Harvard referencing system


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Harvard referencing

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  • This is what your lecturers want. And this is why you need references – to demonstrate that you have done this. A plagiarised report where the material seems to be coming only from you does not fulfil the criteria needed to pass your courses. So plagarism even deliberate or unintentional will only hold you back.
  • Harvard referencing system

    1. 1. Harvard Referencing System Mr Patrice Seuwou School of TechnologyCopyright © Patrice Seuwou 2013
    2. 2. Session objectivesCopyright © Patrice Seuwou 2013
    3. 3. What is plagiarism? • Use of any source of information (including electronic) without proper acknowledgement. • Quoting, summarising or paraphrasing, copying and pasting without citing source. • Citing sources you didn’t use. • Unauthorised collaboration.Copyright © Patrice Seuwou 2013
    4. 4. Why do students plagiarise? • Poor study skills • Inability to find information • Poor citation skills • Lack of understanding of what constitutes plagiarismCopyright © Patrice Seuwou 2013
    5. 5. Writing a dissertation, thesis, article, essay To support your arguments and provide ideas: • Read widely and analyse the work of others. • Use as many sources as you can (books, journals, newspapers, reports, web etc.) • Read at an appropriate academic level. • Use good quality sources.Copyright © Patrice Seuwou 2013
    6. 6. Why should you cite other people’s work? • Acknowledge the work of other writers and researchers • Demonstrate your reading and research • Enable others to trace your sources easily and lead them on to further information • Part of the marking criteria • Provide a check against plagiarism • Meet copyright regulationsCopyright © Patrice Seuwou 2013
    7. 7. Referencing in Context Book Your Project Evidence to Acknowledge support your Sources Used Journal own ideas or Research, arguments • Briefly in your Article read and text make notes • Paraphrase and/or • In full at the Web Page • Direct Quote endCopyright © Patrice Seuwou 2013
    8. 8. What is citing and referencing? • In your assignments you must demonstrate that you have used relevant, good quality sources by: – providing in-text citations in the body of your work AND – a reference list/bibliography at the end of your workCopyright © Patrice Seuwou 2013
    9. 9. What’s an in-text citation? In-text citations appear in the body of the text of your assignment and should be included whenever you quote, summarise or otherwise refer to someone else’s ideas.Copyright © Patrice Seuwou 2013
    10. 10. What do I need to include? • author • year the work was published • page number(s) if applicableCopyright © Patrice Seuwou 2013
    11. 11. What’s an in-text citation? - Examples• According to Clegg (1985, p.543) the inter-war period was….• Barter (2003, p.258) has shown that…..• As Evans, Jamal and Foxall (2006, p.76) point out….• It has been suggested by Reed (2008, pp.30-31)....• Barter (2003, p.258) and Stuart (2001, p.85) note…• A number of authors including Smith (2008, pp.21-24) and Adams (2001, pp.165-166) have argued that…**p. - page number / pp. - page numbers**Copyright © Patrice Seuwou 2013
    12. 12. What’s a reference list? • A list of all the sources you have cited in the text of your assignment • Presented at the end of your work in alphabetical order by author/ editor • Do not list books, journals, newspapers, then websites etc. Note: a bibliography lists all of the sources you have read to help write your assignment, not just those cited in the text. Bibliography and/ or reference list? Ask your tutor!Copyright © Patrice Seuwou 2013
    13. 13. How to Reference You need to reference in two places: • Brief details – these will go into the main body of your assignment • Full details – these will go at the end of your assignmentCopyright © Patrice Seuwou 2013
    14. 14. Referencing a bookCopyright © Patrice Seuwou 2013
    15. 15. Referencing a printed journal articleCopyright © Patrice Seuwou 2013
    16. 16. Referencing an electronic journal articleCopyright © Patrice Seuwou 2013
    17. 17. Referencing a web pageCopyright © Patrice Seuwou 2013
    18. 18. References of images and diagrams All externally sourced images and diagrams must be referenced • Enter the title underneath the image or diagram • Add, in brackets, the author, date of publication and page number • Where there is no author use the title of the source i.e. book, website etc.Copyright © Patrice Seuwou 2013
    19. 19. References of images and diagrams Example 1 (Book/Publication): Figure 1: Risk assessment guidelines for lifting and lowering (Essentials of Health and Safety at Work 2008, 48)Copyright © Patrice Seuwou 2013
    20. 20. References of images and diagrams Example 2 (Website): Figure 1: Marriages, United Kingdom, 1951 – 2007 (Office for National Statistics website 2009)Copyright © Patrice Seuwou 2013
    21. 21. How to ReferenceCopyright © Patrice Seuwou 2013
    22. 22. Secondary referencingCopyright © Patrice Seuwou 2013
    23. 23. Summary • When you use ideas from, refer to, or quote from, another person’s work you MUST acknowledge this in your work by citing and referencing • Ensure that your citations and references are complete, accurate and consistent, by keeping note of the sources you have used and where you found them • If you present work containing ideas or quotes from other authors, without acknowledging their work (even if you do so accidentally) you may be accused of plagiarism!Copyright © Patrice Seuwou 2013