
Climate of Pakistan
 
Climate change change1
Climate change change1Climate change change1
Climate change change1
 
Climate Change In Pakistan
Climate Change In Pakistan Climate Change In Pakistan
Climate Change In Pakistan
 
Plains of Pakistan by Dr. Zafar iqbal
Plains of Pakistan by Dr. Zafar iqbalPlains of Pakistan by Dr. Zafar iqbal
Plains of Pakistan by Dr. Zafar iqbal
 
Pakistan and Climate Changes
Pakistan and Climate Changes Pakistan and Climate Changes
Pakistan and Climate Changes
 
The Salt range and Potwar Plateau
The Salt range and Potwar PlateauThe Salt range and Potwar Plateau
The Salt range and Potwar Plateau
 
Physiography of Pakistan
Physiography of PakistanPhysiography of Pakistan
Physiography of Pakistan
 
Climate change and its impacts on economy
Climate change and its impacts on economyClimate change and its impacts on economy
Climate change and its impacts on economy
 
geographical location of pakistan
geographical location of pakistangeographical location of pakistan
geographical location of pakistan
 
Plains, plateaus and deserts in pakistan
Plains, plateaus and deserts in pakistanPlains, plateaus and deserts in pakistan
Plains, plateaus and deserts in pakistan
 
Climate change in pakistan shesh kafle
Climate change in pakistan shesh kafleClimate change in pakistan shesh kafle
Climate change in pakistan shesh kafle
 
Enviromental issues in pakistan
Enviromental issues in pakistanEnviromental issues in pakistan
Enviromental issues in pakistan
 
Climate of pakistan
Climate of pakistanClimate of pakistan
Climate of pakistan
 
Geography of Pakistan
Geography of PakistanGeography of Pakistan
Geography of Pakistan
 
Topography (the Karakoram range)
Topography (the Karakoram range)Topography (the Karakoram range)
Topography (the Karakoram range)
 
Location And Geography Of Pakistan
Location And Geography Of PakistanLocation And Geography Of Pakistan
Location And Geography Of Pakistan
 
Forests of pakistan {importance, types, causes and effects}
Forests of pakistan {importance, types, causes and effects}Forests of pakistan {importance, types, causes and effects}
Forests of pakistan {importance, types, causes and effects}
 
Climate change; its effects on pakistan
Climate change; its effects on pakistanClimate change; its effects on pakistan
Climate change; its effects on pakistan
 
Geography of Pakistan
Geography of PakistanGeography of Pakistan
Geography of Pakistan
 
RAINFALL presentation
RAINFALL presentationRAINFALL presentation
RAINFALL presentation
 

Similar to Climate n Pakistan by Shah

Koppen Climate Classification
Koppen Climate ClassificationKoppen Climate Classification
Koppen Climate ClassificationAshiMirzaa
 
WEATHER AND CLIMATE.pptx
WEATHER AND CLIMATE.pptxWEATHER AND CLIMATE.pptx
WEATHER AND CLIMATE.pptxritu673124
 
World Weather Types: Equatorial, Tropical, Desert, Mediterranean, Temperate a...
World Weather Types: Equatorial, Tropical, Desert, Mediterranean, Temperate a...World Weather Types: Equatorial, Tropical, Desert, Mediterranean, Temperate a...
World Weather Types: Equatorial, Tropical, Desert, Mediterranean, Temperate a...Azad Uddin (Sojib Ahmed)
 
Lecture 3 _CLIMATE CHANGE.pptx
Lecture 3 _CLIMATE CHANGE.pptxLecture 3 _CLIMATE CHANGE.pptx
Lecture 3 _CLIMATE CHANGE.pptxTalhaDogar8
 
G9 Science Q3- Week 4_5- Factors that affect Climate.ppt
G9 Science Q3- Week 4_5- Factors that affect Climate.pptG9 Science Q3- Week 4_5- Factors that affect Climate.ppt
G9 Science Q3- Week 4_5- Factors that affect Climate.pptMAESTRELLAMesa2
 
Introduction to Tropical Geomorphology
Introduction to Tropical GeomorphologyIntroduction to Tropical Geomorphology
Introduction to Tropical GeomorphologyLalit Thakare
 
Earth surface wind system ppt.
Earth surface wind system ppt.Earth surface wind system ppt.
Earth surface wind system ppt.AnkitAbhilashSwain
 
Global wind patterns
Global wind patternsGlobal wind patterns
Global wind patternsrenu rajbahak
 
World climates
World climatesWorld climates
World climatesmariasorey
 
Secondary Three Geography: Elements-temperature
Secondary Three Geography: Elements-temperatureSecondary Three Geography: Elements-temperature
Secondary Three Geography: Elements-temperatureCarol LMr
 

Similar to Climate n Pakistan by Shah (20)

Koppen Climate Classification
Koppen Climate ClassificationKoppen Climate Classification
Koppen Climate Classification
 
Weather and climate
Weather and climateWeather and climate
Weather and climate
 
world climates finale
world climates finaleworld climates finale
world climates finale
 
WEATHER AND CLIMATE.pptx
WEATHER AND CLIMATE.pptxWEATHER AND CLIMATE.pptx
WEATHER AND CLIMATE.pptx
 
Climate of Bangladesh
Climate of BangladeshClimate of Bangladesh
Climate of Bangladesh
 
World Weather Types: Equatorial, Tropical, Desert, Mediterranean, Temperate a...
World Weather Types: Equatorial, Tropical, Desert, Mediterranean, Temperate a...World Weather Types: Equatorial, Tropical, Desert, Mediterranean, Temperate a...
World Weather Types: Equatorial, Tropical, Desert, Mediterranean, Temperate a...
 
Lecture 3 _CLIMATE CHANGE.pptx
Lecture 3 _CLIMATE CHANGE.pptxLecture 3 _CLIMATE CHANGE.pptx
Lecture 3 _CLIMATE CHANGE.pptx
 
Climate
ClimateClimate
Climate
 
Chapter 3
Chapter 3Chapter 3
Chapter 3
 
Climate
ClimateClimate
Climate
 
G9 Science Q3- Week 4_5- Factors that affect Climate.ppt
G9 Science Q3- Week 4_5- Factors that affect Climate.pptG9 Science Q3- Week 4_5- Factors that affect Climate.ppt
G9 Science Q3- Week 4_5- Factors that affect Climate.ppt
 
Climate of india
Climate of india Climate of india
Climate of india
 
Introduction to Tropical Geomorphology
Introduction to Tropical GeomorphologyIntroduction to Tropical Geomorphology
Introduction to Tropical Geomorphology
 
World climate regions
World climate regions World climate regions
World climate regions
 
Earth surface wind system ppt.
Earth surface wind system ppt.Earth surface wind system ppt.
Earth surface wind system ppt.
 
CLIMATIC ZONES
CLIMATIC ZONESCLIMATIC ZONES
CLIMATIC ZONES
 
Global wind patterns
Global wind patternsGlobal wind patterns
Global wind patterns
 
World climates
World climatesWorld climates
World climates
 
Secondary Three Geography: Elements-temperature
Secondary Three Geography: Elements-temperatureSecondary Three Geography: Elements-temperature
Secondary Three Geography: Elements-temperature
 
Chapter 3, lesson 1 in Geography book
Chapter 3, lesson 1 in Geography bookChapter 3, lesson 1 in Geography book
Chapter 3, lesson 1 in Geography book
 

More from GHS Kot Takht Bhai Mardan

More from GHS Kot Takht Bhai Mardan (9)

Lesson Plan JamShah
Lesson Plan JamShahLesson Plan JamShah
Lesson Plan JamShah
 
Minerals in Pakistan
Minerals in PakistanMinerals in Pakistan
Minerals in Pakistan
 
Population in Pakistan by Jamshah
Population in Pakistan by JamshahPopulation in Pakistan by Jamshah
Population in Pakistan by Jamshah
 
Curriculum Development by Jamshah
Curriculum Development by JamshahCurriculum Development by Jamshah
Curriculum Development by Jamshah
 
Nature, need & methods of educational psychology by Jamshah
Nature, need & methods of educational psychology by JamshahNature, need & methods of educational psychology by Jamshah
Nature, need & methods of educational psychology by Jamshah
 
Role of Agriculture in Economic Development of Pakistan
Role of Agriculture in Economic Development of PakistanRole of Agriculture in Economic Development of Pakistan
Role of Agriculture in Economic Development of Pakistan
 
Pakistan Foreign Policy (Phase I & II)
Pakistan Foreign Policy (Phase I & II)Pakistan Foreign Policy (Phase I & II)
Pakistan Foreign Policy (Phase I & II)
 
Causes and effects of dropouts at primary level
Causes and effects of dropouts at primary levelCauses and effects of dropouts at primary level
Causes and effects of dropouts at primary level
 
An Analytic Study on Factors of Job Burnout in Working Folks Grammar School S...
An Analytic Study on Factors of Job Burnout in Working Folks Grammar School S...An Analytic Study on Factors of Job Burnout in Working Folks Grammar School S...
An Analytic Study on Factors of Job Burnout in Working Folks Grammar School S...
 

Recently uploaded

Powers of State Pollution Control Board - The Water Act 1974
Powers of State Pollution Control Board - The Water Act 1974Powers of State Pollution Control Board - The Water Act 1974
Powers of State Pollution Control Board - The Water Act 1974linciy03
 
Climate change Presentation for students who need it
Climate change Presentation for students who need itClimate change Presentation for students who need it
Climate change Presentation for students who need itmaythadar1312
 
Powers and Functions of CPCB - The Water Act 1974.pdf
Powers and Functions of CPCB - The Water Act 1974.pdfPowers and Functions of CPCB - The Water Act 1974.pdf
Powers and Functions of CPCB - The Water Act 1974.pdflinciy03
 
SUNDERBANS-a case study(E.V.S. PROJECT).pptx
SUNDERBANS-a case study(E.V.S. PROJECT).pptxSUNDERBANS-a case study(E.V.S. PROJECT).pptx
SUNDERBANS-a case study(E.V.S. PROJECT).pptxKrish DS
 
NO1 Popular kala ilam Expert In Peshwar Mirpur Kala Jadu Specialist In Peshw...
NO1 Popular kala ilam Expert In Peshwar Mirpur  Kala Jadu Specialist In Peshw...NO1 Popular kala ilam Expert In Peshwar Mirpur  Kala Jadu Specialist In Peshw...
NO1 Popular kala ilam Expert In Peshwar Mirpur Kala Jadu Specialist In Peshw...Amil baba
 
一比一原版(Monash毕业证)莫纳什大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Monash毕业证)莫纳什大学毕业证成绩单一比一原版(Monash毕业证)莫纳什大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Monash毕业证)莫纳什大学毕业证成绩单qogbuux
 
一比一原版EUR毕业证鹿特丹伊拉斯姆斯大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
一比一原版EUR毕业证鹿特丹伊拉斯姆斯大学毕业证成绩单如何办理一比一原版EUR毕业证鹿特丹伊拉斯姆斯大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
一比一原版EUR毕业证鹿特丹伊拉斯姆斯大学毕业证成绩单如何办理exehay
 
The State Board for Water Pollution - The Water Act 1974 .pptx
The State Board for  Water Pollution - The Water Act 1974  .pptxThe State Board for  Water Pollution - The Water Act 1974  .pptx
The State Board for Water Pollution - The Water Act 1974 .pptxlinciy03
 
New Metrics for Sustainable Prosperity: Options for GDP+3 (preliminary study)
New Metrics for Sustainable Prosperity: Options for GDP+3 (preliminary study)New Metrics for Sustainable Prosperity: Options for GDP+3 (preliminary study)
New Metrics for Sustainable Prosperity: Options for GDP+3 (preliminary study)susannedejong
 
一比一原版(SUT毕业证)斯威本科技大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(SUT毕业证)斯威本科技大学毕业证成绩单一比一原版(SUT毕业证)斯威本科技大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(SUT毕业证)斯威本科技大学毕业证成绩单pcoow
 
Multiple choice Qs - Construction safety
Multiple choice Qs - Construction safetyMultiple choice Qs - Construction safety
Multiple choice Qs - Construction safetyAnilDamahe1
 
一比一原版(Lincoln毕业证)新西兰林肯大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Lincoln毕业证)新西兰林肯大学毕业证成绩单一比一原版(Lincoln毕业证)新西兰林肯大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Lincoln毕业证)新西兰林肯大学毕业证成绩单tyvaq
 
LaPlace Transforms 2 with use of Matlab.pptx
LaPlace Transforms 2 with use of Matlab.pptxLaPlace Transforms 2 with use of Matlab.pptx
LaPlace Transforms 2 with use of Matlab.pptxjoshuaclack73
 
一比一原版(Adelaide毕业证)阿德莱德大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Adelaide毕业证)阿德莱德大学毕业证成绩单一比一原版(Adelaide毕业证)阿德莱德大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Adelaide毕业证)阿德莱德大学毕业证成绩单qogbuux
 
LANDFILL AND ITS EFFECT(Managing waste).pptx
LANDFILL AND ITS EFFECT(Managing waste).pptxLANDFILL AND ITS EFFECT(Managing waste).pptx
LANDFILL AND ITS EFFECT(Managing waste).pptxKrish DS
 
Use of Raffias’ species (Raphia spp.) and its impact on socioeconomic charact...
Use of Raffias’ species (Raphia spp.) and its impact on socioeconomic charact...Use of Raffias’ species (Raphia spp.) and its impact on socioeconomic charact...
Use of Raffias’ species (Raphia spp.) and its impact on socioeconomic charact...Open Access Research Paper
 
Lecture 6- Bacteria- Pathathogenesis.ppt
Lecture 6- Bacteria- Pathathogenesis.pptLecture 6- Bacteria- Pathathogenesis.ppt
Lecture 6- Bacteria- Pathathogenesis.pptDiptiPriya6
 
WhatsUpp In... Alpine Region concerning Hydrogen Valleys - 16 mai 2024
WhatsUpp In... Alpine Region concerning Hydrogen Valleys - 16 mai 2024WhatsUpp In... Alpine Region concerning Hydrogen Valleys - 16 mai 2024
WhatsUpp In... Alpine Region concerning Hydrogen Valleys - 16 mai 2024Cluster H2O
 
一比一原版(Southern Cross毕业证)南十字星大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Southern Cross毕业证)南十字星大学毕业证成绩单一比一原版(Southern Cross毕业证)南十字星大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Southern Cross毕业证)南十字星大学毕业证成绩单yegohah
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Powers of State Pollution Control Board - The Water Act 1974
Powers of State Pollution Control Board - The Water Act 1974Powers of State Pollution Control Board - The Water Act 1974
Powers of State Pollution Control Board - The Water Act 1974
 
Climate change Presentation for students who need it
Climate change Presentation for students who need itClimate change Presentation for students who need it
Climate change Presentation for students who need it
 
Powers and Functions of CPCB - The Water Act 1974.pdf
Powers and Functions of CPCB - The Water Act 1974.pdfPowers and Functions of CPCB - The Water Act 1974.pdf
Powers and Functions of CPCB - The Water Act 1974.pdf
 
SUNDERBANS-a case study(E.V.S. PROJECT).pptx
SUNDERBANS-a case study(E.V.S. PROJECT).pptxSUNDERBANS-a case study(E.V.S. PROJECT).pptx
SUNDERBANS-a case study(E.V.S. PROJECT).pptx
 
NO1 Popular kala ilam Expert In Peshwar Mirpur Kala Jadu Specialist In Peshw...
NO1 Popular kala ilam Expert In Peshwar Mirpur  Kala Jadu Specialist In Peshw...NO1 Popular kala ilam Expert In Peshwar Mirpur  Kala Jadu Specialist In Peshw...
NO1 Popular kala ilam Expert In Peshwar Mirpur Kala Jadu Specialist In Peshw...
 
A systematic review of the implementation of Industry 4.0 in human resources
A systematic review of the implementation of Industry 4.0 in human resourcesA systematic review of the implementation of Industry 4.0 in human resources
A systematic review of the implementation of Industry 4.0 in human resources
 
一比一原版(Monash毕业证)莫纳什大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Monash毕业证)莫纳什大学毕业证成绩单一比一原版(Monash毕业证)莫纳什大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Monash毕业证)莫纳什大学毕业证成绩单
 
一比一原版EUR毕业证鹿特丹伊拉斯姆斯大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
一比一原版EUR毕业证鹿特丹伊拉斯姆斯大学毕业证成绩单如何办理一比一原版EUR毕业证鹿特丹伊拉斯姆斯大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
一比一原版EUR毕业证鹿特丹伊拉斯姆斯大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
 
The State Board for Water Pollution - The Water Act 1974 .pptx
The State Board for  Water Pollution - The Water Act 1974  .pptxThe State Board for  Water Pollution - The Water Act 1974  .pptx
The State Board for Water Pollution - The Water Act 1974 .pptx
 
New Metrics for Sustainable Prosperity: Options for GDP+3 (preliminary study)
New Metrics for Sustainable Prosperity: Options for GDP+3 (preliminary study)New Metrics for Sustainable Prosperity: Options for GDP+3 (preliminary study)
New Metrics for Sustainable Prosperity: Options for GDP+3 (preliminary study)
 
一比一原版(SUT毕业证)斯威本科技大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(SUT毕业证)斯威本科技大学毕业证成绩单一比一原版(SUT毕业证)斯威本科技大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(SUT毕业证)斯威本科技大学毕业证成绩单
 
Multiple choice Qs - Construction safety
Multiple choice Qs - Construction safetyMultiple choice Qs - Construction safety
Multiple choice Qs - Construction safety
 
一比一原版(Lincoln毕业证)新西兰林肯大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Lincoln毕业证)新西兰林肯大学毕业证成绩单一比一原版(Lincoln毕业证)新西兰林肯大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Lincoln毕业证)新西兰林肯大学毕业证成绩单
 
LaPlace Transforms 2 with use of Matlab.pptx
LaPlace Transforms 2 with use of Matlab.pptxLaPlace Transforms 2 with use of Matlab.pptx
LaPlace Transforms 2 with use of Matlab.pptx
 
一比一原版(Adelaide毕业证)阿德莱德大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Adelaide毕业证)阿德莱德大学毕业证成绩单一比一原版(Adelaide毕业证)阿德莱德大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Adelaide毕业证)阿德莱德大学毕业证成绩单
 
LANDFILL AND ITS EFFECT(Managing waste).pptx
LANDFILL AND ITS EFFECT(Managing waste).pptxLANDFILL AND ITS EFFECT(Managing waste).pptx
LANDFILL AND ITS EFFECT(Managing waste).pptx
 
Use of Raffias’ species (Raphia spp.) and its impact on socioeconomic charact...
Use of Raffias’ species (Raphia spp.) and its impact on socioeconomic charact...Use of Raffias’ species (Raphia spp.) and its impact on socioeconomic charact...
Use of Raffias’ species (Raphia spp.) and its impact on socioeconomic charact...
 
Lecture 6- Bacteria- Pathathogenesis.ppt
Lecture 6- Bacteria- Pathathogenesis.pptLecture 6- Bacteria- Pathathogenesis.ppt
Lecture 6- Bacteria- Pathathogenesis.ppt
 
WhatsUpp In... Alpine Region concerning Hydrogen Valleys - 16 mai 2024
WhatsUpp In... Alpine Region concerning Hydrogen Valleys - 16 mai 2024WhatsUpp In... Alpine Region concerning Hydrogen Valleys - 16 mai 2024
WhatsUpp In... Alpine Region concerning Hydrogen Valleys - 16 mai 2024
 
一比一原版(Southern Cross毕业证)南十字星大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Southern Cross毕业证)南十字星大学毕业证成绩单一比一原版(Southern Cross毕业证)南十字星大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Southern Cross毕业证)南十字星大学毕业证成绩单
 

Climate n Pakistan by Shah

  • 1.
  • 2. WORKSHOP M.Sc Pakistan Studies Resource Person: Jamal Shah ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY
  • 3. Geography: It is the study of ….. • physical structure, features and inhabitants of the Earth. • focuses over general structure and features of earth, studies the inter-dependency/ impacts of earth and its inhabitants. Physiography: The subfield of geography …. • about physical patterns and processes of the Earth. • Effects of forces to produce/ modify rocks, oceans, weather and global flora & fauna patterns. Topography: • An arrangement of an artificial and natural physical features of an area
  • 4. Climate: • An area of the earth’s surface between two parallels of latitude • The long-term explanation of weather and other atmospheric conditions in a given area or country. Weather: • The short-term state of the atmosphere at a specific time and place. • Includes temperature, humidity, cloud, cover, precipitation, wind, etc. Season: • A part of the year during which the behaviors of the atmosphere usually remain the same. • Each of the four divisions of a year.
  • 5. • Varying Climatic Zones or Regions • The diversified terrain has divided Pakistan's climate into 4 major regions:  Highland Climate  Lowland Climate  Coastal Climate  Arid Climate
  • 6.
  • 10. • Diversity of temperature in various regions is due to the following: –Large spread of latitude from 24 N to 37 N. –Diversity of relief ranging from K-2 to low lying coasts of Makran
  • 11. • Hot summer and mild winter: – 32o C or more in summer and 10 to 21o C in winter. • Warm summer and mild winter: – 21 - 32oC in summer and 10 to 21oC in winter. • Warm summer and cool winter: – 21 - 32oC in summer and 0 - 10oC in winter. • Mild summer and cool/cold winter: – Summer temperature between 10 and 21oC – Winter temperature between 0 and 10oC.
  • 12. Usually Arid and Dry Temperature o Humid in a small area in North o Rainfall of about 625mm in Highlands o Rainfall of about 740mm in Plains, e.g. Lahore o Two main Sources: o Monsoon o Western Depression o Arid in Southeast and Southwest areas
  • 13. • Cool, dehydrated winter  December / February • Dry coil from Demo through May  The summer raining season • Southwest downpour period  June / September • The losing ground monsoon epoch  October / November The start and length of these periods vary rather according to location
  • 14. Arid Climate: Mild winter, hot summers, Extreme aridity Lowland Climate Highland Climate Mild Winters, Warm summers.