WHAT IS THE SYSTEM THEORY
The system theory is the transdisciplinary
study of the abstract organization of
phenomena, independent of their substance,
type, or spatial or temporal scale of existence.
It is also a management methodology as it is
a way of analyzing and thinking about
organizations and also an alternative
THE PREMISES OF THE SYSTEM
The systems theory puts forth the premise that
organizations, like living organisms, are made up
of numerous component subsystems that must
work together in harmony for the larger system
to succeed. Systems theory states that
organizational success relies on synergy,
interrelations and interdependence between
different subsystems. As arguably the most
valuable component of a company, employees
make up various vital subsystems within an
organization. Departments, work groups,
business units, facilities and individual
employees can all be considered component
systems of the organizations
THE SYSTEMS THEORY
Communication mechanisms must be put in place for
organizational systems to exchange relevant
information with its environment.
Communication provides for the flow of information
among the subsystems.
Systems, subsystems and supersystem
Systems are a set interrelated parte that turn inputs to
outputs through processing.
Subsystems is the step that does the processing of the
objectives within an organization.
Super systems are other systems in environment of
which the survival of the focal system id dependent.
THE SYSTEMS THEORY
The part of the system that separates it from its
environment. The four types of boundaries
involved in the process are
physical, linquistical, systematic and
systems are goal oriented and engage in feedback
in order to meet the goals of the organisation.
Also, every part of the system is interdependent
with each other working together towards the
ADVANTAGES OF THE SYSTEMS
It focuses on the environment and
how changes can impact the
Broadens the theoretical aspects for
viewing the behaviour of
It is designed to deal with complex
DISADVANTAGES OF THE SYSTEMS
The systems theory doesn’t focus on specific
Doesn’t provide for detailed focus.
The theory changes in environment directly
affect the structure and function of the
Doesn’t directly explore the impact of
interpersonal relationships and loyalty on
WAYS SYSTEM THEORY IS USED
IN MORDERN ORGANISATION
System theory is used to measure performance,
control and compute the interactions among
individuals in each department of the
when the system theory is presented in an
organisation this helps in growth and
If a typical managerial leader has any
knowledge of the system theory it is easier to
manage the mechanisms of products and
services leaving the organisation.