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Southeast Asia Physical And History

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Southeast Asia Physical And History

  1. 1. Southeast Asia Physical Landscape and History
  2. 2. <ul><li>Countries: </li></ul><ul><li>Malaysia </li></ul><ul><li>Brunei </li></ul><ul><li>Cambodia </li></ul><ul><li>Indonesia </li></ul><ul><li>Thailand </li></ul><ul><li>Myanmar </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Philippines </li></ul><ul><li>Laos </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>Islands of Indonesia: </li></ul><ul><li>Celebes </li></ul><ul><li>2. Java </li></ul><ul><li>3. E. Timor </li></ul><ul><li>4. Bali </li></ul><ul><li>5. Sumatra </li></ul>
  3. 3. Two Major Regions <ul><li>Mainland </li></ul><ul><li>Islands </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Mainland </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A large peninsula </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 nations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Myanmar (Burma) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cambodia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Laos </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thailand </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vietnam </li></ul></ul></ul>Two Major Regions
  5. 5. Two Major Regions <ul><li>Mainland </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mountainous </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 large river systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fertile farmland that supports a large population </li></ul></ul></ul>Fishing on the Mekong River
  6. 6. <ul><li>Islands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5 nations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Malaysia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brunei </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Singapore </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Indonesia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Philippines </li></ul></ul></ul>Two Major Regions
  7. 8. Two Major Regions <ul><li>Islands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Archipelagos : chain of islands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Indonesia and the Philippines </li></ul></ul></ul>Indonesia Philippines
  8. 9. Two Major Regions <ul><li>Islands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The “ Ring of Fire ”: a line of volcanoes around the Pacific Rim </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creates fertile soil near active volcanoes </li></ul></ul>
  9. 11. Two Major Regions <ul><li>Islands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The “ Ring of Fire ” </li></ul></ul>
  10. 12. Climate <ul><li>SE Asia lies in the tropics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hot and humid </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Monsoons </li></ul><ul><li>Typhoons : hurricanes </li></ul>
  11. 13. Cultural Diversity <ul><li>The mountains and islands have enabled the development of diverse cultures </li></ul>
  12. 14. Cultural Diversity <ul><li>Example of diversity is religion : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Animism : belief that spirits live in the natural world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hinduism : Indian traders brought it to SE Asia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buddhism : in SE Asia it is usually a combination of Buddhism and animism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>– Islam : Indonesia has one of the largest Islamic populations in the world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>– Christianity : missionaries still visit today, especially in the Philippines </li></ul></ul>
  13. 15. Economy <ul><li>Farming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rice is the major food crop </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fishing in coastal regions and islands </li></ul>
  14. 16. Village and Family Life <ul><li>Most people live in small, rural villages </li></ul><ul><li>In farming families, every family member has a job </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Population pressure </li></ul></ul>
  15. 17. History of Conflict <ul><li>Was known as the “Dutch East Indies” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dutch were the first European imperial country to get a hold in SE Asia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Imperialism  Nationalism  Independence </li></ul>
  16. 18. <ul><li>Vietnam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ho Chi Min called for an independent, communist Vietnam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1954, split into North and South Vietnam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Communist North </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Democratic South </li></ul></ul></ul>History of Conflict President of North Vietnam 1954-1969
  17. 19. <ul><li>Vietnam War </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fearing the spread of Communism, the U.S. got involved (part of the Cold War) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tried to stop North Vietnam from invading the South </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When the U.S. left, North Vietnam reunited with South Vietnam under the Communist government </li></ul></ul>History of Conflict
  18. 20. <ul><li>Vietnam War </li></ul><ul><li>Evacuation of Saigon (Ho Chi Minh City) </li></ul>History of Conflict
  19. 21. <ul><li>Cambodia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Khmer Rouge : ruling party in Cambodia during the 1970s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Genocide : deliberate killing of an entire group of people </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Killed those thought to be disloyal </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>History of Conflict
  20. 22. History of Conflict <ul><li>“The Killing Fields” </li></ul>
  21. 23. Review <ul><li>Two major regions of SE Asia and their countries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainland and Islands </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Climate </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Economy </li></ul><ul><li>A History of Conflict </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How Vietnam and Cambodia are examples. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 24. <ul><li>Vocabulary </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Archipelagos </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ring of Fire </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Typhoons </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Animism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Khmer Rouge </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Genocide </li></ul></ul></ul>Review

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