Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

The UK and the UN


Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

The UK and the UN

  2. 2. General Facts 1. Headquarters: International territory in Manhattan, New York City 2. Official languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish 3. Membership: 192 states 4. Leaders: Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon 5. President of the General Assemby Srgjan Kerim 6. Establishment: United Nations Charter June 26, 1945 to replace the League of Nations, to stop wars between nations and provide a platform for dialogue.©sp
  3. 3. The UN©sp
  4. 4. The primary administrative bodies 1. The General Assembly (the main deliberative assembly) 2. The Security Council (decides certain resolutions for peace and security) 3. The Economic and Social Council (assists in promoting international economic) 4. The Secretariat (provides information, and facilities needed by the UN) 5. The International Court of Justice (the primary judicial organ)©sp
  5. 5. The five permanent members 1. China 2. France 3. The UK 4. Russia 5. The USA They all have veto power, which means that decisions taken by the Security Council can be blocked by any of the five permanent members.©sp
  6. 6. Membership • Membership in the United Nations is open to all other peace-loving states which accept the obligations contained in the present Charter and, in the judgment of the Organization, are able and willing to carry out these obligations. • The admission of any such state to membership in the United Nations will be effected by a decision of the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council.©sp
  7. 7. The Members©sp
  8. 8. Financing United States 22% Japan 19.47% Germany 8.66% United Kingdom 6.13% France 6.03% Italy 4.89% Canada 2.81% Spain 2.52% China 2.05% Mexico 1.88% Australia 1.59% Brazil 1.52%©sp
  9. 9. Financing • The UN is financed from assessed and voluntary contributions from member states. • The current operating budget is estimated at $4.19 billion (refer to table for major contributors). Some member nations are overdue on their payments, most notably the United States. • A large share of UN expenditures addresses the core UN mission of peace and security. • Special UN programmes not included in the regular budget (such as UNICEF and UNDP) are financed by voluntary contributions from member governments.©sp
  10. 10. Aims 1. The stated aims of the United Nations are to maintain international peace and security 2. to safeguard human rights 3. to provide a mechanism for international law 4. to promote social and economic progress 5. improve living standards 6. and fight diseases according to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948.©sp
  11. 11. Languages • Under the Charter, the official languages are Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish. • Later the Arabic language was added as a language of the General Assembly, the Security Council and the Economic and Social Council. • The UN standard for English language documents (United Nations Editorial Manual) follows British usage and Oxford spelling.©sp
  12. 12. Failures in security issues • Failure to prevent the 1994 Rwandan Genocide • Second Congo War, which claimed nearly five million people in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), 1998-2002, • Failure to intervene in the 1995 Srebrenica massacre • Failure to successfully deliver food to starving people in Somalia in the 1993 Battle of Mogadishu. • Failed to prevent Darfur genocide©sp
  13. 13. Indigenous rights issues • On 17 September 2007 the UN General Assembly adopted a declaration outlining the rights of some 370 million indigenous peoples around the world. • The declaration was approved when 143 member states voted in its favour. • Eleven member states abstained and four voted against the text: Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States.©sp
  14. 14. Some Specialized Organizations • International Atomic Energy Agency • International Maritime Organization • International Telecommunication Union • World Health Organization (WHO) • Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) • United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) • United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) • World Bank • World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) • World Meteorological Organization (WMO)©sp
  15. 15. Some Specialized Organizations UNHCR©sp
  16. 16. International Atomic Energy Agency • IAEA is an intergovernmental forum in the field of nuclear technology. • It seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy and to inhibit its use for military purposes. • The IAEA was set up as an autonomous organization in 29 July 1957. • In 1953, U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower envisioned the creation body to control and develop the use of atomic energy, in his "Atoms for Peace" speech before the UN General Assembly. • The organization and its Director General, Mohamed ElBaradei, were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize announced on 7 October 2005. Its current membership is 144 countries.©sp
  17. 17. World Health Organization (WHO) • The World Health Organization (WHO) acts as a coordinating authority on international public health. • Established on 7 April 1948, and headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the agency inherited the mandate and resources of its predecessor, the Health Organization, which had been an agency of the League of Nations.©sp
  18. 18. World Bank • The World Bank, a part of the World Bank Group (WBG) • makes loans to developing countries for development programmes with the stated goal of reducing poverty • The World Bank differs from the World Bank Group in that the former only comprises the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the International Development Association, while the latter incorporates these entities in addition to three others.©sp
  19. 19. Controversy and criticism • The Security Council has been criticized for being unable to act in a clear and decisive way when confronted with a crisis. • The veto power of the five permanent members has been cited as the cause of this problem. • Under the "Uniting for Peace" resolution, adopted by the General Assembly in November 1950, the assembly may take action if the Security Council, because of lack of unanimity of its permanent members, fails to act where there appears to be a threat to international peace, breach of the peace, or act of aggression.©sp
  20. 20. The End©sp