A ship sailed from the Cape Verde Islands, with the wind and the current, over a distance of 2Moiras= 20 degrees, to Cape São Roque (the holy Rock), Brazil, at 5°S. It illustrates that the2nd king Sahure of the Fifth Dynasty discovered the Southern Crossing. The sailing directionof 30°SSW shows it was an Egyptian king from the Nile Delta, at 30°N. The same ship sailedfrom Newfoundland, with an initial sailing direction of 20°ESE, with the wind and the cur-rent, over a distance of 2 Moiras to the two islands of the West Azores, and further to the fiveislands of the Central Azores. It confirms, that the 2nd king Sahure of the Fifth Dynasty alsodiscovered the Return Route to the Old World. The Swan Stone shows the whole sailing routeto the West Azores, at the holy latitude of 39°N (Burrows Cave). The circle in the center ofthe serpent illustrates this round trip. Together with the previous discoveries, it was also thefirst circumnavigation of the planet Earth.Another ship sailed from the Shetland Islands, via the south cape of Greenland, to Cape Chid-ley, Canada. These three land points, represented by the three feathers, are located at the com-plementary latitude of the Nile Delta, at 90-30= 60°N. It confirms that the 3rd Egyptian kingNefererkare discovered the third, northern Crossing. He was the brother of king Sahure, assuggested by the connection on the Swan Stone. - This Stone was found at Burrows Cave, 9degrees above the Nile Delta, at 30+9= 39°N. It suggests, that the 9th king Unas (c.2403-2370BC) discovered the Return Route via Bermuda to the West Azores. Bermuda is located 9degrees above the holy Tropic of Cancer, at 23+9= 32°N. He sailed, with the wind and thecurrent, over 3 Moiras= 30 degrees from Bermuda to the 9 islands of the Azores. The threefeathers of the Wing appear to confirm the long sailing distance (Refs.6,7).The Tropic of Cancer is the holy line of the Sun religion. At midsummer day the Sun is thereat right angles above. The slow northerly movement of the Sun turns into a southerly move-ment. So, one believes in the Egyptian SunGod Ra. This latitude line crosses the River Nile at23°N, as shown by the 2 tips of the Tail and the 3 feathers of the Wing (20+3= 23). It is thecenter of the Southern Egyptian Empire, but also the center of the Sun religion. King Sahureas well as king Nefererkare were the substitutes of this SunGod (Refs.4-9). In the Egyptiantradition these kings were represented by parts of an animal, by the split Tail of a Serpent, andby the Wing of a Swan, respectively.
Fig.1 The Swan Stone tells the story of the discovery of the sailing routes across the Atlanticin the Fifth Dynasty and the Comet Catastrophe after it, when more than half of the world po-pulation perished. (First Millennium BC, Burrows Cave, near Olney, Illinois) (Refs.1-3)Comet CatastropheWhen studying the Swan Stone a special feature of the petroglyph becomes apparent. TheWing on top is much larger than the split Tail at the bottom. This is surprisingly, because thetwo southern Crossings discovered by Sahure are much more important than the NorthernCrossing discovered by Nefererkare. So, it appears the Stone is telling an additional story. Thecircle in the center is the planet Earth, and the serpent now appears to represent a Comet (orComet Swarm) (Refs.10-20).The lower half of the wing shows what appears to be three additional feathers. These empha-size the central feather on top of the glyph, representing the south cape of Greenland. In anti-quity, the island of Greenland symbolized the Head of a Comet, with the North Atlantic Oce-an below it as its Tail. Like the Head of a Comet Greenland consists of stone and ice, and likethe Tail of a Comet the Ocean contains an awful lot of water. The 3+3= 6 feathers confirm the
latitude of the south cape of Greenland, at 60°N. It shows this Comet Catastrophe happened inthe Sixth Dynasty. It occurred because of a cosmic collision of the planet Earth with the Tailof a Comet (Refs.21-26).The circle in the center of the serpent now symbolizes the Moon, and the three feathers on topare the 30 days of the month. The split Tail shows the planet Earth was inside the Tail of thisComet for 2 Months, or 2x30= 60 days. The latitude of the south cape as well as the 3+3= 6feathers of the wing confirm it. The falling rocks caused hugh forest fires, and the melting iceof the Comet caused torential rains. There were hugh floodings everywhere. It was completelydark on Earth. This time period was probably the worst.After these two months the Earth left the Tail of the Comet. However, the three feathers onthe lower half of the wing also symbolize the 30 days of the month. The whole climate onEarth was completely disrupted. The split Tail shows the planet Earth was outside the Tail ofthe Comet for another 2 Months, or 2x30= 60 days. The latitude of the south cape as well asthe 3+3= 6 feathers of the wing confirm it. The torrential rains continued, but it also becamebitterly cold. So, these rains were changing in ferrocious snow and hail storms. The hughfloodings continued, and many people died from starvation.The serpent encircles the planet Earth. It shows it was a worldwide Disaster. The 2 tips of thetail and the 6 feathers of the wing encode a total number of 2.6 million casualties. The thirdfeather on the lower half of the wing has not fully been carved. The 2 tips of the tail and the 5remaining feathers correspond to 2+5= 7 units, encoding the 7 figures of this number. The 3feathers on top count for two (Fig.1). Together with the 6 feathers of the Stone these encodethe circumference of the planet Earth, 36 Moiras, or 360 degrees. It confirms it was a world-wide Disaster. The complementary latitude of 90-36= 54°N encodes the percentage of casual-ties, 54%. So, the world population before this Calamity was (100/54)x2.6= 4.8 million peo-ple. The number of survivors was 4.8-2.6= 2.2 million men. Many of them were seriously in-jured.The width of the serpent increases from 1 unit at the bottom, via 2 units around the Earth to 3units at the top (Fig.1). The total number of 1+2+3= 6 units confirm the Biblical Flood hap-pened in the Sixth Dynasty. The single unit at the bottom shows it happened during the reignof the 1st king Teti (c.2370-2338 BC). Tree-ring dating indicates it happened c.2344 BC. The2 units around the Earth confirm it was a two-stage event, having a total duration of 60+60=120 days. The three feathers on top point to the latitude line through the south cape of Green-land, at 60°N. It corresponds to the approximate periodicity of the Comet, c.600 years (a num-ber of 3 figures). The 2 tips of the tail and the 3 feathers of the wing indicate an average lati-tude of 2.5 degrees above the Nile Delta, at 30+2.5= 32.5°N (Poverty Point, NE Louisiana).The complementary latitude of 90-32.5= 57.5°N encodes the exact periodicity of 575 years.The two tips of the tail and the six feathers, or the six units, show, that the total precipitationduring the Flood was about 20+60= 80 micromoiras= 8x1.1= 9 meters of water. The BiblicalFlood had a profound influence on the climate on Earth. The Wing of the Swan points toGreenland, indicating a much colder climate. The three feathers on top (and below them) il-lustrate that this colder and dryer time period lasted for three centuries, from c.2344 BC till c.2000 BC, which is at the start of the Twelfth Dynasty (Middle Kingdom). People used fea-thers of birds in their coats for protection against these colder conditions (Refs.10-26).
DiscussionThe 5th king Menkaure (Mycerinos) of the Fourth Dynasty discovered America via the Be-ring Sea. The American archaeologist G.A. Reisner of the Harvard Museum of Fine Arts wasthe leader of the excavation of his Pyramid in Gizeh (near Cairo), between 1906 and 1910. Itmight be considered as the first small pyramid of this Dynasty, a tradition which was conti-nued after him ever since. The slope of its four sides equals 51 degrees, encoding the latitudeof the southern Aleutian islands, at 51°N. King Menkaure is famous for his many beautifulstatues. The name of the land of “Korea” might be derived from this king. It is possible, thatthe name of the town of “Mycenae” and the “Mycenaean culture” (1450-1150 BC) are calledafter his Greec name. His temple was completely rebuilt in the Sixth Dynasty after a “floo-ding” (obviously caused by the Comet Catastrophe). (Ref.32)The 2nd king Sahure of the Fifth Dynasty discovered the two southern crossings of the NorthAtlantic Ocean. His Pyramid is the first one located in Abusir (“Home of the god Osiris”), atthe NW side of the Lake, which is just south of Gizeh. The 200-meter long procession roadfrom the valley temple to his Pyramid is oriented due west. The groundplan of the pyramidtemple is called the conceptual start of all other temples of the Old Kingdom. The walls of thecomplex were covered with reliefs having a surface area of c.10,000 square meters. These be-long to the oldest of their kind. Behind an open space is a passage at right angles for the inte-rior part of the temple. On the eastern wall are reliefs about sea voyages, one of the earliest a-bout this subject. In the hart of the temple copper tubing is used for drainage puposes, proba-bly imported from the Lake Superior region (Refs.27-31). It is probable, that the Sahara desertis called after this king.Fig.2 King Sahure (at the right side) as god of the sea (the waves). He discovered the twosouthern crossings of the Atlantic. The sailing distances of 2 Moiras= 20 degrees over open
sea were the longest crossings ever accomplished. (Pyramid temple of Sahure in Abusir, nearCairo, c.2500 BC) (Ref.32)The 3rd king Nefererkare discovered the northern crossing of the Atlantic. His larger Pyramidwas built besides the one of his predecessor Sahure, but more to the west. The slope of its foursides was clearly steeper compared to the pyramid of Sahure. The 380-meter long processionroad from the valley temple to his Pyramid is oriented due west, again. The complex is espe-cially known for the Abusir papyri, which deal with the Pyramid of Nefererkare.The 9th and last king Unas of the Fifth Dynasty discovered the Return Route via the island ofBermuda to the Azores. His Pyramid is located in North Saqqara, a little southwest of Abusir.Its size is comparable with the one of Sahure, but the orientation of the 750-meter long, cur-ved procession road is completely different. Only a small portion of the reliefs are preserved,but these show sailing ships and people working on copper and gold (from America). South ofthe procession road are two 45-meter long boat pits. However, king Unas is especially famousfor the pyramid texts in his burial chamber, the oldest of their kind. It is highly probable, thatthese mysterious texts and the many stars on the ceilings refer to the Comet Catastrophe,which ended the Fifth Dynasty. These stars and pyramid texts were present in almost all pyra-mids of the next, Sixth Dynasty (c.2370-2189 BC), which was the last one of the Old King-dom.The Comet Catastrophe or Biblical Flood happened during the reign of the 1st king Teti of theSixth Dynasty. His Pyramid is located close to the one of his predecessor king Unas of theprevious, Fifth Dynasty. It is characteristic for the transition to the standard features of the py-ramid temples of the Sixth Dynasty. (However, the valley temple near the lake is lacking.)The walls of his burial chamber were decorated with pyramid texts, and there were stars onthe ceilings, again. His sarcophacus is the first one with pyramid texts, and also the roof of hischapel was decorated with stars. These all refer to the Comet Catastrophe, which killed morethan half of the Egyptian population, and seriously wounded almost all survivors. In manycultures on Earth the number “six” (of the Sixth Dynasty) means “death”. The name of king“Teti” lives on in words like “to test”, “testimony”, and “testament”. The slopes of all Pyra-mids of the Sixth Dynasty is 54 degrees, encoding the percentage of victims of the BiblicalFood, 54%. The complementary angle of 90-54= 36 degrees shows it was a worldwide Disas-ter, because the circumference of the Earth is 360 Moiras, or 360 degrees. However, king Tetialso wanted to remind his people to the glorious days of the Old Kingdom. Some square gra-nit columns in his pyramid complex resemble those of the Fourth Dynasty, and some altars inhis temple resemble those of Sahure, Nefererkare and Unas of the Fifth Dynasty. (Ref.32)References1. Jim Lesley, personal communication.2. MES Newsletter, Nov. 2010 & Feb. 2011, pg.153. Midwestern Epigraphic Society, Website: www.midwesternepigraphic.org4. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., How the Sungod Reached America, c.2500 BC, AGuide to Megalithic Sites, MCS Inc., 2002 (ISBN 0-917054-19-9). Available: MCS Inc., Box3392, Kirkland, Wa 98083, also on CD. Website: www.howthesungod.com5. De Jonge, R.M., Website: www.slideshare.net/rmdejonge6. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., “The Discovery of the Atlantic Islands”, Ancient A-merican, Vol.13, No.81, pgs.18-25 (2008).7. De Jonge, R.M., “The Discovery of Three Continents (Santo Stefano, North Sardinia, Italy, c.2300 BC)”, Ancient American, Vol.12, No.76, pgs.28-29 (2007), Ref.5.
8. De Jonge, R.M., “The Mystic Symbol, mark of the Michigan Mound Builders”, Ref.5, to bepublished.9. Wakefield, J.S., and De Jonge, R.M., Rocks & Rows, Sailing Routes across the Atlanticand the Copper Trade, MCS Inc, 2010 (ISBN 0-917054-20-2). Available: MCS Inc, Box3392, Kirkland, Wa USA 98033. Website: www.rocksandrows.com10. De Jonge, R.M., “The Comet Catastrophe of c.2345 BC”, (seven articles),Webpage: http://www.barry.warmkessel.com/dejonge.html11. Peiser, B.J., Palmer, T., Bailey, M.E., Natural Catastrophes during Bronze Age Civilizati-ons, BAR International Series 728, Oxford, 1998 (ISBN 0-86054-916-X).12. Baillie, M.G.L., “Hints that Cometary Debris played some Role in several Tree-Ring Da-ted Environmental Downturns in the Bronze Age”, Ref.11, pgs.109-117.13. Peiser, B.J., “Evidence for a Global Disaster in the Late 3rd Millennium BC”, Ref.11, pgs.117-140.14. Courty, M.-A., “The Soil Record of an Exceptional Event at 4000 BP in the Middle East”,Ref.11, pgs.93-109.15. Clube, S.V.M., and Napier, W.M., The Cosmic Serpent, Faber and Faber, London, 1982.16. Clube, S.V.M., and Napier, W.M., The Cosmic Winter, Blackwell, Oxford, 1990.17. Joseph, F., Survivors of Atlantis, Their Impact on World Culture, Bear & Co., Vermont2004 (ISBN 1-59143-0-040-2).18. Baillie, M., Exodus to Arthur, Catastrophic Encounters with Comets, BT Batsford Ltd.,London, 1999 (ISBN 0-7134-8681-3).19. Grondine, E.P., Man and Impact in the Americas, Kempton, Illinois (2005) (ISBN0-9776-152-0-0).20. Palmer, T., “Catastrophes, the Deluvial Evidence”,Website: http://abob.libs.uga.edu/bobk/ccc/ce102899.html21. De Jonge, R.M., “Discovery of America and the Flood (c.2300 BC, Ita Letra, Villarrica,Paraguay)”, Ref.5, to be published.22. De Jonge, R.M., “The Discovery of Australia and the Flood (The Rainbow Serpent Shel-ter, Mt. Borradaile, Arnhem Land)”, Ref.5, to be published.23. De Jonge, R.M., “The Brandenburg Stone, Comet Catastrophe of 536/540 AD” (560 AD,Battletown, Meade County, Kentucky), Ref.5, to be published.24. De Jonge, R.M., “The Myths of Monks Mound (Cahokia, Illinois, 650-1400 AD)”, Ref.5,to be published.25. De Jonge, R.M., “Four Ancient Stories (Poverty Point, NE Louisiana, c.700 BC)”, Ref.5,to be published.26. De Jonge, R.M., “The Ikom Monoliths and the Flood (1200 BC-200 AD, Cross River Sta-te, Nigeria)”, Ref.5, to be published.27. Rydholm, C.F., Michigan Copper, The Untold Story, Winter Cabin Books, Marquette,2006 (ISBN 0-9744679-2-8).28. De Jonge, R.M., “Petroglyph of a Sailing Boat (Copper Harbor, Upper Michigan, c.1640BC)”, Ref.5, to be published.29. De Jonge, R.M., “Copper Trade with the Old World (Poverty Point, NE Louisiana)”,Ref.5, to be published.30. De Jonge, R.M., “The Battersea Shield (River Thames, London, c.190 BC)”, Ref.5, to bepublished.31. De Jonge, R.M., The Phaistos Disc Decoded, New Testimony of a Lost Civilization, Mid-western Epigraphic Journal, Vol.20, 111-115 (2006), and Vol.21, 74-80 (2007), to be publish-ed.32. Wilkinson, R.H., Tempels van het Oude Egypte, Bosch & Keuning, Baarn (2001) (ISBN90-246-0608-x)