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UNDERSTANDINGS OF
GLOBALIZATION
ECONOMIC – SOCIAL – POLITICAL aspects of Globalization
Related Issue: To what extent should globalization shape identity?
Chapter 1 Issue: To what extent does globalization influence my life?
GLOBALIZATION
“The process by which the world’s citizens are becoming increasingly
connected to and dependent on one another” (Perry-Globa, 2007, p. 366).
Name some
examples of
globalization
from your
OWN lives
GLOBALIZATION IS A PROCESS
Political
Globalization
Social Globalization
Economic
Globalization
GLOBALIZATION AFFECTING THE ECONOMIC
ASPECTS OF YOUR LIFE
How does globalization affect economic aspects of people’s lives?
Economic Globalization: The process of expanding world
trading networks
Economic globalization affects not only the economic aspects
of your life, it also affects the WAY you live your life (including
social aspects)
$ ECONOMIC FORCES $
• Where you work
• Where you shop
• Where you eat
• What you do in your spare time
***To what extent are the forces of globalization influencing these
economic factors of your life?
GLOBAL TRADE
• Do you ever buy items produced in other countries?
• Unless you have made a conscious choice to buy only ‘Canadian’
products, then your answer is yes.
• Check the tags of your clothes, you may find that the sweater that
you are wearing was made in Taiwan, China, Indonesia or Vietnam
IMPORT / EXPORT
• People have survived on Earth by trading globally
• The import and export of goods is the most basic form of
global integration
• The growth of Transnationals has reinvented the way
companies operate in our world
• Transnationals affect people in both positive and negative
ways
TRANSNATIONALS
• A company that operates in 2 or
more countries
• Ie. Wal-Mart, Apple, McDonalds,
Toyota, Coca-Cola
• Some produce goods, others are
retail operations
• They sell goods and services to
the public
• FYI: As an employee, you are
selling your labour
• By operating on larger scales,
transnationals make more money
A DIFFERENT WAY OF DOING BUSINESS
• New form of economic globalization
• Allows a company in one country to hire a subcontractor
(another country) to do part of its production
OUTSOURCING: ADVANTAGES
VS
DISADVANTAGES
Advantages
• Lower wages = greater
profits
• Lower costs = goods sold
for cheaper
• Benefits CONSUMERS (all
of you!)
Disadvantages
• Think about all of the
parties involved…
DESIRE FOR PROFIT (CHA-CHING$$)
•Transnationals are driven by their desire for profit
•To make their expansions possible, many have
changed world market regulations
•How does this affect you, the teen consumer?
•Let’s consider the case of Wal-Mart
THE WAL-MART PHENOMENON
• Arrived in Canada in 1994
• In less than 10 years it expanded by 288 stores
• Philosophy: Lowest prices on goods and services!
• Just because Wal-Mart makes a lot of money, doesn’t mean
it’s 100% successful! Ask yourself.
• How does it deal with its employees?
• How does it affect our communities? (i.e. “Mom and Pop”
operations)
• How does it affect your identity ?
Film:” Walmart, The High Cost of Low Prices”
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RXmnBbUjsPs
GLOBALIZATION AFFECTING SOCIAL ASPECTS
OF SOCIETY
How does globalization affect social aspects of people’s lives?
Social Globalization: The process by which
people’s lifestyles spread over global networks
SOCIAL GLOBALIZATION
• How does globalization affect you socially?
• Society: A group of people who form an ordered community centered on kinship, an
ideology, religion, language or worldview
• Even in small societies people fall under different groups (ie. Perspectives based on
age or gender)
• In larger societies, people have even higher contrasting views
• Media: The different ways of delivering mass communication, such as newspapers,
radio, TV, etc.
GLOBALIZATION: AFFECTING WHO
YOU ARE
• Globalization is a “transfer of culture”
• TV Films, internet, music, increased communication systems,
fashion and the radio.
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iYhCn0jf46U
• “Global Village”: New Media such as television and internet are
shrinking the world into a small village; we are all much more
interconnected than before.
GLOBALIZATION AFFECTING POLITICAL
ASPECTS OF SOCIETY
How does globalization affect political aspects of people’s lives?
Political Globalization: The process by which political
decisions and actions are becoming increasingly
international
POLITICAL GLOBALIZATION
• How does globalization affect the political aspects of people’s
lives?
• Highest (international) to lowest forms of governance is affected.
• For example, countries must abide by the international rules
established by organizations such as the United Nations, G7
(Group of 7), LaFrancaphonie and NATO
• Leaders of nations hold meetings to discuss international issues:
$$, social and political
POLITICAL GLOBALIZATION, CONT’D
•Some global issues can only be resolved through
the cooperation of many countries
•Canada’s leaders try to meet their own nation’s
needs of those in crisis situations
•i.e. natural disasters like Hurricanes and Tsunamis
GLOBAL POLITICAL CHANGE
• Democracy: “Responsible Government”
• Spreading amongst many countries
• Boosts standards of living and improves ethics of government
• Can you think of any countries that are not Democracies in this
day and age?
• In 2017, of the world’s 196 countries, about 169 are electoral
democracies.
CANADA IN THE 21ST CENTURY
• Canada cannot run in isolation
• We are too connected to the world through our global
trading, communications, transportation, and social
networks
• The world demands our attention!
GLOBAL CITIZENSHIP
• Globalization of various sorts can affect our desire and ability to
become global citizens
• Example: On December 26, 2004, the Sumatra-Andaman
earthquake caused a tsunami that took the lives of more than 150
000 people in SE Asia
• Within hours, Canadians were plugged into the global
communications network
GLOBAL CITIZENSHIP
• We were glued to our TVs and computers to see images
• Active citizens began collecting and donating funds
• Canadians sent e-mails, wrote letters, and telephoned our political
representatives, urging action
• Around the world, individuals pressured governments to send humanitarian
aid
• This was a prime example of POLITICAL GLOBALIZATION!
FAST FACT
• Canadian citizens contributed $137 million to aid tsunami
victims.
• The federal government matched these donations
• How did the government’s actions reflect active citizens’
desire for political action?
CORPORATE RIGHTS VS CITIZENS’
RIGHTS
• We can see that globalization of various sorts can have a positive
influence
• Anti-globalization activists are concerned about another aspect of
the influence of globalization on politics
• Example: The power of transnational companies is growing
(Trump is now president!)
• Through international trade agreements, they are gaining
protection of their “rights”
• The concern is that these guarantees lessen the ability of
governments to make laws in the interest of their citizens
REVIEW QUESTIONS
•Explore the Issues
• #1-2 p. 12
• #1a p. 20

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10-2_understandings_of_globalization_ch1.pptx

  • 1. UNDERSTANDINGS OF GLOBALIZATION ECONOMIC – SOCIAL – POLITICAL aspects of Globalization Related Issue: To what extent should globalization shape identity? Chapter 1 Issue: To what extent does globalization influence my life?
  • 2. GLOBALIZATION “The process by which the world’s citizens are becoming increasingly connected to and dependent on one another” (Perry-Globa, 2007, p. 366).
  • 4. GLOBALIZATION IS A PROCESS Political Globalization Social Globalization Economic Globalization
  • 5. GLOBALIZATION AFFECTING THE ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF YOUR LIFE How does globalization affect economic aspects of people’s lives? Economic Globalization: The process of expanding world trading networks Economic globalization affects not only the economic aspects of your life, it also affects the WAY you live your life (including social aspects)
  • 6. $ ECONOMIC FORCES $ • Where you work • Where you shop • Where you eat • What you do in your spare time ***To what extent are the forces of globalization influencing these economic factors of your life?
  • 7. GLOBAL TRADE • Do you ever buy items produced in other countries? • Unless you have made a conscious choice to buy only ‘Canadian’ products, then your answer is yes. • Check the tags of your clothes, you may find that the sweater that you are wearing was made in Taiwan, China, Indonesia or Vietnam
  • 8. IMPORT / EXPORT • People have survived on Earth by trading globally • The import and export of goods is the most basic form of global integration • The growth of Transnationals has reinvented the way companies operate in our world • Transnationals affect people in both positive and negative ways
  • 9. TRANSNATIONALS • A company that operates in 2 or more countries • Ie. Wal-Mart, Apple, McDonalds, Toyota, Coca-Cola • Some produce goods, others are retail operations • They sell goods and services to the public • FYI: As an employee, you are selling your labour • By operating on larger scales, transnationals make more money
  • 10. A DIFFERENT WAY OF DOING BUSINESS • New form of economic globalization • Allows a company in one country to hire a subcontractor (another country) to do part of its production
  • 11. OUTSOURCING: ADVANTAGES VS DISADVANTAGES Advantages • Lower wages = greater profits • Lower costs = goods sold for cheaper • Benefits CONSUMERS (all of you!) Disadvantages • Think about all of the parties involved…
  • 12. DESIRE FOR PROFIT (CHA-CHING$$) •Transnationals are driven by their desire for profit •To make their expansions possible, many have changed world market regulations •How does this affect you, the teen consumer? •Let’s consider the case of Wal-Mart
  • 13. THE WAL-MART PHENOMENON • Arrived in Canada in 1994 • In less than 10 years it expanded by 288 stores • Philosophy: Lowest prices on goods and services! • Just because Wal-Mart makes a lot of money, doesn’t mean it’s 100% successful! Ask yourself. • How does it deal with its employees? • How does it affect our communities? (i.e. “Mom and Pop” operations) • How does it affect your identity ? Film:” Walmart, The High Cost of Low Prices” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RXmnBbUjsPs
  • 14. GLOBALIZATION AFFECTING SOCIAL ASPECTS OF SOCIETY How does globalization affect social aspects of people’s lives? Social Globalization: The process by which people’s lifestyles spread over global networks
  • 15. SOCIAL GLOBALIZATION • How does globalization affect you socially? • Society: A group of people who form an ordered community centered on kinship, an ideology, religion, language or worldview • Even in small societies people fall under different groups (ie. Perspectives based on age or gender) • In larger societies, people have even higher contrasting views • Media: The different ways of delivering mass communication, such as newspapers, radio, TV, etc.
  • 16. GLOBALIZATION: AFFECTING WHO YOU ARE • Globalization is a “transfer of culture” • TV Films, internet, music, increased communication systems, fashion and the radio. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iYhCn0jf46U • “Global Village”: New Media such as television and internet are shrinking the world into a small village; we are all much more interconnected than before.
  • 17. GLOBALIZATION AFFECTING POLITICAL ASPECTS OF SOCIETY How does globalization affect political aspects of people’s lives? Political Globalization: The process by which political decisions and actions are becoming increasingly international
  • 18. POLITICAL GLOBALIZATION • How does globalization affect the political aspects of people’s lives? • Highest (international) to lowest forms of governance is affected. • For example, countries must abide by the international rules established by organizations such as the United Nations, G7 (Group of 7), LaFrancaphonie and NATO • Leaders of nations hold meetings to discuss international issues: $$, social and political
  • 19. POLITICAL GLOBALIZATION, CONT’D •Some global issues can only be resolved through the cooperation of many countries •Canada’s leaders try to meet their own nation’s needs of those in crisis situations •i.e. natural disasters like Hurricanes and Tsunamis
  • 20. GLOBAL POLITICAL CHANGE • Democracy: “Responsible Government” • Spreading amongst many countries • Boosts standards of living and improves ethics of government • Can you think of any countries that are not Democracies in this day and age? • In 2017, of the world’s 196 countries, about 169 are electoral democracies.
  • 21. CANADA IN THE 21ST CENTURY • Canada cannot run in isolation • We are too connected to the world through our global trading, communications, transportation, and social networks • The world demands our attention!
  • 22. GLOBAL CITIZENSHIP • Globalization of various sorts can affect our desire and ability to become global citizens • Example: On December 26, 2004, the Sumatra-Andaman earthquake caused a tsunami that took the lives of more than 150 000 people in SE Asia • Within hours, Canadians were plugged into the global communications network
  • 23. GLOBAL CITIZENSHIP • We were glued to our TVs and computers to see images • Active citizens began collecting and donating funds • Canadians sent e-mails, wrote letters, and telephoned our political representatives, urging action • Around the world, individuals pressured governments to send humanitarian aid • This was a prime example of POLITICAL GLOBALIZATION!
  • 24. FAST FACT • Canadian citizens contributed $137 million to aid tsunami victims. • The federal government matched these donations • How did the government’s actions reflect active citizens’ desire for political action?
  • 25. CORPORATE RIGHTS VS CITIZENS’ RIGHTS • We can see that globalization of various sorts can have a positive influence • Anti-globalization activists are concerned about another aspect of the influence of globalization on politics • Example: The power of transnational companies is growing (Trump is now president!) • Through international trade agreements, they are gaining protection of their “rights” • The concern is that these guarantees lessen the ability of governments to make laws in the interest of their citizens
  • 26. REVIEW QUESTIONS •Explore the Issues • #1-2 p. 12 • #1a p. 20

Editor's Notes

  1. Place mat activity: Economic: finances and money Political: ideologies such as democracy, communism, etc. Social: music, TV, fashion, etc. Identify the various ways that people in Canada express their identities (traditions, language, religion, spirituality, the arts, attire, relationship to land, role modelling)
  2. Economic: finances and money Political: ideologies such as democracy, communism, etc. Social: music, TV, fashion, etc. --They make the world go round--
  3. Start here!
  4. It affects where and how you buy…
  5. Start here on Monday
  6. It’s a little more difficult to see how political globalization impacts lives when compared to social & economic G7: Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States (Russia got kicked out in 2014)
  7. Responsible—accountable Now, there are 196 (Southern Sudan the most recent in 2011)