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Ming dynasty

Ming

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Ming dynasty

  1. 1. Ming DynastyMing Dynasty 1368-16441368-1644
  2. 2. Territory it ControlledTerritory it Controlled  Korea to SoutheastKorea to Southeast AsiaAsia
  3. 3. Decline of Yuan/Rise of theDecline of Yuan/Rise of the MingMing  Civil warCivil war  Change of lifeChange of life  Repeated natural disastersRepeated natural disasters  Massive peasant rebellionsMassive peasant rebellions
  4. 4. Characteristics of the MingCharacteristics of the Ming DynastyDynasty  Last Chinese dynastyLast Chinese dynasty  Zenith 15Zenith 15thth c.c.  One of China’s most prosperousOne of China’s most prosperous  Strong and complex centralStrong and complex central governmentgovernment
  5. 5. Key PeopleKey People Zhu Yuanzhang a.k.a.- Hongwu,Zhu Yuanzhang a.k.a.- Hongwu, meaning Vastmeaning Vast MilitaryMilitary – FounderFounder – Favored violenceFavored violence – Created reformsCreated reforms – Wanted to erase Mongol pastWanted to erase Mongol past – Maintained a strong militaryMaintained a strong military
  6. 6. Key People cont’dKey People cont’d  YangloYanglo – Pursued aggressive and expansionistPursued aggressive and expansionist policiespolicies – Continued Hongwu’s policies and movedContinued Hongwu’s policies and moved capital to Beijingcapital to Beijing – Launched expeditionsLaunched expeditions
  7. 7. Key People cont’dKey People cont’d  Zheng HeZheng He – Led expeditions to SE Asia, India, andLed expeditions to SE Asia, India, and eastern coast of Africa starting in 1405eastern coast of Africa starting in 1405 – Distributed gifts to show ChineseDistributed gifts to show Chinese splendorsplendor – Last voyages completed in 1433Last voyages completed in 1433
  8. 8. Foreign RelationsForeign Relations  Isolationists/SuperiorityIsolationists/Superiority  Chinese economic policies-Chinese economic policies- agriculturalagricultural  Only government conducted foreignOnly government conducted foreign tradetrade  Foreign encroachment multiplied-Foreign encroachment multiplied- Japanese pirates, MongolsJapanese pirates, Mongols
  9. 9. Foreign Relations cont’dForeign Relations cont’d  First Europeans appeared in 1514First Europeans appeared in 1514  PortuguesePortuguese  SpanishSpanish  Christian missionariesChristian missionaries
  10. 10. SocietySociety  Neo-Confucian bureaucrats pushedNeo-Confucian bureaucrats pushed for agrarian-centered based societyfor agrarian-centered based society  Incredible advances in sciences andIncredible advances in sciences and artsarts
  11. 11. EconomyEconomy  Money was a problem from the startMoney was a problem from the start  Initially paper currencyInitially paper currency  Led to return of copper coinsLed to return of copper coins  Outlook on merchants/tradeOutlook on merchants/trade  Southern China utilizedSouthern China utilized
  12. 12. COPPER COINS
  13. 13. Additional InformationAdditional Information  Development of the novelDevelopment of the novel  Wood-cut and block- printingWood-cut and block- printing  Blue and white porcelainBlue and white porcelain  EncyclopediasEncyclopedias  DictionariesDictionaries  Great wallGreat wall  Far ahead of world in navalFar ahead of world in naval capabilities at this timecapabilities at this time
  14. 14. BLUE AND WHITE PORCELAIN
  15. 15. THE GREAT WALL
  16. 16. Fall of the Ming/Rise of the QingFall of the Ming/Rise of the Qing  Internal power strugglesInternal power struggles  Groups worked to gain sole powerGroups worked to gain sole power  Children placed on the throneChildren placed on the throne  Ming accepted Manchu aidMing accepted Manchu aid

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