OLD COPPER CULTURE I, MN

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MEGALITHS OF ARROWHEAD REGION I
(Minnesota, c.1900 BC)

Dr. R.M. de Jonge ©, drsrmdejonge@hotmail.com

Summary
Big Cubes of stone in the Arrowhead Region of NE Minnesota tell the story of the Egyptian discovery of America during the Old Kingdom. America was discovered via the Bering Sea in the Fourth Dynasty. All the Atlantic Crossings were discovered in the Fifth Dynasty. Howe-ver, the huge Magnetic Rock (a Menhir), having a height of 9 meters, is a testimony of the worldwide Comet Catastrophe, which happened at the start of the Sixth Dynasty. More than half of the world population perished: 2.6 million men (54%). It lasted for 2+2= 4 months. The precipitation was 9 meters of water. The periodicity of the Comet appears to be 575 years. The Biblical Flood ended all ancient civilizations on Earth, including the Old Kingdom. – The megaliths date from the Twelfth Dynasty (Middle Kingdom).

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OLD COPPER CULTURE I, MN

  1. 1. MEGALITHS OF ARROWHEAD REGION I (Minnesota, c.1900 BC)Dr. R.M. de Jonge ©, drsrmdejonge@hotmail.comSummaryBig Cubes of stone in the Arrowhead Region of NE Minnesota tell the story of the Egyptiandiscovery of America during the Old Kingdom. America was discovered via the Bering Sea inthe Fourth Dynasty. All the Atlantic crossings were discovered in the Fifth Dynasty. Howe-ver, the huge Magnetic Rock (a Menhir), having a height of c.9 meters, is a testimony of theworldwide Comet Catastrophe, which happened at the start of the Sixth Dynasty. More thanhalf of the world population perished: 2.6 million men (54%). It lasted for 2+2= 4 months.The precipitation was 9 meters of water. The periodicity of the Comet appears to be 575years. The Biblical Flood ended all ancient civilizations on Earth, including the Old Kingdom.– The megaliths date from the Twelfth Dynasty (Middle Kingdom).IntroductionThe Arrowhead Region is located in the extreme northeastern part of Minnesota, just north ofLake Superior. In this remote area are some important lithic remains left behind by the ancientCopper Culture of Upper Michigan. In prehistoric times copper was mined on a large scale atKeweenaw Peninsula and on Isle Royale. The sailing distance from this island to the penin-sula of Grand Portage, MN, close to the Canadian border, is only 13 km.Two big Cubes of dressed stone are shown in Figs.1&2. These were discovered by Mr. KaseyJones and Mr. Charles Bruns of Duluth along the Gunflint Trail in 2012. Mr. Bruns identifiedthese as definitely man-made, and very old. The Cubes have edges of about 0.8 and 0.5 meter,respectively. They are situated at a latitude of 48°N. (Note, the worked stone plates at theright side of Fig.2.) (Refs.1,2)
  2. 2. Fig.1 A big Cube of dressed stone in the Arrowhead Region of NE Minnesota (c.1900 BC) (Courtesy Mr. Charles Bruns, Photo Kerri Jones, Ref.1). Fig.2 Another big Cube of stone in the neighborhood (Arrowhead Region, NE Minnesota, c.1900 BC) (Courtesy Mr. Charles Bruns, Photo Kerri Jones, Ref.1).DISCOVERY OF AMERICABoth Cubes resemble the huge blocks of stone which were used to build the enormous pyra-mids of ancient Egypt. Each Cube has a surface made up of six squares. These squares have ameaning. It appears, something important happened during the Fourth Dynasty of the OldKingdom, which lasted for six dynasties. The squares also refer to the 40th latitude line southof the Arrowhead Region. In the Old World latitudes were already used 4800 BC. This lineruns from coast to coast, all across the continent of North America.Each Cube has many squares on its surface. It means, America was discovered in the FourthDynasty of Egypt. The Cubes are laying on the ground. Each Cube has four squares at the si-de, which appears to confirm it. It emphasizes the importance of the 40th latitude line. Thesouthern Aleutian islands, at the south side of the Bering Sea, are located at the complemen-tary latitude of 90-40= 50°N. In antiquity the use of complementary latitudes was very com-mon.It means, America was discovered by the 5th king Menkaure (Mycerinos, c.2580-2562 BC) ofthe Fourth Dynasty via this Route. The distance from coast to coast across North America, at40°N, equals 5 Egyptian Moiras, or 50°, when measured along the equator. It confirms the 5thking Menkaure discovered America via the southern Aleutian islands, at 50°N. Each Cube hasfour square at the side and one at the top, together five squares, confirming it, again.The holy Arctic Circle is located at 67°N. It is the northernmost line the Sun still shines atmidwinter day (Sun religion). Each Cube is a monument by itself. It shows king Menkaure re-turned via the Bering Strait, 1° below the Arctic Circle, at 67-1= 66°N. So, he also discoveredthis Northern Crossing, 66-50= 16° higher! (Refs.3-11)
  3. 3. Atlantic OceanThe square is the symbol of North America, because this continent was discovered in theFourth Dynasty. However, it is also the symbol of the North Atlantic Ocean, because its sizewas already known during this Dynasty.The Southern Crossing starts at the Cape Verde Islands, offshore West Africa, at 16°N (see a-bove). The Nile Delta of Egypt, at 30°N, provides its sailing direction of 30° SSW. The 50thlatitude line, just mentioned, illustrates the point of arrival at Cape São Roque (the HolyRock), Brazil, at 5°S. It shows this Crossing, with the wind and the current, was discovered inthe Fifth Dynasty. Its length of c.2 Moiras, or 20°, encodes the 2nd king Sahure (c.2510-2498BC) as the discoverer of the Southern Crossing.King Sahure had to return with his sailing ships to the Old World. The Cube has one hiddensquare on the ground, encoding the start of the Return Route at the East Cape of North Ame-rica, which is Cape Race, Newfoundland, 1° below the site, at 48-1= 47°N. The initial sailingdirection is 20° ESE. It confirms the Route was discovered by the 2nd king Sahure. He sailed,with the wind and the current, over 2 Moiras, or 20°, to the two islands of the West Azores, inthe middle of the Ocean. The Azores were already discovered c.3600 BC. So, the 2nd kingSahure discovered the two southern crossings of the Ocean.GreenlandThe Northern Crossing of the Ocean runs via three land points: the Shetland Islands, CapeFarvel, Greenland, and Cape Chidley, Canada. It is located at the complementary latitude ofthe Nile Delta, at 90-30= 60°N. The Delta itself is located at 30°N. So, the 3rd king Neferer-kare (c.2498-2478 BC) of the Fifth Dynasty discovered the Northern Crossing. It was the thirddiscovered Crossing of the Ocean.BermudaThe holy Tropic of Cancer is located at 23°N. At midsummer day the Sun is there at rightangles above. The slow northerly movement of the Sun turns into a southerly movement. So,people believe in the Egyptian SunGod Ra! Far in the east it crosses the River Nile at the sa-me latitude. It was the center of the Southern Egyptian Empire, but also the center of the Sunreligion!The squares indicate there were not three, but four Crossings of the Atlantic. The last discove-red Crossing starts at Abaco Island, Northern Bahama’s, 4° above the Tropic of Cancer, at23+4= 27°N. The Return Route runs via the island of Bermuda, 5° above it, at 27+5= 32°N. Itshows the Route was discovered in the Fifth Dynasty. The 2nd king Sahure (c.2510-2498 BC)reigned for 12 years, so the sailing distance to Bermuda, 2° above the Nile Delta, at 30+2=32°N, equals 12 moiras, or 12°.The Return Route runs via Bermuda to the nine islands of the Azores. It indicates the latitudeof Bermuda, 9° above the Tropic of Cancer, at 23+9= 32°N. The island was discovered by the9th and last king Unas (c.2403-2370 BC) of the Fifth Dynasty. The sailing distance from Ber-muda to the three island groups of the Azores (East, Central and West Azores) equals 3 Moi-ras, or 30°. (Refs.12-18)DateEach square of the Cubes has four equal sides and four equal angles. These refer twice to theStrait of Gibraltar, the entry of the Mediterranean Sea, 4° below the 40th latitude line, at
  4. 4. 40-4= 36°N. It shows people circumnavigated the planet Earth, having a circumference of 36°Moiras, or 360°. Each square has four angles of 90°, together 4x90= 360°, confirming it.Both Cubes are located at 48°N. This latitude is 48-36= 12° above Gibraltar, encoding theTwelfth Dynasty of Egypt. Each Cube has 12 edges, confirming it. The site in the ArrowheadRegion is located 12 Moiras, or 120° west of the Nile Delta, when measured along the equa-tor. This confirms the site dates from the Twelfth Dynasty. The last crossing to the NewWorld was discovered at the 60th latitude line from the Shetland Islands to Cape Chidley, Ca-nada. The site is located 60-48= 12° below this line, confirming this Dynasty, again.The site of the Cubes is located 48-30= 18° above the Mississippi Delta, at 30°N. It refers tothe south point of the Gulf of Campeche, Mexico. It is the center of the Land of Punt, the Re-alm of the Dead in the west, at 18°N. The latitude corresponds to half the circumference ofthe planet Earth, 18 Moiras, or 180°. It is the location of the start of the Olmec civilization.Both Delta’s of the Nile and Mississippi Rivers are located 30-18= 12° above the south pointof the Gulf of Campeche, confirming the date of the Cubes in the Twelfth Dynasty. Fig.3 Magnetic Rock tells the story of the Biblical Flood, which was caused by a Comet Catastrophe. It is the one of the biggest menhirs in the world. (west of Magnetic Lake, Canadian border, MN) (Twelfth Dynasty, c.1900 BC) (Courtesy Mr. Charles Bruns, Ref.1)
  5. 5. MAGNETIC ROCKThis huge Menhir (Figs.3&4) is located in the Arrowhead Region of northeast Minnesota,clo-se to the Canadian border. At the western end of Gunflint Lake, a bit north, is MagneticLake. The Menhir (Standing Stone) is on the nearest hill top west of it, c.60 km NW of thetown of Grand Marais on Lake Superior.The Laurentian Menhir, as he calls it, was discovered by Mr. Charles Bruns (shown in Fig.3)of Duluth, MN, in 2011. Mr. Bruns (1949) is a Socio-Anthropologist, graduated from the Uni-versity of Wisconsin-Superior in 1976. He identified the Rock as man-made, so a Menhir!According to Mr. Bruns it sits on the Laurentian Divide, which explains its name. South of itare the flowages of the Mississippi River and Lake Superior.Magnetic Rock is located at a latitude of 48°N, and a longitude of 91°W. It is situated on ahill top, at an altitude of c.600 m above sea level. It has a height of c.9 meters, and at the basea width of c.4.4 m and a thickness of c.2.2 m. The Rock is a kind of hematite, a local ore ha-ving a high iron content. It turns out to be one of the biggest menhirs in the world!Biblical FloodThe Menhir is oriented north-south, as suggested by the small shadow in Fig.3, down at theright side. So, the front side (Fig.3) faces east, and the back side (Fig.4) faces west.The front side of the Menhir (Fig.3) strongly resembles a stylized coast map of the island ofGreenland, seen from the North Pole. So, the left side corresponds with its East Coast, theright side follows the West Coast, and the top shows South Greenland. The left edge of thetop symbolizes the long SE Coast of Greenland, and the right edge represents the short SWCoast. To emphasize this meaning the profile has been repeated lower on the Stone three ti-mes.The Biblical Flood was caused by a Comet Catastrophe. In antiquity the Head of a Comet wassymbolized by the island of Greenland, consisting of ice and stones. The Tail of a Comet wassymbolized by the North Atlantic Ocean below it, which contains a huge amount of water.The top of the back side of the Menhir (Fig.4) shows a huge image of the Head of the Comet.It more or less resembles the southern half of Greenland, seen from the south (mirror image),which confirms the statement just made. The rest of the back side below it represents the hugeTail of the Comet, which caused the Flood. It was like the North Atlantic Ocean!The top of the image at the back side also represents the two coasts of South Greenland. The-se two coasts are repeated as a huge carving (in white colour) lower on the Stone, now seenfrom the east.Sixth DynastyCape Farvel is the important South Cape of Greenland. It is located at 60°N. It illustrates theComet Catastrophe happened at the start of the Sixth Dynasty. It is shown four times on thefront side (Fig.3), and three times on the back side (Fig.4), which includes twice the top of theStone.Slightly west of Cape Farvel is the SW Cape of Greenland, at 60+1= 61°N. It illustrates theBiblical Flood happened during the reign of the 1st king Tety (c.2370-2338 BC) of this Dy-
  6. 6. nasty. This is correct, because it happened c.2344 BC (tree ring dating). The SW Cape isshown at the right side above on the front side (Fig.3), at the profile below it, and especially atthe lowest profile as a prominent tip. On the back side (Fig.4) this Cape is shown at the rightside below on the (mirror) image.The latitude line of the Menhir crosses the Red River of the North 6° west of the site, confir-ming the Sixth Dynasty. It leaves the west coast of Lake Superior 1° in the east, encoding the1st king Teti. The meridian, or north-south line, hits the south coast of the Lake 1° below thesite, confirming it. The island of Bermuda, at 32°N, confirms the 32 years of reign of king Te-ti. (Refs.19-27)DurationSouth Greenland has an east and a west coast. It is shown on the front side (Fig.3) by the twohighest profiles, but also by the two lower ones. It is confirmed on the back side (Fig.4) threetimes. It means the Disaster was a two stage event. – The whole island has an east and a westcoast, confirming it. It is shown twice on the front side, and once at the back side.The Nile Delta is located at 30°N, encoding the 30 days of the month. So, the duration is ex-pressed in days, but maybe also in months. Cape Farvel is located at the complementary lati-tude of 90-30= 60°N. So, the first time period lasted for 60 days, or two months, when theEarth was inside the Tail of the Comet (or Comet Swarm). The two coasts of South Greenlandconfirm it.The falling stones were causing horrible forest-fires, and the melting ice resulted in torrentialrains and worldwide floodings. It was completely dark on Earth. - The second time period al-so lasted 60 days, or two months, when the Earth was outside the Tail of the Comet, again. -The climate was completely disrupted. The terrible rains continued, but it also became extre-mely cold. So, the rains changed into ferrocious snow and hail storms.The meridian of the Menhir hits the coast of the Gulf of Campeche, Mexico, at 20°N, confir-ming the two stage event of the Calamity. The latitude line of the site leaves the east coast ofIsle Royale in Lake Superior, 2° to the east, confirming it. It also confirms twice the durationof each stage, 2 months.Cape Cod is located at the complementary latitude of 90-48= 42°N. It is located 48-42= 6°below the site, confirming the 60 days duration of the first stage. The Strait of Gibraltar, at36°N, is located 42-36= 6° below Cape Cod, confirming the 60 days of the second stage. It al-so confirms twice the Sixth Dynasty, when the Calamity happened. Gibralter, at 36°N, refersto the circumference of the planet Earth, 36 Moiras, or 360°. It shows it was a worldwideCatastrophe!The latitude line of the Menhir crosses Lake Sakakawea, North Dakota, 12° to the west, con-firming the total duration of the Flood, 120 days. Cape Farvel, the south cape of Greenland, islocated 12° above the Laurentian Menhir, confirming it. The “complementary latitude” of Ca-pe Farvel on the Northern Hemisphere equals 180-60= 120°N, confirming it, as well.Belle Isle, at the northern entrance of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, at 52°N, is located 52-48=4° above the site, confirming the total duration of the Catastrophe, 2+2= 4 months. Sable Is-land, offshore Nova Scotia, is located 48-44= 4° below the site, confirming it.
  7. 7. The width at the base of the Menhir (4.4 m) equals twice its thickness (2.2 m). It confirms thetwo stage event, as well as the two months duration of each stage. The height of the Menhir(c.9 m) equals four times its thickness (2.2 m), confirming the total duration of 4 month. Thefour profiles on the front side (Fig.3) confirm it.CasualtiesMagnetic Rock (Laurentian Menhir) is located at the same latitude as the East Cape of New-foundland (and North America), at 48°N. It encodes the world population before the CometCatastrophe: 4.8 million men. The meridian of the Menhir leaves the coast of Boothia Penin-sula, at 70°N, corresponding with the 7 figures of this number. The two coasts of SouthGreenland, and of Greenland as a whole, show about half of the world population perished.The “relative latitude” of the East Cape encodes the exact number of victims: (48/90)x4.8 =2.6 million men (54%). So, there were 4.8-2.6= 2.2 million survivors. Most of them were se-riously injured.The meridian of the Menhir leaves the north coast of Somerset Island 74-48= 26° above itsposition, confirming the 2.6 million casualties. It leaves the north coast of Boothia Peninsula,70-48= 22° above its location, confirming the 2.2 million survivors. The 4° difference in lati-tude confirms the total duration of the Disaster, 4 months.Cape Catoche, the NE Cape of Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico, and the SE Cape of Cuba are lo-cated at 22°N, encoding the 2.2 million survivors. The Menhir is located 48-22= 26° abovethese capes, confirming the 2.6 million casualties. The south cape of Panama is situated at7°N, affirming the 7 figures of these numbers.The island of Bimini offshore Florida is located at 26°N. It confirms the number of casualties:2.6 million men. The 40th latitude line encodes the Egyptian discovery of America in theFourth Dynasty. It confirms the 4 months duration of the Disaster. The meridian of the sitehits the south coast of Lake Superior 47-40= 7° higher, confirming the 7 figures of this num-ber. Bimini is located 48-26= 22° below the East Cape of North America, corresponding tothe 2.2 million survivors.The Central Azores in the middle of the Ocean are situated at 38°N. These are located 60-38=22° below Cape Farvel, the South Cape of Greenland, confirming the 2.2 million survivors.These consist of five islands, referring to the Fifth Dynasty which was ended because of theFlood. These islands are located 38-12= 26° above Cape Gallinas, the North Cape of South A-merica, confirming the 2.6 million casualties (54%). Cape Gallinas, at 12°N, confirms the to-tal duration of the Disaster: 120 days.The Strait of Gibraltar is located at 36°N. It is the exit of the Mediterranean, which leads tothe North Atlantic Ocean. This Ocean is symbolic for the Tail of the Comet. NW Ireland is lo-cated at the complementary latitude of 90-36= 54°N. It encodes the percentage of victims,54%. NW Ireland is situated 60-54= 6° below Cape Farvel, encoding the Sixth Dynasty, whenthe Calamity occurred. It also corresponds to the 60 days of each of both stages of the event.PrecipitationThe 40th latitude line is the most important one of North America, because it is symbolic forthe Fourth Dynasty when the continent was discovered. Both the Laurentian Menhir and theEast Cape of North America are located 48-40= 8° above this line, encoding the total precipi-
  8. 8. tation during the Flood of about 80 micromoiras= 80x0.11= 8.8, or 9 meters of water. It e-quals the height of Magnetic Rock!The north cape of Panama is located at 10°N. The complementary latitude of 90-10= 80°Nconfirms this precipitation. West Cuba and the Yucatan Peninsula are located 30-22= 8° be-low the Mississippi Delta, confirming it, too. The island of Bermuda is located 40-32= 8° be-low the 40th latitude line, confirming it. The Central Azores are located 38-30= 8° above theNile Delta, confirming it, again.The total precipitation during the Biblical Flood was 9 meters of water on the entire surface ofthe planet Earth (c.2344 BC). It corresponds to an ice ball with a volume of 5.106 km3, havinga diameter of 200 km (or 130 miles). The content of this dirty ice ball, with stones, ended allancient civilizations on Earth, including the Old Kingdom of Egypt.The Biblical Flood had a profound influence on the climate on Earth. The three island groupsof the Azores illustrate this colder and dryer time period lasted for three centuries, fromc.-2344 BC till c.2000 BC, which is at the start of the Twelfth Dynasty (Middle Kingdom).PeriodicityCape Farvel, the south cape of Greenland, is located at 60°N. It also encodes the approximateperiodicity of the Comet which caused the Biblical Flood, c.600 years. The Nile Delta, at thecomplementary latitude of 90-60= 30°N, confirms the 3 figures of this number. The three is-land groups of the Azores confirm it, too. The Magnetic Rock is located 48-23= 25° above theholy Tropic of Cancer, at 23°N. It might correct the approximate periodicity to its exact valueof 600-25= 575 years.The meridian of the Menhir leaves the south coast of Hudson Bay at Cape Tatnam, at 57°N. Itsuggests a periodicity of 570 years, which is rather accurate. It crosses the Big Black River inthe south close to its confluence with the Mississippi River, at 32°N. The complementary lati-tude of 90-32= 58°N suggests a periodicity of 580 years. The average value of 575 yearsappears to be the correct periodicity.DateMagnetic Rock (Laurentian Menhir) is located 48-36= 12° above the Strait of Gibraltar. Itsuggests the menhir was erected in the Twelfth Dynasty (Middle Kingdom). The site is loca-ted 12 Moiras, or 120°, west of the Nile Delta, when measured along the equator, confirmingit. It is located 60-48= 12° below Cape Farvel, confirming it, again.The Menhir is located 48-30= 18° above the Mississippi Delta, referring to the south point ofthe Gulf of Campeche, Mexico. It is the center of the Land of Punt, the Realm of the Dead inthe west, at 18°N. It is the location of the start of the Olmec civilization. The Mississippi Del-ta is located 30-18= 12° above this ancient center, confirming a date in the Twelfth Dynasty.(Refs.28-41)
  9. 9. Fig.4 The back side of Magnetic Rock. The image of the Head of the Comet is shown at the top. (west of Magnetic Lake, Canadian border, MN) (Twelfth Dynasty, c.1900 BC) (Courtesy Mr. Charles Bruns, Ref.1)References1. Mr. Charles Bruns, personal communication.2. Susan English, Website of the Ancient Waterways Society.3. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., How the SunGod Reached America c.2500 BC, A Guide to MegalithicSites, 2002 (ISBN 0-917054-19-9). Available: MCS Inc., Box 3392, Kirkland, Wa 98083, also on CD.Website: www.howthesungod.com4. Wakefield, J.S., and De Jonge, R.M., Rocks & Rows, Sailing Routes across the Atlantic and the CopperTrade, MCS Inc, 2010 (ISBN 0-917054-20-2). Available: MCS Inc, Box 3392, Kirkland, Wa USA 98083.Website: www.rocksandrows.com5. De Jonge, R.M., Website: www.slideshare.net/rmdejonge6. Pellech, Chr., Website: www.migration-diffusion.info7. De Jonge, R.M., “The Discovery of Three Continents (Santo Stefano, North Sardinia, Italy, c.2300 BC)”,Ancient American, Vol.12, No.76, pgs.28-29 (2007), Ref.5.8. De Jonge, R.M., “Houghton’s Petroglyph (Copper Country, Michigan, 2500-1200 BC)” (2009), Ref.5, to be pu-blished.9. De Jonge, R.M., “The Mystic Symbol, mark of the Michigan Mound Builders” (2009), Ref.5, to be publish-ed.10. De Jonge, R.M., “A Sword for America (Kirkburn, East Yorkshire, England, c.250 BC)” (2009), Ref.5, to bepublished.11. De Jonge, R.M., “The Battersea Shield (River Thames, London, c.190 BC)” (2009), Ref.5, to be published.
  10. 10. 12. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., “Discovery of the Islands in the Ocean (Cairn T, Loughcrew, Co.Meath, Ireland, c.3200 BC)” (2011), Ref.5, to be published.13. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., "The Passage Grave of Karleby, Encoding the Islands Discovered in theOcean, c.2950 BC", Migration & Diffusion, Vol.5, No.18, pgs.64-74 (2004), Ref.6.14. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., "The Three Rivers Petroglyph, A Guide-post for River Travel inAmerica", Migration & Diffusion, Vol.3, No.12, pgs.74-100 (2002), Ref.6.15. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., “A Nautical Center for Crossing the Ocean, America’s Stonehenge,New Hampshire, c.2200 BC”, Migration & Diffusion, Vol.4, No.15, pgs.60-100 (2003), Ref.6.16. De Jonge, R.M., “Stonehenge, Monument for the Discovery of America (Salisbury Plain, South England,c.2000 BC) (2011), Refs.5,6, to be published.17. De Jonge, R.M., “Tripod Rock, Pyramid Mountain (Morris County, New Jersey, c.1900 BC)” (2011),Refs.-5,6, to be published.18. De Jonge, R.M., “Anglo-Saxon Cemetery Artifacts (Sittingbourne, Kent, SE England, c.650 AD)” (2011),Refs.5,6, to be published.19. Peiser, B.J., Palmer, T., Bailey, M.E., Natural Catastrophes during Bronze Age Civilizations, BAR Interna-tional Series 728, Oxford, 1998 (ISBN 0-86054-916-X).20. Baillie, M.G.L., “Hints that Cometary Debris played some Role in several Tree-Ring Dated EnvironmentalDownturns in the Bronze Age”, Ref.19, pgs.109-117.21. Peiser, B.J., “Evidence for a Global Disaster in the Late 3rd Millennium BC”, Ref.19, pgs.117-140.22. Courty, M.-A., “The Soil Record of an Exceptional Event at 4000 BP in the Middle East”, Ref.19, pgs.93-109.23. Clube, S.V.M., and Napier, W.M., The Cosmic Serpent, Faber and Faber, London, 1982.24. Clube, S.V.M., and Napier, W.M., The Cosmic Winter, Blackwell, Oxford, 1990.25. Joseph, F., Survivors of Atlantis, Their Impact on World Culture, Bear & Co., Vermont, 2004 (ISBN1-59143-0-040-2).26. Baillie, M., Exodus to Arthur, Catastrophic Encounters with Comets, BT Batsford Ltd., London, 1999 (ISBN0-7134-8681-3).27. De Jonge, R.M., “The Comet Catastrophe of c.2345 BC”, (thirteen articles),Webpage: http://www.barry.warmkessel.com/dejonge.html28. De Jonge, R.M., The Phaistos Disc Decoded, New Testimony of a Lost Civilization, 300 pgs., Netherlands(2008). Website: www.slideshare.net/drsrmdejonge29. De Jonge, R.M., “Discovery of America and the Flood (c.2300 BC, Ita Letra, Villarrica, Paraguay)” (2009),Ref.5, to be published.30. De Jonge, R.M., “The Discovery of Australia and the Flood (The Rainbow Serpent Shelter, Mt. Borradaile,Arnhem Land)” (2010), Ref.5, to be published.31. De Jonge, R.M., “The Ikom Monoliths and the Flood (1200 BC-200 AD, Cross River State, Nigeria)”(2010), Ref.5, to be published.32. De Jonge, R.M., “Great Serpent Mound (c.2300 BC, Adams County, Ohio)” (2010), Ref.5, to be published.33. De Jonge, R.M., “Gold Ring (Grand Canyon, Arizona, c.1450 BC) (2010), Ref.5, to be published.34. De Jonge, R.M., “The Swan Stone (Burrows Cave, near Olney, Illinois)” (2011), Ref.5 , to be published.35. De Jonge, R.M., “Sentinel Rock, Vermont (Discovery of America and Biblical Flood, c.1900 BC)” (2011),Refs.5,6, to be published.36. De Jonge, R.M., “The Brandenburg Stone, Comet Catastrophe of 536/540 AD” (560 AD, Battletown, MeadeCounty, Kentucky) (2010), Ref.5, to be published.37. De Jonge, R.M., “About the Brandenburg Stone (560 AD, Battletown, Meade County, Kentucky)”, Ref.5, tobe published.38. De Jonge, R.M., “Ikom Monoliths and the Flood (1200 BC-200 AD, Cross River State, Nigeria)”, Ref.5, tobe published.39. De Jonge, R.M., “Oil City Glyphs (Pennsylvania, c. 2000 BC)”, Ref.5, to be published.40. De Jonge, R.M., “V-Shaped Glyph (Pennsylvania, c. 2000 BC)”, Ref.5, to be published.41. Robin Hammer, Website: Old Copper Complex and Ancient Waterways America

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