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new product development and product life-cycle strategies

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In this presentation i have explained the following:
1) definition of NPD (new product development)
2) NPD process
3) MANAGING NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
a) Customer-centered NPD.
b) Team based NPD.
c) Systematic NPD
4) Product life cycle and its stages.
5) Additional product and service considerations
6) Product decision and social responsibility
7) International product and services marketing.

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new product development and product life-cycle strategies

  1. 1. CHAP#9:NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT & PRODUCT LIFE-CYCLE STRATEGIES PRESENTATION BY:saba khan AWKUM BBA(3RD A)
  2. 2. NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT THE NPD MEANS: THE DEVELOPMENT OF NEW PRODUCTS, PRODUCT IMPROVEMENST,PRODUCT MODIFICATIONS, AND NEW BRANDS THROUGH THE FIRM’S OWN PRODUCT-DEVELOPMENT EFFORTS. 2principles of marketing chap#9
  3. 3. THE NPD PROCESS IDEA GENERATIO N IDEA SCREENING CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING MARKETING STRATEGY DEVELOPMENT BUSINESS ANALYSIS PRODUCT DEVELOPMEN T TEST MARKETING COMMERCIALIZAT ION 3principles of marketing chap#9
  4. 4. NPD PROCESS 1ST STEP: IDEA GENERATION INTERNAL SOURCES EMPLOYEES & FORMAL RESEARCH TO KNOW STRENGTH & WEAKNESS 4principles of marketing chap#9
  5. 5. NPD PROCESS 1ST STEP:IDEA GENERATION EXTERNAL SOURCES COMPETITORS CUSTOMERS DISTRIBUTERS TO KNOW THREATS & OPPORTUNITIES 5principles of marketing chap#9
  6. 6. NPD PROCESS 2ND STEP: IDEA SCREENING THE 1ST IDEA REDUCING STAGE. HELPS SPOT GOOD IDEAS AND DROP POOR ONES. CRITERIA: MARKET SIZE PRODUCT PRICE DEVELOPMENT TIME & COST MANUFACTURING COST RATE OF RETURN 6principles of marketing chap#9
  7. 7. NPD PROCESS 3RD STEP:CONCEPT DEVELOP &TESTING DEVELOP PRODUCT IDEAS INTO ALTERNATIVE PRODUCT CONCEPTS TEST THE PRODUCT CONCEPTS WITH GROUPS OF TARGET CUSTOMERS CHOOSE THE BEST ONE 7principles of marketing chap#9
  8. 8. NPD PROCESS 4TH STEP:MARKETING STRATEGY DEVELOPMENT Part One - Overall: Target Market Planned Product Positioning Sales & Profit Goals Market Share Part Two - Short-Term: Product’s Planned Price Distribution Marketing Budget Part Three - Long-Term: Sales & Profit Goals Marketing Mix Strategy 8principles of marketing chap#9
  9. 9. NPD PROCESS 5TH STEP:BUSINESS ANALYSIS REVIEW OF THE SALES, COSTS AND PROFIT PROJECTIONS FOR A NEW PRODUCT. 9principles of marketing chap#9
  10. 10. NPD PROCESS 6TH STEP:PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT DEVELOPING OF PRODUCT CONCEPT PHYSICAL PRODUCT (PROTOTYPES) 10principles of marketing chap#9
  11. 11. NPD PROCESS 7TH STEP:TEST MARKETING PROTOTYPES ARE INTRODUCED INTO MARKET. GIVES THE MARKETER EXPERIENCE WITH MARKETING THE PRODUCT BEFORE GOING TO THE GREAT EXPENSE OF FULL INTRODUCTION. 11principles of marketing chap#9
  12. 12. NPD PROCESS 8TH STEP:COMMERCIALIZATION FINAL DECISION IS TAKEN & A NEW PRODUCT IS INTRODUCED INTO THE MARKET. 12principles of marketing chap#9
  13. 13. MANAGING NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT SUCCESSFUL NPD REQUIRES: 1. CUSTOMER-CENTERED NPD. 2. TEAM-BASED NPD & 3. SYSTEMATIC NPD EFFORTS. 13principles of marketing chap#9
  14. 14. 1)CUSTOMER-CENTERED NPD: •It describes the actions taken by a business to support its sales & service staff in considering client needs & satisfying their major priorities. •It begins and ends with solving customer problems. 14principles of marketing chap#9
  15. 15. 2)TEAM BASED NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT: •An approach to developing new products in which various company departments work closely together, overlapping the steps in the product development process to save time and increase effectiveness. LIMITATIONS: TENSION AND CONFUSION. 15principles of marketing chap#9
  16. 16. 3)SYSTEMATIC NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT: •An innovation management system is installed by the company to collect, review & manage new product idea. FAVORABLE OUTCOMES: 1. It shows that top management supports, encourages & rewards innovations. 2. Yields a large number of new ideas. 16principles of marketing chap#9
  17. 17. PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE principles of marketing chap#9 17
  18. 18. PLC INTRODUCTION STAGE Sales costs profit customers competitors Marketing objectives product Low sales High cost per customer negative innovators few Create product awareness & trial Offer a basic product Use cost plus advertising Build product awareness among early adopters price 18principles of marketing chap#9
  19. 19. PLC GROWTH STAGE sales costs profit customers competitors Marketing objectives product price advertising Rapidly rising sales Average cost per customer Rising profits Early adopters Maximize market share Offer product extensions,service(warranty) Price to penetrate market Build awareness & interest in mass market Growing number 19principles of marketing chap#9
  20. 20. PLC MATURITY STAGE sales costs profit customers competitors Marketing objectives product price advertising Peak sales Low cost per customer High profits Middle majority Stable no beginning to decline Maximize profit while defending market share Diversify brand and models Price to match or beat competitors Stress brand differences and benefits 20principles of marketing chap#9
  21. 21. PLC DECLINE STAGE sales costs profits customers competitors Marketing objectives product price advertising Declining sales Low cost per customer Declining profits laggards Declining number Reduce expenditure & milk the brand Phase out weak items Cut price Reduce to level needed to retain hard-core loyal 21principles of marketing chap#9
  22. 22. ADDITIONAL PRODUCT & SERVICE CONSIDERATIONS TWO CONSIDERATIONS: 1. PRODUCT DECISIONS & SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY. 2. INTERNATIONAL PRODUCT & SERVICES MARKETING. 22principles of marketing chap#9
  23. 23. PRODUCT DECISION & SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY 1. Companies must be aware of their legal obligations to their suppliers,dealers & customers. 2. Companies must obey patent laws when developing new products. 3. Manufacturers must comply with specific laws regarding product quality and safety. 23principles of marketing chap#9
  24. 24. INTERNATIONAL PRODUCT & SERVICES MARKETING Figure out product & services to introduce internationally How much to standardize products & services for world markets. 24principles of marketing chap#9
  25. 25. 25principles of marketing chap#9

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