The United Nations


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The United Nations

  1. 2. Origin and Purpose <ul><li>UNO is an association of nations who have pledged the themselves for the maintenance of international peace and security. </li></ul><ul><li>They agree to co-operate in promoting political, economic and social conditions which may facilitate the achievement of these objectives </li></ul><ul><li>II WORLD WAR </li></ul>
  2. 3. Circumstances leading to the formation of the UN <ul><li>1 .The two World Wars brought untold miseries upon mankind. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Towards the end of the II WW there emerged two blocs of nations – one suspicious of the other. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Both these wars created economic imbalances among the countries, besides sowing the seeds of distrust, which promoted armed race. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Fear of possible III WW promoted the nations of the world to form a better international organization which could prevent future wars, and promote peace and good will among the nations of the world. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Origin of the UN <ul><li>The London Declaration </li></ul><ul><li>The Washington Declaration 1942 </li></ul><ul><li>The Moscow Declaration 1943 </li></ul><ul><li>Dumbarton Oaks Conference </li></ul>
  4. 5. Origin of the UN <ul><li>The London Declaration: </li></ul><ul><li>Attempts were made for setting up an international organization for establishing peace and friendship before the end of the Second World War. </li></ul><ul><li>June 1941- representatives of Britain, Canada, New Zealand, Australia and South Africa met in London and proposed for the first time to establish a world organization which would be more powerful than the League of Nations- called as The London Declaration. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Origin of the UN <ul><li>2. The Atlantic Charter: </li></ul><ul><li>Aug 1941US President Roosevelt and British PM Winston Churchill issued a declaration known as The Atlantic Charter. </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives : </li></ul><ul><li>To maintain international peace and security in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>To encourage international co-operation. </li></ul><ul><li>To develop friendly relations among nations. </li></ul><ul><li>To recognise the fundamental rights and status of all the people. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Origin of the UN <ul><li>Terms of the Atlantic Charter: </li></ul><ul><li>They will recognise sovereignty and equality of all States, big or small. </li></ul><ul><li>They will peacefully settle all sorts of disputes without resorting to war or threat of war. </li></ul><ul><li>They will help the UNO against a State violating treaties or agreements. </li></ul><ul><li>The signatories will not dishonour the opinion of the people of that State while determining the frontiers of a foreign country. </li></ul><ul><li>The States will recognise the right of each one to draft its own constitution. </li></ul><ul><li>They will equally try to preserve peace and security in the world by reducing armaments and ammunition. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Origin of the UN <ul><li>The UN officially came into existence on 24 th October 1945, when the UN Charter was ratified by a majority of other countries that had signed the Charter earlier in June 1945. October 24 th UN Day. </li></ul><ul><li>MEMBERSHIP : </li></ul><ul><li>All peace loving nations , if accept the purposes and principles of the UN stated in the Charter of the Organization. </li></ul><ul><li>Country must agree to be judged by the UN & abide by its decisions. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Purposes of the UN <ul><li>Purposes of the UN can be divided into 4 groups: S,J,W,H,R. </li></ul><ul><li>To maintain international peace and security </li></ul><ul><li>To develop friendly relations among nations </li></ul><ul><li>To cooperate internationally in solving international economic, social, cultural and humanitarian problems and in promoting respect for human rights and fundamental freedom. </li></ul><ul><li>T be a centre for harmonizing the actins of nations in attaining these common goals </li></ul>
  9. 10. Principles of the UN <ul><li>All countries should respect the sovereignty and rights of other nations. </li></ul><ul><li>All member should settle their disputes by peaceful means. </li></ul><ul><li>They should refrain themselves form the threat, or use of force. </li></ul><ul><li>They must give the Organization every assistance in any action it takes in accordance with the Charter. </li></ul><ul><li>All member nations must fulfil the duties outlined in the Charter. </li></ul><ul><li>The UN shall not intervene in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any state </li></ul>