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Ming dynasty


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Ming dynasty

  1. 1. Ming DynastyMing Dynasty 1368-16441368-1644
  2. 2. Territory it ControlledTerritory it Controlled  Korea to SoutheastKorea to Southeast AsiaAsia
  3. 3. Decline of Yuan/Rise of theDecline of Yuan/Rise of the MingMing  Civil warCivil war  Change of lifeChange of life  Repeated natural disastersRepeated natural disasters  Massive peasant rebellionsMassive peasant rebellions
  4. 4. Characteristics of the MingCharacteristics of the Ming DynastyDynasty  Last Chinese dynastyLast Chinese dynasty  Zenith 15Zenith 15thth c.c.  One of China’s most prosperousOne of China’s most prosperous  Strong and complex centralStrong and complex central governmentgovernment
  5. 5. Key PeopleKey People Zhu Yuanzhang a.k.a.- Hongwu,Zhu Yuanzhang a.k.a.- Hongwu, meaning Vastmeaning Vast MilitaryMilitary – FounderFounder – Favored violenceFavored violence – Created reformsCreated reforms – Wanted to erase Mongol pastWanted to erase Mongol past – Maintained a strong militaryMaintained a strong military
  6. 6. Key People cont’dKey People cont’d  YangloYanglo – Pursued aggressive and expansionistPursued aggressive and expansionist policiespolicies – Continued Hongwu’s policies and movedContinued Hongwu’s policies and moved capital to Beijingcapital to Beijing – Launched expeditionsLaunched expeditions
  7. 7. Key People cont’dKey People cont’d  Zheng HeZheng He – Led expeditions to SE Asia, India, andLed expeditions to SE Asia, India, and eastern coast of Africa starting in 1405eastern coast of Africa starting in 1405 – Distributed gifts to show ChineseDistributed gifts to show Chinese splendorsplendor – Last voyages completed in 1433Last voyages completed in 1433
  8. 8. Foreign RelationsForeign Relations  Isolationists/SuperiorityIsolationists/Superiority  Chinese economic policies-Chinese economic policies- agriculturalagricultural  Only government conducted foreignOnly government conducted foreign tradetrade  Foreign encroachment multiplied-Foreign encroachment multiplied- Japanese pirates, MongolsJapanese pirates, Mongols
  9. 9. Foreign Relations cont’dForeign Relations cont’d  First Europeans appeared in 1514First Europeans appeared in 1514  PortuguesePortuguese  SpanishSpanish  Christian missionariesChristian missionaries
  10. 10. SocietySociety  Neo-Confucian bureaucrats pushedNeo-Confucian bureaucrats pushed for agrarian-centered based societyfor agrarian-centered based society  Incredible advances in sciences andIncredible advances in sciences and artsarts
  11. 11. EconomyEconomy  Money was a problem from the startMoney was a problem from the start  Initially paper currencyInitially paper currency  Led to return of copper coinsLed to return of copper coins  Outlook on merchants/tradeOutlook on merchants/trade  Southern China utilizedSouthern China utilized
  12. 12. COPPER COINS
  13. 13. Additional InformationAdditional Information  Development of the novelDevelopment of the novel  Wood-cut and block- printingWood-cut and block- printing  Blue and white porcelainBlue and white porcelain  EncyclopediasEncyclopedias  DictionariesDictionaries  Great wallGreat wall  Far ahead of world in navalFar ahead of world in naval capabilities at this timecapabilities at this time
  15. 15. THE GREAT WALL
  16. 16. Fall of the Ming/Rise of the QingFall of the Ming/Rise of the Qing  Internal power strugglesInternal power struggles  Groups worked to gain sole powerGroups worked to gain sole power  Children placed on the throneChildren placed on the throne  Ming accepted Manchu aidMing accepted Manchu aid