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DISCOVERY OF THREE CONTINENTS, SARDINIA

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DISCOVERY OF THREE CONTINENTS
(Santo Stefano, Sardinia, Italy, c.1900 BC)

Dr. R.M. de Jonge ©, drsrmdejonge@hotmail.com
November, 2013

Summary
Three large squares carved in a rock wall in the north of the island of Sardinia tell the story of the discovery of Australia, North America, and South America in the Third and Fourth Dy-nasties of Egypt. Australia was discovered by the 2nd king Djoser of the Third Dynasty (c.-2740 BC). New Zealand was discovered by the 8th king Huni (c.2670 BC). Finally, America was discovered via the Aleutian Islands by the 5th king Menkaure of the Fourth Dynasty (c.-2570 BC). The three major crossings of the Atlantic were discovered at the start the Fifth Dy-nasty, and the return route via Bermuda at the end of it. The carving probably dates from the Twelfth Dynasty.

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DISCOVERY OF THREE CONTINENTS, SARDINIA

  1. 1. DISCOVERY OF THREE CONTINENTS (Santo Stefano, Sardinia, Italy, c.1900 BC) Dr. R.M. de Jonge ©, drsrmdejonge@hotmail.com November, 2013 Summary Three large squares carved in a rock wall in the north of the island of Sardinia tell the story of the discovery of Australia, North America, and South America in the Third and Fourth Dynasties of Egypt. Australia was discovered by the 2nd king Djoser of the Third Dynasty (c.2740 BC). New Zealand was discovered by the 8th king Huni (c.2670 BC). Finally, America was discovered via the Aleutian Islands by the 5th king Menkaure of the Fourth Dynasty (c.2570 BC). The three major crossings of the Atlantic were discovered at the start the Fifth Dynasty, and the return route via Bermuda at the end of it. The carving probably dates from the Twelfth Dynasty. Introduction One of the largest megalithic petroglyphs in the world is found in Santo Stefano, near the little town of Oschiri, in the north of the island of Sardinia (Figs.1&2). Three squares are deeply cut into a vertical rock wall: two large ones, with sides of about a yard, and besides them a slightly smaller one. The last one, with its higher position, points to the north. They tell the story of the discovery of three continents by four Pharaohs of the Old Kingdom of Egypt. They date from a time period without any written records. Such large petroglyphs are typically late-megalithic, as shown in our book “How the SunGod Reached America, c.2500 BC”. (Refs.1-5). AUSTRALIA King Djoser The three squares refer to the Nile Delta, at 30°N. The Delta is the economic center of Egypt, the greatest civilization on Earth. They have together 3x4= 12 sides, corresponding to Cape York in Queensland, Australia, at 12°S, 12 Moiras, or 120° east of the Nile Delta, when measured along the equator (1 Egyptian Moira= 10 moiras= 10° of latitude). The position of this Cape is close to New Guinea. The three squares also correspond to the Third Dynasty. The two large squares in the south encode the second king. Thus, the second king of the Third Dynasty, Djoser (c.2753-2723 BC), discovered the southern island of Australia. The small square represents this relatively small continent. The petroglyphs are located at a latitude of 41°N, which is 41-30= 11° above the Nile Delta. It encodes the position of the southern island of Roti, Indonesia, at 11°S. The small square refers to the central part of Sardinia, at 41-1= 40°N. Together with the complementary latitude of 90-40= 50°N, it corresponds with the sailing direction of 50° SE, and the sailing distance of 4 moiras, or 4°, to the Kimberley District of Australia. - The two large squares indicate the second king Djoser also discovered this second, western crossing to Australia.
  2. 2. The central part of Sardinia, at 40°N, also refers to Bass Strait, at 40°S, between mainland Australia and Tasmania. So, in total the second king discovered two islands. The three squares confirm his discovery of three important crossings, as well as his thirty years of reign. (Refs.1,6-8) NEW ZEALAND King Huni The three squares encode the discovery of New Zealand, 30° east of Bass Strait, in the Third Dynasty. The two large squares represent North and South Island. These have together 2x4= 8 sides, encoding the 8th king Huni (c.2685-2661 BC), who accomplished it. The three squares confirm his 3x8= 24 years of reign. Fig.1 Three large squares, deeply cut into a vertical rock wall, pointing to the north. They tell the story of the discovery of Australia, North America, and South America (from right to left), in the Third and Fourth Dynasties of Egypt. (c.1900 BC, view west, Santo Stefano, Sardinia, Photo: Anja Klein Wassink) AMERICA King Menkaure The monument is situated at 41°N. The two large squares refer to the southern part of Sardinia, at 41-2= 39°N. The southern Aleutian islands, at the south side of the Bering Sea, are located at the complementary latitude, at 90-39= 51°N. In antiquity the use of complementary latitudes was very common. These islands form the gate to America. The four sides of each square represent the Fourth Dynasty. This important dynasty is indicated three times. The small square refers to the central part of Sardinia, at 41-1= 40°N, confirming this dynasty for the fourth time. Thus, America was discovered in the Fourth Dynasty.
  3. 3. The complementary latitude line at 90-40= 50°N near the southern Aleutians encodes the fifth king. The fifth King Menkaure (Mycerinos, c.2580-2562 BC) of the Fourth Dynasty discovered the continents of North and South America. The two large squares represent these large continents. On the return route, he also discovered the crossing of the Bering Strait, 4x4= 16° to the north, at 50+16= 66°N. (Refs.7-13) King Sahure The Southern Crossing of the Atlantic Ocean starts at the Cape Verde Islands, off shore West Africa, at 16°N (see above). The three squares provide its sailing direction of 30° SSW. The 50th latitude line, just mentioned, encodes the point of arrival, Cape São Roque (the Holy Rock), Brazil, at 5°S, but also the next, Fifth Dynasty. The two southern, large squares give the sailing distance, with the wind and the current, 2 Moiras, or 20°, but also the second king. So, the second king of the Fifth Dynasty, Sahure (c.2510-2498 BC), discovered the Southern Crossing. The two large squares represent the two islands of the West Azores, 2° south of the monument, at 41-2= 39°N. They have together 2x4= 8 sides, corresponding to Cape Race, Newfoundland, 8° above these islands, at 39+8= 47°N. The two large squares provide the initial sailing direction from Cape Race to the West Azores, 20° ESE, and the sailing distance, 2 Moiras, or 20°, but also indicate the second king. Sahure also discovered this important Return Route, with the wind and the current, to the Old World. The two squares symbolize the discovery of these two southern crossings by this second king. The 3x4= 12 sides of the squares confirm his twelve years of reign. King Neferirkare The three squares correspond with the Northern Crossing of the Ocean, from the Shetland Islands, via the south point of Greenland, to Cape Chidley, Canada, all three situated at the complementary latitude of the Nile Delta, at 90-30= 60°N. One crossed from the Shetland Islands to the Faeroes, then to Iceland, then to Cape Holm, Greenland, and finally from West Greenland to Baffin Island. The four sides of each square represent these four sailing distances, each of them circa 5 moiras, or 5°. The three squares refer to the next, third king. The third, small square in the north confirms it. So, the third king of the Fifth Dynasty, Neferirkare (c.2498-2478 BC), discovered the Northern Crossing. The third, small square symbolizes the discovery of this third Crossing of the Ocean by the third king. The two large squares confirm his twenty years of reign. (Refs.14-23) Bermuda King Unas The three squares encode the latitude of Abaco Island, northern Bahama’s, 3° below the Nile and Mississippi Delta’s, at 30-3= 27°N, as well as the sailing direction to the island of Bermuda, 30° NE. The squares possess together 12 sides, corresponding to the sailing distance from Abaco Island to Bermuda, 12 moiras, or 12°.
  4. 4. The three squares symbolize the three island groups of the Azores, the East, Central, and West Azores, 3° south of the monument, at 41-3= 38°N. Together these consist of nine islands. They refer to the island of Bermuda, 9° above the holy Tropic of Cancer, at 23+9= 32°N, which is 9° south of the monument, at 41-9= 32°N, as well as the mentioned latitude line, 9° north of the squares, at 41+9= 50°N. So, the return route via Bermuda was discovered in the Fifth Dynasty, by the ninth and last king Unas (c.2403-2370 BC), to be precise. The three squares encode the long sailing distance from Bermuda to the Azores, with the wind and the current, 3 Moiras, or 30°. They also indicate the islands of Madeira, 3° above the Nile Delta, at 30+3= 33°N. These islands are important for the Return Route. Their latitude confirms the 33 years of reign of king Unas. This whole story is affirmed in a dozen megalithic monuments in Europe. Bermuda is located 9+9= 18° below the 50th latitude line, at 50-18= 32°N. It confirms the eighteen years of reign of king Menkaure (Mycerinos), who discovered America. (Refs.24-32). Date The Northern Crossing of the Atlantic via the 60th latitude line was the last discovered sailing route to the new continent. It encodes the next, Sixth Dynasty, when a huge Comet Catastrophe (or Flood) occurred. It ended all ancient civilizations on Earth, including the Old Kingdom of Egypt. Monuments which date from the Sixth Dynasty are rare. For this reason we presume the Three Squares of Santo Stefano date from the Middle Kingdom. There are a total of 3x4= 12 sides, which appear to encode a date in the Twelfth Dynasty (c.1900 BC).
  5. 5. Fig.2 The rock with the three squares in the beautiful but dry landscape of Sardinia. On the foreground are other large petroglyphs. (View west, Santo Stefano, Sardinia, Photo: Anja Klein Wassink) References 1. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., How the Sungod Reached America, c.2500 BC, A Guide to Megalithic Sites, MCS Inc., 2002 (ISBN 0-917054-19-9). Available: MCS Inc., Box 3392, Kirkland, Wa 98083, also on CD. Website: www.howthesungod.com 2. Wakefield, J.S., and De Jonge, R.M., Rocks & Rows, Sailing Routes across the Atlantic and the Copper Trade, MCS Inc, 2010 (ISBN 0-917054-20-2). Available: MCS Inc, Box 3392, Kirkland, Wa USA 98033. Website: www.rocksandrows.com 3. De Jonge, R.M., Website: www.slideshare.net/rmdejonge 4. De Jonge, R.M., Webpage: www.barry.warmkessel.com/dejonge.html 5. De Jonge, R.M., “The Discovery of Three Continents (Santo Stefano, North Sardinia, Italy, c. 2300 BC)”, Ancient American, Vol.12, No.76, pgs.28-29 (2007), Ref.3. 6. De Jonge, R.M., “The Discovery of Australia and the Flood (The Rainbow Serpent Shelter, Mt. Borradaile, Arnhem Land)”, (2010), Refs.3,4. 7. Casson, L., Ships and Seafaring in Ancient Times, British Museum Press, 1994 (ISBN 0-7141-1735-8). 8. Wachsmann, S., Seagoing Ships and Seamanship in the Bronze Age Levant, College Station, Texas, 1998. 9. Pellech, Chr., Website: www.migration-diffusion.info 10. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., "The Passage Grave of Karleby, Encoding the Islands Discovered in the Ocean, c. 2950 BC", Migration & Diffusion, Vol.5, No.18, pgs.64-74 (2004), Ref.9. 11. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., “The Discovery of the Atlantic Islands”, Ancient American, Vol.13, No.81, pgs.18-25 (2008). 12. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., “Greenland, Bridge between the Old and New World, c.2500 BC”, Ancient American, Vol.11, No.67, pgs.12-20 (2006).
  6. 6. 13. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., “A Nautical Center for Crossing the Ocean, America’s Stonehenge, New Hampshire, c.2200 BC”, Migration & Diffusion, Vol.4, No.15, pgs.60-100 (2003), Ref.9. 14. De Jonge, R.M., “The Mystic Symbol, mark of the Michigan Mound Builders”, (2009), Ref.3. 15. De Jonge, R.M., “Houghton’s Petroglyph (Copper Country, Michigan, 2500-1200 BC)”, (2009), Ref.3. 16. Rydholm, C.F., Michigan Copper, The Untold Story, Winter Cabin Books, Marquette, 2006 (ISBN 09744679-2-8). 17. De Jonge, R.M., “Discovery of America and the Flood (c.2300 BC, Ita Letra, Villarrica, Paraguay)”, (2012), Refs.3,4. 18. De Jonge, R.M., Gold Ring, (c.1450 BC, Grand Canyon, Arizona), (2010), Refs.3,4. 19. De Jonge, R.M., “The Myths of Monks Mound (Cahokia, Illinois, 650-1400 AD)”, (2010), Ref.3. 20. De Jonge, R.M., “The Battersea Shield (River Thames, London, c.190 BC)”, (2009), Ref.3. 21. De Jonge, R.M., “A Sword for America (Kirkburn, East Yorkshire, England, c.250 BC)”, (2009), Ref.3. 22. De Jonge, R.M., The Phaistos Disc Decoded, New Testimony of a Lost Civilization, Mid-western Epigraphic Journal, Vol.20, 111-115 (2006), and Vol.21, 74-80 (2007). 23. De Jonge, R.M., The Phaistos Disc Decoded, New Testimony of a Lost Civilization, 300 pgs., Netherlands (2008). Website: www.slideshare.net/drsrmdejonge 24. De Jonge, R.M., “Egyptians in Australia, Fourth Dynasty of Egypt, (Gosford, NSW)”, (2012), Refs.3,9. 25. De Jonge, R.M., “The Discovery of Australia by King Djoser of the 3rd Dynasty (The Rainbow Serpent Shelter, Mount Borradaile, Arnhem Land)”, (2010), Ref.3. 26. De Jonge, R.M., “The Early Discovery of New Zealand (King Huni of the Third Dynasty of Egypt, c.26852661 BC)”, (2011), Ref.3. 27. De Jonge, R.M.,”Sailing to Australia (Stone Circle, New Zealand, c.2700-1 BC)” (2013), Ref.3. 28. De Jonge, R.M., “Egyptian Discovery of America (c.2470 BC, Indian Rock House, Fairfield Bay, Arkansas)”, (2011), Ref.3. 29. De Jonge, R.M., http://independent.academia.edu/ReinoudDeJonge 30. De Jonge, R.M., “Megalithic Writing (I), (Orkney’s, Scotland, c.2450 BC)”, (2013), Refs.3,29,32. 31. De Jonge, R.M., “Megalithic Writing (II), (Orkney’s, Scotland, c.2370 BC)”, (2013), Refs. 3,29,32. 32. Susan English, Yahoo Group of the Ancient Waterways Society.
  7. 7. 13. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., “A Nautical Center for Crossing the Ocean, America’s Stonehenge, New Hampshire, c.2200 BC”, Migration & Diffusion, Vol.4, No.15, pgs.60-100 (2003), Ref.9. 14. De Jonge, R.M., “The Mystic Symbol, mark of the Michigan Mound Builders”, (2009), Ref.3. 15. De Jonge, R.M., “Houghton’s Petroglyph (Copper Country, Michigan, 2500-1200 BC)”, (2009), Ref.3. 16. Rydholm, C.F., Michigan Copper, The Untold Story, Winter Cabin Books, Marquette, 2006 (ISBN 09744679-2-8). 17. De Jonge, R.M., “Discovery of America and the Flood (c.2300 BC, Ita Letra, Villarrica, Paraguay)”, (2012), Refs.3,4. 18. De Jonge, R.M., Gold Ring, (c.1450 BC, Grand Canyon, Arizona), (2010), Refs.3,4. 19. De Jonge, R.M., “The Myths of Monks Mound (Cahokia, Illinois, 650-1400 AD)”, (2010), Ref.3. 20. De Jonge, R.M., “The Battersea Shield (River Thames, London, c.190 BC)”, (2009), Ref.3. 21. De Jonge, R.M., “A Sword for America (Kirkburn, East Yorkshire, England, c.250 BC)”, (2009), Ref.3. 22. De Jonge, R.M., The Phaistos Disc Decoded, New Testimony of a Lost Civilization, Mid-western Epigraphic Journal, Vol.20, 111-115 (2006), and Vol.21, 74-80 (2007). 23. De Jonge, R.M., The Phaistos Disc Decoded, New Testimony of a Lost Civilization, 300 pgs., Netherlands (2008). Website: www.slideshare.net/drsrmdejonge 24. De Jonge, R.M., “Egyptians in Australia, Fourth Dynasty of Egypt, (Gosford, NSW)”, (2012), Refs.3,9. 25. De Jonge, R.M., “The Discovery of Australia by King Djoser of the 3rd Dynasty (The Rainbow Serpent Shelter, Mount Borradaile, Arnhem Land)”, (2010), Ref.3. 26. De Jonge, R.M., “The Early Discovery of New Zealand (King Huni of the Third Dynasty of Egypt, c.26852661 BC)”, (2011), Ref.3. 27. De Jonge, R.M.,”Sailing to Australia (Stone Circle, New Zealand, c.2700-1 BC)” (2013), Ref.3. 28. De Jonge, R.M., “Egyptian Discovery of America (c.2470 BC, Indian Rock House, Fairfield Bay, Arkansas)”, (2011), Ref.3. 29. De Jonge, R.M., http://independent.academia.edu/ReinoudDeJonge 30. De Jonge, R.M., “Megalithic Writing (I), (Orkney’s, Scotland, c.2450 BC)”, (2013), Refs.3,29,32. 31. De Jonge, R.M., “Megalithic Writing (II), (Orkney’s, Scotland, c.2370 BC)”, (2013), Refs. 3,29,32. 32. Susan English, Yahoo Group of the Ancient Waterways Society.

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