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This engraving depicts the execution of David van derLeyen and LevinaGhyselins, described variously as Dutch Anabaptists or Mennonites, by Catholic authorities in Ghent in 1554. Strangled and burned, van derLeyen was finally dispatched with an iron fork. Bracht's Martyr's Mirror is considered by modern Mennonites as second only in importance to the Bible in perpetuating their faith.
Jesuits like John Ogilvie (Ogilby) (1580-1615) were under constant surveillance and threat from the Protestant governments of England and Scotland. Ogilvie was sentenced to death by a Glasgow court and hanged and mutilated on March 10, 1615
On October 31, 1731, the Catholic ruler of Salzburg, Austria, Archbishop Leopold von Firmian, issued an edict expelling as many as 20,000 Lutherans from his principality. Many propertyless Lutherans, given only eight days to leave their homes, froze to death as they drifted through the winter seeking sanctuary. The wealthier ones who were allowed three months to dispose of their property fared better. Some of these Salzburgers reached London, from whence they sailed to Georgia. Others found new homes in the Netherlands and East Prussia
Shown here is a depiction of the murder by Irish Catholics of approximately one hundred Protestants from Loughgall Parish, County Armagh, at the bridge over the River Bann near Portadown, Ulster. This atrocity occurred at the beginning of the Irish Rebellion of 1641. Having held the Protestants as prisoners and tortured them, the Catholics drove them "like hogs" to the bridge, where they were stripped naked and forced into the water below at swordspoint. Survivors of the plunge were shot.
Two Worlds Meet
Two Worlds Meet<br />Contact to Colonization<br />
The Americas<br />Journey to a New World<br />
1492—Columbus arrives<br />Columbus land in the Caribbean—3 G’s<br />Begins Spanish colonization of the New World<br />Destruction of Aztec and Incan Empire<br />Introduction of disease kills 90% of natives<br />Encomiendas<br />Reached as far as Santa Fe in 1607<br />
Jamestown—1607<br />England attempts colony at Roanoke from Queen Elizabeth I<br />Virginia Dare<br />“Lost Colony” in 1590<br />Jamestown—1st permanent English settlement<br />Settle for economic reasons<br />Pocahontas<br />1619—first Africans arrive<br />John Smith map<br />House of Burgesses meets in 1619<br />
Plymouth—1620<br />Settled for religious reasons<br />Restore Christianity to its ancient purity (aka Separatists)<br />Mayflower Compact<br />Democratic ideals<br />"In the name of God, Amen. We whose names are underwritten....having undertaken for THE GLORY OF GOD AND ADVANCEMENT OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH...a Voyage to plant the firstColony....Do by these Presents, solemnly and mutually, in the presence of God and of one another, covenant and combine ourselves into a civil body Politick....In Witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names at Cape Cod, the eleventh of November...Anno Domini 1620."<br />
William Penn<br />March 4, 1681, Charles II signed a charter for territory in what is now Pennsylvania<br />Penn sailed to America on the ship Welcome and arrived November 8, 1682<br />He founded and designed Philadelphia—”city of brotherly love”<br />First Frame of Government—provided free press, free religion, trial by jury, and penal code (death for treason and murder)<br />Governor, council, and general assembly<br />Charter of Privileges<br />Penn called Pennsylvania his Holy Experiment<br />First constitution to provide for peaceful change through amendments<br />NOT a democracy, but the closest ever seen at the time<br />