The big dot inside this lozenge represents the southern island of Roti, Indonesia, one degree a-
bove Cape York, at 12-1= 11°S. It shows, that he also discovered the western crossing to Aus-
tralia. The small diamond has four sides, corresponding to the latitude line at 40°S, and the
complementary latitude line at 90-40= 50°S. These latitudes encode the sailing direction from
Roti of 50° SE, and the sailing distance of 0.4 Moiras, or 4°, to the Kimberley District of Aus-
tralia. The three diamonds confirm the thirty years of reign of king Djoser.
The pot has four groups of diamonds, twice encoding the Fourth Dynasty. The whole pot has
a total of 40 symbols, confirming it. The large, outer diamonds each have four sides, corres-
ponding to the southern Aleutian Islands, at the complementary latitude of 90-40= 50°N. (The
big dot inside provides the exact latitude, at 50+1= 51°N.) It also encodes the fifth king. The
fifth king Menkaure (Mycerinos, c.2580-2562 BC) of the Fourth Dynasty discovered the con-
tinents of North and South America. The two larger diamonds in each group represent these
large continents. The pot has four large, outer diamonds, each with four sides. So, on the re-
turn route he also discovered the crossing of the Bering Strait, 4x4= 16° to the north, at 50+
16= 66°N (Refs.2,6).
The three concentric diamonds provide the sailing direction of the Southern Crossing of the
Atlantic Ocean, from the Cape Verde Islands, at 16°N, with the wind and the current, 30°
SSW. The 50th latitude line, just mentioned, encodes the point of arrival, Cape São Roque
(the Holy Rock), Brazil, at 5°S, but also the Fifth Dynasty. The two large diamonds in each
group give the sailing distance, 2 Moiras= 20°, but also the second king. The second king of
the Fifth Dynasty, Sahura (c.2510-2498 BC), discovered the Southern Crossing (Refs.8-10).
The West Azores are located at the complementary latitude of the southern Aleutian Islands,
at 90-51= 39°N. The two large diamonds in each group represent the two islands of the West
Azores. They have 2x4= 8 sides, corresponding to Cape Race, Newfoundland, at 39+8= 47
°N. These two large squares provide the (initial) sailing direction from Cape Race to the West
Azores, 20°ESE, and the sailing distance, 2 Moiras= 20°, but also indicate the second king.
Sahura also discovered this important return route, with the wind and the current, to the Old
World.- The two large squares symbolize the discovery of these two Crossings by this second
king. The group of three diamonds has a total of 3x4= 12 sides, confirming his twelve years
of reign (Refs.4,5,11-13).
The three diamonds, or the three V’s, correspond with the Northern Crossing of the Ocean,
from the Shetland Islands, via the south cape of Greenland, to Cape Chidley, Canada, all three
situated at the complementary latitude of the Nile Delta, at 90-30= 60°N. Each of the V’s re-
sembles the coast of South Greenland. One crossed from the Shetland Islands to the Faeroes,
then to Iceland, then to Cape Holm, Greenland, and finally from West Greenland to Baffin Is-
land. The four sides of each diamond represent these four sailing distances, each of them a-
bout ½ Moira= 5°. The three diamonds, or the three V’s, represent the next, third king. So, the
third king of the Fifth Dynasty, Nefererkare (c.2498-2478 BC), discovered the Northern Cros-
sing. The third, large V-sign symbolizes the discovery of this third Crossing by the third king.
The two other V’s confirm his twenty years of reign (Refs.14,34-36).
The two groups of similar V-signs encode the island of Bermuda, two degrees above the Nile
Delta, at 30+2= 32°N. Together with the diamonds these three groups correspond to the three
island groups of the Azores. The nine symbols of these groups correspond to the nine islands
of this archipellago. So, the return route via Bermuda to the Azores was discovered by the
ninth and last king Unas (c.2403-2370 BC) of the Fifth Dynasty (Refs.2,4).
The three diamonds encode the long sailing distance from Bermuda to the Azores, with the
wind and the current, 3 Moiras= 30°. They also indicate the islands of Madeira, three degrees
above the Nile Delta, at 30+3= 33°N. It is the latitude of Poverty Point! These islands are im-
portant for the return route. Their latitude confirms the 33 years of reign of king Unas.- This
whole story is affirmed in a dozen megalithic monuments in Europe. Bermuda is located 18°
below the 50th latitude line, at 50-18= 32°N. It confirms the eighteen years of reign of king
Menkaure (Mycerinos), who discovered America. Half of the pot contains two clusters with
together 9+9= 18 symbols, confirming it, again.
This Flood happened because of a cosmic collision of the planet Earth with the tail of a Comet
(or Comet Swarm). The Comet resembled one of the V-signs. There are three V-signs, corres-
ponding with the 30 days of a month. The two groups of similar V-signs indicate the duration
of the Earth inside the tail of the Comet of 2 months. They contain together six signs, enco-
ding 60 days. The upper group of V-signs consists of 3x2= 6 lines, confirming the 60 days.
Because of falling rocks there were hugh forest-fires, and because of melting ice there were
torrential rains, and hugh floodings everywhere (Refs.15-24).
The whole climate was completely disrupted. The two groups of similar V-signs also indicate
the duration of a second time period of 2 months. They contain together six signs, encoding
another 60 days.The lower group of inverted V-signs consists of 3x2= 6 lines, confirming the-
se additional 60 days. The torrential rains and floodings continued, and it became bitterly
cold. Slowly the terrible rainfall changed into snow and hail storms. The pot has four groups
of three V-signs, confirming the total duration of the Catastrophe of four months. The four
groups of inverted V-signs confirm it. It was a worldwide Disaster.
The two groups of similar V-signs contain together 6 symbols. Together with the big dot these
form 7 symbols. The pot has four groups of diamonds and eight groups of similar V-signs, en-
coding a world population before the Flood of 4.8 million men (4,800,000, a number of seven
figures). The two groups with a total of six similar V-signs indicate 2.6 million casualties (54-
%). The two groups of similar V-signs, and the two lines of each V-sign, confirm the 4.8-2.6=
2.2 million survivors. Most of these people were seriously injured (Refs.25,36).
The large diamond with the dot inside symbolizes the 4+1= 5th Dynasty, which was ended
because of the Flood. Together with the loop at the rim it represents the 6th Dynasty, when
the Catastrophe happened. The whole cluster contains 25 units. Together with the loop it
forms 26 units, confirming the 2.6 million casualties. The pot has four clusters, confirming
this number of victims four times.
The pot has two series with a total of 2x4= 8 groups of similar V-signs, corresponding to a to-
tal precipitation of about 80 micromoiras= 8.8 meters of water (a number of two figures, 1
moira= 1 degree of latitude= 111km). The two groups of similar V-signs have together 2x3= 6
symbols, which show the Flood happened in the Sixth Dynasty. The upper group of V-signs
consists of 3x2= 6 lines, confirming it. The central dot encodes the first king Teti
(c.2370-2338 BC). The worldwide Comet Catastrophe in c.2344 BC happened during his
reign (tree-ring dating). It ended all ancient civilizations on Earth, including the Old Kingdom
Fig.1 The decoration of this ceramic pot appears to tell the stories of four important events in
World History (near Poverty Point, NE Louisiana, c.700 BC, Ref.1).
The pot has three different groups of signs, encoding the Mississippi Delta, at 30°N. Each of
the groups has three similar signs, three times referring to Poverty Point, northeast Louisiana,
at 30+3= 33°N. In its surroundings the pot was found. Both areas were important for the cop-
per trade with the Old World. The three groups also correspond to the three island groups of
the Azores in the middle of the Ocean. Together they contain 3x3= 9 symbols, encoding the
nine islands of the Azores, as well as the latitude of the West Azores, at 30+9= 39°N.
The nine symbols also refer to Isle Royale, Lake Superior, nine degrees above them, at 39+9=
48°N. They refer to the density of copper, too, 9 g/cm3 (nine times heavier than water). The
pot has four groups of diamonds, and eight groups of similar V-signs, confirming the impor-
tance of Isle Royale, at this latitude. The dot inside the diamonds refer to Keweenaw Penin-
sula, Upper Michigan, one degree lower, at 48-1= 47°N. Both areas possess the richest copper
mines on Earth (Refs.26-28).
Most of the copper was shipped via the Mississippi River to the south. The rest was transpor-
ted via the Saint Lawrence River to the east. As confirmed elsewhere (Refs.29), important la-
titudes indicate the relative quantities. The Mississippi Delta, at 30°N, shows that 3/5 (or
60%) of the copper was shipped along the Mississippi to the south. Half of the pot contains a
total of twenty symbols, and the mouth of the Saint Lawrence River (or Isle Royale) is located
about twenty degrees higher, at 30+20= c.50°N. It shows that 2/5 (or 40%) of the copper was
transported to the east.
The diamonds more or less resemble copper ingots. The pot has four groups of three ingots,
together 4x3= 12 ingots. The two groups of similar V-signs indicate these should be counted
twice, so 2x12= 24 ingots. In total there are eight groups of similar V-signs, encoding a total
export of 24 million copper ingots (a number of eight figures). The eight groups of similar V-
signs contain together 8x3= 24 symbols, confirming the 24 million copper ingots (a number
of eight figures). The three local groups contain together 6+6+12= 24 lines, confirming the
total export, again (Refs.29-35).
Copper ingots with masses varying from 10 to 30 kg have been found by archaeologists. So,
in order to calculate the export, we have to establish the mass of the Standard Ingot according
to this particular pot. The two larger ingots have together 4+4= 8 sides, or units. The smallest
ingot has a dot inside, corresponding to 4+1= 5 units. It shows, the Standard Ingot had a mass
of 80,000 carats (a number of five figures). For a long time past both noble metals, silver and
gold, were weighed in units of carats, corresponding with 0.20 gram. The carat is the constant
mass of a seed of the St. John’s bread or carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua). So, the mass of the Stan-
dard Ingot was 80x0.20= 16 kg (35 pounds) (Refs.29,32).
It means, that the overall export of copper across the Ocean appears to have been (24x16=)
c.384,000 tons (850 million pounds). It has been estimated by others in the field, that a total a-
mount of 250 to 500 thousand tons of copper had disappeared from the mining area. So, our
conclusion is that its destination can now be understood.
In the Old World bronze was made by alloying the copper with 10% tin. One cluster has a to-
tal of ten symbols, confirming this percentage. Tin was a very scarce metal. Although general-
ly unknown, a lot of it was imported from South America. Copper was found on Isle Royale,
eighteen degrees above the Mississippi Delta, at 30+18= 48°N. Tin was found near the pre-
sent town of Oruro, Bolivia, eighteen degrees below the equator, at 18°S. Half of the pot con-
tains 9+9= 18 symbols, confirming the latitude. However, the big dot represents the far more
important mining area just east of Lake of Poopó, near the present town of Potosi, Bolivia, at
18+1= 19°S. The tin trade finished with the other metals at the end of the 19th Dynasty (Refs.
The tin was transported (as ingots) along the coast to the north, and from the Pacific to the At-
lantic. The three different groups have a total of nine symbols, encoding the Isthmus of Pana-
ma, at 9°N, as well as the nine islands of the Azores. In the Bronze Age the overall export of
tin from the mentioned sites was 10% of the copper, or 2.4 million tin ingots. The two groups
of similar V-signs and the dot contain together seven symbols, confirming the seven figures
of this number. It corresponds with the density of tin, 7 g/cm3 (seven times heavier than
water). The total quantity equals c.38,400 tons (85 million pounds) of tin.
Silver and Gold
Silver was found together with tin. The three groups have a total of nine symbols, and the pot
has a total of eight groups of similar V-signs, encoding an overall export of 90 million carats
(90,000,000, a number of eight figures), or 90x0.20= 18 tons of silver. Most of the silver in
the Old World was imported from South America.
Gold was traded at the mouth of the Amazone River, at the level of the equator. The large dia-
mond and the dot inside contain together 4+1= 5 units, encoding a total export of 50 million
carats (50,000,000, a number of eight figures), or 50x0.20= 10 tons of gold. Half of the pot
contains two clusters with together 25+25= 50 units, confirming it. However, most of the gold
in the Old World was imported from Africa. All mentioned results, including the mass of the
Standard Ingot, could be compared with other sources, showing their reliability (Refs.29-32).
The large lozenge with the dot inside represents the 5th Dynasty, when the metal trade started.
There are four of these combinations on the pot, symbolizing the 4x5= 20th Dynasty, when this
trade was ended. The three lozenges with the dot inside possess a total of 3x4+1= 13 units, enco-
ding the 13 centuries of metal trade between North America and the Old World, from 2500 to
This Flood happened because of a cosmic collision of the planet Earth with the tail of a Comet
(or Comet Swarm). The Comet resembled one of the inverted V-signs. There are three inver-
ted V-signs, corresponding with the 30 days of a month. The eight groups of upper and lower
V-signs encode the duration of the Catastrophe of 80 days (a number of two figures). Because
of falling rocks there were hugh forest-fires, and because of melting ice there were torrential
rains, and hugh floodings everywhere (Refs.15,16,19-24). Half of the pot contains 9+9= 18
symbols, in agreement with the world population of 18 million men (a number of eight figu-
The local groups of inverted V-signs and diamonds consist together of 6+12= 18 lines, confir-
ming the world population before the Catastrophe of 18 million men. The group of inverted
V-signs consists of 6 lines, encoding 6 million casualties (33%). The upper and lower group
of V-signs contain together six similar symbols, confirming it. It is believed, that this number
includes the people who were killed in wars, because of the chaos that resulted from system
collapse (lack of government). The name of “Dardanus” means Third, because it was the
Flood, in which one third of the people died. The local group of diamonds contain together 12
lines, encoding the number of survivors of 12 million men. The whole pot contains 4x3= 12
groups of symbols, confirming it. A lot of these people were seriously wounded (Ref.33).
The large square with the dot inside contains 4+1= 5 units, corresponding with a total preci-
pitation of about 50 micromoiras= 5.5 meters of water. The pot has four of these combinati-
ons, encoding the 4x5= 20th Dynasty, when it happened. Half of the pot contains a total of 50
units and 20 symbols, confirming it. The large square, the dot, and the loop at the rim contain
together 5+1= 6 units, confirming the 6 million victims. The group of three squares encode
the third king Ramses IV (c.1163-1156 BC). The pot has a decoration of four times three dif-
ferent groups, in honor of this particular king. The Comet Catastrophe (c.1159 BC) happened
during his reign (tree-ring dating). It ended almost all ancient civilizations on Earth, including
the New Kingdom of Egypt.
Including the dot, the three groups of symbols consist of a total of 24+1= 25 units. For that
reason it appears, the pot dates from the 25th Dynasty (c.715-656 BC). The pot has eight
groups of similar V-signs. It is a coïncident, but the estimated world population during this
dynasty appears to be c.25 million men (a number of eight figures). Finally, it should be men-
tioned, that many data mentioned above are not only derived from this pot, but from a variety
of other sources in the world, as indicated.
1. Bonds, J. and Efird, J., Art of the Ancient Caddo, Grove Hill Publishing (2006).
2. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., How the Sungod Reached America, c.2500 BC, A
Guide to Megalithic Sites, MCS Inc., 2002 (ISBN 0-917054-19-9). Available: MCS Inc., Box
3392, Kirkland, Wa 98083, also on CD. Website: www.howthesungod.com
3. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., “The Discovery of the Atlantic Islands”, Ancient A-
merican, Vol.13, No.81, pgs.18-25 (2008).
4. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., “A Nautical Center for Crossing the Ocean, Ameri-
ca’s Stonehenge, New Hampshire, c.2200 BC”, Migration & Diffusion, Vol.4, No.15,
5. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., “The Three Rivers Petroglyph, A Guidepost for River
Travel in America, c.1500 BC”, Migration & Diffusion, Vol.3, No.12, pgs.74-100 (2002).
6. De Jonge, R.M., “The Discovery of Three Continents (Santo Stefano, North Sardinia, Ita-
ly, c. 2300 BC)”, Ancient American, Vol.12, No.76, pgs.28-29 (2007), Ref.34.
7. De Jonge, R.M., “Houghton’s Petroglyph (Copper Country, Michigan, 2500-1200 BC)”,
Ref.34, to be published.
8. Fell, B., America BC, Pocket Books, Simon & Schuster, 1994 (ISBN 0-671-67974-0).
9. Bailey, J., Sailing to Paradise, Simon & Schuster, 1994 (ISBN 0-684-81297-5).
10. Thompson, G., American Discovery, Misty Isles Press, Seattle, 1994 (ISBN
11. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., “The Embden Dragon Petroglyph, A Copper Tra-
ding Route of the Bronze Age (Kennebec River, Embden, Maine, c.1500 BC)”, Midwestern
Epigraphic Journal, Vol.18/9, pgs. 56-82, 2004-5 (ISSN 1932-5703).
12. Casson, L., Ships and Seafaring in Ancient Times, British Museum Press, 1994 (ISBN
13. Wachsmann, S., Seagoing Ships and Seamanship in the Bronze Age Levant, College Sta-
tion, Texas, 1998.
14. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., “Greenland, Bridge between the Old and New
World, c.2500 BC”, Ancient American, Vol.11, No.67, pgs.12-20 (2006).
15. Peiser, B.J., Palmer, T., Bailey, M.E., Natural Catastrophes during Bronze Age Civilizati-
ons, BAR International Series 728, Oxford, 1998 (ISBN 0-86054-916-X).
16. Baillie, M.G.L., “Hints that Cometary Debris played some Role in several Tree-Ring Da-
ted Environmental Downturns in the Bronze Age”, Ref.15, pgs.109-117.
17. Peiser, B.J., “Evidence for a Global Disaster in the Late 3rd Millennium BC”, Ref.15, pgs.
18. Courty, M.-A., “The Soil Record of an Exceptional Event at 4000 BP in the Middle East”,
19. Clube, S.V.M., and Napier, W.M., The Cosmic Serpent, Faber and Faber, London, 1982.
20. Clube, S.V.M., and Napier, W.M., The Cosmic Winter, Blackwell, Oxford, 1990.
21. Joseph, F., Survivors of Atlantis, Their Impact on World Culture, Bear & Co., Vermont
2004 (ISBN 1-59143-0-040-2).
22. Baillie, M., Exodus to Arthur, Catastrophic Encounters with Comets, BT Batsford Ltd.,
London, 1999 (ISBN 0-7134-8681-3).
23. Palmer, T., “Catastrophes, the Deluvial Evidence”,
24. Grondine, E.P., Man and Impact in the Americas, Kempton, Illinois (2005) (ISBN 0-9776
25. Jonge, R.M. de, “The Comet Catastrophe of c.2345 BC”,
26. Drier, R.W., and Du Temple, O.J., Prehistoric Copper Mining in the Lake Superior Regi-
on, A Collection of Reference Articles, published privately, 1961, and reprinted in 2005.
27. Rydholm, C.F., Michigan Copper, The Untold Story, Winter Cabin Books, Marquette,
2006 (ISBN 0-9744679-2-8).
28. Wakefield, J.S., and De Jonge, R.M., Rocks & Rows, Sailing Routes across the Atlantic
and the Copper Trade, MCS Inc, 2010 (ISBN 0-917054-20-2). Available: MCS Inc, Box
3392, Kirkland, Wa 98033.
29. De Jonge, R.M., “Copper Trade with the Old World (Poverty Point, NE Louisiana)”,
Ref.34, to be published.
30. De Jonge, R.M., “Petroglyph of a Sailing Boat (Copper Harbor, Upper Michigan, c.1640
BC)”, Ref.34, to be published.
31. De Jonge, R.M., The Phaistos Disc Decoded, New Testimony of a Lost Civilization, Mid-
western Epigraphic Journal, Vol.20, 111-115 (2006), and Vol.21, 74-80 (2007), to be published.
32. De Jonge, R.M., “The Battersea Shield (River Thames, London, c.190 BC)”, Ref.34, to be
33. De Jonge, R.M., “The Brandenburg Stone, Krakatau Catastrophe of 536 AD“ (560 AD,
Battletown, Meade County, Kentucky)”, to be published.
34. De Jonge, R.M., Website: www.slideshare.net/rmdejonge/
35. De Jonge, R.M., “The Mystic Symbol, mark of the Michigan Mound Builders”, Ref.34, to
36. De Jonge, R.M., “Discovery of America and the Flood, (c.2300 BC, Ita Letra, Villarrica,
Paraguay)”, Ref.34, to be published.