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United Nations Organization
2
Abu Sufyan: 19101002-185
Muhammad Asad: 19101002-068
Ali Hassan: 19101002-085
Hussnain Ali: 19101002-079
What is the UN?
3
-The United Nations is an international organization founded
in 1945 for the peace, security and cooperation among
Nations.
-The mission and work of the United Nations are guided by
the purposes and principles contained in its founding Charter.
-Currently has 193 Member States.
-Headquarters in New York City.
Why was UN founded
The united Nation was established after the second world
War with the purpose of preventing the recurrence of the
wars of the first half of the twentieth century, which brought
great grief to mankind, and to safeguard international
peace and security .
History of the UN
-the League of Nations was the predecessor to the UN, it was
founded in1919 and was responsible for ensuring peace and
cooperation between world nations
-the term ‘’United Nations’’ was introduced in 1942 by Winston
Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt
-the UN was founded on October 24, 1945, when the Charter of
the UN came into force
4
The purposes of the United Nations, as set forth in the Charter
- to maintain international peace and security
- to develop friendly relations among nations based on respect
for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of
peoples
- to cooperate in solving international economic, social, cultural
and humanitarian problems and in promoting respect for
human rights and fundamental freedoms
- to be a center for harmonizing the actions of nations in
attaining these common ends
5
Four areas that are the pillars of the UN
Peace and Security
Human Rights
The Rule of Law
Development
6
UN System Chart
7
General Assembly
• The General Assembly is the main deliberative organ of the
UN and is composed of representatives of all Member States
each of which has one vote.
8
Security Council
• Under the Charter, the Security Council has primary
responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and
security. It has 15 Members, and each Member has one vote.
Under the Charter, all Member States are obligated to comply
with Council decisions.
9
Economic and Social Council
• A founding UN Charter body established in 1946, the
Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is the place where the
world’s economic, social and environmental challenges are
discussed and debated, and policy recommendations issued.
10
Trusteeship Council
• The Trusteeship Council was established to provide
international supervision for 11 Trust Territories and to make
sure that adequate steps were taken to prepare the
Territories for self-government or independence.
11
International Court of Justice
• The International Court of Justice is the principal judicial
organ of the United Nations. The Court is charged with
settling legal disputes between States and giving advisory
opinions to the United Nations and its specialized agencies.
12
Secretariat
• The UN Secretariat, consisting of staff representing all
nationalities working in duty stations all over the world,
carries out the day to day work of the Organization. The
Secretariat services the other principal organs of the United
Nations and administers the programmes and policies
established by them.
13
Regional Offices
Offices Outside the Main Headquarters:
- Geneva
- Vienna
- Nairobi
14
Funds, Programmes,
Specialized Agencies and Others
• The UN system, also known unofficially as the "UN family", is
made up of the UN itself and many affiliated programmes,
funds, and specialized agencies, all with their own
membership, leadership, and budget. The programmes and
funds are financed through voluntary rather than assessed
contributions. The Specialized Agencies are independent
international organizations funded by both voluntary and
assessed contributions.
15
Some facts about UN
16
• Provides food to 90 million people in 80 countries;
• Vaccinates 58 per cent of the world’s children, saving 3 million lives a year;
• Assists over 38.7 million refugees and people fleeing war, famine or
persecution;
• Works with 193 countries to combat climate change and make
development sustainable;
• Keeps peace with 120,000 peacekeepers in 16 operations on 4 continents;
• Fights poverty, helping improve the health and well-being of 420 million
rural poor;
• Protects and promotes human rights on site and through some 80
treaties/declarations;
• Mobilizes USD 22 billion in humanitarian aid to help people affected by
emergencies;
Thank you for your attention!

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Presentation IR.pptx

  • 1. United Nations Organization 2 Abu Sufyan: 19101002-185 Muhammad Asad: 19101002-068 Ali Hassan: 19101002-085 Hussnain Ali: 19101002-079
  • 2. What is the UN? 3 -The United Nations is an international organization founded in 1945 for the peace, security and cooperation among Nations. -The mission and work of the United Nations are guided by the purposes and principles contained in its founding Charter. -Currently has 193 Member States. -Headquarters in New York City.
  • 3. Why was UN founded The united Nation was established after the second world War with the purpose of preventing the recurrence of the wars of the first half of the twentieth century, which brought great grief to mankind, and to safeguard international peace and security .
  • 4. History of the UN -the League of Nations was the predecessor to the UN, it was founded in1919 and was responsible for ensuring peace and cooperation between world nations -the term ‘’United Nations’’ was introduced in 1942 by Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt -the UN was founded on October 24, 1945, when the Charter of the UN came into force 4
  • 5. The purposes of the United Nations, as set forth in the Charter - to maintain international peace and security - to develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples - to cooperate in solving international economic, social, cultural and humanitarian problems and in promoting respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms - to be a center for harmonizing the actions of nations in attaining these common ends 5
  • 6. Four areas that are the pillars of the UN Peace and Security Human Rights The Rule of Law Development 6
  • 8. General Assembly • The General Assembly is the main deliberative organ of the UN and is composed of representatives of all Member States each of which has one vote. 8
  • 9. Security Council • Under the Charter, the Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. It has 15 Members, and each Member has one vote. Under the Charter, all Member States are obligated to comply with Council decisions. 9
  • 10. Economic and Social Council • A founding UN Charter body established in 1946, the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is the place where the world’s economic, social and environmental challenges are discussed and debated, and policy recommendations issued. 10
  • 11. Trusteeship Council • The Trusteeship Council was established to provide international supervision for 11 Trust Territories and to make sure that adequate steps were taken to prepare the Territories for self-government or independence. 11
  • 12. International Court of Justice • The International Court of Justice is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. The Court is charged with settling legal disputes between States and giving advisory opinions to the United Nations and its specialized agencies. 12
  • 13. Secretariat • The UN Secretariat, consisting of staff representing all nationalities working in duty stations all over the world, carries out the day to day work of the Organization. The Secretariat services the other principal organs of the United Nations and administers the programmes and policies established by them. 13
  • 14. Regional Offices Offices Outside the Main Headquarters: - Geneva - Vienna - Nairobi 14
  • 15. Funds, Programmes, Specialized Agencies and Others • The UN system, also known unofficially as the "UN family", is made up of the UN itself and many affiliated programmes, funds, and specialized agencies, all with their own membership, leadership, and budget. The programmes and funds are financed through voluntary rather than assessed contributions. The Specialized Agencies are independent international organizations funded by both voluntary and assessed contributions. 15
  • 16. Some facts about UN 16 • Provides food to 90 million people in 80 countries; • Vaccinates 58 per cent of the world’s children, saving 3 million lives a year; • Assists over 38.7 million refugees and people fleeing war, famine or persecution; • Works with 193 countries to combat climate change and make development sustainable; • Keeps peace with 120,000 peacekeepers in 16 operations on 4 continents; • Fights poverty, helping improve the health and well-being of 420 million rural poor; • Protects and promotes human rights on site and through some 80 treaties/declarations; • Mobilizes USD 22 billion in humanitarian aid to help people affected by emergencies;
  • 17. Thank you for your attention!