World Environment Day, 2010


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Presented in an Awarness Seminar on World Enviornment Day 2010 in NCPC-F on the Behalf of DG EPA, Rwp

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World Environment Day, 2010

  1. 1. World Environment Day 2010NCPC
  2. 2. Contents• What is environment?• About WED (World Environment Day)• Our main environmental problems!• WED 2010 (Theme… which & why?)• What is Biodiversity?• What do we get from biodiversity?• Threats to biodiversity!• How are we facing biodiversity loss?• Goals, message & strategy• Conclusion
  3. 3. What is Environment ?Environment means Surroundings.
  4. 4. About World Environment Day• Commemorated on 5 June since 1972, WED is one of the principal vehicles through which the UN stimulates worldwide awareness of the environment and encourages political attention and action.• The World Environment Day theme selected for 2010 is BIODIVERSITY and the slogan is MANY SPECIES, ONE PLANET, ONE FUTURE.• World Environment Day (WED) 2010 is aimed to be the biggest, most widely celebrated, global day for positive, environmental action.
  5. 5. What are our Main Environmental Problems?• Environmental problems can generally be grouped into three categories: 1. Resource Depletion 2. Pollution 3. Loss of Biodiversity
  6. 6. THEME
  7. 7. WED 2010 WHY THIS THEME?• Humans are among only a handful of species whose populations are growing, while most animals and plants are becoming rarer and fewer.• It echoes the urgent call to conserve the diversity of life on our planet. A world without biodiversity is a very bleak prospect. Millions of people and millions of species all share the same planet, and only together can we enjoy a safer and more prosperous future.
  8. 8. Many Species. One Planet. One Future• Did you know that you are one in a million? Or more precisely, one of millions on this wondrous planet - anywhere in fact between an estimated 5 million to 100 million species.• A total of 17,291 species are known to be threatened with extinction – from little-known plants and insects to charismatic birds and mammals. This is just the tip of the iceberg; many species disappear before they are even discovered.
  9. 9. BiodiversityWhat does “BIO” mean? BIO = LIFE
  10. 10. BiodiversityWhat does “Diversity” mean? Diversity = Variety
  11. 11. WHAT ACTUALLY BIODIVERSITY IS?•Biodiversity is the variety of life on Earth and theessential interdependence of all living things.• Scientists have identified more than 2 million species.Tens of millions -- remain unknown.•The tremendous variety of life on Earth is madepossible by complex interactions among all living thingsincluding microscopic species like algae and mites.
  12. 12. There are 3 components of biodiversity1. Diversity of genes Chihuahuas, beagles, and huskies are all dogs— but theyre not the same because their genes are different. Chihuahua Beagle Huskies
  13. 13. There are 3 components of biodiversity2. Diversity of species For example, monkeys, dragonflies, and meadow beauties are all different species. Saki Monkey Golden Skimmer Meadow Beauty
  14. 14. There are 3 components of biodiversity3. Variety of ecosystems Prairies, Ponds, and tropical rain forests are all ecosystems. Each one is different, with its own set of species living in it. Paines Prairie Florida Sand hill Pond Hoh Rain Forest
  15. 15. What do we get from biodiversity? Biodiversity is one of Earth’s greatest natural resources. When biodiversity is lost, significant value to the biosphere and to humanity may be lost along with it. Biodiversity’s benefits to society include contributions to• Oxygen• Food• Clean Water• Medicine• Aesthetics• Medicine• Agriculture services
  16. 16. Biodiversity:Who cares?
  17. 17. Should we be concerned about biodiversity?What we know: The Earth is losing species at an alarming rate!• Some scientists estimate that as many as 3 species per hour are going extinct and 20,000 extinctions occur each year.• when species of plants and animals go extinct, many other species are affected.
  18. 18. Threats to biodiversity Habitat destruction Pollution Species Introductions Global Climate Change Exploitation
  19. 19. 2010 Biodiversity Target“To achieve, by 2010, a significant reductionof the current rate of biodiversity loss at theglobal, regional and national level, as acontribution to poverty alleviation and to thebenefit of all life on Earth”
  20. 20. What factors lead to biodiversity loss?• Land use change• Climate change• Invasive species• Overexploitation• Pollution• Changes in human population
  21. 21. Goals• Raise awareness of: – How biodiversity is important for our lives – What people have already done to save biodiversity• Promote new and novel ways to safeguard biodiversity• Encourage people to take immediate steps to reduce the rate of loss of biodiversity• Initiate dialogue on steps for the post- 2010 period
  22. 22. Communications Campaign• Create excitement around the discovery that people are part of nature• Highlight the huge opportunity we are presented with in the International Year of Biodiversity• Create a strong sense of optimism that it is not too late to act• Be honest about the urgency of the challenge. NOW is the time to act.
  23. 23. MAIN MESSAGES• Biodiversity is important for human well-being• The current rate of biodiversity loss is severe, by some accounts up to 100 times the natural rate of extinction• We need to work together to halt this loss. Many “success stories” point the way to the future
  24. 24. Strategy• Provide a global message which offers partners the chance to highlight their work and activities• Create information products that highlight success stories and the work of the Convention• Take advantage of existing international and national events to promote the biodiversity agenda to new audiences and mobilise their support
  25. 25. Conserving Biodiversity Protecting biodiversity often demands that individuals change their habits or the way they earn their living. It is often helpful to offer some reward or incentive to the people or communities involved.• The United States government, for example, has offered tax credits to people who’ve installed solar panels or bought hybrid cars.• Many communities in Africa, Central America, and Southeast Asia have set aside land for national parks and nature reserves, like Thailand’s Elephant Nature Park, to attract tourist dollars.• In some Australian communities, farmers were paid to plant trees along rivers and streams as part of wildlife corridors connecting forest fragments.
  26. 26. Conserving Biodiversity (CONTD..)• The use of carbon credits is one strategy aimed at encouraging industries to cut fossil fuels use.• Companies are allowed to release a certain amount of carbon into the environment. Any unused carbon may be sold back at a set market value or traded to other companies.• This strategy encourages industries to pay for lower-emission machinery and to adopt carbon-saving practices.